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Stanislaus References

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					                     Stanislaus Annotated Bibliography

Fisheries Resources

     Bermingham, T. 2000. Lower Stanislaus River. Accessed
      2002 25, Sept.

      This paper gives directions to favorite flyfishing locations along the Stanislaus. The
      paper also gives tips on when and how to catch rainbow trout, steelhead, king
      salmon, striped bass and small and large mouth bass.

     Butler, Robert L. and David P. Borgeson. 1965. California ―Catchable‖ Trout
      Fisheries. California Department of Fish and Game Inland Fisheries Branch. Fish
      Bulletin 127. 44 pp.

      This report provides tables with fisheries information for several major tributaries in
      the state, including the Stanislaus River. Tables included in the report are: Sampling
      Level and Duration of Creel Census Studies, Harvest and Mortality Rates of
      Experimental Plants and Catchable-sized Rainbow Trout, Angling Intensity and
      Angling Quality on Water Studied, and a Comparison of Study Plant Sizes with Plant
      Sizes Calculated to Produce Plant-to-Plant survival of 0.5.

     California Department of Fish and Game. 1990. Central Valley Salmon and
      Steelhead Restoration and Enhancement Plan. Inland Fisheries Division. 115 pp.

      The restoration plan provides descriptions of Salmon in the Upper Sacramento
      River, the Lower Sacramento River, the Eastside Delta Tributaries, the San Joaquin
      River, and the Delta. The plan also addresses restoration and enhancement needs
      and studies, and also the proposed actions for implementing the plan.

     California Department of Water Resources. 1994. San Joaquin River Tributaries
      Spawning Gravel Assessment Stanislaus, Tuolumne, Merced Rivers. Northern
      District. 34 pp.

      This report documents the spawning gravel quality and quantity in the lower
      Stanislaus, Tuolumne and Merced Rivers, about 55 river miles of the San Joaquin
      basin. The assessment includes surface and bulk sampling and spawning gravel,
      measuring spawning gravel area, and observing river conditions such as vegetative
      encroachment or predominance of fines in riffles. This assessment was performed
      under the terms of a contract with the California Department of Fish and Game, and
      work was performed by the Northern District.
   California Department of Water Resources and U.S. Bureau of Reclamation.1998.
    Biological Assessment: Effects of Central Valley Project and State Water Project on
    Steelhead and Spring-run Chinook salmon. Administrative Draft. 322 pp.

    This report presents information and results of analysis to assess the impacts of
    existing operations of the Central Valley Project (CVP) and the State Water Project
    (SWP) on the central valley steelhead trout and the spring-run chinook salmon. This
    report provides the basis for formal consultation and the resulting biological
    opinions for existing CVP and SWP operations, as required for the central valley
    steelhead trout under the Federal Endangered Species Act and for spring-run
    chinook salmon under the State Endangered Species Act. In addition, the report
    provides the basis for a conference opinion from the National Marine Fisheries
    Service for spring-run chinook salmon, a species proposed for listing under the
    Federal Endangered Species Act.

   Calfed Bay Delta Program. 1998. Monitoring, Assessment, and Research on Central
    Valley Steelhead: Status of Knowledge, Review of Existing Programs, and
    Assessment of Needs. Interagency Ecological Program Steelhead Project Work
    Team. Accessed 1999 28 Oct. 26 pp.

    This paper gives an overview of life history, taxonomy, and population structure of
    steelhead, its habitat criteria and stressors. It also discusses recent and existing
    monitoring and research efforts in the Sacramento River system, and in the San
    Joaquin River System, and also in the Sacramento-San Joaquin estuary. The paper
    identifies knowledge gaps, and proposed additional research and monitoring plans.

   Cannon, Thomas C.. 1982. Status of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Chinook Salmon
    and Factors Related to Their Decline. Enviroshpere Company for the U.S.
    Department of Commerce and the National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest
    Region. 11 pp.

    This report describes the chinook salmon runs in the San Joaquin River system, the
    Feather River, Yuba River and American River systems, and in the main stem and
    upper tributaries of the Sacramento River. It discusses the role of hatcheries, and
    artificial spawning channels, and then describes the factors related to the decline of
    chinook salmon.

   Cramer, Steven P.. 1995. 1995 ACWA Steelhead Restoration Recommendations:
    Recommendations for Restoration of Steelhead Populations in California. Prepared
    by S.P. Cramer and Associates, Inc. for the Association of California Water
    Agencies. < > Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

    This report was prepared on behalf of the Association of California Water Agencies.
    The report focuses on recommendations for restoring healthy steelhead populations,
    and was prepared for submittal to National Marine Fisheries Service for their use in
    determining if steelhead in California would be listed under the Endangered Species

   Cramer, Steven P.1995. ACWA Steelhead Status Review: The Status of Steelhead
    Populations in California in Regards to the Endangered Species Act. Prepared by
    S.P. Cramer & Associates, Inc. for the Association of California Water Agencies.
    < > Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

    Information presented in this report includes: 1) A determination of which steelhead
    population groupings in California qualify as Evolutionary Significant Units (ESU’s);
    2) A determination of the extent and causes of run depressions; 3) An assessment of
    the risks that threaten persistence of each ESU. The report is intended to provide
    information to National Marine Fisheries Service that will be useful in their
    determination as to whether to list steelhead as threatened or endangered under the
    federal Endangered Species Act.

   Cramer, Steven P. Miscellaneous Papers <http://> Accessed 1999 25

          a)       List of fisheries Consultants
          b)       Caswell Weekly Summaries 1-5
          c)       Oakdale Weekly Summaries 1-10
          d)       Weekly Summary Reports for the Oakdale Trapping Station.
          e)       Stanislaus River Flow and Chinook Catch at Caswell

   Davis, Keith. 1998. Developing the Information and Communication Infrastructure
    Needed to improve the health of Fisheries and the Riparian Ecosystem in the Lower
    Stanislaus River. U.S. Bureau of Reclamation, Mid Pacific Region. 8 pp.

    This paper gives a project description and approach to developing the
    communication infrastructure, discusses location and geographic boundaries of the
    project, and the expected benefits. It also provides a brief background and biological
    justification for the project, and the proposed scope of work. The paper also
    discusses monitoring and data evaluation, and implementability, costs and schedules,
    third party impacts, and applicant qualifications.

