Major deal to develop biochip imaging

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Major deal to develop biochip imaging Powered By Docstoc
             JANUARY 2009 Volume 15 No.4

Record grant for
history team                               Major deal
                                           to develop
See p5

Severn Barrage:

The debate
See p6-7

Welsh Woman of the
Year’s inspiring story
See p9
                                                 See page 3

Cardiff research goes supernova
See page 2

Exploding star in 3-D                                                                                                             Additional
       he remains of an exploding
       star have been reconstructed
       for the first time as a moving
3-D visualisation by an international                                                                                             Following the publication by the
team of astronomers, including                                                                                                    funding councils of the Research
Cardiff scientist Dr Haley Gomez.                                                                                                 Assessment Exercise (RAE)
                                                                                                                                  outcomes in December 2008, all
Using X-Ray images, and infrared data,                                                                                            universities have now received
the group created the visualisation of                                                                                            additional information derived
the supernova remnant Cassiopeia A,                                                                                               from the Assessment.
the remains of a star thought to have
                                                                                                                                  The information released by the
exploded 330 years ago.
                                                                                                                                  funding councils – in confidence
                                                                                                                                  to universities until publication
 The model brought                                                                                                                in Spring 2009 – comprises sub-
                                                                                                                                  profiles, subject overviews, main
 together the best                                                                                                                panel reports and summary statistics
 techniques from the                                                                                                              for each Unit of Assessment.
 fields of astronomy and                   Cassiopeia A supernova remnant. Copyright NASA/JPL- Caltech/O Krause                   This information is now being
                                                                                                                                  considered by the University.
 medical imaging, and                      Astronomers had known about the              away from different angles. As well
                                                                                        as being a pretty picture, it provides    The funding councils will base
                                           plumes and jets before, but did not know
 allowed the team to                                                                                                              their decisions on research
                                           that they all came out in a broad, disk-     an amazing insight into the original
 identify a number of new                                                               explosion of the star.”                   spending allocations directly
                                           like structure, as revealed by the model.
                                                                                                                                  on the Assessment results.
 findings, including high                  Dr Gomez said: “This reconstruction          The team was led by Dr Tracey             Universities will not know until
 velocity plumes and                       is really extraordinary. Astronomers         DeLaney of the Massachusetts              March at the earliest exactly how
                                           and the public are used to seeing            Institute of Technology.                  this funding will be calculated.
 jets shooting out from                    flat 2-D pictures, far removed from
                                                                                        Front page image of Cassiopeia A          • For Cardiff’s Research
 the star as it exploded.                  our everyday 3-D life. Now, we can
                                                                                        Copyright NASA/CXC/D.Berry                Assessment Exercise results visit:
                                           visualise an object 11,000 light years
                                                                                                                                  • The Dental School table in
                                                                                                                                  December’s Cardiff News (p6)

    Operatic masterclass
                                                                                                                                  showed UK dental schools
                                                                                                                                  ranked by “Research Power” but
                                                                                                                                  incorrectly displayed “Research 4*
                                                                                                                                  and 3*” data. Cardiff University’s
                                                                                                                                  5th ranking remains correct and
                                                                                                                                  further information can be seen at

                                                                                                                                 Joining forces
                                                                                                                                 with world leader
                                                                                                                                 The University has joined forces with
                                                                                                                                 leading consultancy company Mott
                                                                                                                                 MacDonald to share and promote
                                                                                                                                 consultancy, engineering and research
                                                                                                                                 expertise. The new joint working
                                                                                                                                 arrangement could see the University
                                                                                                                                 and Mott MacDonald working jointly
                                                                                                                                 on a range of initiatives in sectors
                                                                                                                                 including health, sustainability,
                                                                                                                                 housing, transport, and water with
                                                                                                                                 the potential for project sponsorship,
  World-famous soprano Dame Kiri Te Kanawa held a sell-out public masterclass with students from the Cardiff                     skills transfer, specialist advice, staff
  International Academy of Voice. Dame Kiri, who is President of the Academy, worked with the students for a week,               exchange and specialist research.
  mentoring them and helping them to develop their vocal technique. Seven students were then selected to perform in
                                                                                                                                 Derek Jones, Director of Business and
  the masterclass.
                                                                                                                                 Strategic Partnerships said: “This is a
  Catrin Aur Davies was one of the students performing: “It was an absolute privilege being picked out to sing in public with    very exciting development to be able to
  Dame Kiri,” said Catrin. “She is so generous and warm - I learnt so much from her during her week at the Academy.”             sign a joint working arrangement with
  Photo: Dame Kiri Te Kanawa and Academy Director Dennis O’Neill (front row, centre) with the students chosen                    one of the world's leading management
  for the masterclass (back row left to right) Rhys Jenkins, Noel Hernandez, Clare Egan, Philip Voldman (pianist),               and engineering consultancies.”
  (front row) Phillip Rhodes, Catrin Aur Davies, Lisa Wilson, Carlos Osuna                                                       Full story at
                                                                                                                                 macdonald .


Optical biochips could                                                                                                        New Year’s
                                                                                                                              Honours 2009
be the “silicon chips                                                                                                         The outstanding achievements
                                                                                                                              of individuals working at,
                                                                                                                              or associated with Cardiff
                                                                                                                              University have been recognised

of medical research”
                                                                                                                              in the New Year’s Honours list.
                                                                                                                              Professor Peter Wells,
                                                                                                                              Scientific Director of the Institute
                                                                                                                              of Medical Engineering and
                                                                                                                              Medical Physics at the School
                                                                                                                              of Engineering, is appointed a
Faster disease diagnosis may result from work focused on developing                                                           Commander of the Order of the
the next generation of optical biochips.                                                                                      British Empire (CBE) for services
                                                                                                                              to healthcare science. University
                                                                                                                              Fellow and graduate Owain
                                                                                                                              Arwel Hughes OBE was also

