SOTB List of Endangered, Threatened and Special Concern Birds by enl17331

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									                                                                  Connecticut State of The Birds
                                                                     Additional Information


From Connecticut State of The Birds (2006 edition):
“Connecticut’s landscape consists of six major bird habitats. They are shoreline (beaches,
dunes, bluffs and headlands), tidal marsh, inland wetlands, grasslands, shrublands and
forest.” – Milan G. Bull, Editor-in-Chief, Senior Director of Science and Conservation,
Connecticut Audubon Society, page 3.

“In conclusion, the state of the birds in Connecticut is of concern and the prognosis is for
further degradation if conservation action is not accelerated. Habitats are shrinking and
becoming fragmented as should be obvious to anyone who travels around the State. As a
result the indicators of habitat health, our birds, are also generally declining.” Milan G.
Bull, Editor-in-Chief, Senior Director of Science and Conservation, CAS, page 3.

“Over 400 species of birds have been recorded in the State of Connecticut; of these, 290
bird species occur regularly or annually, and of these 170 bird species are regular breeders
using a variety of habitats.” (ibid, page 2)

       Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection Lists 50 Birds
          as “Endangered,” “Threatened” or “Special Concern” Birds
     (Source: CT DEP web site www.dep.state.ct.us/cgnhs/nddb/species/htm. Birds are listed in taxonomic order.
               See P. 4, below, for “Endangered,” “Threatened” and “Special Concern” definitions).


          Key:            E = Endangered            T = Threatened            SC = Special Concern



            Bird Name                                       Habitat/s in Connecticut
1.          Pied-billed grebe
      E     (Podilymbus podiceps)                           Inland wetlands
2.          American bittern
      E     (Botaurus lentiginosus)                         Inland wetlands
3.          Sharp-shinned hawk
      E     (Accipiter striatus)                            Forests
4.          Northern harrier
      E     (Circus cyaneus)                                Tidal marshes, Grasslands
5.          Bald eagle
      E     (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)                      Tidal marshes, Inland wetlands, Shoreline
6.          Peregrine falcon                                Tidal marshes, Grasslands, Shrublands,
      E     (Falco peregrinus)                              Shoreline
7.          King rail (nesting populations only)
      E     (Rallus elegans)                                Inland wetlands
8.          Black rail (nesting population only)
      E     (Laterallus jamaicensis)                        Tidal marshes, Inland wetlands


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          Birds                                   Habitat(s) in Connecticut
9.        Common moorehen
      E   (Gallinula chloropus)                   Tidal marshes, Inland wetlands
10.       Upland sandpiper
      E   (Bartramia longicauda)                  Grasslands
11.       Roseate tern
      E   (Sterna dougallii)                      Long Island Sound
12.       Barn owl
      E   (Tyto alba)                             Tidal marshes, Grasslands
13.       Long-eared owl
      E   (Asio otus)                             Forests, Shrublands
14.       Common nighthawk
      E   (Chordeiles minor)                      Grasslands, Shrublands
15.       Red-headed woodpecker
      E   (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)            Forests
16.       Horned lark
      E   (Eremophila alpestris)                  Grasslands
17.       Sedge wren
      E   (Cistothorus platensis)                 Shrublands
18.       Golden-winged warbler
      E   (Vermivora chrysoptera)                 Shrublands
19.       Yellow-breasted chat
      E   (Icteria virens)                        Shrublands
20.       Vesper sparrow
      E   (Pooecetes gramineus)                   Grasslands
21.       Grasshopper sparrow
      E   (Ammodramus savannarum)                 Grasslands


22.       Least bittern
      T   (Ixobrychus exilis)                         Tidal marshes, Inland wetlands
23.       Great egret
      T   (Ardea alba)                                Tidal marshes, Long Island Sound
24.       Snowy egret
      T   (Egretta thula)                             Tidal marshes, Long Island Sound
25.       Blue-winged teal (nesting populations
      T   only) (Anas discors)                        Tidal marshes, Inland wetlands
26.       American kestrel
      T   (Falco sparverius)                          Grasslands, Shrublands
27.       Piping plover
      T   (Charadrius melodus)                        Long Island Sound
28.       Least tern
      T   (Sterna antillarum)                         Long Island Sound
29.       Short-eared owl (wintering populations)
      T   (Asio flammeus)                             Tidal marshes, Grasslands



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          Birds                                Habitat(s)
30.       Purple martin
      T   (Progne subis)                       Tidal marshes, Inland wetlands,
                                               Grasslands, Shrublands



31. SC Common loon                             Long Island Sound
       (Gavia immer)
32.    Little blue heron
    SC (Egretta caerulea)                      Tidal marshes, Inland wetlands
33.    Yellow-crowned night-heron
    SC (Nyctanassa violacea)                   Tidal marshes
34.    Glossy ibis
    SC (Plegadis falcinellus)                  Tidal marshes, Inland wetlands
35.    American oyster-catcher
    SC (Haematopus palliatus)                  Long Island Sound
36. SC Eskimo Curlew                           Tidal Marshes
       (Numenius borealis)
37.    Common tern
    SC (Sterna hirundo)                        Long Island Sound
38.    Northern saw-whet owl
    SC (Aegolius acadicus)                     Forests, Shrublands
39.    Whip-poor-will
    SC (Caprimulgus vociferus)                 Forests, Shrublands
40.    Alder flycatcher
    SC (Empidonax alnorum)                     Shrublands
41.    Common raven
    SC (Corvus corax)                          Forests
42.    Brown thrasher
    SC (Toxostoma rufum)                       Shrublands
43.    Northern parula
    SC (Parula americana)                      Forests, Shrublands
44. SC Henslow’s Sparrow                       Grasslands
       (Ammodramus henslowii)
45.    Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed sparrow
    SC (Ammodramus caudacutus)                 Tidal Marshes
46.    Seaside sparrow
    SC (Ammodramus maritimus)                  Tidal Marshes
47.    Savannah sparrow
    SC (Passerculus sandwichensis)             Grasslands, Tidal Marshes
48.    Ipswich sparrow (Passerculus
    SC sandwichensis ssp. princeps)            Tidal Marshes
49.    Eastern meadowlark
    SC (Sturnella magna)                       Grasslands
50. SC Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorous)       Grasslands


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Definition of state-listed “Endangered,” “Threatened” and “Special Concern” Species
(Source: CT DEP website: www.dep.state.ct.us/cgnhs/nddb/species/htm)

1) “Endangered”: “means any native species documented by biological research and inventory to
be in danger of extirpation [local extinction] throughout all or a significant portion of its range
within the state and to have no more than five occurrences in the state, and any species
determined to be an "endangered species" pursuant to the federal Endangered Species Act.”

2) “Threatened”: “means any native species documented by biological research and inventory to
be likely to become an “endangered species” within the foreseeable future throughout all or a
significant portion of its range within the state and to have no more than nine occurrences in the
state, and any species determined to be a "threatened species" pursuant to the federal Endangered
Species Act, except for such species determined to be “endangered” by the Commissioner in
accordance with Section 4 of this Act.”

3) “Special Concern” “means any native plant species or any native non-harvested wildlife
species documented by scientific research and inventory to have a naturally restricted range or
habitat in the state, to be at a low population level, to be in such high demand by man that its
unregulated taking would be detrimental to the conservation of its population or has been
extirpated [locally extinct] from the state.”




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