GTB Power Enterprise of Los Angeles, California, USA, a limited liability company, entered into a Master License Agreement with PetroAlgae (Melbourne, Florida, USA) on March 5 to use PetroAlgae's technology to construct and operate up to 10 facilities for the growth and harvesting of algae for the production of oil and biomass in the People's Republic of China, in Taiwan, and in Yonaguni, the westernand southern-most island of Japan.
362 inform June 2009, Vol. 20 (6) development agreement between the Ames number of factors, including the ability of ALGAE Laboratory and Catilin, Inc. (Ames, Iowa), a nanotechnology-based company that spe- each facility to meet performance targets, which have yet to be determined. cializes in biofuel production. The license is for 20 years, and the OriginOil The so-called nanofarming technol- ogy uses sponge-like mesoporous nano- Licensee has the option to extend for two additional 20-year periods. announces process particles to extract oil from the algae. The process does not harm the algae, unlike PetroAlgae had said in February that it would sign its first major licensing agree- to extract oil from other methods being developed elsewhere. ment by the end of the first quarter. algae Thus, production costs are lowered, and the oil-generation cycle is shortened. In mid-April, Los Angeles-based Oil, once extracted, is subjected to a solid catalyst from Catilin that easily con- RENEWABLE OriginOil announced a single-step process to extract oil from algae. Oil, water, and verts the oils to ASTM- and EN-certifiable biodiesel. DIESEL biomass separate by gravity. No chemicals Victor Lin and Marek Pruski are co- or heavy machinery is used, and no initial dewatering is required. investigators on the project. Phases one and two of the project will cover the culturing Amyris renewable Cell walls are broken down through the company’s Quantum Fracturing™ process, and selection of microalgae, as well as the development of the specific nanoparticle- diesel registered by in which algae in water, in the presence of special catalysts, are ultrasonicated to crack based extraction and catalyst technologies for the removal of algal oil and production US EPA the cell membrane and release the oil con- The US EPA officially registered the renew- of biodiesel, respectively. Phase three will tained therein. Oil then rises to the top, able diesel fuel made by Amyris Biotech- focus on scale-up of the catalyst and pilot from whence it can be skimmed and then nologies (Emeryville, California, USA) in plant testing of conversion to biodiesel. refined. Fractured cells settle to the bottom, April, making this the first time a hydro- where they can be collected for further pro- carbon-based fuel made from plant-derived cessing as fuel or other products. A co
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