    nnovative lens-free cell                                                      from the School of Medicine, believes
                                                                                                                              made a CBE for his contribution
    imaging equipment                                                             optical biochips may do for medical
                                                                                                                              to music and charity.
    co-developed by                                                               research what silicon chips have done
scientists at the School of                                                       for computers. He said:                     Derek Jones, formerly
Medicine and the Gray                                                                                                         senior director of the Welsh
Cancer Institute Oxford, has                                                                                                  Assembly Government, now the
been taken forward by two
                                                                                   “This technology will                      University’s Director of Business
leading medical technology                                                         mean that we can act in                    and Strategic Partnerships was
development companies.                                                             terms of diagnosing                        appointed a Companion of the
The commercialisation                                                                                                         Order of the Bath (CB).
                                                                                   disease at the cellular
could impact on treatments,
                                                                                   level very quickly.”                       Professor Wendy Hall, Fellow
such as cancer and wound
                                                                                                                              of the University and Professor of
healing, and how they are
                                                                                                                              Computer Science at the University
                                                                                  “It is envisaged that CyMap can be          of Southampton, is appointed a
CyMap – one of the                                                                developed into a hand-held device           Dame Commander of the Order
inventions emerging from                                                          which should make the equipment             of the British Empire (DBE).
the Optical Biochips                                                              accessible and affordable for more
                                                                                                                              University Vice-Chancellor,
Consortium led by Paul                                                            people working in cancer and other
                                                                                                                              Dr David Grant, said: “These
Smith, Professor of Cancer                                                        health related disciplines across
                                                                                                                              awards recognise the significant
Biology - being advanced                                                          the world, not just the larger well-
                                                                                                                              contributions made by each of the
through a commercial                                                              equipped biosciences laboratories.”
                                                                                                                              recipients and I am delighted to
agreement between Cancer
                                                                                  In the diagnostics field, CyMap may         extend congratulations to them on
Research Technology
                                                                                  also be developed to monitor bacterial      behalf of the entire University.”
Limited, the oncology-
                                                                                  contamination, the presence of
focused development
                                                                                  other pathogens, or to count red and
and commercialisation
company, and the
technology development         Professor Paul Smith and Dr Rachel Errington
                                                                                  white blood cells. One of the other
                                                                                  advantages of CyMap technology is
                                                                                                                            Healthcare first
                                                                                  that it can be easily miniaturised and    The UK’s only designated Chair
specialists The Technology
                                          cancer, processes such as wound         integrated with microfluidic systems      responsible for driving forward
Partnership plc.
                                          healing, and support drug screening     - and it may also have other wider        evidence-based research in healthcare
Professor Smith, who leads a team         across a wide range of parameters.      research applications as well.            improvement and patient care has
in the Department of Pathology, was                                                                                         been appointed at Cardiff.
in overall charge of the £2.3 million     When illuminated using a simple
biochip project carried out by the        light source, the CyMap technology                                                Dr Jonathon Gray becomes the
Consortium and funded by Research         enables 'items' such as cells or                                                  University’s Chair in Healthcare
Councils UK.                              pathogens in a sample to create light                                             Improvement, a joint collaboration
                                          diffraction and interference patterns                                             between the School of Medicine,
CyMap is a lensless imaging chip          that can be recorded by a charge-                                                 School of Social Sciences and the
able to detect a range of particle        coupled device (CCD) - a type of                                                  Wales Centre for Health.
types in a solution. It holds the         digital camera - and then analysed
potential to be used in highly cost-      using computer algorithms. Scientists                                             The new position enables the
effective medical diagnostics systems     are then able to count the number of                                              University to improve its research
in hospitals, doctors’ surgeries and      ʻitemsʼ in a sample, and also monitor                                             capacity by better linking the Schools
research laboratories. It is able to      changes over time, such as location,                                              by providing a lead, supporting
detect, quantify and analyse cultured     movement and division of cells.                                                   policy and improving evidence-based
cells and medical samples including                                                                                         medicine in Wales and across the
blood, and hence CyMap could speed        Professor Smith, who is co-inventor
                                                                                                                            world. Full story at
up diagnosis of disease, including        alongside Dr Rachel Errington, also     Cells such as these can be tracked over
                                                                                  time through the CyMap chip               news/healthcare .

January 2009                                                                                                                                                     3

“A giant in the modern
history of medical care”
A day of reflection to celebrate the life and contribution of Professor Archie Cochrane – one of the founders of modern medicine – was hosted at the
University. Organised by the Dean of Interdisciplinary Studies, Professor Peter Halligan, the event attracted many who worked alongside Professor
Cochrane and thoughts on his legacy from senior medical figures in the UK and the USA. A selection of the tributes is given below.

                                                                                                                                                Case Notes
                                                                                                                                                Born Archibald Leman Cochrane,
                                                                                                                                                1909, Galashiels, Scotland

                                                                                                                                                Qualified in Medicine, University
                                                                                                                                                College Hospital, London 1938

                                                                                                                                                Served with the British Ambulance
                                                                                                                                                Unit, Spanish Civil War

                                                                                                                                                Captured and served as Medical
                                                                                                                                                Officer in prisoner of war camps,
                                                                                                                                                World War II. Appointed MBE
                                                                                                                                                in recognition of “gallant and
                                                                                                                                                distinguished” war service.

                                                                                                                                                1948. Joined the Medical Research
                                                                                                                                                Council Pneumonoconiosis Unit,
Aspects of Archie. Professor Sir Iain Chalmers, founder of the Cochrane Collaboration; Professor Peter Elwood, School of Medicine, who worked   Llandough Hospital. Embarked
with Archie Cochrane on many research projects, including a breakthrough on the benefits of aspirin; Professor Max Blythe, who completed        on a pioneering study linking lung
Cochrane’s unfinished autobiography; Dr Julian Tudor Hart, another colleague and a pioneer in community control of hypertension and other       disease to coal dust in two South
chronic conditions. All four shared their memories at the Cochrane Reflection Day. For a fuller report see:   Wales mining valleys.

