FAMILY CONSUMER SCIENCES An Introduction by cxl86491

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									                                             FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES: An Introduction
Mission              Family and Consumer Sciences Education prepares students to engage in the work of the family by critically examining recurring
                             concerns of the family and proactively working toward individual, family and community well-being. Our role is to prepare
                             all students for life, work and citizenship through the unique focus on the work of the family.

Work of the Family             The work of the family is the action of family members to develop individual potential, meet the needs of the family group,
                               and influence community goals. The work of the family includes (1) providing the environment for family members to
                               mature fully (to think, feel and act), (2) helping family members see the relationship to one another and within society,
                               (3) examining the power of the family within society, (4) transmitting culture and tradition to younger generations,
                               (5) developing lasting, nurturant relationships, (6) using the family systems of action to teach family members to be self-
                               directed and socially responsible, and (7) developing the social action to promote conditions that enhance family life.*

Recurring Concerns             Recurring concerns of the family are broad questions of social significance about what action to take. They are ongoing in
                               that the same questions come up again and again in different situations and generations. A major recurring concern is
                                What kind of life should we create and live as a family and society? Other concerns focus on how families relate to
                               various forces and conditions affecting their lives and the environments in which they live, work, and contribute, such as
                               the home, workplace, neighborhood, community, and world. How and whether families address these concerns can have
                               a strong impact not only on individual members of a family, but also on society at large. Students need to develop the
                               skills necessary to identify and understand recurring concerns of families.*

Practical Reasoning            Practical reasoning is a special kind of thinking process that individuals and families can use in everyday problem-solving
                               situations to help them investigate complex issues or questions of concern to the family. Family members use their critical-
                               and creative- thinking skills and communication to search for and process relevant information from a variety of sources.
                               They organize and use this information to reach a conclusion about what should be done. The culmination of the practical
                               reasoning process is taking ethical action. These processes allow individuals and families to approach everyday problem
                               solving more deliberately, with greater flexibility, and increased open-mindedness.*

Family Action                  The actions families take in response to their concerns have significant consequences for themselves and
(Systems of Action)            others. Three types of action family members take to accomplish their goals are technical, communicative and
                               emancipative. Families use technical information, methods, tools, and action to manage their environment and provide for
                               the physical well-being of family members. Family members use communicative action to understand each other, to
                               resolve recurring concerns, to build nurturing relationships, and to establish connection to the outside world. Emancipative
                               action (sometime called reflective action) helps family members identify and evaluate attitudes, beliefs, and patterns of
                               thinking and acting that can block critical thinking and communication. Students who use their understandings about
                               family action can actively participate in their own development and influence the conditions of their lives now and in the
                               future.*

                   * adapted from Wisconsin s Model Academic Standards for Family & Consumer Education. (1997) Wisconsin Department
                   of Public Instruction.
                                                                      Family & Consumer Sciences - 1
MAJOR CATEGORY........................................................................................................................................................... REASONING FOR ACTION
                 FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES ESSENTIAL LEARNINGS                                                                            LINK TO L.E.A.R.N.S.

 FCS 6-12.1.0 Use reasoning processes, individually and collectively, to address broad,                                Develop the skills needed for informed participation
 recurring concerns and to take responsible action in families, workplaces, and                                        in public affairs. (SS/H 12.4.15)
 communities.
                                                                                                                       Develop an understanding of change over a period of
            1.0.1 Demonstrate an understanding of the nature of recurring concerns and                                 time. (S 12.1.5)
            methods for their resolution.
                   1.0.1.1 Describe recurring concerns facing individuals, families and                                Locate, access & evaluate resources to identify
                   society.                                                                                            appropriate information. (R/W 12.1.2)
                   1.0.1.2 Analyze the three systems of action which interact in the
                   resolution of recurring concerns.                                                                   Apply listening skills for a variety of purposes (R/W
                                                                                                                       12.4.1)
            1.0.2 Apply practical reasoning to investigate a family-related concern.
                   1.0.2.1 Identify recurring concerns in one s life.                                                  Identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what
                   1.0.2.2 Demonstrate the practical reasoning process.                                                they have read or viewed. (R/W 12.1.1)
                   1.0.2.3 Take responsible action to resolve recurring concerns.
                   1.0.2.4 Use reflective thinking to consider what is being learned from                              Pose questions and contribute their own information
                   the experience.                                                                                     or ideas in group discussions in order to acquire new
                                                                                                                       knowledge. (R/W 12.3.1)
            1.0.3 Demonstrate knowledge of and respect for diverse populations in order to
            make reasoned decisions in the family, workplace and community.                                            Apply sampling techniques to gather data, organize,
                                                                                                                       display, and interpret data to solve complex
                                                                                                                       problems. (M 12.5.1)

