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Merchant Marine and Maritime Transport 2005-2006

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Merchant Marine and Maritime Transport 2005-2006 Powered By Docstoc
					   Merchant Marine and
Maritime Transport 2005-2006
Photographs

Front page: Flota Suardíaz’s LIVIA tanker
Page 7:     HAMBURG EXPRESS containership
Page 9:     NORDIC LADY chemical tanker in Cartagena
Page 10:    PEENE ORE bulk carrier in Hamburg
Page 13:    Ibaizábal Management’s MÓNICA SOFÍA bulk carrier, in Cádiz’s floating dock
Page 14:    Aerial photography of the Murueta shipyard
Page 15:    Elcano’s RECOLETA tanker
Page 17:    OPDR Hamburg’s FOCS TENERIFE containership
Page 18:    Knutsen España’s BILBAO KNUTSEN chemical tanker in Bilbao
Page 19:    Balearia’s FEDERICO GARCÍA LORCA fast-ferry
Page 20:    Ibaizábal Management’s MONTE TOLEDO Suezmax tanker
Page 21:    Flota Suardíaz’s ARROYOFRÍO DOS ro-ro
Page 24:    OIT General Assembly, Geneva, February 2006
Page 25:    Demostrations in front of the European Parliament building (photo courtesy of the European Parliament)
Page 26:    Balearia’s ISLA DE BOTAFOC ferry, in Ibiza
Page 27:    Acciona Trasmediterránea’s ALBORÁN fast-ferry

Design: ANAVE’s Studies Department
                   WORLD
     SEABORNE TRADE                Foreword by the President    2         WORLD
 World transport demand                                                   MERCHANT FLEET
rose by 4.7% to about 28.9         Executive Committee          4         The world merchant fleet
       billion tonne-miles,                                               increased significantly,
       following a growth
                                   Board of Directors           5         nearly by 7%, and




                               7                                    10
                                                                          by 1 January 2006,
             of 6.7% in the        Staff                        6         it comprised 48,442 ships
             previous year
                                   Member Companies            27         with 642.7 million GT




         SHIPBUILDING                                                     SPANISH
       By 1 January 2006,                                                 SEABORNE TRADE
     the world orderbook                                                  Spanish seaborne trade
    registered the highest                                                (imports + exports +
       history peak, with                                                 cabotage) grew by 8.2%




                               13                                   15
        242.6 million dwt,                                                in 2005, reaching 340
  25.5% of the world fleet                                                million tonnes, a new
                                                                          historic maximum




      SPANISH FLAGGED                                                     SPANISH CONTROLLED
      MERCHANT FLEET                                                      MERCHANT FLEET
          For the first time                                              By 1 January 2006,
    in 10 years, in 2006 the                                              Spanish shipping
     Spanish fleet tonnage                                                companies controlled




                               18                                   20
         decreased slightly                                               a total of 281 ships
 (-3.0%), adding-up to 183                                                with 4,083,308 GT
    ships and 2,324,625 GT




        INTERNATIONAL                                                    NATIONAL
      MARITIME POLICY                                                    MARITIME POLICY
          In February 2006,                                              The good results obtained
an international conference                                              in 2005, by the Spanish
  held in Geneva adopted                                                 flagged fleet, in the Paris




                               24                                   26
         a new Convention                                                MOU inspections, have
     on maritime work that                                               made it possible its inclu-
     builds together all ILO                                             sion in the PSC White List
conventions on this matter                                               as from 1 January 2006
FOREWORD BY THE PRESIDENT

     A
              FTER two exceptional years, mariti-        buildings on order. In any case, 2006 and         without any doubt, this is a step forward in
              me freight markets experienced in          2007 should be years of relatively lower          the constant advance of the environmental
              2005 a logical and expected down-          freight levels and new orders.                    behaviour of the maritime transport.
     ward correction. They maintained, never-
     theless, levels that are still positive in a his-   In 2005, the EU-25 shipyards obtained a           During the last year, the European Union
     toric perspective, keeping in mind that the         15.7% share of the total contracting, in CGT,     has again disappointed the maritime
     transport supply grew by an impressive              as compared with 11.7% in 2004 and 7.0% in        industry due to two Directives which go
     6.4%. This was possible thanks to the still         2003. Nevertheless, South Korea continued         beyond the international regulations esta-
     growing maritime transport demand that,             heading this sector, with a 35.6% of the total    blished at IMO: Directive 2005/33, relating
     supported by the China phenomenon, expe-            contracting, followed by Japan (21.8%) and        to the sulphur content of marine fuels, that
     rienced a significant increase.                     China (15.1%). Perhaps the rather positive        will imply in the medium term a significant
                                                         result for Europe was a consequence of the        deterioration of the Short Sea Shipping com-
     By 1 January 2006, the world orderbook              high level of saturation of Far East ship-        petitiveness, and Directive 2005/35 by
     added to 242.6 million dwt, an absolute his-        yards.                                            which criminal sanctions could be imposed
     toric record (the previous one was registered                                                         for ship-source pollution even in case of
     in 1973). We should be concerned by these           In the regulatory field, ILO adopted, in          genuine accidental pollution.
     data because this huge orderbook, 26.1% of          February 2006, a new consolidated maritime
     the existing fleet, that will be delivered          Convention that builds together and brings        Besides, the Commission adopted, in
     mainly in the next three years, would gene-         up to date all the conventions of this organi-    December 2005, a proposal to repeal Reg.
     rate, in normal conditions, an enormous sur-        zation on maritime work. It is a timely initia-   4056/86, that provided a Group Exemption
     plus in the maritime transport supply.              tive and will contribute to clarify the inter-    to   Liner   Conferences.     At    least,   the
                                                         national labour framework of the maritime         Commission accepted ECSA's arguments on
     However, analysts are not pessimistic in            industry.                                         the international implications of this subject
     general. Although maritime freights conti-                                                            and has established a 2 year transitory
     nue going down, it is trusted that seaborne         In the XXIV Assembly of IMO, in December          period that will facilitate re-negotiating exis-
     demand will answer positively. In tanker            2005, there was an agreement to develop a         ting bilateral agreements with third coun-
     market, the final phasing out of single hull        new Convention on Ship Recycling, a field         tries.
     tankers by 2010, will generate a reduction on       where until now IMO has only recommen-
     the transport capacity that will help to avoid      dations. This is a complex task that will not     And finally, in January 2006, the European
     a pull down of the market. Nevertheless, it         be satisfactory solved while decent working       Parliament rejected, once more and on first
     is not so clear whether bulk and general            conditions are not established in the coun-       reading, the second proposal for a Directive
     cargo demand will be able to absorb all new-        tries where this activity takes place. But,       on market access to port services. Some


                                                          2
Member States and institutions, who are          the main reason why in 2006 the Spanish           mum consensus and economic efficiency.
against the liberalization process, criticized   fleet tonnage decreased slightly (-3.0%), for     Nevertheless, at the time of closing this
very hardly the proposal. There were even        the first time in 10 years. ANAVE's interven-     report the Law was blocked in the
violent stevedore demonstrations just in         tion has allowed the unblocking of the situa-     Parliament by political reasons, creating an
front of the European Parliament buildings.      tion by means of an agreement with the            uncertain legal situation.
Commissioner Barrot announced, in June           major Spanish seafarers Unions. Although it
2006, the main lines of a new EU ports           is not a solution for the administrative pro-     The Ministry of Justice continued working
policy, but the ports services liberalization    cess, which is longer and more complex            on the General Navigation Law, an ambi-
was not high in his agenda. European shi-        than it was before, it is an important step       tious project presented in February 2005,
powners believe that advances in this libera-    forward.                                          that besides consolidating and bringing up
lization are absolutely necessary.                                                                 to date the Spanish Maritime Law, introdu-
                                                 Moreover, Law 4/2006, that adapted the            ces significant reforms, both on private and
On next months and perhaps years, we will        Tonnage Tax regime for shipping companies         public Law. Although we don't know yet the
be witnesses of the decision process on the      and the REC tax rebates to the European           final text, the Ministries of Justice and
seven regulatory proposals about responsi-       Guidelines on state aid to maritime trans-        Infrastructure have demonstrated a genuine
bility and maritime safety included in the       port of 2004, implies an additional loss in the   concern about ANAVE's worries and propo-
so-called Erika III Maritime Safety Package.     competitiveness of Spanish flag ships.            sals on this issue.
In general, shipowners consider these pro-
posals are positive, with the exception of       Some amendments to the Ports Law                  A final positive note: as from 1 January 2006,
two of them, about shipping company res-         (48/2003) are in the Spanish Parliament. The      the Spanish flag is in the White List of the
ponsibilities,   where,   once   again,   the    most significant allows Port Authorities to       Paris MOU on PSC, thanks to the good
Commission goes beyond the international         fix their own port dues. Although stevedore-      results obtained in PSC inspections during
framework in force.                              's regime changes are minimal, they have          2005. The co-operation of Spanish shipow-
                                                 been hardly confronted by the Unions, even        ners, coordinated by ANAVE, with the
In Spain things did notwent much better. A       with strikes.                                     Ministry of Infrastructure in the so called
new regulation on the immigration Law,                                                             “White List Plan” has been crucial for this
published in January 2005, blocked the           ANAVE has proposed several amendments,            achievement.
employment of non-EU seafarers on board          both in the public information phase and
ships registered in the Canary Islands (REC)     through the parliamentary groups, addres-
that, although it is not very significant in     sed to avoid excessive increases on port
absolute terms, it is essential for the compe-   dues for captive users and looking forward
titiveness of some ships. This was indeed        to obtaining a stable Law, with the maxi-                                           JUAN RIVA