   Demko, Douglas B. 1996. American Fisheries Society Presentation. S.P. Cramer &
    Associates, Inc. < > Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

    This is an outline for a paper delivered to the Western Division American fisheries
    Society annual meeting in Eugene Oregon, July 17, 1996. The name of the
    presentation was the Effects of Pulse Flows on Outmigration of Juvenile Chinook in
    the Stanislaus River.
   Demko, Douglas B. and Steven P. Cramer. 1997. Outmigrant Trapping of Juvenile
    Salmonids in the Lower Stanislaus River Caswell State Park Site Final Report 1996.
    S.P Cramer and Associates, Inc. and CH2M.102 pp.

    In 1996, S.P. Cramer and Associates, Inc. (SPCA) was retained to sample with rotary
    screw traps in the lower Stanislaus River with the goal of estimating the number, size,
    and timing of juvenile chinook migrating from the Stanislaus River. Additionally,
    recover marked juvenile chinook released upstream near Knights Ferry and Oakdale
    to determine migration rate and survival through the Stanislaus River.

   Demko, Douglas B. and Steven P. Cramer. 1998. Outmigrant Trapping of Juvenile
    Salmonids in the Lower Stanislaus River Caswell State Park Site 1997. S.P Cramer
    and Associates, Inc. and CH2M.144 pp.

    Sampling at the Caswell site in 1997 are reported in this document. Results include
    estimating the number, size, and timing of juvenile chinook migrating from the
    Stanislaus River. No Study on the migration rates and survival of hatchery fish was
    done because no fish were available from MRFF to mark and release above Oakdale.

   Hallock, Richard J. and William F. Van Woert. 1959. A Survey of Anadromous Fish
    Losses in Irrigation Diversions from the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers.
    California Department of Fish and Game, Inland Fisheries Branch. p.227-267

    This study includes an overall survey and a general evaluation of fish losses in the
    diversions, with specific fish loss data obtained for certain diversions under
    consideration for screening. To determine this general picture of the losses through
    pumps, the area between Princeton and Meridian on the Sacramento River and
    between Stockton and Patterson on the San Joaquin River were selected for the

   Kondolf, Mathias G., 1996. Salmon Spawning Habitat Rehabilitation in the
    Merced, Tuolumne, and Stanislaus Rivers, California: An Evaluation of Project
    Planning and Performance. University of California water Resources Center Report
    No. 90. ISBN 1-887192-04-2. 144pp.

    This report presents the results of the field surveys and calculations for the
    Tuolumne River Riffle 1B Site and the Stanislaus River RM 50.4 Site, where riffle
    rehabilitation projects were completed in 1994.

   McEwan, Dennis and Terry A. Jackson. 1996. Steelhead Restoration and
    Management Plan for California. California Department of Fish and Game Inland
    Fisheries Division, Sacramento.234 pp.

    This document provides guidelines for steelhead restoration and management, to be
    integrated into current and future planning processes for specific river and stream
    systems. It also identifies those needs specific to steelhead and is intended to
    augment current anadromous fish restoration plans. Specific action items are
    identified where urgency is needed to prevent the extirpation of wild populations.

   Mesick, Carl. 1997. A Fall 1996 Study of Spawning Habitat Limitations for Fall-Run
    Chinook Salmon in the Stanislaus River Between Goodwin Dam and Riverbank,
    Review Draft. Prepared for the Stockton East Water District and Neumiller and
    Beardslee. Stockton, California. 27pp and Figures 1-56.

    This study, which was conducted in fall 1996, further investigated the interaction
    between intragravel dissolved oxygen concentration, groundwater flow from
    aquifers, and sediment loading associated with storm runoff in the Stanislaus River’s
    spawning reach. Another objective of the study was to determine whether artificial
    redds with piezometers reflected the intragravel conditions in actual salmon redds.

   Mesick, Carl. 1998. The Effects of San Joaquin River Flows and The Combined
    Export rates of the Central Valley Project and the Stat Water Project During
    October on the number of Adult San Joaquin Chinook Salmon that stray into East-
    Side Rivers and the Sacramento Basin. Prepared for the Stockton East Water District
    and Herum, Crabtree, Dyer, Zolezzi and Terpstra, LLP. Stockton, California. 19 pp.

    This report describes a three-pronged investigation of the effects of fall make-up
    pumping on the straying of adult San Joaquin chinook salmon. The first is a
    reevaluation of the data collected by Hallock et al.(1970) from 1964 to 1967 on the
    migratory behavior of tagged and untagged adult San Joaquin salmon in the Delta.
    The second is an evaluation of the recovery of adult salmon that were released in the
    San Joaquin basin as coded-wire tagged juveniles reared at the Merced River Fish
    Facility. The third part evaluates the correlation between fall export rates and the
    expected escapement of adult salmon in the Stanislaus and Tuolumne rivers from
    1953 to 1995.

   Mesick, Carl. 1998. Restoration and Adaptive Management Plan for the Stanislaus
    River, Second Review Draft. Stanislaus River Stakeholders Fisher Task Force. 29 pp.

    The restoration actions described in this Plan are those that the Fishery Task Force
    members believe to have a high probability of success of achieving the doubling of
    chinook salmon production in the Stanislaus River between Goodwin dam and the
    confluence with the San Joaquin River. In addition, the Plan includes a preliminary
    study of degraded habitat conditions and watershed activities that must be conducted
    before restoration or management actions can be recommended by all of the Task
    Force members.

   Mesick, Carl. 1998. Studies of Spawning Habitat for Fall-Run Chinook Salmon
    in the Stanislaus River Between Goodwin Dam and Riverbank from 1994-1997,
    Review Draft. Carl Mesick Consultants. El Dorado, California. 32pp.
    This report describes three years of spawning surveys from fall 1995 to fall 1997
    that evaluated two questions: 1) How much of the spawning habitat in the
    Stanislaus River’s primary spawning reach was unsuitable for spawning? 2)
    Whether a riffle restoration project implemented in the summer of 1994 and a
    gravel augmentation project in the summer of 1997, improved spawning
    conditions for salmon. This report presents a summary of the surveys conducted
    in the Stanislaus River from 1994 to 1997.

