VALIDATION OF THE ENDLER MULTIDIMENSIONAL ANXIETY SCALES AND EMAS SOCIAL ANXIETY SCALES (EMAS AND EMAS-SAS) ON THE ROMANIAN POPULATION by ProQuest

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									Cognition, Brain, Behavior. An Interdisciplinary Journal
Copyright © 2009 Romanian Association for Cognitive Science. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 1224-8398
Volume XIII, No. 2 (June), 147-164




           VALIDATION OF THE ENDLER
  MULTIDIMENSIONAL ANXIETY SCALES AND EMAS
   SOCIAL ANXIETY SCALES (EMAS AND EMAS-SAS)
         ON THE ROMANIAN POPULATION
                           Ştefania MICLEA*1, Amalia CIUCA1,
                                     Monica ALBU1,2
                                   1
                               Cognitrom, LTD, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
       2
           The Department of Social-Human Research - Institute of History “G. Bariţiu”,
                           The Romanian Academy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania


           ABSTRACT
        This study reports the validation of the Endler Multidimensional Anxiety Scales
        (EMAS) and the EMAS Social Anxiety Scales (EMAS-SAS) on the Romanian
        population. Psychometric characteristics were measured in a non-clinical group of
        786 adolescents and adults from different parts of the country. To investigate the
        factor structure of the EMAS and EMAS-SAS, factor analyses were conducted. The
        results showed that the multidimensional structure of the EMAS and EMAS-SAS was
        tenable and they indicate that the EMAS and EMAS-SAS is a valid tool for assessing
        state and trait anxiety on the Romanian population.

        KEYWORDS: state and trait anxiety, construct validity, content validity,
                         psychometric properties, Romanian population


INTRODUCTION

The Endler Multidimensional Anxiety Scales (EMAS) and the EMAS Social Anxiety
Scales (EMAS-SAS) have been developed as a measure of state and trait anxiety in
people with and without anxiety symptoms (Endler, Edwards, & Vitelli, 1991;
Endler & Flett, 2002). They assess state anxiety (EMAS-S), different dimensions of
trait anxiety (EMAS-T and SAS-T) and the perception of anxiety (EMAS-P and

*
  Corresponding author:
E-mail: micleas@yahoo.com
148                           Ş. Miclea, A. Ciuca, M. Albu



SAS-P) (for a comprehensive description of EMAS and EMAS-SAS components see
Endler, Edwards & Vitelli, 1991, and Endler & Flett, 2002).
         The EMAS-S has 20 items, measuring autonomic-emotional (AE)
component and the cognitive-worry (CW) component of state anxiety. The EMAS-
T consists of 60 items, the same 15 items for each of the measured dimension of
trait anxiety: a) situations where one is evaluated by other people; b) situations
where one may encounter physical danger; c) new or strange situations; d)
involvement in daily routines. The EMAS-P is a measure of the subjective
perception of the 
								
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