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than or equal to 500 hp that were con- well as large direct emitters of greenhouse structed or reconstructed before Dec. 19, gases with emissions equal to or greater 2002. To meet the requirements, owners than a threshold of 25,000 metric tons per Rules & and operators of the engines would need year. Most small businesses would not be Regs continued to install after-treatment controls, such as filters or catalysts, to engine exhaust sys- required to report their emissions because they fall well below the threshold. from page 33 tems. EPA says the rule would reduce air The first annual report would be sub- toxic emissions by 13,000 tons per year mitted to EPA in 2011 for the calendar the lowest ever recorded—1.28 fatalities when fully implemented in 2013. For year 2010, except for vehicle and engine per 100 million vehicle miles traveled, more information, visit www.epa.gov/ manufacturers, which would begin down from 1.36 in 2007. ttn/oarpg/t3fs.html. reporting for model year 2011. For more According to new data, Michigan has information on the proposed rule, visit the highest seatbelt use (97.2%), while www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/ ENFORCEMENT Massachusetts registered the lowest ghgrulemaking.html. (66.8%). DOT reports that jurisdictions OSHA Notifies with primary seatbelt laws continue to Workplaces With High HEALTH PROTECTION exhibit higher use rates than those with Injury & Illness Rates weaker laws. The report showing 2008 EPA Announces Action to OSHA has notified more than 13,500 state-by-state seatbelt use is posted at employers nationwide that their injury Prevent Coal Ash Releases www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811106 and illness rates are considerably higher In response to last year’s massive coal ash .pdf; the report showing estimated fatali- than the national average. A letter sent to spill at a Tennessee Valley Authority facil- ties in 2008 is found at www-nrd.nhtsa those employers explained that the noti- ity in Kingston, TN, EPA has laid out its .dot.gov/Pubs/811124.pdf. fication was intended to encourage them plan to prevent similar future threats to to take action to reduce these rates and human health and the environment. The ENFORCEMENT improve safety and health conditions in plan includes measures to gather critical EPA Delays Effective Date their workplaces. “Our goal is to make coal ash impoundment information from employers aware of their high injury and electrical utilities nationwide, conduct on- for SPCC Requirements site assessments to determine structural EPA is delaying the effective date of the illness rates and to get them to eliminate hazards in their workplace,” says Acting integrity and vulnerabilities, order final rule that amends the Spill Preven- cleanup and repairs where needed, and tion, Control and Countermeasure OSHA Administrator Jordan Barab. Employers also received copies of their develop new regulations for future safety. (SPCC) regulations issued Dec. 5, 2008, in EPA has asked electric utilities that accordance with the memorandum from injury and illness data, along with a list of have surface impoundments or similar the Office of Management and Budget the most frequently cited OSHA stan- units to provide information about the titled, “Implementation of Memorandum dards for their specific industry. In the let- structural integrity of their units. The Concerning Regulatory
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