Department of health and human Services ◆ National Institutes of Health NIAAA NEWSLETTER featuring information from the National Institute on Alcohol by tqr19314


									 Department of health and human Services                                   ◆   National Institutes of Health


  featuring information from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

                                        SPRING 2008             Number 15

                                        Free Online Training for Clinicians
Kenneth Warren Named
Deputy Director                                 new, interactive video training      use the training program is provided

NIAAA Director Dr. Ting-Kai
Li recently appointed Dr.
                                        A       program from the National
                                                 Institute on Alcohol Abuse
                                        and Alcoholism (NIAAA) demon­
                                                                                        “The videos model clinicians inter­
                                                                                     acting with patients with different
                                                                                     levels of alcohol involvement and who
Kenneth R. Warren as NIAAA              strates quick and effective strategies for
Deputy Director. Dr. Warren             screening patients for heavy drinking        are in different stages of readiness to
joined NIAAA in 1976 as a               and helping them to cut down or quit.        change,” noted Mark Willenbring,
staff member of the then                   “The video scenarios demonstrate          M.D., director of NIAAA’s Division of
                                        evidence-based techniques for assessing      Treatment and Recovery Research.
Division of Research. From
                                        and managing at-risk drinking and            “The video scenarios take place in
1984 to 2005 he directed the
                                        alcohol use disorders,” says NIAAA           several different settings to show that
Office of Scientific Affairs,                                                        clinicians in primary care, mental
with responsibilities that              Director Dr. Ting-Kai Li. “We want
                                        to make these techniques widely              health, and other specialties are all in a
included peer review, grants                                                         prime position to make a difference.”
management, committee                   available to clinicians so that more
                                                                                        “As physicians, we see the serious
management, and scientific              people with alcohol use problems will
                                                                                     impact that excessive alcohol use can
communications. From 2002               get the help they need.” Called Video
                                                                                     have on patients, their families, and
to 2007 he served as Associate          Case Studies: Helping Patients Who
                                                                                     public safety,” said Ronald M. Davis,
Director for Basic Research,            Drink Too Much, the program is
                                                                                     M.D., president of the American
and over the past year he also          available through the NIAAA Web
                                                                                     Medical Association. “Scientific
was Acting Director of the              site at             evidence shows if we can prevent
                                           Based on the NIAAA Clinician’s            alcohol consumption from becoming a
Office of Science Policy and
                                        Guide, the online program features four      problem, we can help stop thousands,
                                        10-minute video case scenarios, each led     even millions, of alcohol-related
                                        by an expert clinician who offers            diseases and injuries. The AMA
      Contents                          insights and engages viewers in consid­      encourages physicians to learn how to
                                        ering different strategies for treatment     conduct screening and brief interven­
1 Free Online Training for Clinicians
                                        and followup. Continuing education           tions for at-risk drinking behavior and
2 Personnel News                        credit for physicians and nurses who         how to identify and treat alcoholism.”
3 APIS Updates Alcohol
  Information Policy
3 NIH Vodcast on YouTube
  Features Interview with Director
3 New Publications
4 Conference Series Spotlights
  Mechanisms of Behavior Change
4 Calendar