                                                                                                                       Justify the reasonableness of solutions. (M12.2.2)

                                                                                                                       Make oral presentations that demonstrate
                                                                                                                       appropriate considerations of audience, purpose and
                                                                                                                       information to be conveyed. (R/W 12.3.2)

 Connecting Questions:
       1. What are the recurring concerns identified in this category and subcategory?
       2. What responsible actions will students take to resolve the recurring concern?
       3. What family systems of action (technical, communicative, emancipative) can be used to take action to resolve these concerns?
       4. How can intellectual processes (i.e., critical thinking, practical reasoning) assist individuals and families in resolving this concern?

                                                                        Family & Consumer Sciences - 2

MAJOR CATEGORY........................................................................................................................................................INDIVIDUALS AND FAMILIES

                     SUB-CATEGORY ...................................................................................................................... INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS
                   FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES ESSENTIAL LEARNINGS                                                                             LINK TO L.E.A.R.N.S.

 FCS 6-12.2.0 Analyze committed, respectful and caring relationships in family, work and                                   Pose questions and contribute their own
 community settings.                                                                                                       information or ideas in group discussions in order
                                                                                                                           to acquire new knowledge. (R/W 12.3.1)
 2.1 Analyze personal needs and characteristics and their impact on interpersonal
 relationships. (FCSNS 13.2)                                                                                               Develop an understanding of the role of science
                                                                                                                           and technology in local, national and global
 2.2 Demonstrate communication skills that contribute to positive relationships. (FCSNS                                    challenges. (S 12.7.6)
 13.3)
                                                                                                                           Apply listening skills for a variety of purposes (R/W
            2.2.1 Practice ethical communication in family, community and work settings.                                   12.4.1)
            2.2.2 Examine the interrelationships of communication and technology in family,
            work, and community settings.                                                                                  Analyze the forces of conflict and cooperation.
            2.2.3 Examine communication styles and their effects on relationships in families,                             (SS/H 12.2.14)
            work, and community settings.
                                                                                                                           Analyze how certain cultural characteristics can link
 2.3 Demonstrate one s responsibility in interpersonal relationships.                                                      or divide regions, such as language, ethnic
                                                                                                                           heritage, religion, political philosophy, shared
 2.4 Evaluate effective conflict prevention and management techniques. (FCSNS 13.4)                                        history, and social and economic systems. (SS/H
                                                                                                                           12.2.4)

                                                                                                                           Develop the skills needed for informed participation
                                                                                                                           in public affairs. (SS/H 12.4.15)


 Connecting Questions:
       1. What are the recurring concerns identified in this category and subcategory?
       2. What responsible actions will students take to resolve the recurring concern?
       3. What family systems of action (technical, communicative, emancipative) can be used to take action to resolve these concerns?
       4. How can intellectual processes (i.e., critical thinking, practical reasoning) assist individuals and families in resolving this concern?



                                                                      Family & Consumer Sciences - 3
MAJOR CATEGORY........................................................................................................................................................INDIVIDUALS AND FAMILIES

                     SUB-CATEGORY ............................................................................................................................................ FAMILY AS A SYSTEM

                   FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES ESSENTIAL LEARNINGS                                                                             LINK TO L.E.A.R.N.S.
 FCS 6-12.3.0 Evaluate the reciprocal relationship among individuals, the family and                                            Analyze the impact of immigration on American life.
  society.                                                                                                                      (SS/H 12.3.7)

            3.0.1 Examine family as the basic unit of society. (FCSNS 6.1.1)                                                    Analyze how certain cultural characteristics can link
                                                                                                                                or divide regions, such as language, ethnic
            3.0.2 Examine the multiple functions of the family, including developing self-                                      heritage, religion, political philosophy, shared
            forming individuals, transmitting culture and traditions, communicating societal                                    history, and social and economic systems. (SS/H
            expectations, and maintaining intergenerational connectedness.                                                      12.2.4)

            3.0.3 Determine the impact of change and transitions over the life span. (FCSNS                                     Analyze past and present trends in human
            6.1.6)                                                                                                              immigration and cultural interaction as they are
                                                                                                                                influenced by social, economic, political, and
                                                                                                                                environmental factors. (SS/H 12.2.6)
 3.1 Determine and analyze the characteristics of strong families regardless of family
 structure.