                                                                                           3
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE



                                                                Mr. Alejandro Aznar Sainz
                    Mr. Juan Riva Francos                       Vice-President
                    President                                   Ibaizábal Management
                    Flota Suardíaz, S.L.                        Services, S.L.




         Mr. Gonzalo Alvargonzález              Mr. José A. Baura de la Peña                Mr. Vicente Boluda Fos
         Figaredo                               Dry Bulk Cargo Tramp Trade                  Special Trades Committe
         Treasurer                              Committee Chairman                          Chairman
         Ership, S.A.                           Empresa Naviera Elcano, S.A.                Grupo Boluda Fos, S.L.




        Mr. Andrés Luna Abella                  Mr. Juan Sáez Elegido                       Mr. Andrés Seguí Soloaga
        Tanker vessels Committe                 Passenger Liners Committee                  Cargo Liners Committee
        Chairman                                Chairman                                    Chairman
        Teekay Shipping Spain, S.L.             Acciona Trasmediterránea                    Contenemar, S.A.


                                            4
BOARD OF DIRECTORS


EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

Mr. Juan Riva Francos            Mr. Alejandro Aznar Sainz
Mr. Gonzalo Alvargonzález        Mr. José Antonio Baura
Mr. Vicente Boluda Fos           Mr. Juan Sáez Elegido
Mr. Andrés Luna Abella           Mr. Andrés Seguí Soloaga


VOCALES NATOS                                                     VOCALES DE ZONA

Mr. José Luis Riaño / C.L.H., S.A.                                Andalucía, Ceuta y Melilla
Mr. Francisco Garaygordobil / Cía. Remolcadores Ibaizábal, S.A.   Mr. Juan Francisco Marín / Naviera Química, S.A.
Mr. Alberto Velázquez / Acciona Trasmediterránea, S.A.
Mr. Andrés Seguí Soloaga / Contenemar, S.A.                       Asturias y Cantabria
Mr. José Silveira / Empresa Naviera Elcano, S.A.                  Mr. Romualdo Alvargonzález / Naviera Alvargonzález, S.A.
Mr. Adolfo Utor / Eurolíneas Marítimas, S.A. (Baleària)           Canarias
Mr. Celestino Fernández-Argüelles / Flota Suardíaz, S.L.          Mr. Claus Peter Claussen / O.P.D.R. Canarias, S.A.
Mr. Juan Ramsden / Fred. Olsen, S.A.
Mr. Julio Trenas / Gas Natural Aprovisionamientos SDG.            Cataluña, Levante y Baleares
Mr. Alejandro Aznar / Ibaizábal Management Services, S.L.         Mr. Adolfo Utor / Eurolíneas Marítimas, S.A.
Mr. Gabriel Malvido / Isleña Marítima de Contenedores, S.A.
Mr. Antonio Herruzo / Naviera Armas, S.A.
                                                                  Centro
                                                                  Mr. Javier Villasante / Cía. Trasatlántica Española, S.A. / Naviera del Odiel, S.A.
Mr. Andrés Luna / Teekay Shipping Spain, S.L.
                                                                  Mr. Jaime Álvarez / Ership, S.A.
Mr. Máximo Gutiérrez / Naviera Murueta, S.A.
Mr. José Francisco Oviedo-Raposo / Naviera Pinillos, S.A.         Galicia
Mr. Gunther Kempf / O.P.D.R. Hamburgo                             Mr. Darío Amor / Naviera de Galicia, S.A.
Mr. Andrés Molina / Pullmantur S.A.
Mrs. Virginia Doval / Transportes Marítimos Alcudia, S.A.         País Vasco
Mr. Alfredo Pardo / W. W. Marpetrol, S.A.                         Mr. José A. Martínez de Landaluce / Gasnaval, S.A.


                                                                                 5
   STAFF




                                              Araceli de Hita (Studies Department), Francisco Aguirre (Secretary)
                                                  and Araiz Basurko (Safety and Environment Department)




                                                                                                                            Jesús Barbadillo (Legal Department)
                                                                                                                             and Pilar Hevilla (Administrative)




                                                                                        Elena Seco (Deputy Director)
                                                                                    and Manuel Carlier (Director General)
          Paula Díaz (Press Department),
Salvador García and Carmen Armas (Administratives)

                                                                                                6
WORLD SEABORNE TRADE

A
        CCORDING to Fearnleys estima-            increased by 1.6% to 1,820 mt, whereas ship-    1,582 million tonnes and 6.7% in terms of
        tes, world seaborne trade increased      ments of oil products increased 5.9% to 488     tonne-miles, reaching 8.3 billions.
        in 2005 by 3.9%, a notable figure,       mt. This bigger increase in the product's
although significantly lower than the unu-       transport demand was driven by the USA,         This extremely high growth rate experien-
sual 6.5% registered in 2004. A total of 6,784   which refineries are every day less able to     ced during the last three years, has been
million tonnes were transported by sea.          cover their needs, what led to an important     mainly a result of strong steel production
Measured in tonne-miles, the transport           increased   (+11.7%)    of   their   products   and high demand growth for thermal coal in
demand rose by 4.7% to about 28.9 billion,       imports. Measured in tonne-miles, crude oil     China. World crude steel production increa-
following a growth of 6.7% in the previous       shipments increased by 3.2% and oil pro-        sed by 5.8% to 1,105 million tonnes. China's
year.                                            ducts shipments by 7.4%, reaching 9.0 and       production rose a stunning 24.0% (348.0
                                                 2.5 billion tonne-miles, respectively.          million tonnes), whereas the rest of the
The OECD gross domestic product (GDP)                                                            world saw a decrease of 1.0%.
grew in 2005 a 2.9%, down from 3.6% in           World crude oil production added 72.7
2004. The OECD's industrial production           million barrels per day (mbd) (+0.6%). Total    The transport demand for other cargoes
growth, usually a better indicator of trans-     OPEC output increased by 2.1% and total         (minor bulk commodities, chemical pro-
port demand, is estimated to have increased      non-OPEC only by 0.4%. In the USA, the
by 2.2% (3.9% in 2004). Economic growth in       main import area, crude oil production decre-
major Asian countries continued well over        ased 3.7%, crude oil imports increased 1.3%
world average, although with important dif-      to 10.2 mbd and oil products imports +11.7%
ferences between countries. GDP growth in        until 3.1 mbd. Japan, the second import
China last year is estimated to have been        country, imported 4.2 mbd of crude (+1.0%)
9.3%, 7.1% for India, 5.8% for Malaysia, 4.8%    and 0.6 of products (-2.6%). China saw a pro-
for Indonesia, 3.9% for South Korea and          duction increase of about 4.0% (3.6 mbd),
3.5% for Thailand. Industrial production         their crude imports rose about 3.5% (2.6 mbd)
increased by 16.5% in China, 11.3% in South      compared to the 30% increase registered the
Korea and by 3.8% in Japan. As a reference,      year before while their products imports
growth was of 2.8% and 2.9%, respectively,       decreased by 27% (0.5 mbd). Therefore,
in the USA and the Euro area.                    China has turned from being a gasoil impor-
                                                 ting country to an exporting country.
By merchandise type
                                                 In turn, main dry bulk shipments showed
Oil seaborne trade increased by 2.4% in 2005
                                                 an increase of 6.2% measure in tonnes, to
to 2,308 million tonnes. Crude oil shipments


                                                                                          7
                              ducts, liquefied gas, containers, cars, etc.)   forecast that the transport demand for these            miles (+0.5%) for dry bulk shipments and
                              grew by 3.8% measured in tonnes and 4.7%        products will continue growing in next                  3,155 (+0.9%) for other cargo.
                              measured in tonne-miles, summing up 2,894       years.
                              million tonnes and 9.1 billion tonne-miles.                                                             Fearnleys estimates for 2006 show an incre-
                              Seaborne LNG trades continued with a solid      The average distance for all traffics increa-           ase of 4.5% on seaborne trade measured in
                              growth, near 10%, reaching a total of 145       sed slightly, up to 4,965 miles (+0.8%) in the          tonnes and around 3.6% in 2007.
                              million tonnes. Fearnley's market analysts      case of crude oil and its products; 5,231
                                                                                                                                      Maritime freights market

                                                                                                                                      By the end of 2004, freight rates were, vir-
                                                                                                                                      tually in all market segments, at or close to
                                                                                                                                      historically high levels. It was a situation
                                                                                                                                      practically impossible to maintain due to the
                                                                                                                                      large number of newbuilding deliveries
                                                                                                                                      registered during 2005.


