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C H A P T E R
! ! !
T he Live View feature on the Rebel XSi/450D offers a
variety of advantages. It offers ﬂexibility in framing
images, particularly when crouching down to examine the
In This Chapter
About Live View
Live View features and
shot through the viewﬁnder requires unnatural body contor-
tions; it offers a large LCD view that can be magniﬁed up to
10x to ensure tack-sharp automatic or manual focus; and it Setting Up for Live View
can be used with the camera connected to a computer with
control of the camera offered on the computer using the EOS Shooting in Live View
! ! ! !
The Live View shooting function is useful in speciﬁc shooting
situations, including macro work, when shooting tethered, or
where the camera is connected by a cable to a computer, and
for still-life shooting. In short, it is most useful in controlled
and close-up shooting scenarios.
About Live View
The concept of the camera being able to hold the shutter
open to provide a real-time view of the scene and yet pause
long enough to focus is impressive in terms of technology for
digital SLR cameras. And even more impressive is the quality
of the live view that the XSi/450D provides, which is smooth
To create this live view, Canon engineered an electronic ﬁrst-
curtain shutter that enables shooting while the mechanical
shutter is completely open. To give the detailed view, the cam-
era uses high-speed scanning and an electronic reset system
that mimics the high-speed mechanical shutter operation. The
system then synchronizes with the mechanical second-curtain
shutter to create what Canon terms a slit exposure.
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84 Part I ! Using the Rebel XSi/450D Chapter 4 ! Using Live View 85
Although Live View shooting has an admit-
tedly high “coolness” factor, it comes with
Live View focusing Also, if Custom Function C.Fn-6 is enabled,
which it is by default on the XSi/450D, then
Using a ﬂash
cautionary notes. With continual use of Live With Live View shooting, you have three Auto Lighting Optimizer automatically cor- You can also use the built-in ﬂash or an
View shooting, the sensor heats up quickly, focusing options: Quick mode, which uses rects underexposed and low-contrast accessory EX-series Speedlite with Live View
and the battery life diminishes markedly. the camera’s nine-point autofocus system; images. As a result, images may appear shooting. When the built-in ﬂash or an
Live mode, which is a contrast-based autofo- brighter than they would without using Auto accessory EX-series Speedlite is used, the
More speciﬁcally, here is what you can cus system that reads the sharpness of sub- Lighting Optimizer. shooting sequence after fully pressing the
expect with Live View shooting: jects directly from the image sensor; and Shutter button is for the reﬂex mirror to
manual focusing. Of the three focusing Note Auto Lighting Optimizer also drop to allow the camera to gather the pre-
! Temperature affects the number options, manual focusing with the image corrects image brightness if you ﬂash data, and then the mirror to move up
of shots you can get using Live have set exposure modiﬁcations
magniﬁed provides the most precise focusing. such as negative Exposure
out of the optical path for the actual expo-
View. With a fully charged LP-E5 sure. As a result, you hear two shutter clicks,
Compensation. To see the effect
battery, you can expect 200 shots By necessity, the camera’s reﬂex mirror must of exposure modiﬁcations, dis- but only one image is taken. Here are some
without ﬂash use and approxi- remain locked up to provide live viewing. able C.Fn-6, Auto Lighting things you should know about using Live
mately 190 shots with 50 percent When you use Quick mode to focus, Live Optimizer. Custom Functions View shooting with a ﬂash unit:
ﬂash use in 73-degree F tempera- are detailed in Chapter 5.
View is momentarily interrupted. During
tures. In freezing temperatures, you that time, you cannot make the picture, but ! With an EX-series Speedlite, FE
can expect 190 shots without ﬂash As you move the camera around a scene, or
you can make the picture after focus is (ﬂash exposure) Lock, modeling
use and 180 shots with 50 percent as the light changes, the exposure must be ﬂash, and test ﬁring cannot
achieved and Live View resumes. In Quick
ﬂash use per charge. With a fully updated accordingly. You can choose the be used, and the Speedlite’s
mode, you can choose any of the AF points
charged battery, you’ll get approxi- amount of time that the exposure is Custom Functions cannot be set
in the viewﬁnder for focusing during Live
mately 30 minutes of continuous retained, and the options are from 4 sec- on the ﬂash unit.