                                                “Archie Cochrane is a giant in the               that work, I think was really quite
                                                                                                                                                Appointed David Davies Professor
                                                modern history of medical care                   tremendous.” Dame Carol Black, UK
                                                and healthcare services.”                        National Director for Health and Work          of Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases
                                                Donald Berwick, Clinical Professor                                                              at the Welsh National School of
                                                of Paediatrics and Healthcare Policy,            “The Cochrane Collaboration is                 Medicine (now School of Medicine,
                                                Harvard Medical School, USA                      an incredible legacy which now                 Cardiff University), 1960
                                                                                                 in the 14 years of its existence has
                                                “The Cochrane Collaboration                      touched many, many lives around                Appointed a CBE in 1968 for
                                                database and all the work that’s gone            the world.” Kay Dickersin, Professor           services to the School of Medicine.
                                                on in all the countries of the world             of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins
                                                has more than cemented his legacy                Bloomberg School of Public Health,             Published Effectiveness and
                                                as a pioneer in the provision of                 USA
                                                                                                                                                Efficiency: Random Reflections
Tributes                                        evidence-based healthcare.”
                                                Sir Liam Donaldson, Government
                                                Chief Medical Adviser, UK
                                                                                                 “Part of his work was actually about
                                                                                                 having results that would make a
                                                                                                                                                on Health Services, 1972. The
                                                                                                                                                book helped establish randomised
“He had about ten ordinary lives                                                                 difference to society.” Sir Michael            controlled trials in medical
rolled into one.” Rhodri Morgan,                “He saw profound socio-economic                  Marmot, Director, International                research worldwide
First Minister for Wales                        disparities in health in his community           Institute for Society and Health,
                                                and in his nation…and taught us that             University College London                      1988. Died peacefully at his
“He was a friend and a marvellous               these disparities are unconscionable.”                                                          nephew’s home in Dorset, aged 79
person to work with – charismatic,              Lawrence Gostin, Associate Dean,                 “A man who had a enormous
with a lot of ideas, lateral thinking and       Georgetown University Law Center,                impact on Wales and on healthcare              1993. Professor Sir Iain Chalmers
enthusiasm.” Professor Peter Elwood             USA                                              worldwide.” Professor Peter Halligan           founded the Cochrane Collaboration.
“As a Medical Officer in the prison                                                                                                             Some 15,000 researchers are now
                                                “The work that he did in the Rhondda             “We were very fond of him, and he
camps he felt totally responsible and                                                                                                           involved worldwide, sharing the
                                                Valley for ten years in which he                 was very good to all the family.”
began looking at disease patterns,                                                                                                              results of medical trials on a not-
                                                really showed that exposure to                   Maggie Stalker, wife of Archie
saying ‘What can I do to intervene?’”           environmental agents was related                 Cochrane’s nephew Joe                          for-profit basis
Professor Max Blythe                            to disability, and the way he did


Record grant to study                                                                                                              When faulty
Europe’s first farmers                                                                                                             collide
                                                                                                                                   Scientists from the School of
                                                                                                                                   Biosciences have explained
                                                                                                                                   how bowel cancer can become
Cardiff is leading an international team in investigating the lifestyle of the                                                     aggressive and identified a
                                                                                                                                   key protein for potential drug
first farmers in central Europe.                                                                                                   development.
                                                                                                                                   Published in Nature Genetics,
                                                                                         One of the key questions will be          the study was led by Professor
                                                                                         whether the existing European             Alan Clarke, Cancer Research
                                                                                         population of hunter gatherers            UK’s lead researcher.
                                                                                         themselves settled down as farmers,
                                                                                                                                   It found that a tumour
                                                                                         or whether agriculture brought in by
                                                                                                                                   suppressor protein called Pten
                                                                                         immigrants from Turkey and the Near
                                                                                                                                   is critical in stopping tumours
                                                                                         East. The answer may be a combination
                                                                                                                                   from growing. Importantly,
                                                                                         of the two.
                                                                                                                                   the team found that when Pten
                                                                                         The team will be analysing human          becomes faulty some of these
                                                                                         and animal samples to learn more          tumours turn aggressive.
                                                                                         about the diet and mobility of the LBK
                                                                                                                                   When Pten faults coincide with
                                                                                         populations. Teeth, for example, can
                                                                                                                                   faults in another protein called
                                                                                         show if people were brought up in a
                                                                                                                                   APC, then a kinase protein
                                                                                         different area to where they died.
                                                                                                                                   called AKT stimulates tumours
                                                                                         Professor Whittle and Dr Daniela          to become aggressive and they
                                                                                         Hofmann from Cardiff will be              are then more likely to spread.
                                                                                         working with Dr Alex Bentley, a
                                                                                                                                   Detecting this trend led to the
                                                                                         reader in anthropology at Durham
Professor Hedges, Professor Whittle, Dr Bentley (holding a replica LBK bowl) and Dr                                                team to identify AKT as a strong
                                                                                         University and Professor Robert
Hofmann planning the research project, which will span central Europe.                                                             lead for drug development to
                                                                                         Hedges, a leading archaeological
                                                                                                                                   target bowel cancer.
                                                                                         scientist from Oxford University.

         crucial period in the               in Europe, have won £610,000 from
                                                                                                                                   Professor Alan Clarke said:
         settlement of Europe will be        the Arts and Humanities Research            Dr Bentley and Durham colleague
                                                                                                                                   “These findings are really
         investigated in detail by a         Council. The interdisciplinary project      Professor Graham Pearson will
                                                                                                                                   interesting. We now have a
team from the School of History and          combines archaeological research on         examine strontium isotope signatures
                                                                                                                                   model of how bowel cancer
Archaeology. The Linearbandkeramik           Neolithic settlements and cemeteries        in teeth and how they differed
                                                                                                                                   progresses. Previously scientists
(LBK) culture covered large areas            as well as the very latest in scientific    across the region, while Professor
                                                                                                                                   only had a very limited idea
of central Europe between 5500 and           analysis of on a wide range of human        Hedges will analyse carbon, nitrogen
                                                                                                                                   of how bowel tumours were
4900BC – the first phase of settled          and animal remains.                         and calcium isotope signatures for
                                                                                                                                   believed to progress.
agriculture in this region. For the first                                                information about the prehistoric diet,
time, cereal was grown in Europe                                                         and oxygen isotope signatures for         “This has given us a clearer
and domestic animals were raised.
                                               The award is the largest                  further insights into mobility.           picture of how bowel tumours
It was traditionally thought that this         ever made to Cardiff by                                                             actually grow and provides
                                                                                         Professor Whittle said: “It is very
was a uniform culture, with few                the Arts and Humanities                                                             scientists with crucial
                                                                                         rare that this suite of techniques
differences across the region. But                                                                                                 information for drug design to
                                               Research Council.                         can be used together to gain a
now a substantial grant will enable                                                                                                slow down or stop the spread of
                                                                                         deeper understanding of several
the Cardiff team and their colleagues                                                                                              the disease.”
                                             The sweep of the project will take in       complementary aspects of past
to look for economic and social
                                             Alsace, southern Germany, northern          lifeways. The project is an important     Dr Lesley Walker, Cancer
differences within this culture.
                                             Austria, the southern part of the           inter-disciplinary and international      Research UK’s director of
The team, led by the School’s                Czech Republic, Slovakia and western        case study of diversity and its           cancer information described the
Professor Alasdair Whittle, along            Hungary. The team will be looking at        implications within a superficially       findings as “a really important
with colleagues from Durham                  a large number of samples collected         uniform culture – a problem repeated      piece of science”.
and Oxford and collaborators in              from Neolithic sites across this region.    across many prehistoric situations.”
Strasbourg, Mainz and elsewhere

  There’s so much going on…                                                     Timely report on contingency fees
  Cardiff News contains only a fraction of the                                  A new report by Professor Richard Moorhead, Deputy Head of Cardiff Law School,
  University’s news output, the majority of which                               suggests this country’s justice system would not be impaired by contingency deals
  is published at Here                                   allowing lawyers to take fees from damages won for clients. The report, completed
  are just a few of the recently featured items.                                in partnership with Senior Costs Judge Peter Hurst, was commissioned by the Civil
                                                                                Justice Council. Full story at: .