                                                                                                                                      The yearly average spot earnings declined
                                                                                                                                      from USD 116,400 per day in 2004 to USD
                                                                                                                                      91,400 in 2005 (-21.5%) for VLCC; from USD
                                                                                                                                      83,400 to USD 65,100 (-21.9%) for Suezmaxes
                                                                                                                                      and from USD 52,700 to USD 44,200 (-16.1%)
                                                                                                                                      for Aframaxes. Nevertheless, in an historic
                                                                                                                                      perspective, 2005 can be considered as a
                                                                                                                                      relatively positive year from an owner's
                                                                                                                                      point of view, although with high freight
                                                                                                                                      volatility.


                                                                                                                                      These results were achieved in spite of a
                                                                                                                                      number of potentially negative develop-
                                                                                                                                      ments: a steep climb in oil price and, conse-
                                                                                                                                      quently, more expensive marine bunkers; a
                                                                                                                                      strong growth in size of crude oil tanker; and
                                                                                                                                      a lower demand growth than expected from
Figures as of December 31st                                                                                     tm: Million tonnes
Source: Fearnleys                                                                                  tm x milla: Billion tonne x mile
                                                                               8
China. These facts would have had very            year. Nevertheless, if figures are analyzed
negative effects on a more fragmented shi-        with a historical perspective, 2005 cannot be
powning community than the one we have            considered as a bad year for this market seg-
today but, at the present time, maritime          ment.
industry is characterized by far larger and far
more professional owner corporations than         Container freight rates, for all ship sizes,
have been ever seen before, what gives shi-       increased during the fist half of the year and
powners a much greater ability to deal with       dropped again during the second half. On
and to mitigate adverse market conditions.        average, time charter freights were higher
                                                  than those reached in 2004, although with
Bulk carrier freight market also registered       important differences depending on the
substantially lower levels than those rea-        market segment: up to 9.6% higher for ships
ched in 2004. During the last year, the Baltic    over 4,500 teu; 19.2% for 3,000 teu contai-
Dry Index (BDI) fell a 47% in average,            nerships and nearly 30% for ships under
although with peaks and troughs during the        2,000 teu.




                                                                                           9
WORLD MERCHANT FLEET

     I
           N 2005, the world merchant fleet            increased by 7.3%, the tanker fleet by 5.5%        are those of general cargo and passenger
           increased again significantly, nearly       and the general cargo ships, after 8 years         ships, with an average of 22.6 and 22.4
           by 7%, both in terms of GT and dwt.         decreasing, rose slightly by 1.6%. The only        years, respectively, whereas the youngest is
     By 1 January 2006, the world merchant fleet       fleet which decreased, by ninth consecutive        the container fleet, with 10.9 years as avera-
     comprised 48,442 ships with 642.7 million         year, was the combined carriers fleet (Obos),      ge. It is important to note the decrease in the
     GT and 950.5 million dwt.                         although some of these ships were formally         tankers average age, from 18.7 year in
                                                       re-classified as dry bulk carriers and are still   January 2002 to 17.3 years in January 2006,
     By ship types, and as percentage of the worl-     in service.                                        that is, a 1.4 year decrease in a 4 year period.
     d's gross tonnage, the container fleet registe-
     red the larger growth by second consecutive       At the beginning of 2006, the tanker and           By flag, Panama continues being the
     year (+12.2%) and, in second place, the gas       bulk carrier fleet accounted for 56.5% of the      unquestionable leader, from more than ten
     tankers fleet (+8.9%). The world bulk fleet       world's GT and for 68.9% of the dwt, while         years now, with a total of 139.7 million GT
                                                       24.4% of the world's fleet measured in GT          (+8.0%), increasing over the total world
                                                       and 20.4% of its dwt belonged to the general       fleet. By 1 January 2006, 21.7% of the total
                                                       cargo fleet (both conventional and containe-       world tonnage was registered in Panama.
                                                       rised).                                            Liberia, with 58.4 million GT (9.1% of the
                                                                                                          world fleet) and a growth of 11.1%, was in
                                                       Total deletions (due to demolitions and los-       second place, followed by Bahamas with
                                                       ses) were only 12.5 million dwt, down 8.8%         36.6 million GT (+8.5%, 5.7% of the total
                                                       from the previous year and being only 1.9%         world fleet).
                                                       of the world's fleet. Deletions of tankers
                                                       decreased by 40% to 4.9 million dwt and for        More than 40% of the fleet registered in
                                                       bulk carriers maintained at minimum levels,        Panama are bulk carriers, whereas in Liberia
                                                       below 2 million dwt. The favourable freight        the same percentage are tankers. Under
                                                       levels, as a result of the high fleet occupancy    Bahamas flag it is registered around 50% of
                                                       during 2005, has been a decisive factor for        the world cruise fleet, although it only
                                                       discouraging shipowners to sell their old          means 15% of the fleet in this register, which
                                                       ships for demolition.                              is also led by the tanker's fleet.


                                                       For sixth consecutive year, the average age        At the beginning of 2006, 23.4% of the world
                                                       of the world fleet remained practically            merchant fleet was registered in the
                                                       unchanged in 19.1 years. The oldest fleets         European Union (EU-25). The German regis-


                                                       10
ter continued its strong growth trend, with
an additional increase of 40.4%, after the
36.1% of the previous year, reaching the fif-
teenth world ranking position and surpas-
sing its historical record (9.7 million GT)
registered in 1978.


Other European fleets also obtained high
increases: France (+12.9%), United Kingdom
(+7.5%), Denmark (7.1%) and Italy (6.3%).
The Spanish flagged fleet decreased its ton-
nage by 3.0% and, according to the Lloyd's
Register Statistical Tables, holds the 35
                                                 (1)
                                                   Includes chemical tankers, other tankers, passenger ships, ferries, ro-ros, car carriers, etc.   NS: Thousand ships
world ranking position.                          Figures as of January 1st, except 1980, 1985 y 1990 (figures as of July 1st)                         TRB: Million TRB
                                                 Source: Lloyd’s Register                                                                                GT: Million GT

According to the nationality of the owner
there were no important changes in the first
positions. Greek shipowners continued hea-
ding the ranking, with a share of 17.0% of
the total world tonnage, in spite of having
decreased their GT by 0.7%. They operate
70.1% of their tonnage under open registry
flags.


Japanese shipowners rank in second posi-
tion, with 14.0% (+10.4%) and 91.1% of their
dwt flagged abroad, followed by German
shipowners, with 7.5% (+22.3%, 81.5%
under    foreign      registries).   Norwegian
owners, whose fleet went down from the
third to the fifth position in 2004, decreased
further its tonnage by 1.6%. This fact, and


                                                                                                      11
                                                                                                                                                                                     the growths of the fleets controlled by
                                                                                                                                                                                     German, Chinese (+18.6%), North American
                                                                                                                                                                                     (+13.7%) and Hong Kong (+11.2%) owners,
                                                                                                                                                                                     have led Norway to the seventh position.


                                                                                                                                                                                     The fleet controlled by Spanish shipowners
                                                                                                                                                                                     maintained its 30th position, whereas
                                                                                                                                                                                     European Union (UE-25) owners account for
                                                                                                                                                                                     37.2% of the world merchant fleet, 67.9%
                                                                                                                                                                                     under foreign flags.