 3.2 Analyze how knowledge and skills related to individual, child and family development
 affect the well-being of individuals, families and society. (MD 2.3)
          3.2.1 Examine the qualities of a self-forming person. (NE Framework B-29)
          3.2.2 Utilize skills and processes necessary to develop into a self-forming person
          who acts to enhance the family and/or society.


 Connecting Questions:
       1. What are the recurring concerns identified in this category and subcategory?
       2. What responsible actions will students take to resolve the recurring concern?
       3. What family systems of action (technical, communicative, emancipative) can be used to take action to resolve these concerns?
       4. How can intellectual processes (i.e., critical thinking, practical reasoning) assist individuals and families in resolving this concern?




                                                                      Family & Consumer Sciences - 4
MAJOR CATEGORY........................................................................................................................................................INDIVIDUALS AND FAMILIES

                     SUB-CATEGORY ............................................................................................................................................................. PARENTING

                   FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES ESSENTIAL LEARNINGS                                                                                   LINK TO L.E.A.R.N.S.
 FCS 6-12.4.0 Analyze roles and responsibilities of parenting. (FCSNS 15.1)

            4.0.1 Determine effects of parenting practices on the individual, family and                                 Develop an understanding of the behavior of
            society.                                                                                                     organisms. (S 12.4.6)

            4.0.2 Determine societal conditions that impact parenting across the life span.                              Analyze past and present trends in human
            (FCSNS 15.1.4)                                                                                               migration and cultural interaction as they are
                                                                                                                         influenced by social, economic, political, and
                                                                                                                         environmental factors. (SS/H 12.2.6)
 4.1 Evaluate parenting practices that maximize growth and development.
                                                                                                                         Analyze the patterns of urban development, such
            4.1.1 Identify communication strategies that promote positive self-esteem in                                 as site and situation, the function of towns and
            family members. (FCSNS 15.2.2)                                                                               cities; and problems related to human mobility,
                                                                                                                         social structure, and the environment. (SS/H
            4.1.2 Analyze nurturing practices.                                                                           12.2.10)

            4.1.3 Evaluate practices of interaction that encourages appropriate behavior.                                Locate, access & evaluate resources to identify
                                                                                                                         appropriate information. (R/W 12.1.2)
            4.1.4 Determine criteria for selecting care and services for children.




 Connecting Questions:
       1. What are the recurring concerns identified in this category and subcategory?
       2. What responsible actions will students take to resolve the recurring concern?
       3. What family systems of action (technical, communicative, emancipative) can be used to take action to resolve these concerns?
       4. How can intellectual processes (i.e., critical thinking, practical reasoning) assist individuals and families in resolving this concern?


                                                                      Family & Consumer Sciences - 5
MAJOR CATEGORY........................................................................................................................................................INDIVIDUALS AND FAMILIES

                     SUB-CATEGORY ...............................................................................................................HUMAN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

                   FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES ESSENTIAL LEARNINGS                                                                           LINK TO L.E.A.R.N.S.