January 2009                                                                                                                                                           5

The Severn Barrage Debate
Multi-disciplinary collaborations between colleagues in different Schools and
Centres are an important feature of research of Cardiff University. Given the breadth
of world-leading research taking place across the University, academic staff often
bring different perspectives or concentrate on different aspects of the same issue.

       he controversy surrounding
       the proposed Severn Barrage
       is one of those issues. There is
a wide range of expertise available at
the University for considering both the
Severn’s potential for energy generation
and the environmental dimensions.
Here, Professor Roger Falconer from
the School of Engineering argues
that the Severn Barrage would
bring benefits in sustainable energy
generation while Professor Steve
Ormerod of the School of Biosciences
raises some of the associated wildlife
and conservation issues…

The Severn Barrage:
Roger’s view
The main proposal for tidal energy
provision from the Severn Estuary is
the Cardiff-Weston Barrage. The
barrage would be 16 km long, would
generate 5 per cent of the UK’s
current electricity supply, would focus
energy capture in an efficient manner
and would have the benefit over wind
and wave energy in that tides are
This barrage proposal – along with
others – is being studied using
computational models developed
within the School of Engineering. The
model simulations have shown that
a barrage would reduce the upstream          Professor Roger Falconer discussing the Barrage with Jonathan Porritt for BBC Wales
spring tidal range from 14m to 7m,
which would result in a marked loss of       in the estuary; increase the light         In terms of impact on the local region, it   we are going to have to do something
the inter-tidal habitat areas. Whilst this   penetration through the water              is estimated that a barrage would create     very bold in the UK and for me one
loss would potentially have an adverse       column and encourage an increase           an additional 40,000 jobs and would          of those things is to get the Severn
impact on the aquatic environment            and change in the bio-diversity and        significantly increase the potential for     Barrage built.” I agree with this
upstream, the model also shows that          aquatic life on the estuary bed;           tourism and the local economy.               conclusion.
the peak tide elevations would be lower      and enhance the opportunities for
                                                                                        In a recent BBC Wales TV                     Professor Roger Falconer
by up to 1.5m upstream to Gloucester         recreational water sports.
                                                                                        documentary, Week In Week Out,
and by at least 25cm for some 75km           The main concern with the loss of          Jonathan Porritt (Chair, Sustainable
downstream of the Barrage, thereby           inter-tidal habits relates to the impact   Development Commission)                        Professor Falconer is
reducing flood risk – both upstream          on the bird population. However, the       concluded: “my colleagues in the               Halcrow Professor of Water
and downstream.                              Severn is a dynamic estuary, already       environmental movement don’t seem              Management at the School of
The lower tidal currents induced by          being affected by climate change,          to understand the scale and threat of          Engineering. As a member of
a barrage would: reduce the very             and the RSPB’s own figures for             climate change.                                the Department for Business,
high levels of sediments in the water        Dunlin show that a dramatic decline                                                       Enterprise and Regulatory
                                             of nearly 50 per cent has occurred in      “For me that takes priority over               Reform Expert Panel, he is
column (thereby making the water
                                             the estuary’s bird population between      everything else - if we’re going to do         bound by confidentiality on a
much clearer or bluer); improve the
                                             1988-93 and 2000-05.                       something about these threats then             number of points.
overall water quality characteristics


The Severn Barrage:
Steve’s view
If current CO2 emissions continue,                                                                                     call for
habitat damage will commit over
a third of land-based plants and
animals to extinction by the 2050s.
Wales cannot escape. In the River
Wye, for example, Atlantic salmon                                                                                      Welsh business leaders learned about
have declined by over 50 per cent as                                                                                   the Welsh School of Architecture’s
temperatures and river flows have                                                                                      contribution to sustainable projects
changed over the last 25 years.                                                                                        around the world at a recent Cardiff
                                                                                                                       University Innovation Network event.
How tragic that the proposed Severn                                                                                    The Head of the School, Professor
barrage could curtail adult migration                                                                                  Phil Jones, set the scene for the
and risk local extinction in one of the                                                                                audience at the Wales Millennium
very species that emission mitigation                                                                                  Centre, explaining how sustainable
is intended to benefit.                                                                                                design had gone from niche market to
This and several other endangered                                                                                      mainstream in the past three decades.
migrant fishes in the Severn are listed                                                                                He called for a research-led
on the EU Habitats Directive (92/43/                                                                                   development industry and added:
EEC), which confers Europe’s highest                                                                                   “We have a lot of skills for delivering
conservation safeguard on the Rivers                                                                                   a more sustainable environment. The
Wye, Usk, and the Severn estuary.                                                                                      question is – can we apply them within
The estuary is also a Special                                                                                          the short timescale we have left?”
Protection Area (79/49/EEC) for                                                                                        The Network then heard of the
some of the migrant waterfowl and                                                                                      partnership work on The Pearl Island
wading birds for which Britain has                                                                                     development in Qatar between the
disproportionate importance.                                                                                           School’s Centre for Research in the
European law outlines how such                                                                                         Built Environment (CRiBE), and
sites are protected from development      Professor Steve Ormerod                                                      Cardiff-based company Building
projects except where no alternatives                                                                                  Energy Partnership. Peter Robson,
exist and where there are “imperative                                                                                  founding partner in Building Energy
reasons of overriding public interest”.                                                                                Partnership, which won the tender to
                                                                                                                       produce a sustainable design manual
Even then, compensation measures                                                                                       for the development, told the audience:
are required. None of us has yet
                                                                                                                       “To prove the integrity and credibility
begun to imagine the scale of such
                                                                                                                       of the work, we approached CRiBE
compensation for the river and
                                                                                                                       to see if they would be interested in
estuarine resources involved here.
                                                                                                                       working with us. That proved to be
There is no doubt that we must                                                                                         our masterstroke.”
reduce carbon emissions urgently
                                                                                                                       • Sustainability site launch – page 9
through conservation and safe energy
generation. The Severn offers huge
potential from its tides and currents,
but several tests should apply before
                                                                                                                       New post to
they are exploited:                                                                                                    take forward IT
Firstly, expenditure on any barrage
should not preclude more rapid
                                          Third, any generating option should     But might this not offer a win-win   modernisation
                                          not be more damaging than the           situation in which tidal energy
reductions in emissions from capital                                                                                   Eileen Brandreth has
                                          problems we wish to alleviate.          is harnessed with manageable
spent on reducing energy demand.                                                                                       been appointed as
                                                                                  environmental impact?
                                          Recent work by the engineering                                               Cardiff University’s
Second, any option to generate
                                          company, Atkins, showed that a ‘tidal   Professor Steve Ormerod              first Director
electricity should represent value
                                          reef’, from Aberthawe to Minehead,                                           of University
for public money. The £15bn
                                          was technically feasible, £2bn                                               Information
Cardiff-Weston barrage, discussed                                                   Professor Steve Ormerod is
                                          cheaper than the Cardiff-Weston                                              Technology (IT).
by the Sustainable Development                                                      Professor of Ecology at Cardiff
                                          Barrage, and capable of generating
Commission, would be among the                                                      School of Biosciences. He is       Before taking up this position, Eileen
                                          17 per cent more electricity with
most damaging options ecologically                                                  currently Chairman of RSPB         was Chief Information Officer for
                                          considerably less environmental
while offering one of the most                                                      Wales and serves as President      Corporate Services in Royal & Sun
expensive means of renewable                                                        of the Institute of Ecology and    Alliance. Martyn Harrow, Director
generation.                               There is concern that this option         Environmental Management.          of Information Services, said “Eileen
                                          might not be included in the              He is also a trustee of the        will considerably strengthen the
In providing c 4 per cent of UK
                                          next phase of the UK and Welsh            Association of Rivers Trust.       position of IT in the University,
electricity, costs-per-unit would be
                                          Governments’ Feasibility Study.                                              bringing in extensive practical
double those generated renewably
from other available sources.                                                                                          IT leadership experience and an
                                                                                                                       impressive track record of success
                                                                                                                       gained in the business world.”

