Lebanon's new political map emerged after the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri in February 2005. With observers blaming Syria for the killing, Shiite Hezbollah held a huge pro-Syrian demonstration in Beirut on March 8 of that year. This gave birth to the pro-Syrian March 8 alliance comprised of Hezbollah, the Shiite Amai party and Michel Aoun's Christian Free Patriotic Movement.After Hezbollah's 2006 war with Israel, tensions between the two alliances reached a fever pitch. Hezbollah called Prime Minister Fuad Siniora a traitor, and the moderates accused Hezbollah of destroying Lebanon.Had Hezbollah won, the consequences for the region as a whole would have been far-reaching. It would have solidified the Shi'ite Crescent - a region of Shi'ite control stretching from Shi'ite Iran through Iraq and across Iranian-allied Syria to Lebanon. Iran would be seen as having an outpost on Israel's doorstep with a foothold on the Mediterranean.
Radicals Suffer Setback in Lebanon, But They Remain a Powerful Force Leslie Susser Jewish Exponent; Jun 11, 2009; 226, 11; Docstoc pg. 18 Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission.
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