Healthy Eating During and After a Disaster

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					Healthy Eating
During and After a
Disaster
Easter H. Tucker, Associate Professor-Family and Consumer Sciences
     Teresa Henson, Family and Consumer Sciences Technician
Objectives
  How to stay healthy during and after a
   disaster.
  How to keep food safe.
  Ways to be prepared.
Major Points
  What You Eat Is Important
  Physical Activity Is Vital to Good Health
  ABCD’s of Keeping Food Safe in an
   Emergency
  Water Safety
What You Eat Is
Important
   In order to stay healthy you need to:
     Eat a variety of healthy foods
     Use the Food Guide Pyramid as a source

     Substitute nutritionally similar foods
           Examples:
             – Drink powdered milk
             – Eat canned fruits
What You Eat Is Important

    If you are physically active
      Consume more food calories
      Eat plenty starchy foods
            Examples:
              – Cereals
              – Pastas
              – Vegetables
              Good Sources For Energy!!!!!!
Stress
      “Fight or Flight” syndrome
           Depress the appetite
      Stress hormones can
           Remove hunger signals
           Decrease appetite
           Lead to weight loss
      Precautions
           Monitor what you consume
           Make sure you maintain adequate intake
           When appetite is loss drink lots of fluids!!!!!
Tips to stay healthy:
    Plan menus to include variety
    Keep adequate food, emergency
     equipment, water and utensils on hand for
     disasters.
    Eat at least one well-balanced meal a day

    Guard against dehydration

    Drink plenty of fluids

    Use stress management strategies
Physical Activity
  Very important to good health
  Always consult a doctor first
  Find a workout that’s good for you
  Don’t over work yourself
  HAVE FUN!!!!!!
Physical Activity
    Keeps you:
      Feeling better
      Looking better and

      Able to cope with stress
   ABCD’s

Keeping Food
    Safe
Always keep meat
refrigerated
      Poultry, fish, and eggs
         At or below 40°F
         Frozen foods at or below 0°F

         The refrigerator will keep food cold for 4hrs (if
          unopened)
         Buy dry or block ice to keep refrigerator as cold
          as possible



            Handout 1: Keeping Food Safe During An Emergency
Be prepared for an
emergency
     Have items on hand
         That don’t require refrigeration (can be eaten
          cold, or cooked on outdoor grill)
     Shelf-stable
         Examples
                – Boxed cereal, crackers
                – Canned milk
                – Water

     Always remember to replace items if needed.

          Handout 1: Keeping Food Safe During An Emergency
Consider what you can do
ahead of time

  Coolers are useful for keeping food cold (if
   power is out for more than four hours)
  Keep frozen gel packs




         Handout 1: Keeping Food Safe During An Emergency
Digital /Appliance
Thermometers
  Help you know if food is at a safe
   temperature
  Appliance thermometers should be kept in
   the refrigerator or freezer
  Will always give the temperature of the
   refrigerator or freezer (even if power is out)
  Will help you determine the temperature of
   certain foods

          Handout 1: Keeping Food Safe During An Emergency
Water Safety
    Consume an adequate amount of water
    After a disaster, consider all water unsafe
    Water from wells, cisterns, etc. should be
     tested
    Bottled water is an option
    Fresh water from neighboring cities is another
     option
    If not affected, use water from water heater
    Boil water only if advised to do so by public
     health officials
First Aid Kit: Things You
Should Have
  Two pairs of latex or other sterile
   gloves
  Sterile dressings to stop bleeding
  Cleansing agent
  Antibiotic ointment
  Petroleum jelly or other lubricant
  Band-Aids
First Aid Kit
   Adhesive bandages
   Eye wash solution
   Thermometer
   Scissors/tweezers
   Prescription medications
   Prescribed medical supplies
   Non-prescription drugs
   Take a First Aid Class!!!!!

				
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posted:3/30/2008
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