View shooting. However, if you’re using a
Live View shooting before the bat- onds to 30 minutes. A longer time speeds
super-telephoto lens, the focus preset fea- ! Non-Canon ﬂash units will not
tery is exhausted. up the Live View shooting operation overall,
ture can’t be used. ﬁre.
! High ambient temperatures, and this option works well when the scene
high ISO speeds, or long expo- light is controlled or constant.
The second autofocusing mode, Live mode,
sures can cause digital noise or uses contrast detection based on data from
irregular color in images taken
using Live View. Stop using Live
the image sensor. This method takes a bit
You can also use the Depth of ﬁeld preview
button on the front of the camera. And if
Setting Up for
longer to focus, and it may be more difﬁcult
View when you’re not shooting
images to help avoid high internal
for the camera to achieve focus.
you are tethered to the computer (the cam-
era is connected to the computer using the
camera temperatures. For details on focusing and supplied USB cable), the EOS Utility Remote Before you begin using Live View shooting,
drive modes, see Chapter 2. Live View window also enables you to pre- decide on the focusing method that you
view the depth of ﬁeld using the program’s want to use and whether you want to turn
controls. off Auto Lighting Optimizer, which automat-
Live View Features Exposure simulation and ically adjusts underexposed and low-con-
Also by setting the Live View function set-
and Functions metering tings on the Set-up 2 (yellow) menu, you
trast images. The next step is to set the
options on the camera menu to activate Live
As you move the camera in Live View, the can choose to display a handy 3 × 3 grid on View shooting and set your preferences.
Just as real-time shooting is unusual for dig-
Rebel XSi/450D updates the LCD to show the the LCD to help align vertical and horizontal
ital Single Lens Reﬂex (SLR) photography, so
scene as it simultaneously meters the chang- lines in the image. It’s also a good idea to spend a few minutes
are some of the functions and techniques
ing scene light. To show you whether the LCD setting up Custom Functions, especially if
for Live View shooting. Canon implemented
view is close to what the ﬁnal picture will be, you want to use autofocusing instead of
some helpful features, but it’s important to
the XSi/450D displays a nonblinking Exp.SIM focusing manually.
understand what changes when you’re
icon on the LCD. If the icon is blinking, it
shooting in Live View.
means that the image simulation is not dis-
played at the suitable brightness level
because of very low or bright ambient light.
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86 Part I ! Using the Rebel XSi/450D Chapter 4 ! Using Live View 87
4. Press the right or left cross key 5. Press the up or down cross key
Setting Live View Custom until the Custom Function num- to highlight the option you
Live View function
Functions ber “8” is displayed in the box at want, and then press the Set settings
the top right of the screen, and button. The option you choose
While Chapter 5 details setting Custom The second Live View pre-shooting task is to
then press the Set button. The remains in effect until you change
Functions (C.Fn), there are two functions enable Live View shooting and set your pref-
Custom Function option control is it. Lightly press the Shutter button
you should set before you begin using Live erences, including whether to display a grid
activated and the option that is cur- to return to shooting.
View shooting. For the sake of convenience, rently in effect is highlighted. Here on the LCD and how long the XSi/450D
they are included here. is an explanation of each option: retains the current exposure settings.
• 0: Disable. With this default Auto Lighting Optimizer is an automatic To set up the Rebel for Live View shooting
C.Fn-8 option set, autofocus using the exposure adjustment that corrects overly and to set your preferences, follow these
AF during Live View shooting determines XSi/450D’s onboard autofocus dark or underexposed images and boosts steps:
whether you use the camera’s built-in auto- system is not possible in either the contrast in low-contrast scenes such as
focusing system during Live View shooting. Quick or Live mode. If you want 1. Set the Mode dial to P, Tv, Av, M,
in hazy or overcast light. While this may be
The function is set to Disable by default. To to use the XSi/450D’s or A-DEP.
a good option if you print directly from the
use the camera’s autofocus system, you must autofocus system, do not
SD card, it “corrects” the effects of using 2. Press the Menu button, and
turn on either Quick mode or Live mode, choose this option.