   Mesick, Carl. Potential Limiting Factors for Fall-run Chinook salmon in the San
    Joaquin River Tributaries. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Anadromous Fish
    Restoration Program. Stockton, California. 26 pp.

    This report describes a conceptual model developed to provide a framework to
    summarize the existing studies and identify hypotheses and assumptions regarding
    possible limiting factors for the fall-run chinook salmon populations in the
    Stanislaus, Tuolumne, and Merced Rivers, tributaries to the San Joaquin River in the
    Central Valley. The model is based on ecological interactions between habitat
    features, stressors, and specific life stages of salmonids.

   Moyle, Peter B. and Roland A. Knapp. 1995. Fish and Fisheries of the Sierra
    Nevada. University of California, Davis. 57 pp.

    The purpose of this paper is to examine patterns in fish assemblages by
    documenting: 1) the original distribution patterns of the native fishes, 2) present
    status of native fishes; 3) changes in the distribution and abundance of chinook
    salmon; 4) the expansion of populations of non-native fishes; 5) the effects of the
    changing fish fauna on fisheries; and 6) conservation implication of the changes.

   Richardson, T. 1980. History and Current Status of Major Salmon Producing
    Systems in California. Unpublished report. 23 pp.

    This report describes salmon runs in California during the early 1900’s to 1980. The
    report describes salmon counts in the coastal rivers including the Klamath River and
    Eel River, and runs in the Central Valley River systems including the San Joaquin
    River and the Sacramento River.

   U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1995. Central Valley Project Improvement Act Report
    to Congress: Final Report to Congress on the Central Valley Project Impacts to the
    Anadromous Fish Resource, Fisheries, and Associated Economic, Social or Cultural
    Interests. Final report.

    This report attempts to respond to the requirements of Sections 3406(f) of the
    CVPIA and describe the impacts that the CVP may have had on the anadromous
      fish resource and its utilization. The report quantifies the historical changes in fish
      habitat associated with the construction and operation of the CVP. The report also
      quantifies historical changes in commercial and recreational harvests, as well as
      inventory the social and cultural changes to fishermen, Indian tribes, fishing
      communities and the fishing industry.

     U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1997. Revised Draft Restoration Plan for the
      Anadromous Fish Restoration Program, A Plan to Increase Natural Production of
      Anadromous Fish in the Central Valley of California. Prepared for the Secretary of
      the Interior. Prepared under authority of the Central Valley Project Improvement
      Act. May 30, 1997. 110 pp.

      The Restoration Plan presents the goal, objectives, and strategies of the Anadromous
      Fish Restoration Program (AFRP); describes how the AFRP identified and
      prioritized reasonable actions and evaluations; lists those actions and evaluations; and
      notes those actions and evaluations that are already underway or that may be
      implemented in the near future.

     Yoshiyama, R.M., E.R. Gerstung, F.W. Fisher, P.B. Moyle. 1996. Historical and
      Present Distribution of Chinook Salmon in the Central Valley Drainage of
      California. Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project Sierra Nevada Ecosystem Project final
      report to Congress. Davis : Centers for Water and Wildland Resources, University of
      California, 1996. Vol. 3 p. 309-361

      This report consolidates historical and current information on the distribution and
      abundance of chinook salmon in the major tributary streams of the Central Valley in
      order to provide a comprehensive assessment of the extent to which salmon figured
      in the historical landscape of the Central Valley region.

General History
     Barrett, S.A. and E.W. Gifford. 1933. Miwok Material Culture – Indian Life of the
      Yosemite Region. Bulletin of Milwaukee Public Museum. Vol. 2, Num. 4, March
      1933. Yosemite Natural History Association, Inc. Yosemite National Park,

      Excerpts from the book on Taking of Fishes by the Miwok, and fishing techniques.

     Brennan, Florabel Mckenzie. Along the Stanislaus 1806-1906. 1956. Oakdale,
      California. 32 pp.

      Historical accounts of people and conditions in Stanislaus. Chapter 3 ―Along the
      Stanislaus‖ describes: 1) Old Songs; 2) Mottoes; 3) Spearing Salmon; 4) Christmas
      Memories; 5) Chinese; 6) Ladies’ Improvement Club; 7) Reflections; 8) Spring; 9)
      Autumn; 10) Mothers.
   Brotherton, I.N.. 1982. Annals of Stanislaus County. Vol. I River Towns and Ferries.
    Western Tanager Press. Santa Cruz. 173 pp.

    This chronicle of historical events is divided into three parts, namely the San Joaquin,
    the Stanislaus, and the Tuolumne Rivers. Each part contains chapters on ferries,
    local towns and cities, and other points of interest.

   Riverbank Historical Society. 1999. City of Riverbank History.
    <> Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

    This short article give information of the Laquisimas Indians, Major Jame Burney,
    Burneyville Ferry Crossing, and the Roundhouse, Train Station.

   Criswell, John F. 1972. Knight’s Ferry’s Golden Past. Oakdale, California. 63 pp.

    Historical accounts of Knight’s Ferry from descendants of pioneer families of

   Costello, Julia G. 1983. Melones – A story of a Stanislaus Rivertown. U.S. Bureau of
    Reclamation. Mid-Pacific Region. Sacramento, California. 66 pp.

    Table of Contents.

   Fitch, Frank B. 1936. History of California Mining Districts Columbia Series- The
    Sierra Miwok. California Department of Natural Resources, Division of Parks.
    Berkeley, California.

    Short excerpt on Fishing and food gathering

   Friends of the River. 1999. A Friends of the River Timeline, 25 Years of Effective
    Conservation Advocacy. Headwaters. Fall 1998. <http://>
    Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

    This timeline shows events which affected water resources in the Stanislaus River
    from 1973 to 1998.

   Jackson, W. Turrentine and Stephen D. Mikesell. 1979. The Stanislaus River
    Drainage Basin and the New Melones Dam – Historical Evolution of Water Use
    Priorities. University of California Contribution no. 178. California Water Resources
    Center. Davis, California. 162 pp.

    This report analyzes the development of the Stanislaus River including mining and
    electric utility development, the Tri-Dam project development, and State and federal
    conflicts over the New Melones project. The research leading to this report was
    supported by the University of California, Water Resources Center, as part of Water
    Resources Center Project UCAL-WRC-W-524.