                                                                                                                                                                                     By ship types, 17.9% of the world tanker
                                                                                                                                                                                     fleet is controlled by Greek shipowners,
                                                                                                                                                                                     11.9% by Japanese and 8.8% by North
                                                                                                                                                                                     Americans. Greek shipowners also led the
                                                                                                                                                                                     control of the bulk carrier fleet, with 23.2%
                                                                                                                                                                                     of the total, while nearly one third of the
                                                                                                                                                                                     container vessels (32.6% of dwt) belonged to
                                                                                                                                                                                     German shipowners.


                                                                                                                                                                                     Fearnleys estimates, for the total oil tanker
                                                                                                                                                                                     fleet tonnage, a 5.4% increase for the next
                                                                                                                                                                                     two years and an additional 6.9% for 2008.
                                                                                                                                                                                     On the dry bulk side, they forsee a tonnage
                                                                                                                                                                                     growth of 5.0% in 2006, 3.4% in 2007 and
                                                                                                                                                                                     only 1.7% in 2008.


                                                                                                                                                                                     On the other hand, BRS-Alphaliner's fore-
                                                                                                                                                                                     casts for the total container fleet (in teu)
                                                                                                                                                                                     show impressive figures: a 16.7% increase
                                                                                                                                                                                     for 2006, 14.5% in 2007 and an additional
Figures published last year have been revised by excluding fishing ships, tugs and miscellaneous.   Figures as of July 31st, except 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2006 (as of January 1st)
(1) Until 1990, figures belong to de U.S.S.R.                                                                                 Figures in thousand TRB, thousand GT from 1995         13.0% in 2008.
(2) Untel 1990, it was included in the USA.                                                                                          Source: Lloyd’s Register - Statistical Tables


                                                                                                                      12
SHIPBUILDING

N
          EWBUILDING orders showed in              price grew up to 60%, in May it reached a
          2005 a significant decrease to 77.5      ceiling after two new steel factories in China
          million dwt, still a very high figu-     started their production, increasing the
re if analysed with a historic perspective,        world plate production capacity by 10%. By
but much lower than previous two years             the end of year, steel price has fallen by 15%
figures, with new orders over 100 million          as compared with the maximum reached in
dwt each year.                                     May.


By ship types, new orders of tankers was           Newbuilding deliveries were the higher
31.0 million dwt (-14.1%), bulk carriers           ever registered, by second consecutive year.
accounted for 20.6 million dwt (-31.1%), con-      Total deliveries added to 71.3 million dwt
tainerships for 17.8 million dwt (-8.4%) and       (+13.3%), of which 29.6 mdwt were tankers
gas tankers (mainly LNG) for 5.5 million           (+9.6%), 23.2 mdwt bulk carriers (+17.8%),
dwt (-4.5%). The increase in newbuilding           12.3 mdwt containerships (+52.0%) and 1.7
prices at the beginnings of 2005 joined to the     mdwt gas tankers (-10.3%).
drop in maritime freight levels have been
the main reasons why shipowners have               By 1 January 2006, the world orderbook
been more reluctant to embark themselves           registered the highest historic peak, with
in new projects.                                   242.6 million dwt, 25.5% of the world fleet,
                                                   breaking the previous record of 1973. 35.1%
Newbuildings prices increased between 5            of the total dwt on order are crude tankers,
and 10% during the first half of 2005, rea-        23.7% bulkcarriers, 22.3% containerships
ching their highest levels since the early 90's,   and 5.7% gas tankers.
to drop again in the second half of the year.
Therefore, at the beginning of 2006, new-          Regarding new contracts signed by ship-
building prices were more or less the same         yards, South Korea continued heading the
as in the previous year.                           sector, with 35.6% of total CGT contracted,
                                                   followed by Japan (21.8%) and China
Last year, steel price continued rising until      (15.1%). However, by second consecutive
May 2005, as result of the tremendous              year, the higher prices and the saturation of
demand. However, after two years of conti-         Asian shipyards, helped European ship-
nued increases, in which shipbuilding plate        yards (EU-25) to obtained 15.7% of the total


                                                                                            13
CGT (up from 11.7% in 2004 and 7.0% in         place in the European ranking, with 7.0% of
2003). In Europe, German shipyards were        the total CGT contracted in the European
leaders, with 36.7% of the CGT contracted      Union.
by EU-25, followed by the Italians with
17.8%. By ship types, 59.6% of the newbuil-    Nine ships, with 42% of the total GT contrac-
dings contracted by Europe were container      ted by Spanish shipyards were for Spanish
and passenger ships.                           shipowners: one LNG tanker with 90,814
                                               GT, two containerships with 13,850 GT each
In 2005, Spanish shipyards signed new con-     one, four general cargo ships summing up
tracts for 36 merchant ships with 331,264 GT   14,038 GT, one products tanker with 4,200
and 364,236 CGT, standing at the seventh       GT and one ferry with 2,999 GT.


14
SPANISH SEABORNE TRADE

W
           E must start this chapter by than-   30% general cargo (transhipped cargo exclu-
           king the statistical department of   ded).
           the holding company of Spanish
State ports (Puertos del Estado) for their      Analysis by trades
kind co-operation, without which it would
                                                In 2005, total tonnage transported in
have not been possible to include a break-
                                                Spanish foreign seaborne trade increased by
down of the Spanish seaborne trade by traf-
                                                8.8%, to 293.5 millions tonnes. A 79.9% were
fics and goods types.
                                                imports and 20.1% exports.

According to the analysis made by ANAVE's
                                                In comparison with 2004, imports grew by
studies department, Spanish seaborne trade
                                                8.6% and exports by 9.8%. Besides, 44.9
(imports + exports + cabotage) grew by 8.2%
                                                million tonnes were moved in cabotage tra-
in 2005, reaching 340 million tonnes, a new
                                                des, 4.1% more than during the previous
historic maximum.
                                                year.

During the last five years, Spanish maritime
                                                Bulk cargo, both liquid and dry, accounted
trade has increased by 21.8% and in the last
                                                for 82.4% of Spanish imports. In 2005, 103.9
decade by 47.4%, equivalent to an annual
                                                million tonnes of liquid bulk (+7.1%), 89.4
cumulative increase of almost 4.0%. These
                                                million of solid bulk (+10.1%) and 41.2 of
figures do not include goods transhipped to
                                                general cargo (+9.2%), were imported.
feeder containerships, a traffic that conti-
nues rising, reaching over 40 million tonnes
in 2005.


Last year, there were significant growths in
all good types: liquid bulks grew by 6.4%
(23.4% in the last ten years); dry bulks by
8.4% (42.3% in the last decade) and general
cargo by 10.4% (107.6% since 1995).


In 2005, 39% of the total Spanish seaborne
trade were liquid bulks, 31% dry bulks and
                                                %: 2006/2005 in percentage                     Source: State Ports

                                                                                        15
On the contrary, general cargo meant alre-       General cargo amounts to 47.7% of the ton-       In the last decade, the transport demand of
ady a 65.8% of Spanish exports. In total 38.8    nes moved in cabotage trades, adding-up          general cargo has registered the biggest
millions tonnes of general cargo were expor-     21.4 million, a 6.0% more than in 2004.          growth (+136.5% in case of imports, +97.2%
ted (14.2% more than in 2004), 13.3 million      Besides, 14.7 million tonnes of liquid bulks     in exports and 82.3% in cabotage).
of liquid bulks, 6.6% more than in the pre-      were transported in cabotage trades betwe-
vious year and 6.9 million of solid bulks, the   en Spanish ports, a 32.7% of the total (+1.6%)   On the contrary, there has been important
only traffic that decreased its volume (-        and 8.8 million tonnes of solid bulks (19.6%     decreases in dry bulks (-41.4%) and liquid
5.5%).                                           of total and +3.6%).                             bulks (-30.6%) moved in cabotage trades.




                                                 16
Crude oil and oil products                       (with an 11.7%), France and Germany (6.6%
                                                 each one) and Algeria (6.1%). Main changes
In 2005, Spain imported 59.5 million tonnes
                                                 were the strong decrease of imports from
of crude oil, 0.6% more than in 2004. The
                                                 UK and the high increase from France and
average distance for this trade was 3,363
                                                 Germany.
miles, slightly higher (+1.4%) than in the
previous year.
                                                 Oil products exports, after increasing
                                                 notably in 2004, grew again in 2005,
According to the Economy Ministry, main
                                                 although very slightly (+3.9%). USA recei-
providers of crude oil were Mexico, with
                                                 ved 16.0% of total Spanish exports (1.3
15.1% of the total tonnage imported, Russia
                                                 million tonnes), followed by Netherlands
(14.3%), Nigeria (12.0%), Saudi Arabia
                                                 (0.8 million tonnes and 10.3% of total),
(10.6%) and Libya (10.4%).
                                                 Portugal (8.5%), France (8.2%) and Mexico
                                                 (8.1%).
It is worth noting the strong growths regis-
tered by Mexico and Iran imports and the
decreases by Libya and Iraq.