Auto Exposure Bracketing and Exposure then press the right cross key
both of which are explained in the step-by- • 1: Quick mode. Using this Compensation so that you don’t see the button until the Setup 2 (yellow)
step procedure next. option, you focus as you nor- changes. For example, if you’ve set negative menu is displayed.
mally do in non-Live View Exposure Compensation for shooting in Live
Tip If you choose not to use either 3. Press the down cross key to
of the autofocus methods, you shooting using the onboard View mode, the image will be automatically
autofocus system with the highlight Live View function set-
can focus in Live View manually, brightened by Auto Lighting Optimizer.
focusing switch on the lens set tings, and then press the Set
a technique that is detailed later
in this section. to AF. When you focus, the button. The Live View function set-
If you want to disable Auto Lighting
reﬂex mirror ﬂips down to tings screen appears with the Live
Optimizer, follow these steps:
To set this Custom Function so that you can establish focus, and that tem- View shoot option selected.
use the XSi/450D’s autofocus system during porarily suspends Live View on 1. Follow Steps 1 through 4 in the 4. With the Live View shoot option
Live View shooting, follow these steps: the LCD. The camera must be previous step-by-step task, and highlighted, press the Set but-
set to One-shot drive mode. then go to Step 2 below. ton. The camera activates the Live
1. Set the Mode dial to P, Tv, Av, With this option, you can manu- View shoot options.
M, or A-DEP. ally select any of the AF points 2. Press the right or left cross key
in the viewﬁnder before you until the Custom Function num- 5. Press the down cross key to
2. Press the Menu button, and ber “6” is displayed in the box highlight Enable, and then press
begin shooting in Live View and
then press the right cross key at the top right of the screen, the Set button. The Live View
until the Setup 3 (yellow) menu and then press the Set button. function settings screen is
is displayed. • 2: Live mode. Using this option, The Custom Function option con- displayed.
focusing is established using the trol is activated and the option that
3. Press the up or down cross key 6. Press the down cross key to
image sensor. You can autofocus is currently in effect is highlighted.
to highlight Custom Functions select Grid display, and then
while the Live View image is dis-
(C.Fn), and then press the Set 3. Press the down cross key to press the Set button. The Grid
played on the LCD, but focusing
button. The Custom Functions select 1: Disable, and then press display options appear. Turning on
is slower and may be more difﬁ-
screen appears. the Set button. The option you the grid option displays a 3 × 3
cult than with option 1: Quick
mode. Also, you cannot use choose remains in effect for pic- grid on the LCD that helps you
Remote Switch RS-060E3 for tures you make in Creative Zone square up horizontal and vertical
focusing with this option. modes such as P, Tv, Av, and so on, lines during Live View shooting.
until you change it. Lightly press
the Shutter button to return to
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88 Part I ! Using the Rebel XSi/450D Chapter 4 ! Using Live View 89
7. Press the down cross key to You can view the scene on the computer 2. Before you press the Set button 7. Release the AE Lock button to
highlight On, and then press the monitor in real time. to begin Live View shooting, resume the Live View, and with-
Set button. The default setting is press the Display button if the out moving the camera, press
Off. If you do not want the grid dis- Either way, just a few minutes of watching shooting information is not the Shutter button to make the
played, leave the setting to Off, and the real-time view convinces you that a tri- already displayed on the LCD. If picture.
then press the Set button without pod is necessary for Live View shooting. With the shooting information is dis-
making any changes. The Live View any focal length approaching telephoto, Live played, skip this step.
Live mode focusing
function settings screen is displayed. View provides a real-time gauge of just how 3. Press the AF-point selection/ Alternately, you can use Live mode focusing.
8. Press the down cross key to steady or unsteady your hands are. Magnify button on the top right In this mode, the mirror stays up and the
highlight Metering timer, and of the back of the camera. The shutter stays open so that Live View is not
then press the Set button. The AF-point selection screen appears. interrupted. In this mode, the camera
Metering timer options appear. Focusing with Quick or detects contrast directly from the image
If you have the camera set to A-
9. Press the down or up cross key Live mode Note
DEP mode, skip Step 3. In A-DEP sensor. You can move the focusing frame
to highlight the timer option mode, the camera automati- around approximately 80 percent of the
When you’re shooting in Live View, you have
you want, and then press the cally selects the AF points, and screen by pressing and holding the cross
choices on how to focus. You can choose
Set button. you cannot change them. keys to move the frame. You can also zoom
Quick mode, Live mode, or manual focus-
in to 5x or 10x to verify the focus. If you use
10. Lightly press the Shutter button ing. Each option is detailed in the following 4. Press a cross key to select the
to dismiss the menu. this mode, don’t point the camera at a
sections. AF point that you want to use. bright light source during Live View.