 FCS 6-12.5.0 Analyze principles of human growth and development across the life span.                                   Develop an understanding of reproduction and
              (FCSNS 12.1)                                                                                               heredity. (S 8.4.2)
           5.0.1 Examine physical, emotional, social and intellectual development and their
           interrelationships.                                                                                    Develop an understanding of regulation and
                                                                                                                  behavior. (S 8.4.3)
 5.1 Analyze conditions that influence human growth and development. (FCSNS 12.2)
        5.1.1 Investigate the impact of heredity and environment on human growth and                              Develop an understanding of population,
        development. (FCSNS 12.2.1)                                                                               resources, and environments. (S 8.7.2)
        5.1.2 Examine the effects of life events on individuals physical, and emotional
        development (FCSNS 12.2.4)                                                                                Develop an understanding of risks and benefits.
                                                                                                                  (S 8.7.4)
 5.2 Analyze strategies that promote growth and development across the life span.
        (FCSNS 12.3)                                                                                              Develop an understanding of personal and
        5.2.1 Examine the role of nurturance on human growth and development.                                     community health. (S 12.7.1)
        (FCSNS 12.3.1)
        5.2.2 Examine the role of communication on human growth and development.                                  Develop an understanding of the effects of
        (FCSNS 12.3.2)                                                                                            population change. (S 12.7.2)
        5.2.3 Examine the role of support systems in meeting human growth and
        development needs. (FCSNS 12.3.3)                                                                         Develop an understanding of environmental quality.
                                                                                                                  (S 12.7.4)



 Connecting Questions:
       1. What are the recurring concerns identified in this category and subcategory?
       2. What responsible actions will students take to resolve the recurring concern?
       3. What family systems of action (technical, communicative, emancipative) can be used to take action to resolve these concerns?
       4. How can intellectual processes (i.e., critical thinking, practical reasoning) assist individuals and families in resolving this concern?




                                                                      Family & Consumer Sciences - 6
MAJOR CATEGORY...................................................................................................................................... PERSONAL AND FAMILY RESOURCES

                   SUB-CATEGORY ....................................................................................................... CONSUMER RESOURCES & MANAGEMENT

                  FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES ESSENTIAL LEARNINGS                                                                   LINK TO L.E.A.R.N.S.

 FCS 6-12.6.0 Analyze how knowledge and skills involving consumer and resource                                    Discuss, develop, and implement a plan for making informed
                                                                                                                  personal economic decisions. (SS/H 12.4.27)
 management affect decisions related to the well-being of individuals, families and society.
                                                                                                                  Analyze the United States market economy identifying factors
           6.0.1 Analyze interrelationships among consumer actions, the economy and the                            such as: the relationships of households, firms, and
                                                                                                                   government. (SS/H 12.4.17)
           environment.
                                                                                                                   Locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate
           6.0.2 Evaluate consumer policies, information and services, including those that                        information. (R/W 12.1.2)
           relate to consumer rights and responsibilities.
                                                                                                                   Explain the rights, responsibilities, and benefits of citizenship in
                                                                                                                   the United States and Nebraska. (SS/H 12.4.14)
           6.0.3 Analyze factors (i.e., social, psychological, economic, cultural) affecting
           consumer and management decisions for individuals and families throughout the                           Develop an understanding about science and technology. (S
           life cycle and how those decisions impact society.                                                      12.6.2)

                                                                                                                   Apply sampling techniques to gather data, organize, display,
           6.0.4 Analyze factors and evaluate issues related to resource management                                and interpret data to solve complex problems. (M 12.5.1)
           decisions of individuals and families across the life span.
                                                                                                                   Interpret theoretical probability to represent problems, solve
           6.0.5 Demonstrate management of personal and financial resources to meet the                            problems and make informal decisions. (M 12.5.3)
           goals of individuals and families across the life span.                                                 Develop an understanding of environmental quality. (S 12.7.4)

           6.0.6 Evaluate the impact of technology on individual and family resources.                             Diagram the concepts of scarcity, opportunity costs, and the
           (FCSNS 2.4)                                                                                             types of economic systems that deal with unlimited wants and
                                                                                                                   limited resources (SS/H 12.4.19)

                                                                                                                   Explain the interrelationship of producers, consumers and
                                                                                                                   government in the American economic system. (SS/H 12.4.24)




 Connecting Questions:
       1. What are the recurring concerns identified in this category and subcategory?
       2. What responsible actions will students take to resolve the recurring concern?
       3. What family systems of action (technical, communicative, emancipative) can be used to take action to resolve these concerns?
       4. How can intellectual processes (i.e., critical thinking, practical reasoning) assist individuals and families in resolving this concern?
                                                                      Family & Consumer Sciences - 7
MAJOR CATEGORY...................................................................................................................................... PERSONAL AND FAMILY RESOURCES

                   SUB-CATEGORY ........................................................................................................................ NUTRITION / WELLNESS / FOODS



                  FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES ESSENTIAL LEARNINGS                                                                      LINK TO L.E.A.R.N.S.