   Malakoff and Company. 1999. Knights Ferry. <http://>
    Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

    This is a short article discussing the history of Knights Ferry from 1849 to 1863.

   Latta, Frank F. 1977. Handbook of Yokuts Indians. Bear State Books. Santa Cruz,

    Map of the Yokuts Indian territory, and excerpts on hunting and fishing.

   Napier, Claude E..1949. Knights Ferry – Gateway to Mother Lode. Oakdale Leader.
    Oakdale, California. 75 pp.

    Excerpts taken from the book on the Oakdale Irrigation District beginnings, and on

   Oakdale History. <http:// > Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

    This is a short article cover the time period between 1848 to 1871.

   Oakdale Irrigation District. 1998. A Brief History of the Oakdale Irrigation District.
    <http://> Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

    This information was gathered from various files as OID with ―Histories of the
    Districts‖ and correspondence from Mr. Russell Hartley.

   Pacific Gas and Electric Company. 1962. Rivers of California. San Francisco,
    California. 48 pp.

    This is a collection of information about California’s rivers, their history,
    development and geography. It began as a series of articles in PG&E PROGRESS
    on the principal California rivers. Short articles are included for the: 1) American
    River; 2) Bear River; 3) Colorado River; 3) Cosumnes River; 4) Eel River; 5) Feather
    River; 6) Kern River; 7) Klamath River; 8)Kings River; 9)McCloud River; 10) Merced
    River; 11) Molkelumne River; 12) Noyo River; 13)Pit River; 14)Russian River;
    15)Sacramento River; 16)Salinas River; 18) San Lorenzo River; 19) San Joaquin
    River; 20) Smith River; 21) Stanislaus River; 22) Trinity River; 23) Truckee River;
    24)Tule River; 25)Tuolumne River; 26)Yuba River.
     Palmer, Tim. 1982. Stanislaus – The Struggle for a River. University of California
      Press. Berkeley, California. 279 pp.

      Table of contents

     Theodoratus, Dorothea J. 1976. An Ethnographic Study of the New Melones Lake
      Project. U.S. Army Corp of Engineers, Sacramento District. Sacramento, California.

      Excerpts from the book describing Miwok living.

     U.S. Forest Service. Stanislaus National Forest. Stanislaus History. Pacific Southwest
      Region. Sonora, California. <>. Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

      A brief history of the Stanislaus National Forest and the Indians who inhabited the

     Wright, William H. III. 1975. The Stanislaus River – A Study in Sierra Nevada
      Geology. California Geology. Volume 28 Number 1. p 3-10.

      This report describes the geologic history of the Central Sierra Nevada’s, and has a
      small section on the Stanislaus River, and how the river provides a comprehensive
      view of the area’s geology. The report gives a description of features visible as you
      go down the river.

     California Department of Water Resources. California Water Plan: Options for
      Meeting Future Water Needs in Interior Regions of California. Bulletin 160-98:
      Chapter 8. San Joaquin River Hydrologic Region <http:// > Accessed 1999 10 Feb.

      This chapter from Bulletin 160-98 discusses the San Joaquin River Hydrologic
      Region and the future water needs of California. The report gives a description of
      the hydrologic region, and summarizes the present water demands and supplies. The
      report continues with descriptions of local water resource management issues, and
      water management options.

     California Department of Water Resources. 1998. Stanislaus River Rock Hazard
      Solutions. San Joaquin River Management Program (Feb 1995). <http://> Accessed 1999 10 Feb.
    Large boulders and rocks protruding from the Stanislaus River, below Goodwin
    Dam, pose a threat to users of the river under certain conditions. Plans to remove
    those rocks have been put on hold because of funding and because the USACOE
    has concluded that additional studies on their removal is warranted.

   California Department of Water Resources. 1997.DWRSIM Output Analysis System
    <http://> Accessed 1999 10 Feb.

    Information obtained from this website includes directions on how to use the
    DWRSIM Output Analysis System. A schematic of the Stanislaus River network,
    and the minimum flow requirements for operations were also obtained from the

   California Department of Water Resources. 1999. Stanislaus River Conditions
    <http:// > Accessed 1999 10 Feb.

    Information on this webpage includes graphs illustrating Reservoir Storage and
    Inflows at New Melones Reservoir, and river stage data for the Stanislaus River for
    the date 2/25/99.

   Cook, William R. 1982. Ground water Levels Versus Stanislaus River Stage (flows)
    New Melones Unit--Central Valley Project, California. Letter to Central Files. U.S.
    Bureau of Reclamation. February 10, 1982.

    Memorandums to Central Files dated Feb. 10, 1982. regarding Stanislaus River
    seepage and cursory review of impacts to recreation use and facilities during flow
    regimes of 1000 cu ft./ sec. To 1750 cu. ft./ sec.

   DeBruyn, Dave. 1982. Proposed Reservoir Release Plan New Melones Project. U.S.
    Attorney, Sacramento. 10 pp.

    This is a short paper giving background and supporting information concerning river
    flows versus seepage of water to cropped land within the river flood plain. It
    discusses adverse impacts to downstream users, data collection activities and

   Lyford, Gordon. 1982. Memo to the Central Files regarding Stanislaus River
    Seepage. February 10, 1982.

    This memo summarizes conversations with several Extension Service experts and
    others as to the potential effects of flooding and high water tables on crops along the
    Stanislaus River.
     Shaffer, Robert D. 1982. Memo to the Central Files regarding the cursory review of
      impacts to Recreation Use and Facilities During Flow Regimes of 1000 CFS to 1750
      cfs in the Lower Stanislaus River, Central Valley Project. February 10, 1982.

      This memo summarizes the recreational uses in the lower Stanislaus River and gives
      the preferred river flows for each activity.

     U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. 1982. Memo to the Regional Solicitor, Pacific
      Southwest Region regarding Operating Report No. 2. Sacramento, California.

      The memo states that streamflow measurements along the Stanislaus River showed a
      drop at all observation holes.