11. Press the Set button to begin 5. Press the Set button to begin
shooting in Live View. The LCD Quick mode focusing Live View shooting mode. The Verify that the lens focusing switch is set to
displays a real-time view of the Quick mode focusing uses the XSi/450D’s LCD displays the scene in real time. AF, and that you’ve set C.Fn-8 to Option 2:
subject or scene. nine-AF-point autofocus system and is useful The selected AF point and a larger Live mode. Then to focus in Live View using
for capturing action or shooting in low light. focusing frame are also displayed. Live mode, follow these steps:
Because this system uses the camera’s auto- You can move the focusing frame
Shooting in Live focus system to measure subject contrast,
when you press the AE Lock button, the
by pressing the cross keys. You
may want to magnify the image by
1. Set the Mode dial to P, Tv, Av, M,
or A-DEP, and then set the ISO,
View camera ﬂips the mirror down brieﬂy to focus
on the subject. When focus is achieved, you
pressing the AF-point
selection/Magnify button on the
aperture, and/or shutter speed.
Your settings depend on the shoot-
press the Shutter button completely to make top-right back of the camera. ing mode you chose. You can also
Once you have the options and functions
the picture, and then Live View resumes. use AEB, choose a Picture Style,
set up for Live View, you can begin shooting. 6. Position the camera so that the
and set the white balance for Live
Live View is well suited for macro or still-life AF point is over the part of the
Before you begin, verify that the lens focus- View shooting.
shooting. With this type of shooting, you subject that you want in sharp
most likely want to use either manual focus- ing switch is set to AF (autofocus) and that focus, and then hold down the 2. Press the Set button to begin
ing or Quick mode autofocusing with man- you’ve set C.Fn-8 to Option 1: Quick mode. AE Lock button. The AE Lock but- Live View shooting. The scene is
ual tweaking. During focusing, you can Then to focus in Quick mode, follow these ton is on the back right side of the displayed in real time on the LCD
enlarge the view up to 10x to ensure tack- steps: camera, and it has an asterisk along with the AF point, which is
sharp focus. above it. The reﬂex mirror ﬂips shown as a white rectangle.
1. Set the Mode dial to P, Tv, Av, M, down momentarily to establish
Another good option is to use Remote Live or A-DEP, and then set the ISO, focus and a beep conﬁrms the
View with the camera connected, or teth- aperture, and/or shutter speed. focus. As long as you hold down
Your settings depend on the shoot- the AE Lock button, you cannot
ered, to a computer. With the Remote Live
ing mode you chose. You can also press the Shutter button to make
View option, you connect the camera to the
use AEB, choose a Picture Style, the picture.
computer using the supplied USB cable and
and set the white balance for Live
then control the camera on the computer.
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90 Part I ! Using the Rebel XSi/450D Chapter 4 ! Using Live View 91
3. Position the camera so that the To shoot in Live View using manual focus, 7. Turn the lens focusing ring to 3. Turn on the power switch on the
AF point is over the part of the follow these steps, but ﬁrst ensure that focus. Once focus is achieved, you camera and set the Mode dial to
subject that you want in C.Fn8 is set to 0: Disable: can press the AE Lock/Reduce but- P, Tv, Av, or M. If this is the ﬁrst
sharpest focus, and then press ton to return to full view. time you’ve connected the camera
the AE Lock button on the top- 1. Set the Mode dial to P, Tv, Av, M, to the computer, the computer
8. Press the Shutter button com-
right back of the camera. The AE or A-DEP, and then set the ISO, installs the device driver software
pletely to make the picture. The
Lock button has an asterisk above aperture, and/or shutter speed. and identiﬁes the camera. If you’re
shutter ﬁres to make the picture,
it. You can also press the AF-point Your settings will depend on the using Windows Vista, the AutoPlay
the image playback is displayed,
selection/Magnify button on the shooting mode you chose. You can dialog box appears. Click
and the Live View resumes.
top far-right corner of the camera also use AEB, choose a Picture Download images from EOS cam-
to magnify the view. The ﬁrst press Style, and set the white balance, era using EOS Utility. The EOS
of the button enlarges the view to and use AE Lock in Live View Utility – EOS XSi/450D dialog box
5x, and a second press enlarges shooting. AE Lock is applied to the
Using Live View with appears. If a camera model selec-
the view to 10x. The magniﬁcations full-view exposure. tethered shooting tion screen appears, select the EOS
are shown on the LCD as X5 and XSi/450D.