 FCS 6-12.7.0 Demonstrate nutrition and wellness practices that enhance individual and                             Develop an understanding of personal and
 family well being.                                                                                                community health. (S 12.7.1)
           7.0.1 Identify nutritional needs of individuals and families.                                               Locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify
                                                                                                                       appropriate information.
           7.0.2 Incorporate health and wellness practices across the life span.                                       (R/W 12.1.2)

           7.0.3 Demonstrate ability to acquire, handle, and use foods to meet nutrition and                           Solve. . .applied problems using numbers in
           wellness needs of individuals and families across the life span. (FCSNS 14.3)                               equivalent forms,. . .fractions, decimals, and
                                                                                                                       percents, ratios and proportions, order of
           7.0.4 Analyze factors that influence nutrition and wellness practices across the                            operations, and properties of real numbers.
           life span.                                                                                                  (M 12.2.1)

           7.0.5 Analyze factors (i.e., social, psychological, economic, cultural) affecting                           Select and use appropriate measuring units, tools,
           nutrition, wellness and foods decisions for individuals and families throughout the                         and/or technology to achieve a specified degree of
           life cycle and how those decisions impact society.                                                          accuracy and precision. (M 12.3.1)

           7.0.6 Evaluate factors that affect food safety, from production through                                     Develop an understanding of the role of science
           consumption. (FCSNS 14.4)                                                                                   and technology in local, national, and global
                                                                                                                       challenges. (S 12.7.6)
           7.0.7 Evaluate the impact of science and technology on food composition, safety
           and other issues.


 Connecting Questions:
       1. What are the recurring concerns identified in this category and subcategory?
       2. What responsible actions will students take to resolve the recurring concern?
       3. What family systems of action (technical, communicative, emancipative) can be used to take action to resolve these concerns?
       4. How can intellectual processes (i.e., critical thinking, practical reasoning) assist individuals and families in resolving this concern?


                                                                      Family & Consumer Sciences - 8
MAJOR CATEGORY...................................................................................................................................... PERSONAL AND FAMILY RESOURCES

                   SUB-CATEGORY ........................................................................................................................................ LIVING ENVIRONMENTS

         FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES ESSENTIAL LEARNINGS                                                                              LINK TO L.E.A.R.N.S.

 FCS 6-12.8.0 Analyze how knowledge and skills related to living                                     Identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W
                                                                                                     12.1.1)
 environments affect the well being of individuals, families and society. (MD
 2.2)                                                                                                Locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate information. (R/W 12.1.2)

           8.0.1 Analyze the significance of the home for individuals and                            Develop an understanding of personal and community health.
                                                                                                     (S 12.7.1)
           families (MD 2 2 1)
           families. (MD 2.2.1)
                                                                                                     Compare and contrast the distribution, growth rates, and characteristics of human
                                                                                                     population, such as settlement patterns and the location of natural and capital resources.
           8.0.2 Demonstrate management of individual and family resources                           (SS/H 12.2.5)
           in the living environment.
                                                                                                     Select and use appropriate measuring units, tools, and/or technology to achieve a
                                                                                                     specified degree of accuracy and precision. (M 12.3.1)
           8.0.3 Evaluate issues related to living environments of individuals
           and families throughout the life cycle. (MD 2.2.4)                                        Discuss the economic goals of growth, stability, full employment, efficiency, equity and
                                                                                                     justice, explaining the need for tradeoffs as these goals are pursued. (SS/H 12.4.20)
           8.0.4 Analyze factors (i.e., social, psychological, economic,
                                                                                                     Explain how forces of supply and demand in a market system answer basic economic
           cultural) affecting living environment decisions for individuals and
                                                                                                     questions, such as what to produce, how to produce, and for whom to produce. (SS/H
           families throughout the life cycle and how those decisions impact                         12.4.21)
           society.
                                                                                                      Develop an understanding of the role of science and technology in local, national, and
           8.0.5 Evaluate the impact of technology on living environments.                           global challenges. (S 12.7.6)