Average price of the crude oil barrel impor-
ted went up to 36.7 , 37.0% over the 26.8
/barrel of 2004. Monthly average price pea-
ked in August with 45.3 /b, to drop again
by the end of the year.


Oil products transport demand increased as
regards both imports (+11.6%) and exports
(+3.9%), adding-up to 23.1 and 9.3 million
tonnes, respectively.


Italy, with 4.6 million tonnes, continued
being the main provider of refined products
to Spain and increased its sales by 8.3%, rea-
ching a share of 19.9%. Next were Russia


                                                                                      17
SPANISH                      FLAGGED                                                      MERCHANT

     T
            HIS chapter summarizes main deve-       flag diminished by 17 units with a decrease      are disregarded, the average age is even
            lopments in the Spanish flagged         in GT of 3.0% and of 2.2% in terms of dwt.       lower, 13.8 years, as compared to 19.1 years
            merchant fleet and the next one         Out of this total, 14 ships and 93,563 GT        of the world merchant fleet.
     analyses thoroughly the total merchant fleet   were operated by foreign shipping compa-
     operated by Spanish shipping companies.        nies.                                            Next page figure compares the evolution of
                                                                                                     the Spanish and world merchant fleet avera-
     At 1 January 2006, the Spanish flagged mer-    By ship types, the general cargo and ro-ro       ge age. It shows clearly how, between 1990
     chant fleet added-up to 183 ships, 2,324,625   fleet decreased specially (by 4 and 7 units      and 1997, the Spanish fleet aged faster than
     GT and 2,267,277 dwt. These data shows         and -17.4% and -10.2% of GT, respectively).      the world fleet. From 1997, Spanish fleet
     how, after 10 years of continuous growth, in   The gas tankers fleet did not register any       average age stabilized and later started to
     2005 the number of ships under national        change during the last year, so it stands at 9   rejuvenate, separating progressively from
                                                    units with 662,126 GT. There are gas tankers     the world average.
                                                    on order that will increase in the short term
                                                    this fleet segment.                              The fiscal and social security advantages of
                                                                                                     the Canary Island Registry (REC) came into
                                                    In 2005, only 4 newbuildings were registe-       force timidly in 1994 but were strongly
                                                    red under Spanish flag: three passenger          improved in 1997. In 1999 new fiscal incenti-
                                                    ships, with a total of 25,873 GT and one         ves to investment in shipping were introdu-
                                                    crude tanker with 83,594 GT.                     ced. All these improvements in the maritime
                                                                                                     industry framework perfectly explain the
                                                    By ship types, 30.1% of the total number of      trend showed in the figure.
                                                    ships flying Spanish flag are passenger
                                                    ships, 16.9% are ro-ro ships and 13.7% con-      By ship types, the oldest fleet is the cement
                                                    tainerships. However, 40.4% of the total         (30.9 years) and refrigerated cargo (23.4
                                                    Spanish dwt are crude tankers and an addi-       years) ships. Ro-ro ships (16.5 years), contai-
                                                    tional 22.9% gas tankers.                        ner ships (17.8 years) and general cargo
                                                                                                     ships (19.2 years) has also an average age
                                                    By 1 January 2006, the average age of the        over that of the total Spanish fleet, while
                                                    Spanish merchant fleet was 14.5 years,           other ship types have a lower average age,
                                                    somehow less than the 14.8 years registered      especially in case of crude oil, product and
                                                    one year before. If the 5 ships that are still   gas tankers, all of them with only 3 years of
                                                    registered in the traditional Spanish Register   average age.


                                                    18
By mid May 2006, the Spanish flagged mer-
chant fleet comprised 185 units, 2,336,952
GT and 2,260,743 dwt that is, two more units
than in January, although GT and dwt were
nearly the same, +0.5% and -0.3% respecti-
vely.


One general cargo ship with 38 years has
gone from the traditional Spanish Register,
so only 4 ships with 5,521 GT, all of them
with an advanced age, remain in there. By
mid May 2006, 99.8% of the Spanish fleet
tonnage is registered under the REC.           Figures by the end of each year, except 2006 (figures as of May 15th)   NS: Number of ships   TR and GT in thousand   Source: ANAVE




                                                                                                 19
SPANISH CONTROLLED MERCHANT

     A
             T 1 January 2006, Spanish shipping        GT and has increased remarkably, 61%, in           considerably, by 8 units or 14.7% in terms of
             companies controlled a total of 281       the last five years.                               GT and 7 units or 11.2% respectively. On the
             ships    with   4,083,308    GT   and                                                        other hand, tonnage of the passenger fleet
     4,941,178 dwt. For the first time in ten years,   The Spanish controlled fleet under foreign         and other ship types increased notably
     the tonnage has decreased slightly, 2.2% in       flag remained practically stable as compared       (13.5% and 21.0%, respectively) thank to the
     terms of GT and 3.9% in dwt, while the            to the year before, adding-up 112 ships with       cruises and chemical tankers that entered
     number of ships has reduced in 19 units. The      1.9 million GT. However, the Canary Island         into service during the year.
     average tonnage of the fleet stood at 14,531      Register fleet decreased in 19 units and 3.6%
                                                       in terms of GT. Therefore, at the beginning        Spanish shipping companies continue con-
                                                       of 2006, Spanish shipping companies contro-        trolling abroad all their bulkcarriers and
                                                       lled, under Spanish flag, 60.1% of their ships     70.0% of their refrigerated cargo ships
                                                       and 54.6% of their tonnage, while two years        (73.9% in terms of GT). General cargo and
                                                       ago these figures were 64.6% and 57.7%, res-       tankers fleet share is almost the same under
                                                       pectively.                                         Spanish and foreign flags. All of them are
                                                                                                          ships operating in the tramp international
                                                       This change in trend, already commented in         market and they need to adjust their costs in
                                                       this report last year, has been caused, at least   order to be able to compete with operators
                                                       in part, by legal modifications, mainly in the     that make use of open registries.
                                                       Spanish labour framework, which are
                                                       seriously damaging the Spanish competiti-          Nevertheless, only 10.5% and 18.2% of the
                                                       veness of the fleet registered under Spanish       total number of containerships and gas tan-
                                                       flag.                                              kers, in both cases less than 4% in terms of
                                                                                                          GT, controlled by Spanish companies, are
                                                       It is worth mentioning that, during the first      operated      under       foreign      flags.
                                                       months of 2006, while the fleet controlled         Containerships are involved mainly in cabo-
                                                       under Spanish flag remained practically            tage liner trades, where the use of European
                                                       unchanged, the fleet controlled under              flag is mandatory, while the LNG tankers
                                                       foreign flags increased by 11%, both in terms      fleet have long term contracts with Spanish
                                                       of GT and dwt.                                     industries.


                                                       In 2005, ro-ro and general cargo tonnage           The favourite foreign registers for Spanish
                                                       controlled by Spanish companies decreased          shipowners, at the beginning of 2006, were


                                                       20
Bahamas, with 13 ships and 604,536 GT            During 2005 7 newbuildings operated by
(11.6% of total ships operated abroad and        Spanish shipping companies came into ser-
32.6% of total GTs) and Madeira with 19          vice: three passenger vessels, two product
ships (16.9% of total ships operated abroad)     tankers, one chemical tanker, one product
and 532,297 GT (28.7%). There were 53 ships      tanker and one crude tanker, adding up
registered under Panama flag (47.3% of the       168,697 GT and 253,882 dwt. Four of these
total ships operated abroad) although they       newbuildings, with 65% of GT, were registe-
only account for 16.7% of the GTs. In addi-      red under the Spanish flag and the other
tion, there were 7 ships flagged in Cyprus       three in foreign registries (Panama and
with 156,350 GT and one more in Brazil with      Cyprus).
90,633 GT.
                                                 These 7 ships mean a total investment of
At 1 January 2006, the average age of the        about 237 million euros. Added to the 18
fleet controlled by Spanish shipowners was       ships that entered into service in 2004 and
16.5 years, as compared with 17.0 the pre-       the 13 received in 2003, the total investment
vious year. So, thanks to the investment         in new ships is over 1,477 million euros in
effort made by our shipping companies in         the last three years.
the last years, the fleet renewal process con-
tinues overcoming the vegetative ageing
trend. 22.8% of the ships and 40.4% of the
GT controlled by Spanish shipowners have
an average age less than 5 years and these
percentages increase to 36.7% and 53.1%,
respectively, if the reference is 10 years.


