VIEWS: 14 PAGES: 2 CATEGORY: Social Sciences POSTED ON: 6/13/2010
According to Colombia's Defense Ministry, Fare membership has fallen from 20,766 members in 2002 to 8,777 in 2008, a drastic decrease that has generally been attributed to Uribe's iron-fisted "democratic security" policies. Due to the terms of CAFTA (Central American Free Trade Agreement), which came into effect in Costa Rica at the beginning of 2009, Costa Rican exports will be able to circumvent the $0.54 per gallon U.S. tariff levied on sugarcane ethanol originating directly from Brazil.
BRIEFS 8 Colombia May 27th marked the 45th anniversary of the estab- THE COUNCIL ON Research Associate Juliana Sojo lishment of the Revolutionary Armed Forced of Colombia (Farc). Founded in 1964 by a group of small landholders HEMISPHERIC who were suffering violent threats from the conservative government and rightest vigilantes, Farc is one of several insurgent organizations created throughout Latin America during the 1960s. The inter- AFFAIRS 1250 Connecticut Ave. NW nal conflict that since has unfolded has left thousands dead and several million displaced. Suite 1C Washington, DC 20036 Under the Uribe presidency, the self-proclaimed Marxist-Leninist revolutionary guerrilla organiza- phone: 202.223.4975 e-mail: email@example.com tion has taken a battering from the Colombian armed forces. According to Colombia’s Defense Min- fax: 202.223.4979 issn: 1275-559 istry, Farc membership has fallen from 20,766 members in 2002 to 8,777 in 2008, a drastic decrease that has generally been attributed to Uribe’s iron-fisted “democratic security” policies. Washington Report on the Hemisphere Nevertheless, Farc is far from defeated. Despite recent well-publicized setbacks, the internationally © 2009 Published Biweekly recognized terrorist organization remains strong, proclaiming its ideological aim of overthrowing Co- (23 Issues per Year Including Index) lombia’s democratically-elected government. A communiqué issued by the Farc in celebration of its by the Council on Hemispheric Affairs recent anniversary stated “the decisive stage of the fight for peace has begun.” They then carried out a June 18, 2009 Vol. 29 No. 11 number of terrorist actions that included bombing of bridges, attacks on police patrols and debilitat- Chairperson: Judith Chiara ing bomb attacks. Farc’s longevity can primarily be attributed to its involvement in drug trafficking, Editor-in-Chief: Larry Birns making cocaine its primary source of funding since the 1980s. This, of course, has seriously derailed Managing Editor: Maya Wilson the organization’s socialist goals, while building up a narco-industry earning approximately $400 to Associate Editor: Christina Conell $600 million per year. President Uribe has shown no desire to negotiate with the revolutionary group Assistant Managing Editor: Britt Schneider after the failed peace talks held by his predecessor. Illustrator: Margaret Scott Costa Rica On June 3rd, Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Trustee Editorial Board: Peter G. Bourne, M.D., Research Associate Alexandra Deprez Silva made his first official visit to Costa Rica. His dis- former member of Carter White House; Charles cussions with President Oscar Arias focused mainly on B. Dale, former President, The Newspaper Guild; the topic of biofuels, revealing the continuity of Lula’s foreign energy policy –a policy he started in Roger Wilkins, former editorial board member, 2006 with the objective of promoting ethanol production and consumption in Latin America. Lula’s The New York Times, Washington Times, Washing- visit served as an official endorsement for increased cooperation between Brazilian ethanol produc- ton Star tion companies and Costa Rican distillation facilities. Hydrous ethanol will be imported from Brazil, Senior Research Fellows: Sean Burges, Ph.D; further distilled into anhydrous ethanol in Costa Rica, and then exported to the United States. Due Richard P. Claude, Ph.D; Frank Kendrick, Ph.D; to the terms of CAFTA (Central American Free Trade Agreement), which came into effect in Costa Nicholas Kozloff, Ph.D; Chris McGIllion; Mor- Rica at the beginning of 2009, Costa Rican exports will be able to circumvent the
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