Nutrition in the Barangay Food Terminal Prepared by the National Nutrition Council We’ll talk about. . . 1. Malnutrition 2. Hunger 3. Consequences of malnutrition 4. The Philippine Plan of Action for Nutrition 5. Hunger-Mitigation Program Framework 6. Nutrition in the Barangay Food Terminal Vitamin A Deficiency Protein-Energy Iron Deficiency Malnutrition Anemia Major nutrition Obesity problems Iodine Deficiency Disorders Nutrition situation in summary Underweight children : 27% adults : 12% Iron deficiency anemia infants : 66% pregnant : 44% Iodine deficiency disorders children : 11% Vitamin A deficiency children : 40% Increase in diet-related non- communicable diseases Hunger Incidence (%) Severity of 3rd Qtr 4th Qtr 1st Qtr 2nd Qtr Hunger/Area 2005 2005 2006 2006 Severe 2.6 3.9 4.2 3.4 No. of Families 400,000 600,000 700,000 580,000 Total 15.5 16.7 16.9 13.9 NCR 16.7 21.0 18.3 15.0 Bal. Luzon 18.0 13.7 14.7 10.0 Visayas 13.3 14.3 16.0 17.7 Mindanao 12.0 21.7 21.0 17.3 Source: Quarterly Surveys on Hunger, Social Weather Stations Surveys Consequences of malnutrition Early death Infections Inability to concentrate Weak resistance in school Malnourished School children drop-out Violation of human rights Poverty Lack skill/ low literacy Low Under/unemployed productivity malnourished adults PNP 1974-1977 PNP 1978-1982 FNP 1984-1987 PFNP 1987-1992 PPAN 1993-1998 PPAN 1999-2004 PPAN Programs 1. Home, School and 5. Livelihood Assistance Community Food 6. Nutrition Information, Production Communication and 2. Food Assistance Education 3. Food Fortification 7. Nutrition in Essential 4. Micronutrient Maternal and Child Supplementation Health Services Hunger-Mitigation Program Framework Unavailable or insufficient food to eat HUNGER No money to buy food Hunger Mitigating Measures Supply Side Demand Side/Entitlement Produce Enhance efficiency of Put more money in poor Diversify Manage more food logistics and food delivery people’s pockets Diet population Productivity a) Barangay Food Terminal a) Improve productivity in coconut areas a)Conduct Responsible programs including & Tindahan Natin - NFA (coconut coir, virgin coconut oil & social parenthood – livestock, crops, b) Ports (RORO)-maximum other value-adding products; coconet marketing – ULAP, marine regeneration use of private ports, production) through coco levy funds DOH, NNC Leagues of (mangrove and shipping – DOTC/PPA – DA, PCA b)Nutrition P/C/M/B coastal fishery c) Farm to market roads – b) More aggressive micro financing – education in development), farm DPWH, DA, DAR PCFC, LBP schools - family (Gulayan ng d) Role of LGUs in efficient c) Maximize employment opportunities DepEd Masa) and irrigation transport – Leagues of in construction & maintenance farm- P/C/M/B to-market road, irrigation and – DA, DENR, NIA e) Food for School Program – DepEd, DSWD roadside maintenance – DPWH, f) Creation of NGO network MMDA to support feeding d) Aggressive training (out-of-school programs – DSWD youths, unemployed and recent OFW g) Community tradeable rice returnees from KSA) – TESDA certificates - NFA e. Upland land distribution (4M ha for jatropha, rubber) - DAR Basic Nutrition a. GO, GROW, GLOW food groups b. How to meet nutritional requirements GO Rice GROW GLOW MILK • The human body needs more than 40 different nutrients for good health. • NO single food can provide all the nutrients in the amounts needed. GO foods Rice • Rich in carbohydrates, main source of energy • Sources are: rice & rice products, corn & corn products, cereals, bread & other bakery products, starchy roots & tubers, rice flour and other noodles GO foods Lack of carbohydrates may result in: • Underweight and/or loss of weight • General weakness • Poor physical performance • Fainting or collapse, in severe deficiency GO foods • Fats are also included in this food group • It is a concentrated source of energy and helps absorbs, transport and store fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, K • Fats provides essential fatty acids which have important functions in the body GO foods Lack of fat in daily meals results in: • Underweight • Sluggishness • Skin irritations similar to eczema • Signs and symptoms of fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies, esp. vitamin A • Rich in protein needed for building and repairing body tissues for growth and maintenance • Builds resistance to infection GROW foods • Supplies additional energy MILK GROW foods MILK • Sources are: meat, internal organs, chicken, eggs, fish, shellfish, milk, milk products, munggo and other dried beans, nuts GROW foods Lack of protein results in: • Retarded growth in children • Low resistance to infection at any age • Slow recovery from illness • Low birth weight • Anemia • Loss of weight • Edema, skin lesions, mental sluggishness • Rich in vitamins and minerals, these are essential for body functions; also important for growth GLOW foods and normal functioning of the body • Rich source of fiber How do we meet these requirements? Use the Food Pyramid as guide How do we meet these requirements? Proper meal planning – think VARIETY of foods! How do we meet these requirements? Proper meal planning • GO,GROW, Preparation of low-cost menus • All food groups present GLOW! when planning for meals Considerations in Meal Planning • Adequacy and availability of foods • Traditions and customs • Economic resources/considerations • Personal likes and dislikes • Suitable combinations of foods Considerations in Meal Planning • Seasonality • Staying quality of food • Ease of food preparation • Meal patterns Low-cost menus • Use of available resources • Use of indigenous fruits and vegetables • Use of sakto packs (pinakbet, nilaga, pochero) • Example of a low-cost menu: Breakfast Lunch Dinner Hard cooked Nilagang Fried egg Manok galunggong Rice Rice Pinakbet Fresh fruit Fresh fruit Rice Fresh fruit Barangay Food Terminal • As outlet of nutritious, safe and affordable food commodities What should be sold in BFT? A. Source of Carbohydrates Fortified rice and its products Corn and its products Fortified flour Bread and other bakery products Rootcrops and tubers (camote, cassava) Noodles, fortified Sugar What should be sold in BFT? B. Source of Protein Meat (pork and beef) Chicken Fish Eggs Milk and its products Beans and legumes What should be sold in BFT? C. Source of Fats Vegetable oils - fortified Margarine (fortified or enriched) Butter What should be sold in BFT? D. Source of Vitamins and Minerals Green leafy and yellow vegetables e.g. malunggay leaves, kangkong, alugbati, squash, carrots, kamote tops– rich in vitamin A, calcium Fruits – vitamins A and C rich Sakto packs What should be sold in BFT? E. Others Iodized salt Sangkap Pinoy Seal products – fortified with vitamin A, iron or iodine Products in BFT Sakto packs Example – nutritive value: Pork pakbet – pork, squash, beans, eggplant, tomatoes, okra 1. Pork – protein, iron 2. Squash – rich in vitamin A 3. Beans – protein, iron, vitamin B-complex 4. Tomatoes – vitamin A, lycopene 5. Okra – fiber, vitamin A and C BFT as channel for educating consumers on nutrition 1. Put up nutrition corner - display/post nutrition posters and other IEC materials 2. Distribute IEC materials on: - proper handling, cooking and preparation of food - recipes / low-cost menus with nutritional values BFT as channel for educating consumers on nutrition 3. Install a billboard certifying the BFT as source of nutritious, safe and affordable food commodities. 4. Set up a PA system where nutrition messages could be announced. 5. Assign a BNS or nutrition officer once a week to do cooking demo in the BFT. Thank you!
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