By ship types, 95.2% of total gas tankers ton-
nage is younger than 5 years, in the same
way that 49.9% of the tankers tonnage,
29.9% of the ro-ro and 27.9% of the passen-
ger ships. On the other extreme are contai-
nerships and general cargo vessels, with
69.7 and 66.3% of their registered tonnage,
respectively, over 20 years old.                 Source: ANAVE                                   Figures as of January 1st 2006

                                                                                         21
22
23
INTERNATIONAL MARITIME POLICY

     T
             HIS chapter summarizes, in chrono-        international legal instrument on Ship            On 22 July 2005, the Official Journal of the
             logical order, the most relevant events   Recycling.                                        EU (OJEU) published Directive 2005/33 on
             that have taken place during the last                                                       the sulphur content of marine fuels. Besides
      year in the international maritime policy.       In February 2006, an international conferen-      being very harmful for the maritime
                                                       ce held at ILO headquarters in Geneva (in         industry in general and going further than
      International framework (IMO-ILO)                the picture) adopted a new Convention on          MARPOL Annex VI requirements, it will
                                                       maritime work that builds together and            imply, in the medium term, an important
      MARPOL Annex VI came into force in May
                                                       brings up to date all the ILO conventions on      deterioration of Short Sea Shipping competi-
      19th 2005: Regulations for the prevention of
                                                       this matter. It will come into force 12 months    tiveness as compared to road transport and
      air pollution from ships. In July 2005, the EU
                                                       after it is ratified by 30 States with at least   an increase in CO2 emissions. This means
      published    a   Directive    with   specific
                                                       33% of the total world fleet tonnage.             additional difficulties for Southern EU coun-
      European legislation on the same matter.
                                                                                                         tries, especially for Spain, to fulfil the Kyoto
      This Directive is commented under the EU
                                                       The 1996 Protocol to the London Convention        Protocol requirements. The first step on its
      framework epigraph below. The XXIV IMO
                                                       on the prevention of marine pollution by          application will take effect as from 11
      Assembly agreed in creating a new binding
                                                       dumping of wastes and other matters, ente-        August 2006, affecting passenger ships in
                                                       red into force on 24 March 2006. It includes a    liner services, although there are still diffe-
                                                       new approach to the dumping of waste that,        rent interpretations on whether cruise ships
                                                       in general, is forbidden, except for a very       will be included or not. Spain should adopt
                                                       restrictive list of approved materials. The       the most flexible reading in order to avoid
                                                       main criterion is that the company who            damaging their cruise and tourism interests.
                                                       pollutes must pay the contamination costs.
                                                                                                         On 30 September 2005, the OJEU published
                                                       European framework (EU)                           Directive 2005/35 on ship-source pollution
                                                                                                         and on the introduction of penalties for
                                                       On 1 July 2005 entered into force, for passen-    infringements. The final outcome of this
                                                       ger ships in national cabotage trades that        Directive was very disappointing for all
                                                       separate more than 20 miles from the coast,       maritime international associations (ICS,
                                                       Regulation 725/2004 on Enhancing Ship             ECSA, INTERTANKO, etc.) due to its much
                                                       and Port Facility Security (ISPS Code) . In       contested deviation from the IMO frame-
                                                       addition, Directive 2005/65 of 29 October         work. This Directive could lead to the appli-
                                                       extended the application of this Code to the      cation of penal sanctions, including impri-
                                                       whole port by coordinating the security           sonment, even in case of genuine accidental
                                                       plans of the individual port facilities.          ship-source pollution.


                                                       24
In December 2005, the Commission adopted           - Establishing a Community framework for          launched, around mid June, the strategic
a proposal to repeal the Group Exemption             the investigation of marine casualties.         orientations of the new EU ports policy
for   Liner    Conferences     contained      in   - Building together and assessing the qua-        which should include steps to advance in
Regulation 4056/86. Major international              lity systems of the Classification Societies.   the necessary liberalization process.
lines, associated in the European Liner
Affairs Association (ELAA), have accepted          b) Two proposals about shipping compa-            Since March 2005 the Commission has been
the repeal. ECSA remarked the relevance of         nies' responsibilities, that worry and affect     working in a Green Paper on EU's Future
the issue in the relationships with third-         especially shipowners and go far beyond the       Maritime Policy, which is being coordinated
countries and adviced the Commission               international legal framework:                    by Commissioner Joe Borg. It was presented
against an immediate abolition. Finally, a         - A Directive on civil liability and financial    on the first week of June and includes an
transitional two years period has been esta-         securities for shipowners                       analysis of the EU maritime industry as a
blished, in order to allow for denouncing the      - A Regulation on the liability of carriers of    whole, looking for synergies and remarking
UNCTAD Code and for re-negotiating exis-             passengers by sea, including the incorpo-       its importance for the EU in economical,
ting bilateral agreements.                           ration of the 2002 Protocol to the Athens       social and environmental terms. We unders-
                                                     Convention. It also proposes to extend the      tand that it must be seen as a positive appro-
Also in December, the Commission adopted             scope of application to domestic trades.        ach. It would be timely that Spain, in the
the third package of legislative proposals on                                                        same way, revises its national maritime
maritime safety following the Erika accident,      On   18   January    2006,    the   European      policy from a global perspective.
known as Erika III. It consists of seven speci-    Parliament rejected, by an overwhelming
fic proposals mostly intended to improve the       majority and in first reading, the second pro-
efficiency of already existing measures:           posal for a Directive on market access to
                                                   port services. As a result, on 8 March,
a) A group of 5 proposals on Maritime              Commissioner Barrot withdrew Directive II.
Safety, relative to:                               As it can be remembered, the conciliation
- Port State Control.                              text on the previous proposal was rejected
- Vessel traffic monitoring and information        by the Parliament in November 2003. This
  system (including provisions related to          new initiative was heavily criticised by
  the acceptance of ships in distress ).           some States and institutions that were
- Compliance           with    Flag        State   against the liberalization process and there
  Requirements, to ensure that EU Member           were even violent stevedore demonstrations
  State fulfil their obligations as flag States    in front of the European Parliament head-
  in accordance with IMO Conventions.              quarters (see picture). Commissioner Barrot


                                                                                             25
NATIONAL MARITIME POLICY

     A
              S the main positive event, it is worth   legislative instruments adopted in previous       and bringing up to date the Spanish
              noting that thanks to the good           years and by the still unfinished decision        Maritime    Law,    introduces      significant
              results registered in 2005 by the        process on several initiatives of high rele-      reforms, both on private and public Law.
      Spanish fleet in the Paris MOU inspections,      vance for the maritime industry.                  Although we don't know yet the final text,
      the Spanish flag is in the PSC White List as                                                       the   Ministries     of   Justice    and    of
      from 1 January 2006. Spanish shipping com-       On 24 February the Government approved a          Infrastructure have demonstrated a genuine
      panies, coordinated by ANAVE, will conti-        proposal to amend Law 48/2003 on the eco-         concern about ANAVE's worries and propo-
      nue cooperating with the Ministry of             nomic and fiscal regime of Spanish Ports, and     sals on this issue, which have as main goals
      Infrastructure in the project called “White      sent it to the Parliament. Major issues are:      of this complex legal exercise:
      List Plan” to ensure the consolidation of this   - It maintains port dues legal nature (as         - Getting a Spanish legal framework as
      achievement.                                       public prices) and the criterion of economic      much in line as possible with the interna-
                                                         self-sufficiency of Spanish Port Authorities,     tional legislation in force and especially
      Besides, the last twelve months have been          enhancing further their self-government           with that in effect in other EU countries.
      characterized by some changes in important         by allowing them to fix their port dues.        - Obtaining a perfect connection between
                                                       - Port services legal title comes back to Port      the numerous Spanish and European regu-
                                                         Authorities.                                      lations and the international Conventions
                                                       - Although stevedore's regime changes are           in force, to avoid legal uncertainty.
                                                         minimal, they have been hardly confron-         - To describe perfectly the present maritime
                                                         ted by the Unions, even with strikes.             transport reality (in aspects such as the
                                                                                                           legal concept of shipping company or
                                                       ANAVE has proposed several amendments,              charter contracts), taking into account all
                                                       both in the public information process and          the economic and legal consequences of
                                                       through the parliamentary groups, addres-           the proposed changes.
                                                       sed to avoid excessive increases of port dues
                                                       on captive users and looking forward to           On 29 March entered into force Law 4/2006,
                                                       obtaining a stable Law, with the maximum          which adapted the Tonnage Tax regime for
                                                       consensus and economic efficiency.                shipping companies and the REC special tax
                                                                                                         rebates, to the European Guidelines on state
                                                       The Ministry of Justice continued the elabo-      aid to maritime transport of 2004. In several
                                                       ration of the General Navigation Law, an          aspects it implies an additional loss in the
                                                       ambitious project presented in February           competitiveness of Spanish flag ships. It
                                                       2005 which, besides to building together          includes:


