How to give an effective oral
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How to prepare your presentation
You must plan to have an:
– main body of talk
– conclusion or summary.
Choose a topic
Your topic should be something you are
In our class, it is a movie you like.
Determine your purpose
To inform- to tell information about**
To teach how to do something
Brainstorm- think about ideas
On paper, before you write a speech, write
down some ideas
What do you want to say about your topic?
What is there to say about your topic?
Write a purpose statement
What is your goal in your speech?
What do you want to tell your audience
Example topic: Running
What do you want to say about running?
The benefits of running
Ask yourself some questions:
What are some benefits of running?
– Weight control
– Muscular development
– Psychological well-being
Write an outline
An outline helps you organize your
thoughts and what you want to say into
groups or categories
Introduction (Plot summary)
Main body (Feelings and reasons)
Running is an extremely popular sport for
people of all ages.
Running is a great form of exercise
because it helps people control their
weight, develop muscles, and improves
mental and physical performance.
Tells the audience who or what you are
going to tell them about, your topic.
Example: Today we will be talking about
the benefits of running
Give some background information: why is
it important to the audience, why should
they listen to you? Give examples
I. Weight control
A. Aids self-control
B. Burns calories
C. Encourages a healthy diet
D. Suppresses appetite
II. Muscular Development
A. Improves tone
B. Enhances contours
C. Increases strength
D. Improves endurance
Should be the longest part of your speech
Summarize, summarize, summarize- tell
information in your own words
This will take time
Do not memorize your speech or read the
information to your audience
Talk to your audience like a conversation
How can you do this?
Answer some questions:
Who, what, when, where and why?
Read the information and organize
information into categories
Write a conclusion
Summarize again your main points
People who want to improve their health
should consider running.
The benefits of running make it an
Practice your speech
Stand in front of a mirror and pretend you are
speaking to your audience.
Practice the time limit—use a watch or clock.
Are you too long or short?
Are you too quiet or too loud?
Do you remember what to say?
Keep your audience involved
Make sure everyone can hear you.
Make eye contact.
Don’t speak too long.
It’s ok for you to make a few mistakes.
Things to do
Don’t memorize or read your speech.
Remember the categories.
Know the main points of what you want to
Practice the main points in your head.
Do your best.
Believe in what you have to say. Be excited
to share your information to people who
don’t know anything about your topic.
This is an introduction to a movie.
Tell us a little about the movie and give
your opinion of it.
Movie Review Requirements
Time limit: 2-3 minutes
Share speaking evenly.
Have a clear opinion.
Have details to support and explain your
Plot summary should be brief.
Plot summary must not include the