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					Unit 21 – Explaining how things work
LANGUAGE FOCUS Turn it on ligar Turn it off desligar Turn it up aumentar Turn it down diminuir

Central heating A radio A CD player A light switch A thermostat

aquecimento central rádio aparelho de CD interruptor termostato

Exercise 1 Practise the verb forms with I, He/she, You, We, and They by forming sentences using the words in brackets. Pratique as formas do verbo com os pronomes I, he/she, you, we and they formando sentenças usando as palavras entre parênteses. e.g. He .................................................................................................[turn on/light] He turns on the light I ....................................................................................................[turn off/light] She.................................................................................................[turn down/radio] You................................................................................................[turn up/thermostat] They...............................................................................................[turn on/central heating] 5. He...................................................................................................[turn on/CD player] 6. We..................................................................................................[turn up/music] LANGUAGE SAMPLE Claudia is moving flat in England. The *agent is showing her how things work. It’s *autumn and it’s very cold Claudia: Agent: Claudia: Agent: Claudia: Agent: Claudia: heating? Agent: Claudia: Agent: How does the cooker work? You have to press this switch here And how do I turn on the *cooker? You have to turn it on at the wall And how do I turn on the living room lights? You press the light switch here, Madam Oh, yes. It’s very cold in here. Is there something wrong with the central No, but you’re right. It’s very cold. I’ll turn up the thermostat here on the wall. Thank you very much You’re welcome
* key = chave * boot up = re-iniciar *cooker = fogão

1. 2. 3. 4.

* autumn = outono * agent = agente

Exercise 2 Answer the questions below Responda as questões abaixo: 1. How does the cooker work? ........................................................................................................ 2. How do you turn on the hob? ........................................................................................................ 3 How do you turn on the living room lights? ....................................................................................................... 4. How do you turn up the central heating? ....................................................................................................... LANGUAGE SAMPLE Adriane has two children, Francisco, who is fifteen years old, and Cecilia, who is thirteen. Adriane: Francisco: Adriane: Cecilia: Adriane: Cecilia: Adriane: Francisco: Adriane: Francisco! Turn the music down! It’s too loud But I like it like that! Then turn it off! I have a headache. * Mum! There’s something wrong with the computer... *Look, you have to press this *key here I can’t see the screen very well. Then turn this light on. Can I watch TV now? Yes, But turn it down. Cecilia is doing her homework on the computer.

Exercise 3 Answer the questions below: Responda as questões abaixo: 1. What does Adriane ask Francisco to do? .................................................................. 2. What does she ask him to do next? .................................................................. 3. What does Cecilia have to do with the computer? .............................................................................. 4. Why can’t she see the screen? .............................................................................. 5. What does Adriane ask Francisco to do with the TV? ..............................................................................

Exercise 4 Fill in the gaps in the text below using the prompts given. The prompts are in jumbled order. Preencha as lacunas no texto abaixo usando as palavras abaixo que não estão na ordem correta. Adriane is showing a colleague at work how to use the computer. Adriane: Look, you --------- the computer on here. Then you -------- for it to come up. Then you ---------- the disk in here. Colleague: There’s something wrong. It’s not working. Adriane: Then ---------- ESCAPE. It’ll *boot up again. There we are. Now you can -------your letter. Colleague: Thank you Adriane: ----------------PUT WAIT TURN ON YOU’RE WELCOME TYPE PRESS

Answer Key
Exercise 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. I turn off the light She turns down the radio You turn up the thermostat They turn on the central heating He turns on the CD player

Exercise 2 1. 2. 3. 4. You have to press a switch You turn it on at the wall You press the light switch You turn it up on the wall

Exercise 3

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Turn the music down Turn it off She has to press a key She has to turn the light on Turn it down

Exercise 4 Answers in order given Turn on; wait; put; press; type; You’re welcome