                                                       26
- Non-EU seafarers on board passenger
  ships or ferries operating in regular
  European trades, including national cabo-
  tage trades, will not benefit anymore from
  the REC fiscal and social rebates.
- It legally clarifies that the 90% discount on
  the Social Security contribution for ships
  registered in the Special Canary Island
  register can be applied to the whole
  employer's contribution.
- There are restrictions in the application of
  the Tonnage Tax regime to non Spanish or
  non European flagged ships, which in
  some aspects go beyond the requirements
  of the 2004 guidelines. At least, ANAVE's
  intervention will make possible that the
  changes included in the new Law will not
  be applied retrospectively and, therefore,
  shipping companies that are already in the
  system will not be affected.
- It clarifies the conditions under which
  towing and dredging activities can be
  included in the Tonnage Tax. Shipmanagers       reason why, in 2006, the Spanish flagged           ANAVE continues working with the Labour
  will be also eligible to apply it.              fleet tonnage decreased slightly (-3.0%), for      authorities on a simpler procedure that will
                                                  the first time in 10 years.                        be possibly implemented in the near future.
A new regulation on the immigration Law,
published in January 2005, blocked the            ANAVE's has made possible the unblocking           In the meantime, we must thank the General
employment of non-EU seafarers on board           of the situation by means of an agreement          Directors of Merchant Marine, Immigration
ships registered in the Canary Islands (REC)      with the two major Spanish seafarers Unions.       and the Social Maritime Institute, as well as
that, although not very significant in absolu-    Although it does not solve the administrative      other officials of the Labour Ministry, for
te terms, is essential for the competitiveness    process, which is longer and more complex          their positive attitude and co-operation in the
of some ships. This was indeed the main           than it was before, it is indeed a step forward.   search of solutions for this complex issue.


                                                                                             27
MEMBER COMPANIES
Acciona Trasmediterránea                      Cía. de Remolcadores Ibaizábal, S.A.           Eitzen Chemical (Spain), S.A.         Fred. Olsen, S.A.
Avda. de Europa, 10 - P.E. La Moraleja        Muelle Tomás Olábarri, 4 - 5º                  Avda. Severo Ochoa, 28 - 5º A         Edificio Fred. Olsen
28108 ALCOBENDAS - MADRID                     48930 LAS ARENAS                               Edificio Marina Marbella              Polígono Industrial Añaza, s/n
Phone: 91 423 85 00                           VIZCAYA                                        29600 MARBELLA                        38111 SANTA CRUZ DE TENERIFE
Fax: 91 423 89 95                             Phone: 94 464 51 33                            MÁLAGA                                Phone: 922 62 82 00
E-mail: correom@trasmediterranea.es           Fax: 94 464 55 65                              Phone: 95 276 51 78                   Fax: 922 62 82 01
Web: www.trasmediterranea.es                  E-mail: ibaizabal@ibaizabal.es                 Fax: 95 276 58 85                     E-mail: lineas@fredolsen.es
                                                                                                                                   Web: www.fredolsen.es
                                                                                             E-mail: chemmar@eitzen-chemical.com
África Affairs, S.A.                          Cía. Logística de Hidrocarburos, S.A.
María de Molina, 5 - 3º                       Méndez Álvaro, 44                                                                    FRS Iberia, S.L.
28006 MADRID                                                                                 Empresa Naviera Elcano, S.A.          Avda. de la Constitución, 2 C Bloque 1 - 3º D
                                              28045 MADRID                                   José Abascal, 2 y 4 - 4ª planta
Phone: 91 564 94 31                           Phone: 91 774 60 00                                                                  11380 TARIFA - CÁDIZ
Fax: 91 561 63 93                                                                            28003 MADRID                          Phone: 956 62 74 40
                                              Fax: 91 774 60 92                              Phone: 91 536 98 00                   Fax: 956 62 74 33
E-mail: p.astuy@mar-hunt.com                  E-mail: abermudezm@clh.es
                                                                                             Fax: 91 445 13 24                     E-mail: mora@frs.es
                                              Web: www.clh.es
Atlántico Shipping, S.A.                                                                     E-mail: elcano@elcano-sa.es
José Artes de Arcos, 34 Entreplanta local J                                                                                        Gas Natural Aprovisionamientos SDG.
                                              Cía. Trasatlántica Española, S.A.                                                    Avda. de América, 38
04004 ALMERÍA                                 José Abascal, 58 - 3º                          Ership, S.A.
Phone: 950 62 08 42                                                                          Lagasca, 88 - 5ª planta               28028 MADRID
                                              28003 MADRID                                                                         Phone: 91 589 30 00
Fax: 950 62 08 43                             Phone: 91 451 42 44                            28001 MADRID
E-mail: chartering@atlantico-shipping.com                                                                                          Fax: 91 356 24 83
                                              Fax: 91 399 37 36                              Phone: 91 426 34 00                   E-mail: lnglogistic@gasnatural.com
                                              E-mail: afranco.cte@nosa.com.es                Fax: 91 575 75 65                     Web: www.gasnatural.com
Beltship Management, A/S                      Web: www.trasatlantica.com                     E-mail Flota: flota.mad@ership.com
Príncipe de Vergara, 10                                                                      E-mail Comercial: chart@ership.com    Gasnaval, S.A.
28001 MADRID                                  Contenemar, S.A.                                                                     Parque Empresarial Ibarrabarri, Edificio A-1
Phone: 91 577 72 30                           Velázquez, 150                                 Eurolíneas Marítimas S.A., BALEÀRIA   Avda. Sabino Arana, 18
Fax: 91 575 95 20                             28002 MADRID                                   Estación Marítima, s/n                48940 LEIOA - VIZCAYA
E-mail: iberbulk@interbulk.es                 Phone: 91 745 47 00                                                                  Phone: 94 479 56 00
                                                                                             03700 DENIA
                                              Fax. 91 745 47 32                              ALICANTE                              Fax: 94 416 73 16
Brisa Lines, S.A.                                                                                                                  E-mail: gasnaval@gasnaval.com
Paseo de la Habana, 72 - Local 3              E-mail: contenemar@ral.es                      Phone: 966 42 86 00
28036 MADRID                                  Web: www.ral.es/contenemar                     Fax: 965 78 76 05
                                                                                                                                   Grupo Boluda Fos, S.L.
Phone: 91 564 16 68                                                                          E-mail: info@balearia.com             Capitán Haya, 21
Fax: 91 564 16 69                             Consortium Hispania Lines, S.A.                Web: www.balearia.com
                                              Arbea Campus Empresarial                                                             28020 MADRID
E-mail: brisa@brisalines.com                                                                                                       Phone: 91 418 36 00
Web: www.brisalines.com                       Edificio 4 -1º                                 Europa Ferrys, S.A.
                                              Ctra. Fuencarral a Alcobendas                                                        Fax: 91 418 36 10
                                                                                             Avda. Virgen del Carmen, 1            E-mail: madrid@grupoboluda.com
Buquebús España, S.A.                         28108 ALCOBENDAS                               11201 ALGECIRAS
Estación Marítima Área Comercial 1ª planta    MADRID                                         CÁDIZ                                 Ibaizábal Management Services, S.L.
11207 ALGECIRAS - CÁDIZ                       Phone: 91 383 93 45                            Phone: 956 65 23 24                   Paseo de la Castellana, 104 - 2º izqda.
Phone: 956 65 20 65                           Fax: 91 302 37 52                                                                    28046 MADRID
                                              E-mail: deditrans@deditrans.com                Fax: 956 66 69 05
Fax: 956 66 83 32                                                                            E-mail: direccion@euroferrys.com      Phone: 91 521 06 71
E-mail: comercial.alg@buquebus.es             Web: www.chl.es                                                                      Fax: 91 411 29 40
                                                                                             Web: www.euroferrys.com
                                                                                                                                   E-mail: shippingm@ibaizabal.org
Cemex España, S.A.                            Distribuidora Marítima Petrogás, S.L.U.
                                              Avda. Bravo Murillo, 5                         Flota Suardíaz, S.L.                  Isleña Marítima de Contenedores, S.A.
Departamento de Buques
Hernández de Tejada, 1                        Edif. Mapfre 3º D                              Ayala, 6                              Prolong. Muelle Adosado, s/n
28027 MADRID                                  38003 SANTA CRUZ DE TENERIFE                   28001 MADRID                          Tinglado Oeste
Phone: 91 377 92 00                           Phone: 922 53 43 80                            Phone: 91 576 23 03                   07012 PALMA DE MALLORCA
Fax: 91 377 93 78                             Fax: 922 29 32 24                              Fax: 91 431 80 93                     Phone: 971 22 91 00
E-mail: vicente.barreiro@cemex.es             E-mail: naviera@petrogas.es                    E-mail: infoweb@suardiaz.com          Fax: 971 22 91 27
Web: www.cemex.es                             Web: www.petrogas.es                           Web: www.suardiaz.com                 E-mail: IscomarComercial@ral.es


