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					IDE 631 Unit 3 Assignment Shinnosuke Tsuzuki 2003/09/15 Designing Instruction to Teach Concept Concept: haiku Definition of haiku: a Japanese poem of seventeen syllables, in three lines of five, seven, and five. (The Concise Oxford Dictionary) Concept Analysis: A Japanese poem, haiku, has its origin in tanka. The definition of tanka is “a Japanese poem in five lines and thirty-one syllables, giving a complete picture of an event or mood.” (The Concise Oxford Dictionary) Therefore, tanka might be considered coordinate concept of haiku. Additionally, tanka and renga are other types of Japanese poems. They also might be considered coordinate concept of haiku. And, they are similar and related to the concept of haiku that might cause confusion to the students. Since the main reason why ancient Japanese poets made haiku, tanka, and renga is to express their feeling when they saw the beauty of the natural scenery, it can be said that the super-ordinate concept of these concepts is realism, in other words, representing things as they really are. Objective: The students will identify example of haiku. There are a lot of similar forms of poems in Japan. After this lesson, the students will understand what haiku is and how it differs from other poems which are tanka and renga. Strategy: Direct: Provide definition and then give examples. The instructors make the plan how the students understand the concept of haiku systematically. Both expository and inquiry approach will be used in the plan. Event 1. Provide an introduction and context Activity Explain how haiku has been developed in Japanese history. And, give some examples of haiku in order to explain its structure.

2. State the concept name, give the Concept name: haiku definition, and provide the initial set of Definition of haiku: a Japanese poem of examples. seventeen syllables, in three lines of five, seven, and five. (The Concise Oxford Dictionary) Examples: Tanka and renga are the initial set of examples which might be considered coordinate concept of haiku. 3. Provide a variety of examples and To support the concept of haiku, tanka is non-examples. Discuss why each is an a best example because tanka is a example or why it is not an example. prototype of haiku. Other Japanese poems (tanka and renga) are also good examples, because they have similar forms compared with haiku. On the other hand, a Japanese traditional novel or essay is not a good example to explain the concept of haiku, because the form of the novel or essay is a long passage. It is not a short verbal expression like haiku. Notice that haiku is one of the shortest poems all over the world. 4. Provide exercises requiring students to The students will argue in discussion identify examples. groups (each group has 3 or 4 members), (Elicit performance) and demonstrate the concept of haiku. Trying to make their own haiku is a good practice to understand what haiku is. 5. Provide feedback on exercises. Each group will have a presentation in order to share their opinions about haiku. If they have a common point of view, it might be a real concept of haiku. Let the students complete the worksheet (Figure.1). The instructors should know how the students understand the general concept of haiku.

6. Assess learning (test).

Figure.1 1. Which of the following is the correct form of haiku? a. 5-7-5 b. 5-7-5, 7-7 c. 5-7-7 d. 5-7 2. What is the most important factor of haiku? a. realism b. ideology c. surrealism d. dadaism 3. What kind of word (phrase) should be included in haiku? *Answer – “a season word (phrase)”

Reference – The definitions of haiku, tanka and renga. Haiku: It is now generally agreed that the earliest poems were songs, prayers, and incantations to gods. One tentacle of the spread of poetry has been traced from Persia to India, up to China and over to Japan. Even before the written records in Japan (760 AD) people spoke tanka to gods and in praise of the reigning monarchy. Tanka, with its 5-7-5-7-7 sound syllable count, its lofty ancestry, its shortness and ease for recall, became the favorite poetical form of the Japanese Imperial Court. And thus, both reached their highest popularity and brilliance during the same centuries -- ninth to eleventh. Resource: Jane Reichhold. Haiku definition Retrieved September 13, 2003 from the
world wide web:

Tanka: Tanka is a poetic form that requires 31 onji, and is divided into 5 lines of 5-7-5-7-7 onji each. A Tanka is further divided rhythmically; the earliest Tanka were divided at the end of the 12th onji with a new rhythm beginning at the 13th and continuing to the end of the poem. Later, the trend became to divide the poem rhythmically at the end of the 17th onji and begin a new rhythm from the 18th onji to the end (or the last two 7 onji lines). Modern Tanka utilizes either rhythm break position, but though the break point is less important today than earlier times, rhythm and rhythm changes as an integral part of the structure of Tanka is of primary importance still. Resource: Richard MacDonald. What Is A Tanka? Retrieved September 13, 2003 from
the world wide web:

Renga: Renga is a form of linked poetry which evolved from tanka, the oldest Japanese poetry form. The word is both singular and plural as in our English "sheep" and "deer" so you don't have to learn two foreign words.

In renga's eight hundred year history it has gone through many fashions and changes of goals and ideals. When it first began the trick was to turn the reader's thinking to admire a pun or jest as a three-line verse (of 17 syllables) was continued with a two-line verse of 7 and 7 syllables. If you have the feeling this is related to haiku, you are absolutely correct. The beginning three lines of a renga become haiku when they were snipped off (500 years after it began) by Basho (whom you know already). As you read some of the renga the important thing to watch is what happens BETWEEN the links. Think of each stanza as a springboard from which you are going to jump. As your mind leaps (and you think you know where the poem is going) you should be forced to make a somersault in order to land upright in the next link. It is the twist your mind makes between links that makes renga interesting. Some leaps are close (as in the beginning and end of the poem) so the subject is moved only slightly ahead. In the middle of the poem renga whizzes can pirouette until your head spins -- and that is just what is desired. Take your partner by the hand. Start tapping your feet. Bow. And away you go. Well, renga is not really dancing in the barn or ballroom concept, but it does witness to the dance of minds. Therefore you should take it seriously as you remember it is game with words. Resource: Renga Retrieved September 13, 2003 from the world wide web:

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