Land Use
     Kjelson, Martin.1999. Correspondence with Phillip Holcomb. U.S. Fish and Wildlife
      Service, Sacramento-San Joaquin Fisheries Resources Office. Stockton, CA. July 7,

      The Anadromous Fish Restoration Program staff actively participate in anadromous
      fish planning arenas such as the Stanislaus Basin Stakeholder long-term water
      management planning process and the Stanislaus River Fish Work Group. This
      letter asks for input from the Stanislaus River Parks on a proposal to identify suitable
      habitat enhancement/restoration areas within the Stanislaus River corridor and the
      Stanislaus River park system.

     San Joaquin County. 1991. San Joaquin County General Plan 2010. Community
      Development Department. Stockton, California.

      Excerpts from the General Plan including information on Public Facilities, Open
      Space, Vegetation, Fish and Wildlife Habitat, also including Planning Commission

     Stanislaus County. Stanislaus County General Plan. Pp 95-128.

      Excerpts from the Conservation/Open Space Element Goals, Policies, and
      Implementation Measures.

Law/Legal Cases
   Environmental Defense Fund. Appellate Court Will Decide Fate of Stanislaus River
    Water. <http://> Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

    EDF and the Sierra Club filed a suit in 1972 against the Army Corps of Engineer’s
    and the Bureau of Reclamation claiming the EIS for the New Melones Reservoir was
    inadequate. The Corp was allowed to continue construction of the dam, however,
    EDF appealed the decision and the Appellate Court prohibited the awarding of the
    construction contracts.

   Yaryan, Timothy H.B. 1982. Letter to the U.S. Attorneys office, regarding U.S. vs.
    State of California. February 9, 1982. Neumeiller & Beardslee. Stockton, California.

    This letter was submitted for the Stanislaus River Flood Control Association by
    Gerald Barton. Members of the Association and Mr. Barton were concerned that
    their property would be harmed if downstream releases from the New Melones Dam
    and Reservoir results in river flows in excess of 1,500 cfs.

   Zolezzi, Jeanne M. 1997. Letters from Jeanne Zolezzi. Neumeiller and Beardslee.
    Stockton, California.

    These letters are in regards to the flows in the Stanislaus River that are in excess of
    the orders by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals.

   Renda, Charles R..1982 Letter to Donald B. Ayers, U.S. Attorney, re:U.S. vs. State of
    California. . February 11, 1982. United States Dept. of the Interior, office of the
    Solicitor, Pacific Southwest Region.

    This cover letter states that the Bureau of Reclamation has initiated releases from
    Goodwin Dam in accordance with the directives of the Ninth Circuit Court of
    Appeals Order.

   U.S. Department of the Interior. 1997. Central Valley Project Improvement Act
    Administrative Proposal on the Stanislaus River. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and
    U.S. Bureau of Reclamation <. > Accessed 1999 28

    This is the final administrative proposal on the Stanislaus River. Included in this
    packet is background information, a summary and discussion of issues, responses
    from the Dept. of the Interior, a summary and schedule of proposed actions, and
    response to comments.

   U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. 1982. United States of American v.
    State of California.
      Documents include:     Affidavit of Henry Van Gronigen
                             Affidavit of Paul McManis
                             Affidavit of Tom Roberson
                             Affidavit of John L. Hertle
                             Affidavit of Gerald L. Barton
                             Affidavit of Alex Hildeebrand
                             Affidavit of Thomas R. McManis
                             Government Exhibits I through L
                             Update of documentation submitted on 3/17/82

New Melones Dam and Reservoir
     California Department of Water Resources. 1962. View and Recommendations of
      State of California on Review Report for Flood Control on New Melones Project,
      Stanislaus River, California.

      Short excerpts from the document about irrigation benefits, flood control benefits,
      and recreational benefits.

     Johnson, Huey D. 1973. The New Melones Project: A review of Current Economic
      and Environmental Issues. The Resource Agency. September 1979.

      This Report gives findings on power, irrigation, recreation, fisheries, water quality,
      prior rights, and flood control. Recommendations are proposed and there effects on
      Fish and wildlife evaluated.

     State Water Resources Control Board. 1973. Decision 1422: Decision Granting
      Petition for Assignment of Applications and Approving Applications in Part. 37 pp.

      This document presents the findings of the State Water Resources Control Board
      concerning the petition for assignment of Application 14858 and 14859 and
      Applications 19303 and 19304. Protests to these applications and the public hearing
      held before the SWRCB were considered and reiterated in this document.

     State Water Resources Control Board. 1980. Order Conditionally Accepting and
      Approving in Part Submittals by U.S. Water and Power Resources Service in
      Accordance with Condition 3 of Decision 1422. Order WR80-20 18 pp.

      This order conditionally approves a maximum storage amount of 438,000 acre-feet
      in New Melones Reservoir to allow for satisfaction of prior rights, preservation and
      enhancement of fish and wildlife, and water quality.

     State Water Resources Control Board. 1981. Order Denying Petition for
      Reconsideration of and Clarifying Order WR 80-20. Order WR 81-1. 7 pp.
    Petitioners allege that Order WR 80-20 overlooks several key considerations and is
    not supported by substantial evidence.

   State Water Resources Control Board. 1982. Order Denying Petition of United
    States Bureau of Reclamation for Reconsideration of Order WR 82-3. Order WR82-
    9. 16 pp.

    This order denied the petition of the Bureau of Reclamation and affirmed Order WR

   State Water Resources Control Board. 1982. Order Denying Petition by United
    States of Reclamation for Approval of Storage Under Condition 1-a and 1-b of
    Decision 1422. Order WR 82-3. 4 pp.

    The petitions recites that permittee and the Central San Joaquin Water Conservation
    District have agreed to enter into a temporary water service contract for delivery of
    up to 7,500 acre-feet from New Melones Reservoir. The petition requests a Board
    order authorizing delivery of water currently in New Melones Reservoir to the
    District. The petition was denied.

   State Water Resources Control Board. 1983.Order Amending Water right Decision
    1422 Authorizing Storage I New Melones Reservoir for Generation of Hydroelectric
    Power and for Consumptive Uses. Order WR 83-3 28 pp.

    The Bureau of Reclamation requested that the State Water Resources Control Board
    remove the restrictions on filling New Melones Reservoir. The Board amended
    water rights decision 1422 to remove those restrictions on March 8, 1983.

   U.S. Army Corp of Engineers. 1979. Memorandum of Understanding Between the
    Department of the Army and the Department of the Interior for Transfer of New
    melons Dam and Reservoir from the Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army, to the Water
    and Power Resources Service. 8 pp.

