CONFLICTS SINCE 1945 The case numbers referred to in this worksheet can be found in the top left hand corner above the disp

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CONFLICTS SINCE 1945 The case numbers referred to in this worksheet can be found in the top left hand corner above the disp Powered By Docstoc
					                         CONFLICTS SINCE 1945
                         The case numbers referred to in this worksheet can be
                         found in the top left-hand corner above the display case




Name                                                     School



BERLIN
‘Give me ten years and you will not recognize Germany.’
Adolf Hitler, 1937


1     THE END OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR
Look at the large photographs at the entrance to the exhibition and the film by the model of the ruined
buildings.
a     What had happened to Germany by the end of the Second World War?


                                          Look at the large eagle.
                                          b     Where was it originally situated?


                                          c     Who removed it?


                                          d     Why do you think they felt it was important to
                                                do so?




Look at the information by the model of the bombed street.
‘What is Europe now? A rubble heap, a charnel house, a breeding ground of pestilence and hate.’

e     Who said this?
Look at the photographs.
f     Who is he with?


1                                                    2
g     What did they decide at Yalta and Potsdam in 1945?
      Find the butterfly in case 88.
h     What materials have been used to make it?
i     Why do you think the artist chose to depict a butterfly?
Now move over to the section by the packing cases and television screen which is opposite.
2    BERLIN BLOCKADE


                                                      a      Label the map with the countries
                                                             whose armies occupied Berlin.


                                                      b      Which power dominated the
                                                             surrounding area?


                                                      c      What did the Soviet Union attempt to
                                                             do on 24 June 1948?


Watch the film and look in case 89 at source 1.
d    How did the Allies try to help the people of Berlin?


Look at the letter in case 89, source 7.
e    To whom is this addressed?


Look at the caption for source 7.
f    Why was it written?


g    How long did this help last?

On the packing cases, surrounding this section              Draw the animal in this space

of the exhibition, are printed a special symbol
with an animal.
h    What is it?




3    EAST GERMAN RISING
Look at the photograph of East German workers marching through the Brandenburg Gate.
a    Why did they tear down the Red Flag?


b    What did they hope to achieve?


c    Were they successful?
4     THE BERLIN WALL
‘Nobody has the intention of building a wall.’
Walter Ulbricht, President of DDR (East Germany), 15 June 1961



Look at the photograph of Conrad Schuman, an East German border guard. Pass by the concrete
slab and look at the model.
a     Why did it become increasingly difficult for Germans to move from East to West Berlin?


b     Label this diagram using information from the model.

1

                                                                     6
2


3                                                                4                      7
                                                                             5

                                                       3
4                                                                        2


5
                                                           1
6


7


Look at the photographs and information behind the model.
c     Why was the Bernauerstrasse a focus for Germans wishing to leave East Berlin?


Look at the photograph of the 77-year-old woman trying to get into West Berlin.
d     What do you think this tells us about life in East Berlin?


Go to case 91 and look for the passport, source 8.
e     Why do you think Berta Flugel was issued with a passport?


Look for source 10.
f     What did this East German soldier of the Grenztruppen do to receive this award?


Now cross the red line and look at the panel of information in front of you.
5    OFFICIAL RECOGNITION
a    When did the Allied forces in the West finally officially recognise East Germany (DDR)?


b    Who did they think was really in charge there?


Walk all the way around the screen showing the nuclear explosion.


6    THE WALL COMES DOWN
Look at the photographs and read the mainline text.
a    Why do you think that the destruction of the Berlin Wall was seen as so important and symbolic?




b    What was so significant about the date of its fall?




c    When was Germany eventually re-united?


Look at case 100.
d    With the fall of the Berlin Wall and collapse of Communism which two objects
     best convey to you the reality of a divided city? List them.
1
2




After you leave the Museum by the schools’ entrance, make sure that you walk round to the front
of the building and find the section of the Berlin Wall.


e    What did the graffiti artist Indiano write on the Wall?




f    Why do you think the Wall became such a popular place for graffiti?