The number is read as 30 andOO. Because the Soviets trained many of the senior ANA artillerymen, this writing style is one of the few "universal standards" across the ANA artillery corps. There are plans to create this formal institution, but it will be some time before the systems are in place. Because ofthe immense responsibilities placed on artillery mentors, someone must assume the duty of formally training them enroute to Afghanistan.
ANA Artillery: training the trainer techniques and procedures develops from artillery. It is a simple, rugged, capable and By MAJ Daryl L. Fullerton, FA one ANA artillery unit to another. These accurate weapons system that sufficiently F differences weaken the credibility of the meets the ANA’s needs when the system or the past three years, the Afghan Na- mentors and the Coalition as methods taught is used properly. However, this weapon tional Army’s field artillery corps has vary from team-to-team and year-to-year. was designed for the Soviet Army during been languishing. It has not progressed This article provides a primer for future the Cold War under a vastly different beyond simple direct fire despite millions artillery mentors heading to Afghanistan philosophy for fire support. of dollars spent and hundreds of trainers and also gives a “capability snapshot” for In the Soviet doctrine, the battery deployed. There are many reasons for this Coalition Force commanders working closely commander was both the observer and stagnation, but number one among them with the ANA artillery. Understanding the the fire direction center. He personally is the lack of training the U.S. embedded unique challenges the ANA artillery faces computed the firing data and sent it to the training team artillery mentors receive prevents Coalition commanders from guns. In addition, the fires generally were before deployment. expecting too much (which might lead to delivered by massing multiple batteries The ANA uses Russian equipment mission failure) or too little — which could onto preplanned targets. This created a Transformation: FA training which is very different from U.S. artillery. render the ANA artillery as insignificant and rolling barrage ahead of the advancing So, expecting a U.S. mentor to excel continue to stifle its growth. Soviet troops. This method of supporting without adequate preparation using Russian artillery is unrealistic. In the first months working with their ANA C urrent status. To understand how to train the ANA artillery, mentors need to know the ANA artillery’s current combat operations with fires is incompatible with fighting an insurgency because of its indiscriminant nature. counterpart, most mentors ask themselves, training and capabilities. In contrast, NATO doctrine allows “Who is teaching whom?” Institutional training. Currently, the any unit in contact with the enemy the Artillery mentors experience little in Kabul Military Training Center only trains capability of adjusting limited and accurate their careers that prepares them for this the artillery skill of the artillery cannoneer. artillery fire. Afghanistan is filled with small difficult mission. The ANA artillery’s There is no formal training for fire direction villages where poor farmers live extensively weapons, techniques and language are specialists, forward observers, artillery apart from the insurgency. Indiscriminate unfamiliar to the mentors. To make it worse, NCOs and officers. As a result, the crews massed artillery fire from the Soviet once in country, the mentors immediately are capable at occupations and direct fire, Army’s war in Afghanistan turned many are dispersed among the 34 provinces and but they must learn indirect fire techniques of these otherwise neutral farmers toward have little contact with one another for the at forward deployed locations under the supporting the Mujahedeen. duration of their deployments, preventing artillery mentors’ supervision. However, respect for the Afghan people them from learning from their peers. The weapons system. The Russian requires the use of proportionate, accurate As each mentor team is forced to fend 122-millimeter, D30 towed howitzer is and timely artillery fire to mitigate the risk for itself, a wide di
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