        National Institutes of Health
                                                                NIAAA’s new online training program
                                          Personnel News
Staff Departures                           for many years of dedicated and hard        tional structure to promote the use of
                                           work in the field of alcohol research,      new technologies, alternative animal
Dr. Peter Delany left NIAAA to join
                                           spanning both program and review            models, and an integrated approach to
the Substance Abuse and Mental
                                           responsibilities.” Pending recruitment      studying alcohol-induced disorders.
Health Services Administration
                                           and hiring of her replacement, Dr.          He has represented NIAAA on a
(SAMHSA) as director of the Office
                                           Abraham Bautista will serve as Acting       number of NIH Roadmap activities.
of Applied Studies, where he was a
                                           Director, Office of Extramural Activ-
senior program management officer                                                      Dr. Dale Hereld joined DMHE as a
                                           ities; as Research Integrity Officer,
before coming to NIAAA in 2006. At                                                     program director in January. He
                                           Financial Conflict of Interest Liaison
NIAAA, Dr. Delany was a health                                                         obtained his M.D. and Ph.D. degrees,
                                           related to NIH-funded
scientist administrator in the Division                                                as well as postdoctoral training, from
                                           institutions/researchers; and as repre-
of Treatment and Recovery Research                                                     the Johns Hopkins University School
                                           sentative to the Extramural Program
responsible for the development and                                                    of Medicine. His research at the med-
                                           Management Committee.
management of the health services                                                      ical school of the University of Texas
research program.                                                                      Health Science Center at Houston
                                                                                       focused on elucidating mechanisms of
Dr. Laurie Foudin, health scientist        New Appointments
                                                                                       G protein-coupled receptor function
administrator in the Division of           Dr. Veronica Alvarez joined NIAAA           and regulation. Dr. Hereld’s specific
Metabolism and Health Effects              in January as a tenure track scientist      areas of expertise include signal trans-
(DMHE), retired in December. She           and acting chief of the Section on          duction and chemotaxis.
came to NIAAA in 1985 and oversaw          Neuronal Structure within the Labor-
the neuroscience portfolio until its       atory for Integrative Neuroscience.
reorganization in 1987. From 1988 to       She will establish and conduct an           Honors
2003 Dr. Foudin coordinated the basic      independent research program focused
research portfolio on fetal alcohol                                                    APA Fellow: Dr. Howard Moss was
                                           on neuronal morphology, structural
spectrum disorders (FASD). She also                                                    named APA Fellow by the American
                                           plasticity, and neuronal function in
was involved in several collaborative                                                  Psychiatric Association (APA). Newly
                                           relation to development, addiction,
agreements and has represented             and neurological disorders.                 designated APA Fellows will be
NIAAA on the Interagency Coordi-                                                       formally recognized at a convocation
nating Committee on FAS since 2006.        Dr. Zhigang (Peter) Gao joined              ceremony during the APA’s annual
                                           DMHE as a program director. His             meeting in Washington, DC, in May.
Dr. Norman Salem retired in January        research has focused on human hemato-
after more than 30 years at NIAAA          poietic stem cells, bone marrow–            Surgeon General Commendation: In
and the National Institute of Neuro-       derived stem cells, hemoglobin, and         September, Drs. Vivian Faden and
logical Disorders and Stroke. He had       vector development for gene therapy.        Patricia Powell received a commen-
been chief of the Laboratory of            His specific areas of expertise also        dation from Acting U.S. Surgeon
Membrane Biochemistry and Bio-             include chemotherapeutic drug studies       General Kenneth Moritsugu. The
physics within NIAAA’s intramural          and animal models for oncology              commendation reads: “For Outstanding
research program since 1991; prior to      research. Previously he was a senior        Support and Service to the Office of
that, he was a section chief in the        research fellow at the National Institute   the Surgeon General as Co-Sponsor
Laboratory of Clinical Studies, NIAAA.     on Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney        and Co-Coordinator of the Surgeon
During his tenure at NIAAA, his            Diseases.                                   General’s Call to Action To Prevent and
laboratory was internationally recog-                                                  Reduce Underage Drinking.”
nized for work on essential fatty acids,   Dr. Max Guo was selected as deputy
particularly the omega-3 fatty acid,       director, DMHE. Dr. Guo joined               Published by the Communications and Public
docosahexaenoate (DHA).                    NIAAA in 2002 as a program director          Liaison Branch, OSPC, NIAAA, NIH, DHHS
                                           of genetics and genomics. Since 2006,        NIH Publication No. 08–5346
Dr. Ernestine Vanderveen retired in        he also has served as a co-leader of the     Web address:
February from her position as director     NIAAA team on mechanisms of                  Editor: Gregory Roa
of the NIAAA Office of Extramural          alcohol action and injury and the            NIAAA Communications and Public Liaison
Activities. In a special memorandum to     SBIR/STTR coordinator for NIAAA.             5635 Fishers Lane, MSC 9304
staff, NIAAA Director Dr. Ting-Kai Li      Dr. Guo has worked effectively in            Bethesda, MD 20892–9304
                                                                                        Phone: 301/443–3860       Fax: 301/480–1726
wrote, “We miss Tina and thank her         NIAAA’s transdisciplinary organiza-

