RADON- What’s New

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					 RADON:

What’s New?
Readily Available Resources


www.radonnews.org
www.epa/.gov/radon
www.aarst.org
What’s New About Radon?

 June 2005: NAS Panel Affirms Low
  Radiation a Cancer Risk
 June 2005: WHO launches project to
  minimize radon risks
 March 2005: Pooling of North American
  Residential Radon Studies
 January 2005: U.S. Surgeon General releases
  National Health Advisory on Radon
More: What’s New About Radon

 December 2004: Pooling of European Residential
  Radon Studies
 June 2004: HUD implements “Radon and Mold
  Notice and Release Agreement”
 January 2004: HUD implements new “For Your
  Protection: Get a Home Inspection Notice”
 October 2003: NAS and EPA announce revised
  radon risk assessment
NAS Affirms Low Radiation a
Cancer Risk (June 29, 2005)

New and more extensive data have
 strengthened the certainty of low-level
 radiation risks
Research shows there is no threshold of
 exposure below which levels of ionizing
 radiation can be demonstrated to be
 harmless
WHO Press Release (June 2005)

Launching International Radon Project
  –   Initial phase for 3 years (2005-2007)
  –   Increase political & public awareness
  –   Promote sound policy options
  –   Reduce radon’s health impact
  –   Create global radon database
Combined Analysis of North
American Case Control Studies
 March 2005 Conclusions:
  – Direct evidence of an association between
    residential radon & lung cancer risk
  – Consistent with findings from miner data and
    animal studies
  – Greatly increased confidence that current risk
    estimates are not the result of unknown latent
    factors or study specific biases
Combined Analysis of European
Case Control Studies
Dec. 2004 Conclusions:
  – Collectively demonstrate appreciable hazards
    from residential radon
  – Residential radon exposure responsible for 2%
    of ALL European cancer deaths
  – Risk of lung cancer increases 8.4% per 100
    Bq/m3 (2.7 pCi/l) increase in radon
    concentration.
Surgeon General’s Jan. 2005
National Health Advisory
 Issued by the U.S. Dept. of Health & Human
  Services & Dr. Richard Carmona
 SG Workshop on Healthy Indoor Environment
  concluded Americans spend 85-95% of their time
  indoors
 “Based on national averages, we can expect that
  many homes owned or financed by federal govt.
  programs would have potentially elevated
  radon”…OFEE Edward Pinero
Radon Gas & Mold Notice &
Release Agreement (June 2004)
 As per Federal Housing Commissioner -To be
  provided to purchasers of all HUD foreclosures
 “Purchasers are encouraged to obtain the
  services of a qualified & experienced
  professional to conduct inspections & tests
  regarding radon & mold prior to closing.”
 Signing the Release holds HUD and the Agent
  harmless
New “For Your Protection: Get
A Home Inspection” (Jan. 2004)
 For all FHA mortgagees
 Accompanying letter states,”The revised form
  incorporates radon testing as one of the
  components of a home inspection.”
 Notice clearly states that EPA & Surgeon
  General recommend all houses be tested for
  radon
 Purchasers must sign whether they choose to
  have or NOT to have a home inspection.
 Potential ramifications
Indoor Radon Disclosure

The U.S. EPA and Surgeon General
 recommend ALL homebuyers have an
 indoor radon test conducted. Radon is a
 Class-A carcinogen and the 2nd leading
 cause of lung cancer estimated to cause
 21,000 deaths in the U.S. annually.
I have fully read and understand
the disclosure and:
 I choose to have ACME Home Inspections
  conduct an indoor radon test of the home
  according to EPA Protocol for an additional fee
  of $XX. (Buyer’s Signature)
 Against the strong recommendation of EPA,
  ACME Home Inspections and my agent, I have
  elected not to test the home for the presence of
  indoor radon gas and assume all liability for
  elevated radon discovered after the transaction
  closes. (Buyer’s Signature)
 EPA Updated Risk Assessment
               Deaths Per 1000
Radon     General       Never Smoker        Smoker
pCi/l    Population      NEW (Old)
         NEW (Old)                         NEW (Old)
 4.0    20 per 1000     7 per 1000        62 per 1000
        (10 per 1000)    (2 per 1000)     (29 per 1000)