                                                                                                     Develop an understanding of natural resources. (S 12.7.3)

                                                                                                     Students will evaluate the role of entrepreneurship in a market economy. (SS/H 12.4.26)

                                                                                                     Diagram the concepts of scarcity, opportunity costs, and the types of economic systems
                                                                                                     that deal with unlimited wants and limited resources. (SS/H 12.4.19)

 Connecting Questions:
       1. What are the recurring concerns identified in this category and subcategory?
       2. What responsible actions will students take to resolve the recurring concern?
       3. What family systems of action (technical, communicative, emancipative) can be used to take action to resolve these concerns?
       4. How can intellectual processes (i.e., critical thinking, practical reasoning) assist individuals and families in resolving this concern?



                                                                      Family & Consumer Sciences - 9

MAJOR CATEGORY...................................................................................................................................... PERSONAL AND FAMILY RESOURCES

                   SUB-CATEGORY ........................................................................................................................................ TEXTILES and APPAREL

                  FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES ESSENTIAL LEARNINGS                                                                           LINK TO L.E.A.R.N.S.

                                                                                                                        Locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify
 FCS 6-12.9.0 Analyze how knowledge and skills related to textiles and apparel affect the                               appropriate information. (R/W 12.1.2)
 well-being of individuals, families and society.
                                                                                                                        Develop an understanding of systems, order, and
           9.0.1 Analyze factors (i.e., social, psychological, economic, cultural) affecting                            organization. (S 12.1.1)
           textile and apparel decisions for individuals and families throughout the life cycle
           and how those decisions impact society.                                                                      Develop an understanding of evidence, models,
                                                                                                                        and explanation. (S 8.1.2)
        9.0.2 Evaluate textile information and services. (MD 2.5.3)
                                                                                                Develop an understanding of the role of science
        9.0.3 Care for and repair, alter or produce textile products and apparel.               and technology in local, national, and global
                                                                                                challenges. (S 12.7.6)
        9.0.4 Evaluate the impact of science and technology on apparel and textiles.
                                                                                                Solve. . .applied problems using numbers in
                                                                                                equivalent forms,. . .fractions, decimals, and
                                                                                                percents, ratios and proportions, order of
                                                                                                operations, and properties of real numbers.
                                                                                                (M 12.2.1)

                                                                                                Select and use appropriate measuring units, tools,
                                                                                                and/or technology to achieve a specified degree of
                                                                                                accuracy and precision. (M 12.3.1)


Connecting Questions:
      1. What are the recurring concerns identified in this category and subcategory?
      2. What responsible actions will students take to resolve the recurring concern?
      3. What family systems of action (technical, communicative, emancipative) can be used to take action to resolve these concerns?
      4. How can intellectual processes (i.e., critical thinking, practical reasoning) assist individuals and families in resolving this concern?


                                                        Family & Consumer Sciences - 10
MAJOR CATEGORY...................................................................................................................................................................... FAMILY AND WORK

          SUB-CATEGORY .............................................................................................................................................................. WORK READINESS

NOTE: In this section the following definitions are used:
                 Work is a broad term that reflects both paid or unpaid, and in or out of the home. Career means one chosen area of employment.
                   FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES ESSENTIAL LEARNINGS                                                                                LINK TO L.E.A.R.N.S.

 FCS 6-12.10.0 Demonstrate transferable and employability skills in family, community                                        Identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they
 and work / career settings.                                                                                                 have read or viewed. (R/W 12.1.1)

            10.0.1 Examine how work impacts the individual and family financially,                                           Locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify
                                                                                                                             appropriate information. (R/W 12.1.2)
            emotionally, physically, socially, and intellectually.
                                                                                                                             Identify, describe, and apply knowledge of the structure
            10.0.2 Demonstrate problem solving, teamwork, communication, conflict                                            of the English language and standard English
            resolution and self-management skills in family, community and work/career                                       conventions for sentence structure, usage, punctuation,
            settings.                                                                                                        capitalization, and spelling.
                                                                                                                             (R/W 12.2.1)
            10.0.3 Demonstrate job seeking and job keeping skills. (FCSNS 1.2.2)
                   10.0.3.1 Examine beliefs about job seeking and job keeping skills from                                    Pose questions and contribute their own information or
                   various perspectives (employer, employee, self-employed, welfare                                          ideas in group discussions in order to acquire new
                                                                                                                             knowledge. (R/W 12.3.1)
                   recipients, etc.)
                   10.0.3.2 Examine and demonstrate ethical behavior and professionalism                                     Apply listening skills for a variety of purposes.
                   in seeking and keeping jobs.                                                                              (R/W 12.4.1)

