Introduction to Basic Ethical Theory by bvu13041


									Introduction to Basic
    Ethical Theory
               Main Objective
              Theories of Ethics
Religious         What do I owe     In what           Why be          Where does
Theories          others?           consists my       moral?          morality
  &                                 own dignity?                      come from?
Secular                             (what makes
Theories                            for a good                        (Main
                                    person?)                          Criticism)
Divine            Doing God’s       Being obedient    To avoid        God’s will
Command           Will              to God            God’s
Theory                                                punishment      (Euthyphro’s
                                                      and to          Dilemma)
                                                      please God
Natural Law       Fulfilling your   Being rational    It comes        Nature--
Theory            potential         and               naturally to    God’s and
(Aristotle,                         knowledgeable     us (should      the World’s
Thomas                              especially        feel right
Aquinas)                            about human       over the long   (Fact-value
                                    nature            term)           distinction)
Utilitarianism    Seek the          Being             Suffering is    The nervous
(Main form of     greatest          empathetic        just            system
Consequential-    happiness for     and impartial     obviously       (Begs the
ism, founded by   the greatest                        bad and         question,
J. Bentham and    number                              pleasure        see #5 page
J.S. Mill)                                            good            124 of Text)
Kantian           Act only on       Being rational    Either one      Rationality
Deontology        that rule that    (consistent &     can choose      itself and
                  you can will      impartial) and    to be a free    one’s
                  that it should    self-reliant in   and rational    autonomous
                  become a          your moral        agent, or not   will (In-
                  universal law     judgments                         consitent)

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