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					The Alphabet
Elizabeth Anderson 1. Website: http://web8.epnet.com/citation.asp Title: Fingerspell: Let Your Fingers Do the Talking Annotation: In this article we discuss an application that translates hand gestures of the American Sign Language (ASL) alphabet and converts them to text. The FingerSpell application addresses the communication barrier of the deaf and the hearing-impaired by eliminating the need for a third party with knowledge of the American Sign Language, allowing a user to use hand signs that will be translated to letters and words. Through the use of a data glove embedded with multiple input sensors, the application parses each hand and finger gesture signed by the user and detects unique cases which trigger application responses. Application responses come in both visual and auditory forms. The letter corresponding to the unique gesture will appear on the screen and play aloud using computer speech synthesis. The user may also sign an end of word gesture which cues the application to read the previous string of letters together, as one word. This allows a deaf person to communicate with another person without the need for the other person to understand sign language. In addition, this application can serve as a teaching tool for those learning how to sign. FingerSpell is a stepping stone to opening up lines of communication for the Deaf and hearing-impaired communities. Future research and advancements can extend the FingerSpell application to cover the full sign language (word signs) and alphabets of other sign languages.

2. Website: http://www.learningplanet.com/act/fl/aact/index.asp Title: Alphabet Action Annotation: This article is basically just an introduction to the alphabet. It has a link that you can click on and the entire alphabet comes up. The student can choose any letter and it will show them a picture of something that starts with that letter and what the sound of the letter is. This would be a good activity for students who are just starting to learn the alphabet because it allows them to associate a picture with the sound at the same time. 3. Website: http://chiron.gsu.edu/cgi-bin/homepage.cgi?style=&_id=8da52de51162852220-7108 Title: What's a Parent to Do? Phonics and Other Stuff Annotation: No Child Left Behind, Reading First, Early Reading First, Good Start, Grow Smart ... the current whirlwind of education initiatives in the United States commits millions of dollars of federal money to "scientifically based" reading and early literacy development. In 2003, President Bush directed Head Start programs across the country to function as early reading programs, thereby focusing on direct, systematic approaches to early reading development and teaching the alphabetic principle. These approaches, developed primarily for struggling students and learning disabled children, teach isolated phonics rules and the alphabetic principle through drill-and-practice techniques (Foorman, Francis, Fletcher, Winikates, & Mehta, 1997). However,

knowledgeable, reflective teachers of young children continue to rely on decades of research that highlights the importance of literacy development in play, emergent literacy practices, and discovery learning. Learning about print and developing beginning reading skills need not rely on inappropriate isolated drills, worksheets, and flash cards. Learning starts very easily and naturally. Young children are surrounded by print in their everyday world. Cheerios, McDonald's, ON/ OFF, STOP environmental print such as signs, billboards, logos, functional print, labels, and product packaging saturates the world in literate societies. In fact, reading of this kind of print constitutes the initial stage of reading development called "logographic reading" (Dombey & Moustafa, 1998; Frith, 1985). Parents can use the high-profile, attention-getting print that surrounds a child every day in order to subtly begin teaching reading and the alphabet. This document provides some activities that require nothing more than parents and significant adults talking with children. 4. Website: http://www.learnenglish.de/Level1/Basics/Alphabet.htm Title: Learn English- The Alphabet Annotation: This article shows every aspect of the English alphabet. It shows the difference between capital and lowercase letters and what the capitalization is. It also shows the difference between vowels and consonants and what they are. This article provides and easy way to learn the alphabet that is not too confusing. It show what words rhyme with others so it makes it easy to relate certain words. This would be a good article to use just for comparison in a classroom. 5. Website:http://www.english-zone.com/spelling/alpha1.html Title: The English Alphabet Annotation: This article would be good to print out and give to students as an individual activity. It helps students learn the letters of the alphabet in order. It gives a few letters and purposely takes one out and the student has to determine which letter is missing. This would be great for an early elementary class that is just learning the alphabet because it would not only help the student write the letter but it would also help them to learn what order the letters of the alphabet come in. 6. Website: http://www.primarygames.com/ABC%20Zoo/question_2.htm Title: Alphabet Zoo Annotation: In this article students and allowed to play a game about a zoo to help them learn the letters of the alphabet. This helps them correlate the name of an animal to what letter it starts with and what the animal looks like. The main point of the game is to help the student determine the order in which the letters of the alphabet are placed. This is a great activity because it helps the student to learn many things in one simple game. 7. Website: http://www.first-school.ws/theme/alphabet.htm Title: Alphabet Preschool Activities and Crafts Annotation: This article provides teachers with a resource to help them teach the letters of the alphabet. It gives printable pages of each letter and different games teachers can play with their students to help them learn their letters. It would be a great website for early education teachers teaching students that are just learning the alphabet. It could

assist children in learning their alphabet and while coloring the letters it would also help them to learn their colors. 8. Website: http://teachingtreasures.com.au/k-3only/alphabet.htm Title: Copy the Alphabet Letters Annotation: This would be a great website for teachers of preschool and kindergarten. It is very elementary and just provides printable worksheets for teachers. It gives the student and few letters of the alphabet and simply asks the student to copy each letter. You could also allow the student to color the letters different colors to help them in that area as well. 9. Website: http://www.kinderplanet.com/alphlett.htm Title: Alphabet Letter Puzzle Annotation: This article allows the students hands on access with the computers. It basically helps the student match the capital letter with its lowercase letter. It would be a great activity to use while in the computer lab with early elementary students. It is important for the student to know at first which capital letters match with lowercase ones and this is a perfect activity. 10. Website: http://md3.csa.com/ Title: Stepping Stones to Reading Annotation: Even before they are able to read, young children possess many skills that can help pave the way for literacy. For example, preschoolers have sizable spoken vocabularies and often know that English words are read from left to right. The focus of this article is on another type of knowledge that many preschoolers possess--knowledge of the names of alphabet letters. The authors discuss theories and research pertaining to the acquisition of reading skills with an emphasis on recent research evaluating how children use their knowledge of the alphabet in their initial attempts to read and spell. An understanding of the research can help teachers base their instruction on the skills that children already possess and build from there. Educational implications and suggestions for translating theory into practice are discussed.