            10.0.4 Examine potential career choices to determine the education,                                              Analyze the forces of conflict and cooperation.
            technologies, skills, and attitudes associated with each.                                                        (SS/H 12.2.14)

                                                                                                                             Apply sampling techniques to gather data, organize,
                                                                                                                             display, and interpret data to solve complex problems.
                                                                                                                             (M 12.5.1)

 Connecting Questions:
       1. What are the recurring concerns identified in this category and subcategory?
       2. What responsible actions will students take to resolve the recurring concern?
       3. What family systems of action (technical, communicative, emancipative) can be used to take action to resolve these concerns?
       4. How can intellectual processes (i.e., critical thinking, practical reasoning) assist individuals and families in resolving this concern?
                                                                     Family & Consumer Sciences - 11
MAJOR CATEGORY...................................................................................................................................................................... FAMILY AND WORK
          SUB-CATEGORY ......................................................................................................FAMILY, CAREER AND COMMUNITY CONNECTIONS

                                                                                                                                                 LINK TO L.E.A.R.N.S.
                  FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES ESSENTIAL LEARNINGS

 FCS 6-12.11.0 Analyze the interconnection of individual, family, career and community                                    Locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate
 relationships.                                                                                                           information. (R/W 12.1.2)

            11.0.1 Examine policies, issues and trends in the workplace and community                                     Develop the skills needed for informed participation in public
                                                                                                                          affairs (SS/H 12.4.15)
            that impact individuals and families (FCSNS 1.1.1)
                                                                                                                          Analyze in writing, discussion and debate current issues
            11.0.2 Examine the impact of public policies, agencies, and institutions on the                               confronting local, state, and national governments in terms of
            family (FCSNS 1.3.5)                                                                                          perennial challenges to democracies. (SS/H 12.4.7)

            11.0.3 Examine community resources and systems of formal and informal                                         Demonstrate an understanding of the rights and
            support available to individuals and families (FCSNS 1.3.4)                                                   responsibilities of citizens in America. (SS/H 8.3.8)

            11.0.4 Analyze the impact of individual roles and responsibilities within the                                 Analyze past and present trends in human migration and
                                                                                                                          cultural interactions as they are influenced by social,
            family,
                                                                                                                          economic, political, and environmental factors. (SS/H 12.2.6)
            work / career, and community.
                                                                                                                          Develop an understanding of the effects of population change.
                                                                                                                          (S 12.7.2)

                                                                                                                          Develop an understanding of environmental quality. (S 12.7.4)

                                                                                                                          Develop an understanding of natural and human-induced
                                                                                                                          hazards. (S 12.7.5)

 Connecting Questions:
       1. What are the recurring concerns identified in this category and subcategory?
       2. What responsible actions will students take to resolve the recurring concern?
       3. What family systems of action (technical, communicative, emancipative) can be used to take action to resolve these concerns?
       4. How can intellectual processes (i.e., critical thinking, practical reasoning) assist individuals and families in resolving this concern?
                                                                         Family & Consumer Sciences - 12

MAJOR CATEGORY...................................................................................................................................................................... FAMILY AND WORK

          SUB-CATEGORY ........................................................................................................................................BALANCING FAMILY AND WORK
               FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES ESSENTIAL LEARNINGS                                                   LINK TO L.E.A.R.N.S.

