A Study of Primary and Secondary Sources

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A Study of Primary and Secondary Sources Powered By Docstoc
					  A Study of Primary
and Secondary Sources
     Who is Napoleon?
   And What is His Legacy?
         Napoleon as Preserver
           of the Revolution
• Napoleon believed that his work was almost a
  type of god in the revolution.
• Born in Corsica poor, pretty-noble parents
• Believed in overthrowing the old aristocracy and
  wanted a new strong government
• Traveled through the military ranks like butter
• He liked Robespierre.
• Believed his armies liberalized other country’s
              Teacher’s Guide
        Q: How should history judge him?

• Inconsistent, but sympathetic to the revolution
• Brave enough to defend Robespierre, honored
• Lucky, he would have never have rose above
  the rank of Captain
• Leadership tainted by authoritarian control, but
  egalitarian principles
• Groundbreaking, he created a new aristocracy
• His armies spread liberal ideas of government
  under a constitution
            Napoleon’s Appeal:
           Madame de Ramusat
• Napoleon believed he was needed, France believed it.
• Napoleon was using right times, in the right moment of
  using his advantages.
• In Europe Bonarparte placed the imperial crown upon his
  head, there was not a king that believed he wore his own
  crown securely.
• Some see him as a military and political genius, other
  sees him as an opportunist who took advantage of
  circumstances.
• He promised to uphold both revolutionary principles and
  order that made him come to power.
             Teacher’s Guide
    Q: Why do people think he rose to power?

• Her source is credible, she was a lady in-waiting
  to Empress Josephine
• Napoleon opposed the same kind of factions
  that divided the revolution
• He has the ability to turn situations to his
  advantage
• He was on the “cutting edge” of government
  change that was inevitable, monarchies were
  threatened in Europe by his influence
 Highlights of Napoleon’s Diary
• Only reason he has power is because of
  his military success.
• Very self-centered, he thought when he
  died, he would be the greatest man alive.
• He wants to keep his reputation and cares
  about it more than anything.
              Teacher’s Guide
Q: How does Napoleon want to be remembered?

•   He liked to make “grand” appearances
•   He’s seeking a “great” reputation
•   People are “moved” by his presence (then/now)
•   Conquest had made him, and will maintain him
•   Friendship is not valued
•   His government was a republic/equality
•   His failure still made him the most powerful
    monarch in the world!
          Memoirs: Napoleon’s
             Secret Police
• Joseph Fouche was the head of the secret
  police
  – Had salaried spies in all ranks, some of both sexes,
    some foreign
• Government’s Police
  – Two essential objects
     • Watch friendly powers
     • Counteract hostile environments
• Had lots of power
  – Established general commissioners
  – State prisoners under control
Establishment was expensive
               Teacher’s Guide
 Q: What does this say about his bureaucracy?
• This lasted 8 years, it employed policemen,
  politicians and drew opportunists
• They were paid according to importance/sources
• They were orderly, regular reports to Napoleon
• They were independent secret agents, with
  foreign spies in cabinet positions & newspapers
• He monitored pass ports, and watched those
  with amnesty
• Even nobles were spies, with daily information
         Napoleon’s Dictatorship
         It’s History and Theory
• Napoleon because his name provided a new source of
  authority
• Rule of one man had to be found
• He became a national symbol because of his victories
• Sovereignty of people had become fused with
  nationalism
• Adopted methods used by Jacobins to add appearance
  of free choice
• As a dictator Napoleon was supported by propertied
  classes; financers, commercial men, and the upper
  bourgeoisie, those classes made large fortunes off the
  revolution
             Teacher’s Guide
       Q: How did Napoleon Gain Power?

• He held a “modern” dictatorship that has been
  compared to that of the 1930’s
• He adapted the Jacobin method – all authority is
  derived from the people
• One man presents the will of the people
• His dictatorship was supported by propertied
  classes, bourgeois made fortunes from it…
          Interpretative Quotes:
            Who is Napoleon?
• “He who fears being conquered is certain of
  defeat.” If you believe your are going to lose, you
  will indeed lose.
• “Better not to have been born than to live without
  glory” Strived for fame 
• “I have been called upon the change the face of
  the world.” Napoleon grew up believing he
  would change the world.
• “To have good soldier a nation must always be
  at war.” Napoleon sent a tribe to defeat young
  armies to defeat his enemies (Russia, Austria,
  Prussia & Britain)
        Interpretative Quotes:
          Who is Napoleon?
• “When China awakes, the world will
  tremble.”- Napoleon knew of China’s
  power and feared because of their
  population
   Getting Stuck on Vocabulary
• Contemptuous-showing or expressing contempt or
  disdain
• Authoritarian-a person who favors or acts according to
  authoritarian principles
• Phalanxes-a group of heavily armed infantry formed in
  ranks and files close and deep, with shields joined and
  long spears overlapping.
• Plebiscite: A vote of the people (as a country)
• Reconciling: To cause to be friendly or harmonious again
• Dominion: the power or right of governing and controlling
• Deceived: to mislead by a false appearance or statement