    This Memorandum of Understanding allows for the New Melones Project to be
    operated and maintained by the Resources Service.

   U.S. Army Engineer District.1973. Environmental Impact Statement, New Melones
    Lake Stanislaus River, California. Sacramento, California. 86 pp.

    New Melones Lake project consists of a 625-foot high dam across the Stanislaus
    River, to impound up to 2,400,000 acre-feet of water. The Corps of Engineers will
    maintain the Stanislaus River below the dam to a capacity of 8,000 cubic feet per
    second and provide for the protection of fish and wildlife resources.

   U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. 1969. Memorandum of Agreement for the Protection
    and Enhancement of the Water Quality of the Stanislaus and San Joaquin Rivers As
    Affected by the New Melones Project Under Water Right Application 19304 of the
    United States of America and by Municipal and Industrial Wastes. Central Valley
    Project, California. 4 pp.

    This memorandum provides guidelines for the operation of the New Melones
    Project for the purpose of protecting existing water rights and water quality
    downstream of the Dam.

   U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. 1972. An Appraisal of Oakdale and South San Joaquin
    Irrigation District Stanislaus River Water Rights. Water Rights Branch, Mid-Pacific
    Region, Sacramento, California.

    This appraisal of water rights provided a base for developing New Melones
    Reservoir operational criteria and contains a mechanism to take care of the problem
    of the increasing future uses of water in the upper Stanislaus River basin.

   U.S. Bureauof Reclamation. 1973. Environmental Impact Statement – Supplemental
    Data on Use of Conservation Yield. New Melones Lake Stanislaus River, California.
    U.S. Army Engineer District, Sacramento, California. 151 pp.

    This supplemental data on the use of New Melones Lake conservation yield
    summarizes the kinds of impacts to be expected from the use of this water yield in
    six possible service areas of need and for water quality releases in the Sacramento-
    San Joaquin Delta. The alternative service areas which were considered which may
    use New Melones water include: 1) portions of Calaveras, Tuolumne, San Joaquin,
    and Stanislaus Counties, including Folsom South Service Area. 2) Southern San
    Joaquin Valley; 3) San Felipe Division. 4) San Luis Unit; 5) Delta-Mendota Canal
    Service area; 6) Suisun Marsh – Montezuma Hills unit; 7) Sacramento-San Joaquin

   U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. New Melones Powerplant information <http:// >. Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

    This webpage provides general information about the New Melones Dam and
     U.S. Water and Power Resources Service. 1980. Supplement to the Final
      Environmental Impact Statement on the New Melones Lake – Stanislaus River,
      California, Alternative Stanislaus River Basin Areas, Water Allocations, and Reservoir
      Operations. September 12, 1980.

      This supplemental statement presents the environmental impacts of the
      recommended plan and six alternative plans that include combinations of the
      operation of New Melones Reservoir along with three other storage operating levels
      and three alternative Stanislaus River basin areas and adjacent service areas.

San Joaquin River and Related Bay-Delta Documents
     California Department of Fish and Game. 1999. Category-III Project Titles.
      < >. Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

      The information retrieved from this webpage gives the titles for recent Department
      of Fish and Game projects and also gives general information about the project costs
      and benefits.

     California Department of Fish and Game. 1999. Central Valley Bay-Delta Branch
      Mission Statement. <http://>. Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

      The CVBDB’s mission is to gather and provide information and recommendations
      that will permit State and federal regulatory agencies to develop procedures, policies
      and regulations that will protect the flora and fauna of the bay, delta and adjoining
      tributary environments from harm, and that will enhance the survival of those
      species that are listed as rear, threatened, or endangered.

     California Department of Water Resources. Final Report of the Flood Emergency
      Action Team, Chapter VII.- Flood Control Improvements. 1997.
      <>. Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

      This report outlines the needs and alternatives that must be investigated for a
      comprehensive master plan for Central Valley Flood control.

     EA Engineering, Science, and Technology. 1999. Environmental Assessments and
      Initial Study– Additional Water Acquisition for Meeting VAMP Flow Objectives
      1999. Draft report. U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. Sacramento, California. March 30,

      This report contains a concise statement of proposed actions. It evaluates the
      acquisition of an additional 47,000 acre-feet to support the Vernalis Adaptive
      Management Plan spring pulse flow in April-May 1999. It was expected that, based
      on the analysis in the document, a finding of No Significant Impact/Negative
      Declaration would be prepared unless potentially significant impacts were identified
      during the public review period.

     Nickles, Jim. 1996. A River Under Siege - San Joaquin lifeline a poisoned stream.
      <http:// >. Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

      Jim Nickles spent more than six months exploring the San Joaquin River. He
      traversed the stream from the Sierra to the delta, interviewing scores of people and
      sifting through dozens of scientific studies. He found a river in deep trouble and
      division over how, or even whether, the river can be restored.

     O’laughlin, Tim. 1998. Letter to Rick Breitenbach, re:Comments on the CALFED
      programmatic EIS/EIR. Oakdale Irrigation District/South San Joaquin Irrigation
      District. July 1, 1998.

      The comments provided by the Irrigation Districts are primarily concerned with the
      Ecosystem Restoration Program Plan, which includes consideration of, and
      recommendations for, restoration of the ecosystems of the eastside San Joaquin
      River Tributaries.

     Parfrey, Eric. 1998. Peace and Justice Connections – Ag water to grow 100,000
      Homes? <http://>. Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

      A small agricultural irrigation district is making plans to sell enough water to serve
      the next wave of suburban sprawl in the Central Valley – possibly up to 100,000
      homes to be built in south San Joaquin County. The transfer of that amount of
      agricultural water could spell the beginning of the end for farming in San Joaquin
      County and further complicate the already contentious negotiations over how to
      restore the delta.

     U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. 1975. Stanislaus River Basin Proposed Reservation Area
      and Projected Water Requirements. New Melones Unit-Central Valley Project.
      Sacramento, California.

      This report proposes the reservation area for Stanislaus River water which should be
      adopted in conformity with the afore quoted portion of Public Law 87-874. The
      associated water requirements are derived for this proposed ―Stanislaus River Basin‖
      for years 1980, 2000, and 2020. In addition, agricultural requirements are estimated
      under full development—referred to as the ultimate conditions which might occur at
      some unspecified time in the future year 2020.