2. Set the focusing switch on the One of the most useful ways to use Live
X10. When focus is achieved, the
lens to MF (Manual Focus). View shooting is for shooting still-life sub-
AF-point rectangle turns green and
the beeper sounds. If focus isn’t 3. Press the Set button. The shutter jects such as products, food, stock, and so
achieved, the AF-point rectangle opens and the Live View display on with the camera connected to a com-
turns orange. Note also that in this begins. puter. You can set up with the XSi/450D
mode, it may take slightly longer connected to a computer using the USB
4. Compose the image as you want cable supplied with the camera.
than you’re accustomed to for the
by moving the camera. You can
camera to achieve focus.
press the Depth of ﬁeld preview Before you begin, ensure that you have
4. Release the AE Lock button, and button on the front of the camera
installed the EOS Digital Solution Disk on
then press the Shutter button to gauge the depth of ﬁeld. In A-
the computer to which you are connecting
completely to make the picture. DEP mode, the camera does not
automatically select the AF points
5. Press the Set button to go back
and calculate the optimal depth of
to standard (non-Live View) To shoot in Live View with the XSi/450D teth-
ﬁeld, so it responds in much the
shooting mode. If you do not do ered to the computer, follow these steps:
same way as if you were shooting
this step, the camera automatically
in P (Program AE) mode.
closes the shutter when the cam- 1. Turn off the camera, and attach
era Auto Power Off (Set-up 1 5. Press any of the cross keys to the USB cord to the Digital ter-
menu) delay elapses. move the focusing frame, or to minal located under the termi-
quickly select the center AF nal covers on the side of the
point, press the Erase (trash camera. Be sure that the icon on
can) button on the back of the the cable connector faces the front 4.1 The EOS Utility
Manual focusing coupled with a magniﬁed camera. side of the camera. Remote Shooting
view in Live View shooting provides the
6. Press the AF-point selection/ 2. Connect the other end of the control panel
most precise focusing, especially if the
XSi/450D is mounted on a tripod. Without a Magnify button on the top far- USB cable to a USB terminal on
tripod, movement from handholding makes right corner of the camera to the computer.
magnify the view. The ﬁrst press
sharp focus iffy at best.
of the button enlarges the view to
5x, and a second press enlarges
the view to 10x. These magniﬁca-
tions are shown on the LCD as X5
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92 Part I ! Using the Rebel XSi/450D Chapter 4 ! Using Live View 93
4. Click Camera settings/Remote gray area in the scene, use the
shooting in the EOS Utility controls to set the exposure com-
window. The XSi/450D control pensation, preview the depth of
panel appears. You can use the ﬁeld by clicking the On button,
panel to control exposure settings, switch between the Brightness and
set the white balance, set the RGB histograms, and monitor the
Picture Style, and set White- histogram as the camera moves or
Balance Shift. To set exposure, as lighting changes.
double-click the aperture, ISO, and
so on, and use the controls to
adjust the settings.
5. Click the Remote Live View
Shooting button (the third from
the left button at the bottom 4.2 The Remote Live
right of the Remote Shooting View Shooting button,
control panel). The Remote Live which is not labeled
View window appears. In this win- in the control panel
dow, you can set the white point but does have rollover
by clicking a white area or neutral text to identify it
4.4 When you zoom in to check the focus, a separate window, shown here, opens.
6. When the exposure and compo-
sition are set, you can magnify
the view and then focus using
either Quick or Live mode focus-
ing techniques detailed earlier
in this chapter, or you can focus
manually, depending on your
setting for C.Fn-8.
7. Press the Shutter button at the
top right of the EOS Utility con-
trol panel to make the picture.
The Digital Photo Professional 4.5 The ﬁnal image taken in Live View
main window opens with the shooting using Quick mode autofocusing.
Exposure: ISO 100, f/5.6, 1/4 second, using
an EF 24-105mm f/4L IS USM lens.
8. When you ﬁnish, turn off the
camera, and then disconnect the
USB cable from the camera.
4.3 The Remote Live View window shown here setting negative exposure compensation.
The controls are self-explanatory and easy to use by clicking or double-clicking the option
that you want to change.
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