2                                                                                                    NIAAA Newsletter
APIS Updates Alcohol Policy Information
                                                   New Publications
                                              • Mississippi has repealed its 1 percent

          he Alcohol Policy Information                                                    Alcohol Research & Health:
          System (APIS), a project of            sales tax on beer, wine, and distilled
                                                                                           Systems Biology: The Solution to
          NIAAA, recently announced              spirits, and Maryland has repealed its
                                                                                           Understanding Alcohol-Induced
its latest update of State-by-State              county-specific volume tax on beer
alcohol policies. The January update,            while retaining a statewide tax of
                                                                                              Systems biology is an exciting
which covers all 36 of the APIS “policy          $0.09 per gallon on beer;
topics,” is now available at http://www.                                                   new field that makes use of the
                                              • Colorado, Connecticut, and Nevada          latest advances in technology— The                have adopted provisions that specifi­
update covers the period January 2,                                                        including the complete mapping
                                                 cally prohibit insurers from denying      of the human genetic code, and a
2006, through January 1, 2007.                   insurance benefits for losses resulting
   APIS is an online resource that pro­                                                    set of new tools known collec­
                                                 from intoxication of the insured;         tively as “–omics” technologies—
vides detailed information on selected
alcohol-related policies from across the      • Alaska has adopted a reporting             to explore how the parts of the
United States.                                   requirements provision mandating          human body work together as a
   In all, the update highlights more than       that pregnant women who consume           synchronized whole. This issue of
40 changes in State alcohol policy statutes      alcohol be reported to child welfare      Alcohol Research & Health explores
and regulations. The following are among         services;                                 how systems biology might be
the most prominent of these changes:          • in contrast, South Dakota has added        especially relevant to alcoholism,
• Connecticut, Oklahoma, and Rhode               a provision to its reporting require­     allowing researchers to understand
   Island have adopted laws to impose            ments laws to permit discretionary        and model the complex mecha­
   criminal liability on those who host          referral of women who consume             nisms behind alcohol addiction.
   underage drinking parties;                    alcohol during pregnancy to
• North Carolina and Wyoming have                assessment or treatment services.         Alcohol Alert:
   adopted keg registration laws.                Visit the APIS Web site to obtain         Alcohol Alert #74: Alcohol Research:
   Seven changes were made to taxes on        details on these important policy devel­     A Lifespan Perspective
beer, wine, distilled spirits, and flavored   opments and to review other changes             This Alcohol Alert provides an
alcohol beverages. Among the most             in alcohol policy from across the            overview of the National Institute
significant:                                  country.                                     on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
                                                                                           (NIAAA) Five-Year Strategic Plan.
                                                                                           It spotlights the Lifespan Perspec­
NIH Vodcast on YouTube Features Interview                                                  tive, the document’s fundamental
with DTRR Director Willenbring                                                             organizing principle featured as a
                                                                                           dynamic framework within which
                                              too fast, and too often. He also defines     researchers can further explore

         he popular video site YouTube
         now has a dedicated channel          a standard drink and outlines NIAAA’s        how alcohol affects people at
         for the National Institutes of       daily and weekly drinking limits for         different stages of development,
Health (NIH). Called “i on NIH,” the          men and women. He addresses risk             and how different stages of devel­
site presents short videos where visitors     factors for and symptoms of alcohol          opment affect drinking behaviors.
can learn more about NIH research.            use disorders, and gives practical advice    The complete text of the Five-Year
The episodes are posted by the NIH            on how people can cut down on                Strategic Plan can be downloaded
Office of the Director.                       drinking.                                    from the What’s New section of
   In April, i on NIH posted an episode         The video also features slides and         the NIAAA Web site.
that includes an interview with Dr. Mark      charts excerpted from the NIAAA
Willenbring, director of NIAAA’s Divis­       Clinician’s Guide: Helping Patients Who      These NIAAA publications and
ion of Treatment and Recovery Research.       Drink Too Much.                              other resources are available free for
   In this segment, the NIH caption             Visitors can watch the Vodcast             downloading as full-text documents,
explains, “A key question when it             online at            visit, or write to:
comes to alcohol abuse is How Much is         watch?v=l8-xWecANJg.                         NIAAA, Publications Distribution
Too Much.” Throughout the 9-minute              To see other videos from NIH, visit                 .O.
                                                                                           Center, P Box 10686, Rockville,
interview, Dr. Willenbring discusses          the main channel at
                                                                                           MD 20849–0686.
how and why people drink too much,            com/profile_videos?user=NIHOD.

