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'Liberty or Death'


With the sweeping changes brought about by the Militia Act of 1903, widely known as the Dick Act, it became almost impossible for them to return to the Virginia Guard until the civil rights movement brought National Guard Bureau pressure on the state to allow black participation starting in 1964. While most of the Army units remained assigned to the 29th Infantry Division, the state also organized several antiaircraft artillery battalions, later armed with Nike missiles, and other nondivisional units. In response to the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, F- 16 Fighting Falcons from the 192nd Fighter Wing began flying a combat air patrol mission over the nation's capital, while fellow Virginia Guardsmen secured airports and military bases.

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