1.25    7 per 1000      2 per 1000        20 per 1000
        (4 per 1000)    (0.5 per 1000)    (9 per 1000)
 0.4    2 per 1000 0.7 per 1000 6.5 per 1000
        (1 per 1000)    (0.15 per 1000)   (3 per 1000)
Revised EPA Publications

New Citizen’s Guide to Radon became
 available in June 2004
New Home Buyer’s & Sellers Guide to
 Radon became available in June 2005
 (HOT OFF THE PRESS)
Order copies at www.epa.gov/radon/pubs
Radon, Smoking & Lung Cancer

 6,579 LC deaths from smoking per 100,000
  people in 70 years.
 Assuming a population of 280,000,000, this
  represents 160,000 LC deaths/yr.
 21,000 LC deaths per year from radon.
 87% of LC deaths are related to smoking.
 Between 1-5 and 1-6 LCs occur in non-smokers
 12% of all LC deaths in the United States are
  linked to radon exposure!
New EPA Study on ASD Benefits

 Mitigators have 20 years of anecdotal experience
  that Active Soil Depressurization frequently
  reduces indoor humidity
 EPA currently studying to quantify humidity
  reduction
 Since ASD reverses airflow between house &
  soil, other soil gases like methane, pesticides,
  chemicals in addition to soil moisture are
  prevented from entering
News of Past Cover-Ups We
Should Spread Like..Fertilizer
    How Radon is Responsible for Most
    Smoking-Related Lung Cancer
Tobacco Radioactivity

In 1990, then U.S. Surgeon General C.
 Everett Koop declared on national TV that
 radioactivity in cigarettes accounts for at
 least 90% of all smoking related cancers.
Former CDC Director Ravenholt has stated
 Americans receive more radiation from
 tobacco smoke than from any other source.
Why is Tobacco Radioactive?

SUPER PHOSPHATE FERTILIZER
Tobacco companies claim it makes for
 “more flavorful” tobacco
Calcium Phosphate fertilizer is extremely
 rich in RADIUM 226 (Radon’s mama)
Tobacco plants absorb radon gas and RDPs
 from the fertilizer. Airborne RDPs attach to
 sticky trichomes on the leaves.
No Coincidence

 Between 1938-1960, the level of radioactive Po-
  210 in American tobacco tripled commensurate
  with the increased used of Super Phosphate
  Fertilizers.
 U.S. lung cancer rates increased 10 fold between
  1938-1956.
 India’s farmers do not use phosphate fertilizers so
  Po-210 levels are 15 times less in Indian tobacco.
Lung Cancer Statistics

         Despite a 20% reduction
       in tobacco use among males
  1930                 4 LCs per 100,000
                         male smokers
  1960                40 LCs per 100,000
                         male smokers
  1980                72 LCs per 100,000
                         male smokers
Cover the Fields
Cover-Up the Danger
 Leaked internal memos from tobacco and
  chemical companies prove they have known
  about the danger for nearly 40 years.
 In 1977, Phillip Morris confirmed that super-
  phosphate fertilizer was the source of radioactive
  polonium.
 By 1980, Phillip Morris had figured out how to
  remove polonium from tobacco, but has never
  implemented it. ($$$)
It Only Gets Deeper…

 When studies were 1st released in the 1970s,
  magazines did not print because cigarette
  companies threatened to pull advertising.
 Well financed tobacco & chemical companies
  (eg. Mobil Mining and Minerals) continue to
  lobby legislators.
 Proposed 1984 law to require listing of tobacco
  additives met severe opposition
“I don’t wanna hear about it!”
Readily Available Resources


www.aarst.org
www.radonnews.org
www.epa/.gov/radon

				
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