NIAAA Newsletter                                                                                                                    3
Conference Series Spotlights Mechanisms of Behavior Change

         his spring NIAAA is cospon­                 This hot topic also has broad scien­               The second lecturer, Dr. Marsha E.
         soring a three-part conference           tific appeal. Recently NIH officials               Bates from the Rutgers University
         series spotlighting the science of       identified the science of behavior                 Center for Alcohol Studies, discussed
behavior change. “This is a hot area of           change as an essential focus for the               practical challenges for conducting
interest now for researchers,” explains Dr.       NIH Roadmap 2.0. This multi­                       translational research. These include
Angela Martinelli of NIAAA’s Division             disciplinary interest is also illustrated          bringing together interdisciplinary
of Treatment and Recovery Research.               by NIAAA’s many cosponsors for                     research teams and developing
She is coordinating the Spring 2008               the symposia series. They include                  discovery-oriented research designs,
Symposia Series on Mechanisms of                  the National Cancer Institute, the                 innovative quantitative approaches,
Behavior Change at NIH.                           National Institute on Drug Abuse,                  and concrete plans to accomplish
   NIAAA has spearheaded a number                 the NIH Office of Behavioral and                   basic/clinical science bi-directionality.
of recent initiatives focused on how              Social Sciences Research, and the                  She also differentiated stages of trans­
and why behavior change occurs both               Agency for Healthcare Research                     lational research and presented models
within and outside the context of                 and Quality.                                       as a way to help think about mapping
professionally facilitated treatment. Dr.            At the first symposium on February              the processes through which scientific
Martinelli explains this research could           27, “Getting at Why People Change,”                discoveries can be transformed into
have enormous benefits. For example,              Dr. Matthew K. Nock of Harvard                     clinical applications.
it could reduce complexity where more             University described the conceptual,                  NIH created a videocast and podcast
than 500 treatments are currently used            methodological, and statistical require­           of the event. To access the archive,
by mental health practitioners.                   ments that must be met to demon­                   search the “Past Events” section of
Second, identifying the active ingre­             strate the operation of mechanisms of     The next two
dients of treatment and the mecha­                behavior change in treatment. Recent               symposia are scheduled for April 16
nisms through which they work will                innovations in psychological science               and June 18. NIAAA also will present
help clinicians discard unnecessary               can be used to measure potential                   a free satellite meeting on June 28
components and amplify the effect of              mechanisms of behavior change. New                 called “Mechanisms of Behavior
the change mechanisms. This could                 cognitive training interventions                   Change in Behavioral Treatment:
boost future treatments’ effectiveness            involving brief, repetitive exercises can          Today and Tomorrow.”
and efficiency. Third, this research              be used to directly target potential                  For more details, look for upcoming
could advance the understanding of                mechanisms of behavior change in                   e-mail announcements, see the NIH
pathological behaviors, and how to                treatment and ultimately to change                 events calendar, or send a note to
change behavior more generally.                   pathological behaviors.                  

Calendar of Events

NIAAA will participate in or exhibit at meetings and conferences listed below. For additional information or updates on these events, consult the
sponsoring organization.

                April                                               May
➤	 April 16                                       ➤	 May 3-8                                        ➤	 June 27–July 3
   Symposia on Mechanisms of Behavior                American Psychiatric Association (APA)            Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA) 31st
   Change, Part 2: Why People Do Stupid              161st Annual Meeting                              Annual Conference
   Things (and Can We Help Them Stop?);
   Videocast live at,       Washington, DC
                                   Washington, DC

   and available afterwards in the Archive           Contact: 


    Bethesda, MD

                                                               ➤	 June 28

                                                          June/July                                    Satellite Meeting: Mechanisms of Behavior
                                                                                                       Change in Behavioral Treatment: Today
➤	 April 17–20                                    ➤	 June 5, 2008                                      and Tomorrow.
   National Hispanic Medical Association             National Advisory Council on Alcohol
   (NHMA) 12th Annual Medical Conference             Abuse and Alcoholism                              Grand Hyatt Hotel, Washington, DC
    Washington, DC
                                  Bethesda, MD                                      mechanismsofchange/index.html
                 Contact: Abraham Bautista,
                    , 301/443–9737

4                                                                                                                 NIAAA Newsletter

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