January 2009                                                                                                                                               7

Calling for a school food revolution
          ew research from the              Drawing on empirical data collected         time, place, and zeitgeist coming        Below: Professor Morgan and Dr
          School of City and Regional       in urban and rural areas around the         together. Academics, politicians and     Sonnino visiting the Plumcroft School,
          Planning is having such           world, the book takes a critical look       communities are all getting involved     Greenwich allotment with Year 3 pupils
an impact that it is being launched         at school food reform, the creation of      and realising that the humble school     (left to right) Issy Stevenson-Quilty, Emily
in triplicate across the UK and             markets for local producers and new         meal is a prism through which we         White, Shuab Jama, and Jabir Samater.
worldwide.                                  food education initiatives.                 can explore some of the biggest issues   The borough of Greenwich, despite
                                                                                        facing our society - the environment,    being one of the poorest in London,
The first launch of The School              This perspective on the design and                                                   features in The School Revolution as
                                                                                        sustainability and social justice.”
Food Revolution: Public Food                delivery of sustainable school food                                                  having been in the vanguard of school
and the Challenge of Sustainable            systems in an international context         The keynote speaker for the London       food reform. Professor Morgan and Dr
Development, a new book by                  has already drawn worldwide                 launch was Sheila Sisulu,                Sonnino presented a copy of their book
Professor Kevin Morgan and Dr               attention with Professor Morgan and         the Deputy Executive                     to the school’s head cook and took the
Roberta Sonnino, was hosted at the          Dr Sonnino invited to present their         Director of the World                    opportunity to visit the allotment, one
University. This was followed by a          research in 13 countries to date.           Food Programme.                          of the healthy eating and sustainability
London launch in November and                                                                                                    initiatives taking place at the school.
                                            Speaking about the attention their
the work will be introduced to an
                                            work has attracted, Professor
international audience via a New
                                            Morgan said: “It is an
York launch in May 2009.
                                            astonishing case of

Staff survey reveals                                                                       University commitment
high satisfaction –                                                                        to research staff
and areas to improve                                                                       The University has declared its
                                                                                           commitment to a national strategy
                                                                                                                                 valuing their work and providing
                                                                                                                                 them with support and career
Cardiff University employees have           University to others as a good place to        for research staff development        development.
high levels of overall satisfaction with    work. The main factors contributing            with a day-long conference on
their work according to the results of      to the overall satisfaction level were                                               Professor Terry Rees, Cardiff
                                                                                           researchers’ careers.
a comprehensive staff attitude survey.      workplace culture, help with pressure                                                University Pro Vice-Chancellor
                                            both inside and outside work and the           The Research Staff Conference         for Research, emphasised the
Some 2357 members of staff – around                                                        was addressed by Professor            importance of the effective
                                            quality of line management.
43 per cent of the total workforce –                                                       Sir Ivor Crewe, chair of the          implementation of the Concordat
completed a questionnaire in May            Areas of lower satisfaction included           implementation steering group         and spoke of those Concordat
and June. The results have just been        internal communication, the reward             for the new national Concordat to     principles which are already
published, showing that, overall, 79        system for good performance,                   Support the Career Development        integrated into the structures of
per cent are satisfied with working for     advancement and promotion, and                 of Researchers. Sir Ivor told         the University. More information
the University. There are similar high      consultation about change at work.             the audience that the Concordat       on training and development
figures for staff who said they enjoyed     Priority action areas are now being            was based on the principles of        opportunities for research
doing their job and for satisfaction with   taken forward from the survey.                 recruiting and retaining the best     staff can be found at:
conditions of employment, while 71 per                                                     researchers, recognising and
                                            Full results of the study can be found at
cent said they would recommend the


