Mandarin Soccer Glossary Terms Glossary of Soccer Terms Advantage Rule that lets play continue after a foul, if stopping the action immediately would be disadvantageous to the tam that was fouled. Back Pass A pass made to a trailing player. Bicycle kick Overhead kick, also called a scissors kick. Center To pass the ball from the side of the field into the middle of the field. Center Circle The circle with a 10-yard radius at the middle of the field. Charge Legally upsetting an opponent's balance by shoulder-to-shoulder contact. Chip To loft a pass by striking the ball at the lowest possible point. Clear A throw or kick by the goal keeper or a kick by the defender in an attempt to get the ball away (clear) from the goal area. Corner Kick A direct free kick taken by the attacking team from the 1-yard arc at the corner of the field after the ball goes over the goal line having last been touched by a defending player Cover To take up a position close to an opponent to challenge his efforts. Also, to take up a position close to a teammate to provide support. See Marking Cross A pass from one side of the field to either the center or the other side of the field. Dangerous Play An action that could cause injury in the opinion of the referee. The offending team loses possession of the ball and the opponent is awarded a free kick from the point of the infraction. Direct Free Kick A kick awarded on a personal foul which can score directly from the kicker's foot. Dribbling To move the ball along the ground using the feet while keeping the ball under control. Drop Ball A means used by the referee to put the ball back into play after a temporary suspension of play when neither team is awarded possession of the ball. End line Boundary lines marking then ends of the field. Same as goal line. Far Post Goal post farthest from the ball. Formations 4-3-3 for example refers to four defenders, three midfielders and three forwards. Formations are listed from the goalkeeper out. Give-and-Go A player making a short pass to a teammate and then receiving the return pass. (Also referred to as the "Wall Pass or "One - Two") Goal Area The area directly in front of the goal, 6 yards x 12 yards, from which all goal kicks are taken. Goal Keeper The last line of defense. The goal keeper is the only player who can use his hands within the field of play. Use of hands is limited to within the penalty area. Goal Kick An indirect free kick taken by the defensive team after the ball goes out-of- bounds over the goal line having last been touched by an attacking player. The kick is taken from anywhere within the half of the goal area closer to where the ball went out of bounds. Goal Line The out-of-bounds line at each end of the field - end line. Halfback Another name for midfielder. Half-Volley Kicking the ball just as it is rebounding off the ground. Hand Ball Illegal act of intentionally touching the ball with the hands or arms. Header The act of heading a ball. Heading Using one's head to score, pass or control the ball. Indirect Kick Free kick that cannot result in a goal unless it touches another player first. Kick-Off The starting of play from the middle of the field at the beginning of each period and after a goal has been scored. Lob A high, soft kick which lifts the ball over the heads of the opponents. Man On A warning that a defender is approaching. Marking To guard an opponent. Midfielder Player who functions primarily in the middle of the field, linking play between forwards and defenders. Near Post Side of the goal or goal post closest to the ball. Obstruction Preventing an opponent from playing the ball by blocking their path to the ball. Results in an indirect free kick. Off-Sides Infraction in which an offensive player does not have at least two defensive players between themselves and the goal line when the ball is last played forward by a member of the attacking team. One Touch Striking a ball immediately without first bringing it under control. Overlap The method of running behind or around a teammate with the ball in order to get open for a pass. Penalty Area The area, 18 yards by 44 yards, in front of the goal where the goalkeeper is permitted to use his hands. Penalty Kick A free kick awarded the attacking team after a defending player commits a personal foul within his penalty area. The kick is taken from a spot 12 yards in front of the goal and no player except the kicker and the goalkeeper, who must be stationary with both feet on the goal line, may be within the penalty area until the kick is taken. Penetration Moving the ball (under control) into the opponents end of the field. Pressure Action of a defender to restrict time and space available to the offensive player. Pitch British term for the playing field. Red Card Card held aloft by the referee to signify that a player is being ejected from the match. Save The deflection or catching of a ball by the goal keeper to prevent a goal. Screen Retaining possession and protecting the ball by keeping your body between the ball and opponent. Sliding tackle Attempting to take the ball away from the opponent by sliding on the ground and using the feet or legs to block and hold the ball. Shielding See Screen Space Open area of field. Square Same distance from end line, perpendicular to sidelines. Striker A central attacking forward. Support Open player behind teammates. Sweeper A free back behind the last line of defenders. Tackle To take the ball away from an opponent by using the feet. Through-Ball A pass that splits a group of defenders Throw-in Method of returning the ball to play after it has gone over the sideline and was last touched by an opponent. Time An indication from a teammate that no defender is close. Touchline The side boundaries of the field. Trap To bring the ball under control with any part of the body. Trapping Bringing the ball under control and stopping it. Volley Kicking the ball in or out of mid-air. Wall Group of defenders standing shoulder-to-shoulder to defend a free kick, usually near the goal. Wing A forward who generally positions himself and plays near the side boundaries of the field. Yellow Card Card held aloft by the referee to warn a player that any further misconduct will cause their ejection from the game.