A global leader in serving libraries of all types, ProQuest LLC (“ProQuest”) supports the breadth of the information community with innovative discovery solutions that power the business of books and the best in research experience. More than a content provider or aggregator, ProQuest is an information partner, creating indispensable research solutions that connect people and information. Through innovative, user-centered discovery technology, ProQuest offers billions of pages of global content that includes historical newspapers, dissertations, and uniquely relevant resources for researchers of any age and sophistication—including content not likely to be digitized by others.
Cognition, Brain, Behavior. An Interdisciplinary Journal Copyright © 2009 Romanian Association for Cognitive Science. All rights reserved. ISSN: 1224-8398 Volume XIII, No. 2 (June), 147-164 VALIDATION OF THE ENDLER MULTIDIMENSIONAL ANXIETY SCALES AND EMAS SOCIAL ANXIETY SCALES (EMAS AND EMAS-SAS) ON THE ROMANIAN POPULATION Ştefania MICLEA*1, Amalia CIUCA1, Monica ALBU1,2 1 Cognitrom, LTD, Cluj-Napoca, Romania 2 The Department of Social-Human Research - Institute of History “G. Bariţiu”, The Romanian Academy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania ABSTRACT This study reports the validation of the Endler Multidimensional Anxiety Scales (EMAS) and the EMAS Social Anxiety Scales (EMAS-SAS) on the Romanian population. Psychometric characteristics were measured in a non-clinical group of 786 adolescents and adults from different parts of the country. To investigate the factor structure of the EMAS and EMAS-SAS, factor analyses were conducted. The results showed that the multidimensional structure of the EMAS and EMAS-SAS was tenable and they indicate that the EMAS and EMAS-SAS is a valid tool for assessing state and trait anxiety on the Romanian population. KEYWORDS: state and trait anxiety, construct validity, content validity, psychometric properties, Romanian population INTRODUCTION The Endler Multidimensional Anxiety Scales (EMAS) and the EMAS Social Anxiety Scales (EMAS-SAS) have been developed as a measure of state and trait anxiety in people with and without anxiety symptoms (Endler, Edwards, & Vitelli, 1991; Endler & Flett, 2002). They assess state anxiety (EMAS-S), different dimensions of trait anxiety (EMAS-T and SAS-T) and the perception of anxiety (EMAS-P and * Corresponding author: E-mail: email@example.com 148 Ş. Miclea, A. Ciuca, M. Albu SAS-P) (for a comprehensive description of EMAS and EMAS-SAS components see Endler, Edwards & Vitelli, 1991, and Endler & Flett, 2002). The EMAS-S has 20 items, measuring autonomic-emotional (AE) component and the cognitive-worry (CW) component of state anxiety. The EMAS- T consists of 60 items, the same 15 items for each of the measured dimension of trait anxiety: a) situations where one is evaluated by other people; b) situations where one may encounter physical danger; c) new or strange situations; d) involvement in daily routines. The EMAS-P is a measure of the subjective perception of the
Pages to are hidden for
"VALIDATION OF THE ENDLER MULTIDIMENSIONAL ANXIETY SCALES AND EMAS SOCIAL ANXIETY SCALES (EMAS AND EMAS-SAS) ON THE ROMANIAN POPULATION"Please download to view full document