Welsh Woman of the Year success                                                                                                  Sustainability
                                                                                                                                 site launched
        rofessor Judith Hall, School
        of Medicine, has been                                                                                                    A new University web area
        named Welsh Woman of the                                                                                                 dedicated to sustainability has
Year in recognition of her inspiring                                                                                             been launched showing how the
achievements as both a clinical                                                                                                  University community is working
academic and as founder of the                                                                                                   together on this important issue.
educational charity Mothers of Africa.
                                                                                                                                 The web microsite brings together
In 2003, Professor Hall learned that                                                                                             the University’s environmental
African mothers are 80 times more                                                                                                policies, plans and progress. It also
likely to die in childbirth than those                                                                                           details the challenging targets set
in developed countries. She decided                                                                                              by the University to reduce carbon
immediately that something had to                                                                                                emissions.
be done.
                                                                                                                                 Faster access to information about
“The scale of maternal mortality in Sub-                                                                                         sustainable development research
Saharan Africa is almost inconceivable                                                                                           taking place across the University
to someone from the UK. Every day                                                                                                is enabled and the site also carries
more than 400 young women, that is                                                                                               ideas and tips on how students and
the equivalent of a jumbo jet full of                                                                                            staff can get involved, take action
young women, in the prime of their                                                                                               and make a difference locally and
lives, are dying unnecessarily in                                                                                                globally.
childbirth,” said Professor Hall. “And,                                                                                          The University has a responsibility
of course, it gets worse because if                                                                                              towards protecting the environment
mothers die, then the chances of their                                                                                           not only through its own actions
babies dying increases dramatically.”                                                                                            which address a wide range of
She established Mothers of Africa          Professor Hall accepts her award as Welsh Woman of the Year                           sustainability issues, but also by
in 2004 with the aim of reducing                                                                                                 seeking to bring about positive
these appalling figures. The charity is    just emerging from a terrible civil war     my husband Simon, Mothers of Africa       change through a world-leading
supported by the medical community         and the need there is enormous.”            simply would not have happened.           programme of research, learning
in Wales with teams of educationalists,                                                I am also grateful for the wonderful      and teaching.
                                           Professor Hall’s ‘day job’ is working
teachers and clinicians from the                                                       support the charity has received from
                                           as the UK’s only female Head                                                          Initiatives on sustainability are
School of Medicine and Cardiff and                                                     the wider University community.”
                                           of Department of Anaesthetics                                                         continually being introduced,
Vale NHS Trust travelling to deliver       and Intensive Care Medicine.                Professor Hall is the third University    updated and added to across all
teaching in Benin, Togo, Ethiopia and      Acknowledging that there are often          winner of Welsh Woman of the Year,        the University’s sites.
Liberia. They educate local health care    not enough hours in the day, Professor      following Ann Taylor (1999) also
workers to recognize sick mothers and                                                                                            To read about your more
                                           Hall dedicated her award success to         based in the School of Medicine’s
to provide them with immediate life-                                                                                             sustainable University visit:
                                           the charity’s many tireless fundraisers     Department of Anaesthetics &
saving care.                                                                                                           
                                           and trustees.                               Intensive Care Medicine and
“Our most recent work has been                                                         Professor the Baroness Ilora Finlay of
                                           She said: “If it were not for the support
carried out in Liberia, possibly the                                                   Llandaff, an honorary professor and
                                           I receive from my colleagues at the
most challenging but also the most         School of Medicine, my friends, and
                                                                                       former Vice Dean of the University’s     Setting the standard
rewarding of our trips. The country is                                                 School of Medicine (1994).
                                                                                                                                for journalists
                                                                                                                                The National Council for the Training
  Partnership to sharpen focus on Welsh issues                                                                                  of Journalists has revealed the
                                                                                                                                Diploma in Newspaper Journalism,
  Welsh issues are to get an even          opportunities to further deliver            agreement marks a significant step       run at the School of Journalism,
  sharper focus thanks to a new            quality research which informs              forward for the Institute in a year      Media and Cultural Studies, as the
  agreement between the University         future of policies, promoting new           when we are celebrating our 21st         UK’s best performing postgraduate
  and the Institute of Welsh Affairs.      and innovative approaches to issues         anniversary. The complementary           journalism course.
                                           of relevance to Wales.                      strengths of both institutions
  The agreement with the leading                                                                                                Students on the course have received
                                                                                       will bring an even sharper focus
  think tank for Wales, paves the way      Speaking at the launch at the                                                        the best results in examinations run by
                                                                                       on the issues facing Wales. I
  for greater collaboration in public      National Assembly, Professor Ken                                                     the National Council for the Training
                                                                                       hope it is a forerunner of similar
  policy development.                      Woodhouse, Pro Vice-Chancellor                                                       of Journalists.
                                           for Engagement, said: “This is
  Working together to advance                                                                                                   • The Cardiff University student
                                           a great example of how higher               The University’s Wales Governance
  research into political and legal                                                                                             magazine Quench has been named
                                           education and organisations such            Centre has already been working
  matters in Wales, the agreement                                                                                               Magazine of the Year at the Guardian
                                           as the Institute of Welsh Affairs           with the Institute of Welsh Affairs
  formalises an already long-standing                                                                                           Student Media awards. The judges
                                           can work together to inform and             on the publication of a series of
  relationship with the Institute.                                                                                              said: “Of all the magazines, it felt like
                                           influence the public agenda.”               Cardiff Bay Papers, the second of
                                                                                                                                the one that was going to be picked up
  The Partnership will increase                                                        which - Politics in 21st Century
                                           Institute of Welsh Affairs Chair                                                     a lot and used.”
  the prospect of attracting grants                                                    Wales - has just been launched.
                                           Geraint Talfan Davies, said, “This
  and maximising other funding

January 2009                                                                                                                                                          9