State, Federal, and Local Agencies
     Stanislaus County Code. 1999. Title 18- Parks and Recreation. Stanislaus River
      Special Use Area.< > Accessed 1999 10 Feb.

      Chapter 18.18 designates special use areas in the Stanislaus River. Three locations
      are identified: between State Highway 120 bridge and the Orange Blossom Road
      bridge; between Orange Blossom Road bridge and the Army Corps of Engineers’
      Horseshoe Road Recreation Area; and between Horseshoe Road Recreation Area
      and the Stanislaus County line.

     State Water Resources Control Board. Order Conditionally Approving Petitions for
      Change and Petitions for Extension of Time. Order: WR 97-05. <http://> Accessed 1999 10 Feb.

      Calaveras County Water District filed petitions for (1) extensions of time to
      complete construction under several permits (2) additions of points of diversion and
      rediversion, (3) to the places of use, and (4) additions of purposes of uses. This order
      approves the changes and time extensions.

     U.S.Bureau of Reclamation. 1997. Transmittal of New Melones Interim Plan of
      Operation. Central Valley Operations Office. Sacramento, California.

      This packet of documents includes the interim plan of operation for New Melones
      Reservoir. Included are examples of operations under the 50 percent probability of
      exceedence and 90 percent probability of exceedence hydrologic conditions that
      include water years 1997 and 1998.

Water Resources Development
     McCracken, Jeffrey S. 1999. Reclamation Signs San Joaquin River Agreement and
      Record of Decision on the Final EIS/EIR on Meeting Flow Objectives. U.S. Bureau
      of Reclamation News Release, April 12, 1999.

      The Bureau of Reclamation signed several documents opening the way for providing
      a set of target flows on the San Joaquin River.

     Oakdale Irrigation District. 1990. Rules and Regulations for the Distribution of
      Water in the Oakdale Irrigation District. 25 pp.

      This small handbook includes rules that apply to the conduct of the District and its
      representatives, and of its landowners and water users. The basic intent is to define
      and protect the rights of the water users and landowners.
     Short, Allen. 1999. A Valley Divided – Water Board Must Resolve San Joaquin
      River Dispute. The Sacramento Bee, May 15, 1999.

      This article briefly discusses settlement agreements between the irrigation districts
      and water authorities of several counties between Manteca to Bakersfield and State
      and federal agencies. The results of the negotiated settlement is known as the San
      Joaquin River Agreement.

     Stockton East Water District. History in the Making – Water Transfer. Stockton
      East Water District, Stockton Municipal Utilities District, Cal Water, San Joaquin
      County. 3 pp.

      On April 1, 1997, the Oakdale Irrigation District/ South San Joaquin Irrigation
      District Water Transfer Project was signed. The ten-year agreement will transfer
      Stanislaus River water from OID/SSJID to the Stockton East Water District for
      treatment and delivery to the water systems of the Stockton Municipal Utilities
      District, California Water Service Company, and the Lincoln Village and Colonial
      Heights Maintenance Districts.

     U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. 1999. San Joaquin River Agreement Newsletter. January
      1999. Sacramento, California. 3 pp.

      Newletter Articles include: 1) Workgroup to Review 1998 VAMP Salmon Survival
      Data; 2) Reclamation and San Joaquin River Group to File Final EIS/EIR; 3) State
      Water Rights Hearing Continues.

Water Quality
     California Department of Food & Agriculture, Pesticide Registration and
      Agricultural Productivity. 1986. Pesticide Use Report by Commodity. p. 70,90,92.

      This is data from the California Department of Food and Agriculture, covering
      pesticides used on rhubarb, rice, right of ways, water areas, watermelons, and wild

     California Environmental Protection Agency. 1990. Pesticide Use Report, Annual
      1990 Indexed by Commodity. Department of Pesticide Regulation. Sacramento,

      This 1990 Pesticide Use Report includes the compilation of data collected under the
      first year of a new program that required full use reporting for all agricultural
      pesticides. These reports include which pesticides were applied, when and where the
      application was made, and the crop involved, if the application was in agriculture.
      The report was intended to be used as a statistical tool to provide data to address a
      wide range of questions, however, it only represents a fraction of the total data
      gathered under full use reporting.

     Central Valley Regional Water Pollution Control Board. 1982. Pollution Study,
      Stanislaus River, San Joaquin River Watershed. Central Valley Region. Sacramento,
      California. p. 18-23, 32

      Excerpts from this study discuss water uses, municipal and domestic water supplies,
      irrigation, power production, fish propagation, and recreation in the Stanislaus and
      San Joaquin River basins. Also included is a summary of 1949 published flow data
      for the Stanislaus River.

     Cope, Oliver B.. 1949. Water Temperature Records from California’s Central Valley
      1939-1948. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Special Scientific Report: Fisheries No. 2.
      Washington D.C.. Sept. 1949. 77 pp.

      This report contain tables of water temperatures for the Sacramento River, Trinity
      River, the Anderson-Cottonwood Irrigation District Canal, Battle Creek, Mill Creek,
      Deer Creek, Stony Creek, Feather River, Yuba River, American River, Mokelumne
      River, San Joaquin River, Middle River, and Old River.

     U.S. Geological Survey. 1998. Temperature Data for USGS Station #11302000.
      Stanislaus River, Below Goodwin Dam, Near Knights Ferry, CA. [Personal e-mail].
      Accessed 1999 10 Dec.

      This E-mail from Pat Shiffer of the USGS contains data from USGS Gage
      #1130200 for the years 1978-1998.

     California Department of Fish and Game. 1986. Mammalian Species of Special
      Concern in California, Riparian Woodrat. Habitat Conservation Planning Branch.
      Sacramento, CA. < >Accessed 2002 10 Sept.

      Short descriptions of the distribution, population status, habitat, and
      recommendations for the riparian woodrat.