                                                                                        28
Knutsen España, S.L.                             Naviera de Galicia, S.A.                   Navinorte, S.A.                              Repsol YPF Trading y Transporte, S.A.
Calendulas, 95 - Miniparc II - Edif. M. Pta. 1   Payo Gómez, 7 - 2º                         Gregorio Marañon, 1 - Bajo II                Paseo de la Castellana, 278 - 2º
28109 ALCOBENDAS - MADRID                        15004 A CORUÑA                             33203 GIJON                                  28046 MADRID
Phone: 91 658 50 65                              Phone: 981 17 30 58                        ASTURIAS                                     Phone: 91 348 80 00
Fax: 91 650 46 63                                Fax: 981 13 95 62                          Phone: 98 519 55 60/61                       Fax: 91 348 62 31
E-mail: vca@knutsenoas.com                       E-mail: navigasa@macogasaddy.com           Fax: 98 519 55 64                            E-mail: rholnickm@repsolypf.com
                                                 Web: www.macogasaddy.com                   E-mail: gerencia@gjunquera.com               Web: www.repsolypf.com
Líneas Marítimas Europeas, S.A.                                                             Web: www.gjunquera.com
Castelló, 66 - 5º A                                                                                                                      S.A. Tudela Veguín
28001 MADRID                                     Naviera Lúa, S.A.                          OPDR Canarias, S.A.                          Argüelles, 25
Phone: 91 435 38 39                              Pabellón Servicios Explotación             Avda. José Antonio, 10                       33003 OVIEDO
Fax: 91 431 21 25                                Muelle San Diego                           E. Mapfre, 3º - Local B                      Phone: 98 598 11 00
E-mail: info@lineasme.com                        15006 A CORUÑA                             38003 SANTA CRUZ DE TENERIFE                 Fax: 98 598 11 01
Web: www.lineasme.com                            Phone: 981 29 45 68                        Phone: 922 53 26 20/22                       E-mail: jpalicio@tudela-veguin-sa.es
                                                 Fax: 986 88 03 82                          Fax: 922 24 71 78
Marítima Peregar, S.A.                           E-mail: lacoruna@pereztorresycia.es        E-mail: info@opdr-canarias.com               Teekay Shipping Spain, S.L.
Calle de la Hortensia, E-11 Polígono Sepes                                                  Web: www.opdr-canarias.com                   Musgo, 5 - 2º
52006 MELILLA                                    Naviera Murueta, S.A.                                                                   28023 MADRID
Phone: 95 269 62 62                              San Vicente, 8                             OPDR Hamburgo                                Phone: 91 307 73 29
Fax: 95 267 19 21                                                                           Kajen, 10                                    Fax: 91 307 70 43
E-mail: peregar@peregar.com                      Edif. Albia I - 9º
                                                                                            D-20459 HAMBURGO                             E-mail: madridgen@teekay.com
                                                 48001 BILBAO                               ALEMANIA                                     Web: www.teekay.com
Naviera Alvargonzález, S.A.                      Phone: 94 600 40 60                        Phone: + 49 40 36 15 80
Cabrales, 20                                     Fax: 94 424 70 71                          Fax: + 49 40 36 44 31                        Transportes Marítimos Alcudia, S.A.
33201 GIJON                                      E-mail:                                    E-mail: info@opdr.de                         Teodoro Canet, 26
Phone: 985 34 44 00                              navieramurueta@navieramurueta.com          Web: www.opdr.de                             07410 PUERTO ALCUDIA - BALEARES
Fax: 985 35 98 49                                Web: www.navieramurueta.com                                                             Phone: 971 54 59 32
E-mail: info@alvargonzalez.com                                                              Operadora Dredging and Maritime              Fax: 971 54 73 56
                                                 Naviera del Odiel, S.A.                    Management, S.L.                             E-mail: tma@tmalcudia.com
Naviera Armas, S.A.                              José Abascal, 58 - 3º                      San Vicente, 8 - E. Albia I - 2º depto. 12
Dr. Juan Domínguez Pérez, 2                      28003 MADRID                               48001 BILBAO                                 Tyco Marine, S.A.
Urbanización El Sebadal                          Phone: 91 441 94 11                        Phone: 94 605 47 76                          Silva, 1 - 3º
35008 LAS PALMAS DE GRAN CANARIA                                                            Fax: 94 605 47 79                            28013 MADRID
Phone: 928 32 73 83                              Fax: 91 442 03 89
                                                                                            E-mail: biscay@biscayshipman.com             Phone: 91 540 15 00
Fax: 928 32 73 32                                E-mail: nosa.madrid@grupoodiel.org                                                      Fax: 91 541 76 62
E-mail: narmas@naviera-armas.com                 Web: www.grupoodiel.org                    Pullmantur, S.A.                             E-mail: igualde@tycomtelecom.com
Web: www.naviera-armas.com                                                                  Mahomia,2 - E. Pórtico - 5º                  Web: www.tycotelecom.com
                                                 Naviera Pinillos, SA.                      Avda. de los Andes
Naviera del Cantábrico, S.A.                     Capitán Haya, 21                           Campo de las Naciones                        United European Car Carriers (Ibérica), S.A.
Alfonso XII, 34                                  28020 MADRID                               28043 MADRID                                 Hermosilla, 11 - 2º B
28014 MADRID                                     Phone: 91 418 36 00                        Phone: 91 418 87 00                          28001 MADRID
Phone: 91 701 49 21                              Fax: 91 418 36 10                          Fax: 91 556 58 87                            Phone: 91 575 83 55
Fax: 91 701 49 28                                E-mail: madrid@pinillos.com                E-mail:                                      Fax: 91 431 53 63
E-mail: shipbrokers.mad@berge-m.es               Web: www.pinillos.com                      dir.tecnica@pullmanturcruises.com            E-mail: av@uecc.com
                                                                                            Web: www.pullmanturcruises.com
Naviera Fos, S.L.                                                                                                                        W.W. Marpetrol, S.A.
Capitán Haya, 21                                 Naviera Vizcaína, S.A.
                                                                                            Remolques Marítimos, S.A.                    Guzmán el Bueno, 133 - 1º
28020 MADRID                                     General Rodrigo, 6 - 1º                    José Abascal, 32 - 4º Dcha.                  Edificio Germania
Phone: 91 418 36 00                              28003 MADRID                               28003 MADRID                                 28003 MADRID
Fax: 91 418 36 10                                Phone: 91 533 37 00                        Phone: 91 444 16 00                          Phone: 91 533 37 00
E-mail: navierafosm@grupoboluda.com              Fax: 91 553 14 15                          Fax: 91 444 16 01                            Fax: 91 554 68 23
Web: www.grupoboluda.com                         E-mail: chartering@marpetrol.es            E-mail: yolanda.rufino@remolques.es          E-mail: cargoflet@tsai.es


                                                                                       29
Dr. Fleming, 11 – 1º D – 28036 Madrid – Spain – Telf.: +34 91 458 00 40 – Fax: +34 91 457 97 80 – anave@anave.es – www.anave.es

				
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Description: Marine transportation is also called "international maritime transport of goods" is the most important international logistics in transportation. It refers to the use of the ship through the sea channel in different countries and regions to carry cargo between ports in a way, in the international cargo transportation in the most widely used. Currently, the total transport volume in international trade, 2 / 3.