 FCS 6-12.12.0 Analyze the individual s ability to balance multiple roles in the family,         Locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify
 work/career, and community.                                                                     appropriate information (R/W 12.1.2 )

         12.0.1 Analyze the potential impact of career decisions on balancing family and         Discuss the economic goals of growth, stability, full
         career.                                                                                 employment, efficiency, equity, and justice,
                                                                                                 explaining the need for tradeoffs as these goals are
         12.0.2 Determine goals for life-long learning and leisure opportunities for all         pursued. (SS/H 12.4.20)
         family members. (FCSNS 1.1.5)
                                                                                                 Develop an understanding of systems, order, and
         12.0.3 Analyze the impact of social, economic and technological change on               organization. (S 12.1.1)
         balancing family and career.
                                                                                                 Apply deductive reasoning to arrive at valid
         12.0.4 Determine skills and knowledge needed to empower individuals to develop          conclusions. (M 12.4.7)
         a life plan for achieving individual, family and career goals.
                                                                                                 Discuss, develop and implement a plan for making
         12.0.5 Analyze strategies to manage multiple individual, family, career and             informed personal economic decisions. (SS/H
         community roles, relationships, and responsibilities.                                   12.4.27)

                                                                                                 Use a variety of forms to write for different
                                                                                                 audiences and purposes. (R/W 12.2.4)

                                                                                                 Make oral presentations that demonstrate
                                                                                                 appropriate consideration of audience, purpose,
                                                                                                 and information to be conveyed. (R/W 12.3.2)


 Connecting Questions:
       1. What are the recurring concerns identified in this category and subcategory?
       2. What responsible actions will students take to resolve the recurring concern?
       3. What family systems of action (technical, communicative, emancipative) can be used to take action to resolve these concerns?
       4. How can intellectual processes (i.e., critical thinking, practical reasoning) assist individuals and families in resolving this concern?
                                                    Family & Consumer Sciences - 13
REFERENCES: Note: The codes found in the column headed Link to L.E.A.R.N.S. were taken from the newspaper insert entitled Nebraska
                   L.E.A.R.N.S. (Leading Educational Achievement through Rigorous Nebraska Standards) . This document outlines
                   standards in the following areas: mathematics (m), science (s), social studies/history (ss/h) and reading/writing (r/w). The
                   numbers following the respective codes will direct the reader to a specific standard within the document. For example
                   (r/w 12.1.1) means this is the first standard within the first section of the twelfth grade of the reading/writing standards.
If an essential learning for Family & Consumer Sciences was taken directly from another source, there is a code following that specific essential
learning.
Code                       Source
FCSNS                      National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences Education. (1998). Decatur, GA: National Association of State
                           Administrators of Family & Consumer Sciences in partnership with Vocational-Technical Education Consortium of States
                           (V-TECS) Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.
MD                         Family and Consumer Sciences: A Maryland Curricular Framework. (1996). Maryland State Department of Education.
NE                         Nebraska Framework for Family & Consumer Sciences Education Curriculum Development. (1995). Nebraska State
                           Department of Education.

In addition, the introduction page was adapted from Wisconsin s Model Academic Standards for Family & Consumer Education. (1997). Wisconsin
Department of Public Instruction.

The Essential Learnings for Family & Consumer Sciences were developed in a series of nine workshops involving secondary Family & Consumer
Sciences teachers from across Nebraska. The final editing was completed by the Family and Consumer Sciences Education State Council.
Appreciation is extended to all of the professionals who assisted in writing this document.


For additional information:             Shirley Baum, Director
                                        Family & Consumer Sciences
                                        Nebraska Department of Education
                                        301 Centennial Mall South
                                        Lincoln NE 68509-4987

                                        Telephone:       402-471-4813
                                        FAX:             402-471-0117
                                        E-mail:          sbaum@nde.state.ne.us




                                                       Family & Consumer Sciences - 14
                                                      TABLE OF CONTENTS



Introduction.................................................................................................................................................... 1


Reasoning for Action ..................................................................................................................................... 2


Individuals and Families

            Interpersonal Relationships.............................................................................................................. 3

            Family As A System ......................................................................................................................... 4

            Parenting .......................................................................................................................................... 5

            Human Growth and Development .................................................................................................... 6


Personal and Family Resources

            Consumer Resources and Management.......................................................................................... 7

            Nutrition/Wellness/Foods ................................................................................................................. 8

            Living Environments ......................................................................................................................... 9

            Textiles and Apparel....................................................................................................................... 10


Family and Work

            Work Readiness ............................................................................................................................. 11

            Family, Career and Community Connections................................................................................. 12

            Balancing Work and Family............................................................................................................ 13


References .................................................................................................................................................. 14

								
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