     California Department of Fish and Game. 1995. Stanislaus River Basin and Calaveras
      River Water Use Program, Threatened and Endangered Species Report, March 1995.
      Bay Delta and Special Water Projects Division. Central Valley Bay-Delta Branch.
      <http://> Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

      In 1986 the Stockton East Water District and the Central San Joaquin Water
      Conservation District approached the California Department of Water Resources
    and the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation with a proposal for conjunctive use of 155,000
    acre feet of contract water. A study was conducted by the Department of Water
    Resources, U.S. Bureau of Reclamation and interested parties. This report describes
    the study and the status of several wildlife species found in the Stanislaus River
    basins with respect to the affects of water projects on species habitat and

   California Department of Fish and Game. 2000. The Status of Rare, Threatened, and
    Endangered Animals and Plants of California, Riparian Brush Rabbit. Habitat
    Conservation Planning Branch, Sacramento CA. <http://>
    Accessed 2000 10 Sept.

    This short discussion of the riparian brush rabbit describes the status of the existing
    populations in Caswell Park, and threats to the rabbits that are addressed in the Draft
    Recovery Plan for Upland Specie of the San Joaquin Valley, CA.

   Close, Connie Lee and Daniel F. Williams. 1998. Habitat Management for Riparian
    Brush Rabbits and Woodrats with Special Attention to Fire and Flood. U.S. Bureau
    of Reclamation. Unpublished report. 3 pp.

    This report identifies and discusses issues and present recommendations on pre-fire
    and flood planning for Caswell Memorial State Park on the Stanislaus River, San
    Joaquin County, California. Fire and flood pose severe threats of destroying the only
    major remnant riparian community in the San Joaquin Valley and the last refuge for
    the riparian brush rabbit (Sylvilagus bachmani riparius) and riparian woodrats (Neotoma
    fuscipes riparia).

   Kelly, P.A. , D.F. Williams. 2000. Riparian Woodrat (Neotoma fuscipes riparia)
    Profile. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 4 pp.

    Profile: The riparian woodrat is one of eleven recognized subspecies of the dusky-
    footed woodrat. The species range extends from the Columbia River and the
    WillametteValley in Oregon to north-western Baja California. It is generally found in
    dense chaparral, oak and riparian woodlands, and in mixed coniferous forests that
    have well developed understories.

   Sandoval, T.M., D.F. Williams, and G.W. Colliver. 1997. Riparian Brush Rabbit
    Profile. Endangered Species Recovery Program website.
    <> Accessed 2002 10 Sept.

    This short paper describes the life history, identification and distribution of the
    riparian brush rabbit.
   Stanislaus Audubon Society. 2002. Recent Bird Sightings.
    <> Accessed 2002 10 Sept.

    This is a record of bird sightings in Stanislaus County from 1997-2002.

   U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1998. Proposed Addition to the San Joaquin River
    National Wildlife Refuge, Stanislaus County, California. Region 1, Portland, Oregon.

    Table of Contents

   U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1998. Recovery Plan for Upland Species of the San
    Joaquin Valley, California. Region 1. Portland Oregon. 340 pp.

    This recovery plan provides individual species accounts for 34 species. Recovery
    strategies are organized by geographic area whenever possible. The plan specifically
    addresses the riparian brush rabbits found at Caswell Memorial State Park, the largest
    remaining fragment of suitable riparian forest (Warner 1984) and home to the only
    extant population of riparian brush rabbits.

   U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2000. Final Rule to List and Riparian Brush Rabbit
    and the Riparian, or San Joaquin Valley, Woodrat as Endangered. Federal Register,
    February 23, 2000, Vol. 65. No. 36, 8881-8890.

    This is the final rule for the determination of endangered statues pursuant to the
    Endangered Species Act of 1973 as amended, for the riparian brush rabbit and the
    riparian or San Joaquin valley woodrat. These two subspecies are threatened
    primarily by flooding, wildfire, disease, predation, competition, clearing of riparian
    vegetation, use of rodenticides, and loss of genetic variability. This rule implements
    the Federal protection and recovery provisions afforded by the Act for these two

   U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2000. Intent to Prepare a Joint Environmental
    Impact Statement/Environmental Impact Report for the Reintroduction of the
    Riparian Brush Rabbit. Federal Register Document July 28, 2000. Volume 65,
    Number 146, 46489-46492

    The Fish and Wildlife Service, Bureau of Reclamation, California Department of
    Fish and Game, and the Endangered Species Recovery Program through California
    State University, Stanislaus, proposed in 2000, to participate in the reintroduction of
    the riparian brush rabbit (Sylvilaus bachmani riparius), which is federally listed as
    endangered, to restore riparian habitat.
   U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2002. New Captive-Breeding Program for the
    Riparian Brush Rabbit. News Release March 27, 2002. Sacramento office.
    <. > Accessed 2002 10 September.

    This short paper discusses the effort to bring the riparian brush rabbit from the
    brink of extinction. The captive breeding program was launched in 2001 and is a
    joint-venture of several state and federal agencies. It is the first time an endangered
    mammal has been bred in captivity in California.

   U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2002. Young Rabbits From Captive-Breeding
    Program Released in the Wild. Sacramento Office. August 1, 2002.
    <. > Accessed 2002 10 September.

    Biologist from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Endangered Species
    Recovery Program at California State University, Stanislaus, released eight young
    rabbits bred in captivity into restored habitat areas along the San Joaquin River west
    of Modesto, Calif.

   Williams D.F.. 1986. Mammal Species of Special Concern in California, Riparian
    Brush Rabbit. California Department of Fish and Game. 2 pp.

    This short paper gives a brief descriptions of the distribution, population status and
    habitat of the riparian brush rabbit, Sylvilagus bachmani riparius.

   Williams, D.F..1997. January 1997 Flooding on the Stanislaus River Jeopardizes the
    Riparian Brush Rabbit and Riparian Woodrat. < >
    Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

    This short paper discusses the affects of the prolonged flooding of the Stanislaus and
    San Joaquin River in January 1997 on the riparian brush rabbit and riparian woodrat.
    Both populations were heavily impacted by the flooding and were nearly extirpated.

   Williams, D.F..1997. Abstract – Population Censuses of Riparian Brush Rabbits and
    Riparian Woodrats at Caswell Memorial State Park during January 1993.
    < > Accessed 1999 25 Feb.

    This abstract briefly describes the results of a population census of riparian brush
    rabbits and riparian woodrats conducted at Caswell Memorial State Park in 1993.

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