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Research Methods: A Process of Inquiry, Canadian Edition

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The [Anthony M. Graziano], RauUn, and [Kenneth M. Cramer] book is an expansion, and partial Canadianization, of the 6th U.S. version by the first two authors. Its major goal, as stated, is to address the "pedagogical needs of undergraduates." Its main coverage includes traditional topics in the formal aspects of research, with attention to current issues in statistical procedures and design. Such topics as data and the nature of measurement, research planning, statistical analysis, correlational methods, hypothesis testing, and threats to validity, are included. Several experimental and correlational designs are described, plus descriptions of program evaluation, survey, and field research. There is an informative chapter concerning new directions in methodology, including descriptions of metaanalysis, interdisciplinary research, and what the authors call "moving research out of the laboratory." Two chapters are devoted expUcitly to field and naturalistic research, with the noteworthy feature of highlighting the merits and perspectives of unobtrusive and other "low constraint" methods - adequate coverage of these methods seems generally absent in books of this type. There is a particularly valuable chapter that presents a checklist of logistical details and design-related cheques that should be completed by researchers before gathering data. A separate checklist, concerning ethical safeguards, is also included.A minor observation might be made in terms of Graziano et al. 's descriptions of experimenter bias and experimenter reactivity-additional areas seldom covered adequately in similar texts. While their descriptions are clearly valuable in alerting researchers to these variables, experimenter bias (expectancy) does not refer necessarily or exclusively to recording error (such as in their example, wherein experimenters expecting angry responses from interviewees may code ambiguous statements as showing anger, compared to when expectations are for "happy" responses

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									Research Methods: A Process of Inquiry, Canadian Edition
Stewart Page
Canadian Psychology; May 2009; 50, 2; Docstoc
pg. 112




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