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inform June 2009, Vol. 20 (6) 361 to implement genetic improvements to enhance yield, improve agronomic prac- tices, and broaden the effective growing ETHANOL range of this subtropical crop. The company proposes that oil yields of 200–300 gallons (800–1,000 liters) of Power equipment extractable oil per acre annually are real- istic today, and Kirk Haney, president and cars and light trucks manufactured in and ethanol chief executive officer for SG Biofuels, said Canada will be required to meet tailpipe Kris Kiser, executive vice president of the in a company press release, “[W]e are con- carbon emission standards equal to the Outdoor Power Equipment Institute (OPEI; fident we can double the yield of jatropha US fuel-efficiency standards that were Alexandria, Virginia, USA), spoke in within the next few years.” announced in late March. The US goal is March to the Senate Clean Air and Nuclear to achieve 35 miles per gallon (6.7 liters Safety subcommittee, which was reviewing per 100 kilometers) by 2020. the oversight of biofuels by the US Envi- GENERAL At present, the Canadian standard is 8.6 liters/100 kilometers, but according to ronmental Protection Agency (EPA). Kiser expressed concerns that a higher ethanol the Edmonton Journal (Alberta, Canada) mix in gasoline could destroy engines, as California approves the actual performance of cars on the road in Canada is 7.1 liters per 100 kilometers. well as void warranties, on vehicles, power tools, and boat motors designed for 10% world’s first Low- In an Edmonton Journal interview, Canadian automaker representative Mark ethanol blend. In a scenario presented in the April Carbon Fuel Nantais said, “If we don’t do this, if we don’t harmonize on a North American 1 Chicago Tribune, OPEI hypothesized Standard a chainsaw, running on idle, that sponta- basis, it will mean more cost to the con- neously starts running too rapidly. OPEI sumer.” Further, “If we were to adopt some- warns this could happen if a fuel having an On April 24, the California Air Resources thing unique in Canada, we lose economies increased oxygen content (e.g., an increased Board adopted the world’s first Low-Car- of scale.” ethanol content) was used to power the bon Fuel Standard. Once implemented, it engine, causing it to idle at a higher speed, should dramatically reduce the environ- mental impact of transportation on the state. Brazil and US to as if the clutch were engaged. This could be a serious safety issue. collaborate on The influence could also spread to the entire United States, since
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