Power equipment and ethanol by ProQuest

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									          inform June 2009, Vol. 20 (6)                 361


       to implement genetic improvements to
       enhance yield, improve agronomic prac-
       tices, and broaden the effective growing
                                                                                                       ETHANOL
       range of this subtropical crop.
             The company proposes that oil yields
       of 200–300 gallons (800–1,000 liters) of
                                                                                                       Power equipment
       extractable oil per acre annually are real-
       istic today, and Kirk Haney, president and      cars and light trucks manufactured in           and ethanol
       chief executive officer for SG Biofuels, said   Canada will be required to meet tailpipe        Kris Kiser, executive vice president of the
       in a company press release, “[W]e are con-      carbon emission standards equal to the          Outdoor Power Equipment Institute (OPEI;
       fident we can double the yield of jatropha      US fuel-efficiency standards that were          Alexandria, Virginia, USA), spoke in
       within the next few years.”                     announced in late March. The US goal is         March to the Senate Clean Air and Nuclear
                                                       to achieve 35 miles per gallon (6.7 liters      Safety subcommittee, which was reviewing
                                                       per 100 kilometers) by 2020.                    the oversight of biofuels by the US Envi-
       GENERAL                                              At present, the Canadian standard is
                                                       8.6 liters/100 kilometers, but according to
                                                                                                       ronmental Protection Agency (EPA). Kiser
                                                                                                       expressed concerns that a higher ethanol
                                                       the Edmonton Journal (Alberta, Canada)          mix in gasoline could destroy engines, as
       California approves                             the actual performance of cars on the road
                                                       in Canada is 7.1 liters per 100 kilometers.
                                                                                                       well as void warranties, on vehicles, power
                                                                                                       tools, and boat motors designed for 10%
       world’s first Low-                                   In an Edmonton Journal interview,
                                                       Canadian automaker representative Mark
                                                                                                       ethanol blend.
                                                                                                             In a scenario presented in the April
       Carbon Fuel                                     Nantais said, “If we don’t do this, if we
                                                       don’t harmonize on a North American
                                                                                                       1 Chicago Tribune, OPEI hypothesized

       Standard
                                                                                                       a chainsaw, running on idle, that sponta-
                                                       basis, it will mean more cost to the con-       neously starts running too rapidly. OPEI
                                                       sumer.” Further, “If we were to adopt some-     warns this could happen if a fuel having an
       On April 24, the California Air Resources       thing unique in Canada, we lose economies       increased oxygen content (e.g., an increased
       Board adopted the world’s first Low-Car-        of scale.”                                      ethanol content) was used to power the
       bon Fuel Standard. Once implemented, it
                                                                                                       engine, causing it to idle at a higher speed,
       should dramatically reduce the environ-
       mental impact of transportation on the state.   Brazil and US to                                as if the clutch were engaged. This could be
                                                                                                       a serious safety issue.
                                                       collaborate on
       The influence could also spread to the entire
       United States, since
								
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