Healthy Eating During and After a Disaster Easter H. Tucker, Associate Professor-Family and Consumer Sciences Teresa Henson, Family and Consumer Sciences Technician Objectives How to stay healthy during and after a disaster. How to keep food safe. Ways to be prepared. Major Points What You Eat Is Important Physical Activity Is Vital to Good Health ABCD’s of Keeping Food Safe in an Emergency Water Safety What You Eat Is Important In order to stay healthy you need to: Eat a variety of healthy foods Use the Food Guide Pyramid as a source Substitute nutritionally similar foods Examples: – Drink powdered milk – Eat canned fruits What You Eat Is Important If you are physically active Consume more food calories Eat plenty starchy foods Examples: – Cereals – Pastas – Vegetables Good Sources For Energy!!!!!! Stress “Fight or Flight” syndrome Depress the appetite Stress hormones can Remove hunger signals Decrease appetite Lead to weight loss Precautions Monitor what you consume Make sure you maintain adequate intake When appetite is loss drink lots of fluids!!!!! Tips to stay healthy: Plan menus to include variety Keep adequate food, emergency equipment, water and utensils on hand for disasters. Eat at least one well-balanced meal a day Guard against dehydration Drink plenty of fluids Use stress management strategies Physical Activity Very important to good health Always consult a doctor first Find a workout that’s good for you Don’t over work yourself HAVE FUN!!!!!! Physical Activity Keeps you: Feeling better Looking better and Able to cope with stress ABCD’s Keeping Food Safe Always keep meat refrigerated Poultry, fish, and eggs At or below 40°F Frozen foods at or below 0°F The refrigerator will keep food cold for 4hrs (if unopened) Buy dry or block ice to keep refrigerator as cold as possible Handout 1: Keeping Food Safe During An Emergency Be prepared for an emergency Have items on hand That don’t require refrigeration (can be eaten cold, or cooked on outdoor grill) Shelf-stable Examples – Boxed cereal, crackers – Canned milk – Water Always remember to replace items if needed. Handout 1: Keeping Food Safe During An Emergency Consider what you can do ahead of time Coolers are useful for keeping food cold (if power is out for more than four hours) Keep frozen gel packs Handout 1: Keeping Food Safe During An Emergency Digital /Appliance Thermometers Help you know if food is at a safe temperature Appliance thermometers should be kept in the refrigerator or freezer Will always give the temperature of the refrigerator or freezer (even if power is out) Will help you determine the temperature of certain foods Handout 1: Keeping Food Safe During An Emergency Water Safety Consume an adequate amount of water After a disaster, consider all water unsafe Water from wells, cisterns, etc. should be tested Bottled water is an option Fresh water from neighboring cities is another option If not affected, use water from water heater Boil water only if advised to do so by public health officials First Aid Kit: Things You Should Have Two pairs of latex or other sterile gloves Sterile dressings to stop bleeding Cleansing agent Antibiotic ointment Petroleum jelly or other lubricant Band-Aids First Aid Kit Adhesive bandages Eye wash solution Thermometer Scissors/tweezers Prescription medications Prescribed medical supplies Non-prescription drugs Take a First Aid Class!!!!!