Health Minister opens new
‘virtual’ radiography suite
         new state-of-the-art ‘virtual’       collaboration with computer science            Dr Paul Brown said: “The ‘virtual
         radiography suite, which will        experts in Cardiff University                  reality’ system allows some 20
         improve care of patients with        and expect that this will lead to              therapeutic students per year to gain
cancer, has been opened by Health             exploration of opportunities for the           vital ‘hands-on’ experience of using
Minister, Edwina Hart.                        training of other types of clinical staff      the linear accelerator treatment
                                              and for research in the growing field          machines in a safe environment, in
The Cardiff University Radiography                                                                                                        In a New Mexico city where only
                                              of virtual reality and simulation.”            preparation for, and alongside their
Virtual Environment Suite, based                                                                                                          14 inches of rain fall in a year,
                                                                                             clinical training.
in the School of Healthcare Studies           Radiotherapy is a treatment for                                                             a Cardiff University packamac
and funded through the NHS Capital            patients with cancer and some non-             “The new facility uses two Sony 4K           might not be considered essential.
and Expenditure Scheme, allows                malignant disorders which utilises             projectors and Vicon MX cameras              However, when former University
therapeutic radiography students the          the biological effects of high energy          designed and installed by HoloVis            Secretary Eirian Edwards was
opportunity to practise their skills in       X-rays and other ionising radiations.          Limited and puts us ahead of other           caught out by a thunderstorm just
a completely safe environment.                                                               UK universities in terms of its              before an opera in Santa Fe, it
                                              Tracking the user through a series
                                                                                             projection capability and future             came in very handy.
Opening the new unit, Mrs Hart said:          of infra-red camera sensors, the
                                                                                             training and research potential. Our
“I am delighted to officially open this       sophisticated new equipment creates a                                                       The packamac, which Eirian
                                                                                             students will now be able to learn
cutting edge virtual reality training         simulated environment which is then                                                         obtained at an Eisteddfod many
                                                                                             important concepts, and practice new
unit which is the first such facility for     projected on to screens via Virtual                                                         years ago, also proved to be a
                                                                                             techniques in a safe environment,
NHS staff in Wales. This new unit             Environment Radiotherapy Training                                                           conversation starter.
                                                                                             where no harm can come to the
gives students the experience of what         computer software. The student user
                                                                                             student or patient.”                         Eirian said: “One of my group
it would be like working in a clinical        is immersed into the ‘virtual world’
setting.                                      of a radiotherapy treatment room               Whilst the Radiography Virtual               told me she had published a
                                              and can perform the usual functions            Environment Suite is primarily used          paper with someone from the
“It will provide radiography students                                                                                                     School of Biosciences. The people
                                              undertaken in ‘setting up’ a patient           for radiotherapy training, future
with a facility which will greatly                                                                                                        having a picnic next to us said
                                              for their radiotherapy treatment and           use will include virtual diagnostic
improve training opportunities                                                                                                            they had a daughter at Swansea
                                              associated tasks.                              radiography and possible research
and ultimately enhance the care of                                                                                                        and greeted me every time they
                                                                                             developments within other healthcare
patients with cancer. I am particularly       Deputy Director of Radiography,                                                             saw me thereafter. Some of the
pleased to see interdisciplinary              School of Healthcare Studies,                                                               other friends I was with were
                                                                                                                                          senior staff at the House of
                                                                                                                                          Representatives in Washington
                                                                                                                                          and were quite intrigued – so I
                                                                                                                                          reckon that I (accidentally) did a
                                                                                                                                          good PR job!”

                                                                                                                                        With regret the University records the
                                                                                                                                        deaths of:
                                                                                                                                        Professor Ursula R.Q. Henriques,
                                                                                                                                        former Professor of History. A
                                                                                                                                        contributor to the leading historical
                                                                                                                                        journals in the English language, Ursula
                                                                                                                                        was a very distinguished figure and a
                                                                                                                                        great asset to the University’s History
                                                                                                                                        department. A long-standing member
                                                                                                                                        of the University, she generously
                                                                                                                                        endowed both a postgraduate bursary
                                                                                                                                        and an undergraduate prize.
                                                                                                                                        Sheila Miller, a catering assistant
                                                                                                                                        within the Campus Services Division,
                                                                                                                                        who died on 28 November 2008.
                                                                                                                                        Sheila worked for the division for
                                                                                                                                        over 42 years and was described by
                                                                                                                                        both managers and colleagues as an
                                                                                                                                        excellent team member.
                                                                                                                                        Obituaries appears on the University
Cardiff University radiotherapy students Kate Robertson, left, and Carol McDonald, right, demonstrate the new virtual suite to Health   website at
Minister, Edwina Hart.                                                                                                                  staff/obituaries.


   Cardiff People: John Pearce                                                                                                  IN BRIEF…
                                                                                                                                The Staff Counselling Service
                                                                                                                                will be running a series of
                                                                                                                                Health & Well-Being workshops/
Professor John Pearce FRS
                                                                                                                                presentations for University staff,
I joined the Department of
                                                                                                                                on January 27, February 3, 4, 13,
Psychology of University College
                                                                                                                                17 and 24, March 3 and 11 and
Cardiff in 1980 as a lecturer. I rose
                                                                                                                                April 29. For details of the events,
through the ranks to be appointed
                                                                                                                                venues, times and how to book,
to a Personal Chair in 1992. My
                                                                                                                                see .
research is directed at understanding
the nature of animal intelligence. I
was elected to the Royal Society in                                                                                             The pilot Certificate in Higher
2006 for my contribution to formal                                                                                              Education for Dental Nursing
theories of learning in animals. Now                                                                                            course has commenced at the
that our three children have left                                                                                               Postgraduate Dental Centre
home, my wife Victoria and I spend                                                                                              in Prince Charles Hospital in
our spare time endeavouring to trek                                                                                             Merthyr Tydfil. Paul Langmaid,
to remote places.                                                                                                               Chief Dental Officer for Wales
                                                                                                                                gave an opening address and
What do you listen to first                                                                                                     welcomed the students from
                                                                                                                                across Wales who are undertaking
thing in the morning?
                                                                                                                                the course. He said the course,
I regard the compact disc as one
                                                                                                                                run through the School of
of mankind’s finest inventions and
                                                                                                                                Postgradate Medical and Dental
usually listen to a CD as I travel to
                                                                                                                                Education, was an exciting
work. This morning I listened to a      John Pearce having just described his latest theory to a group of seals in the
                                                                                                                                development – the first of its kind
truly awful country album entitled      Galapagos Islands.
                                                                                                                                in Wales and the UK.
the Best of the Statler Bros which
inexplicably never fails to raise       Most memorable encounter                        What one question would
my spirits. A perennial favourite is    with a celebrity?                               you really like to know the             India’s High Commissioner to
Beethoven. A current favourite is                                                                                               Britain, His Excellency Shiv
                                        While at school I taught Joe                    answer to?
an English singer/songwriter, Thea                                                                                              Shankar Mukherjee, paid a visit
                                        Strummer of the Clash to play rugby.            What is my dog thinking about when
Gilmore.                                                                                                                        to the University to discuss the
                                        I also looked after cousin Edward               he looks at me, if anything? I fear     development of further links
                                        when he became ill from eating too              that we shall never know the answer     between Cardiff and India. He
Who inspired you on your                much toothpaste. He grew up to be               to this fundamentally important         had the opportunity to meet with
                                        “Fast”Eddie Clarke of Motorhead.                question.
career path?                                                                                                                    students and senior members of
Jim Wright at Leeds University. He                                                                                              staff from the Business School,
opened my eyes to a new way of          What thoroughly annoys you?                     Tell us a joke                          School of Engineering, Law
studying animal intelligence.           Rather little. Shopping. John                   The one that amused my children         School, and School of Journalism,
                                        Humphrys on the Today programme.                most when they were young is:           Media and Cultural Studies. Full
                                        Being told something is impossible.                                                     story at .
Which word do friends use                                                               “Two bishops in a bed, which one
                                        Slow drivers. People who say
about you most?                         “Enjoy” - it is a transitive verb.              wore the nightdress?” (Mrs Bishop)
                                                                                                                                At an age when most people
Because they are my friends,            Filling in forms. Lights left on by my                                                  are thinking of settling down
they haven’t told me. But one of        children. Rather a lot, really.                 Your favourite view in                  to retirement, Marian Williams
my students once wrote on their
                                                                                        the whole world (or the                 began taking courses at Cardiff
feedback form “John Pearce is a
                                        What is your secret                             universe)?                              University’s Centre for Lifelong
lovely man - I wish he was my
                                                                                                                                Learning. Now a new book,
grandfather”.                           ambition? (just between us)                     I should like to say Lake Karambar
                                                                                                                                entitled The History of Lifelong
                                        To drive a Series-1 Land Rover                  in the Hindu Kush, North Pakistan;
                                                                                                                                Learning at Cardiff University
                                        across the Sahara.                              but based on the amount of time I
                                                                                                                                (1883-2008), based on research
                                                                                        spend gazing at it, the answer would
                                                                                                                                undertaken by Marian has just
                                                                                        seem to be the view from my office
                                        What does the University                                                                been published to celebrate 125
                                        need more of?                                                                           years of lifelong learning at
                                        More PhD students. They are                                                             Cardiff University.
                                        invariably great fun to work with,
                                                                                        Who would play you in the
                                        and the future of research depends              film about your life?                   Cardiff Law School and Hugh
                                        upon them. More hours in the day.               If Victoria is to watch the film, the   James Solicitors beat off stiff
                                                                                        actor will have to be Daniel Craig.     competition from across England
                                                                                                                                and Wales to win the Student
                                        Which book did you re-read                                                              Team Award at the prestigious
                                        most as a child?                                                                        Law Society Junior Lawyers’
                                        Ginger’s Adventures (Ladybird).                                                         Division 10th Anniversary Pro
                                        A heart-warming story of a dog’s                                                        Bono Awards. The awards were
                                        search for Tommy, his master.                                                           presented at a ceremony at the
John and Victoria Pearce in the                                                                                                 Law Society in London.
Galapagos Islands

January 2009                                                                                                                                                    11
Visit our website at

New partnership                                                                                 How well do you know
takes to the river                                                                              your University?
                                                                                                The friendly fish featured in last month’s picture is one of a
A new sponsorship deal between                 Peter, a Lieutenant with the Royal               number of intricate carvings to be found on the doors which
Cardiff University and Fly Navy                Navy, rowed to victory as part of the            connect the Committee Rooms in the Glamorgan Building.
– the Fleet Air Arm of the Royal               men’s coxless four in the 2008 Beijing
Navy - has been launched by Olympic            Olympics.                                        The location will be revealed in next month’s issue and can
oarsman Peter Reed.                                                                             also be found at the online version of Cardiff News at
                                               At an official ceremony to mark the
                                               new partnership Peter unveiled the
                                               names for two University boats – Sea             Have you noticed an overlooked feature of the University
                                               Vixen and Sea Fury, chosen by Fly                campus? Please send suggestions or photographs for future
                                               Navy after two of their aircraft.
                                                                                                issues to
                                               The Rowing Club has received £5000
                                               in sponsorship from Fly Navy, which
                                               will be put towards purchasing a new
                                               boat for the men’s squad.
                                               Rowing Club President Penny
                                               Challans said: “This new partnership
                                               between Cardiff University Rowing
                                               Club and Fly Navy is testament to the
                                               Club’s growing reputation as a centre
                                               of excellence. We were honoured that
(Above) Peter Reed launches Sea Fury with      Peter Reed attended the ceremony
Rowing Club PR and Sponsorship Officer         – hopefully some of our rowers
Vicky Williams Image: Rodrigo Sanchez          will one day follow in his Olympic
(Below) In action with Cardiff Men’s VIII      footsteps.”

                                                                                              What’s On                                Cardiff Centre for Lifelong Learning,
                                                                                                                                       Senghennydd Road, 7.15pm, open
                                                                                                                                       to all.
                                                                                              This is a sample of Cardiff University
                                                                                              events. Please visit www.cardiff.        Tel: 029 2087 597
                                                                                     for a full listing.         Email:

                                                                                              Wednesday 28 January                     Tuesday 10 February
                                                                                              The Welsh Socialist Tradition            Young, Muslim and British: an
                                                                                              from the 1880’s to the 1960’s            introduction to a field
                                                                                              Part of a series of free                 Centre for the Study of Islam
                                                                                              Humanities seminars for                  in the UK seminar series
                                                                                              adult learners                           Speaker: Sadek Hamid, Programme
                                                                                              Speaker: Martin Wright                   Leader and Lecturer in Muslim
                                               The Editor reserves the right to edit
  Cardiff News                                 contributions received. Whilst care is taken
                                                                                              (Cardiff University).                    Youth Work at the University of
  Editor: Brian Richardson, Director           to ensure the accuracy of information, this    These lectures are intended to
  Public Relations and Communications          cannot be guaranteed. Views expressed in       provide adult learners with a fresh      Room 0.36 Humanities Building,
  Division, Cardiff University,                ‘Cardiff News’ do not necessarily reflect      and up to the minute taster of the       7pm – 8pm, open to all.
  46 Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3BB.             those of the University. Items of interest     kinds of research undertaken within      Tel: 029 20 876125
  ISSN 13355-3127, Vol 15 No 4                 relating to the University and its staff are   the Humanities at Cardiff University
                                               welcome and should be sent to: Public
  Copy deadline for next issue is 6 February                                                  and beyond.
                                               Relations and Communications Division.
  2009 for publication in February 2009
                                               Tel: 029 2087 5596, Fax: 029 2087 0104,
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Tags: Biochip
Description: DNA chips or biochips, also known as gene chips, which are DNA hybridization probe and the semiconductor industry is combined with crystallization. The technology refers to a large number of probe molecules fixed on supports with a fluorescent marker after the DNA samples were hybridized molecules, molecules by detecting hybridization of each probe to obtain samples of molecular signal strength and thus the number and sequence information.