WIND ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN THE PHILIPPINES

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					WIND ENERGY DEVELOPMENT
    IN THE PHILIPPINES

     Presented by:
     Engr. Romulo B. Callangan, Jr.
     Senior SRS
     Renewable Energy Management Division
    The views expressed in this paper are the views of the authors and do not
    necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank
    (ADB), or its Board of Directors or the governments they represent. ADB
    makes no representation concerning and does not guarantee the source,
    originality, accuracy, completeness or reliability of any statement,
    information, data, finding, interpretation, advice, opinion, or view presented.
         Outline of Presentation
• Early Wind Energy Utilization in the Philippines
• Development of Renewable Energy Program
   – Affiliated Non-Conventional Energy Centers
   – O-Ilaw Program (Off-grid Barangay Electrification Projects)
   – Ocean, Solar, Wind (OSW) Program
   – Philippine Wind Energy Mapping Project
   – EPIRA
   – UNDP-GEF Capacity Building to Remove Barriers for RE
      Development (CBRED) Project
   –RE Bill
• Renewable Energy Policy Framework
• Status of Wind Energy Utilization
       Early Wind Energy Utilization in the
                  Philippines

• wind pump technology has been around since the
  beginning of the century
• wind pump used are American designed, slow
  rotating, multiblade systems which provide the
  high torque required for water lifting
• the use of technology declined since the
  introduction of relatively cheap fossil fuel based
  equipment and fuel
• natural phenomenon of typhoons is a key
  problem. typhoons visit the Philippine territory
  approximately 25 times per year.
Development of Renewable Energy
           Program
  Presidential Decree No. 1068
     dated January 12, 1977

directed the “acceleration of research,
 development and utilization of non
   conventional energy resources”
        Republic Act 7638
     dated December 9, 1992

 Mandated the Department of Energy
(DOE) to “formulate and implement a
     program for the accelerated
   development of nonconventional
  energy systems and the promotion
     and commercialization of its
             application”
   The Renewable Energy Program

• Policy
• Technology Development
• Promotion and Commercialization
                   The Renewable Energy Program
                 Technology          Promotion and
                                                    Other Special
    Policy        Dev’t and          Commerciali- Projects/Activities
                 Application            zation
• RE Policy   • Research and         • Affiliated Non-      • UNDP-GEF
 Framework     Development               Conventional           (CBRED)
                 UP Solar                Energy Centers     •   EIES
                 Laboratory              (ANECs)            •   SPOTS
                 UP Biomass          •   Strengthen         •   Other Proposed
                 Laboratory              Linkages with          Projects
                 DLSU Micro-             NRE stakeholders          JFPR Project
                 hydro Center        •   Conduct of IEC            SIP
                  (JICA)             •   Participation in          PRES
              • Applications             Trade Missions            UNIDO
                  Non-Power                                 •   Technical
                  Power                                         Assistance
                      OSW (EO
                      462/232)
                      RA 7156
                      (Mini-hydro)
                      BEP
Affiliated Non-Conventional Energy Centers
                 (ANECs)

 • Serves as the extension arm of the DOE in the
 promotion, dissemination and commercialization
 of renewable energy systems
  - Conduct of NESCON inventory
  - Installation of demonstration units
  - Conduct for a/ seminars and other promotional activities
  - Provides technical assistance to RE clients
 • Hosted mainly by State Universities and
 Colleges
 • 21 ANECs strategically located nationwide
O-Ilaw Program
• Aims to attain a 100% barangay electrification
       level by 2006
• Started in 1999
• The Department and all attached agencies are
       directed to coordinate the attainment of the
       objectives
• Involves electrification of on-grid and off-grid
• Utilization of RE system in off-grid village
electrification
Ocean, Solar, Wind (OSW) Program
Administration of Executive Order No.
232 (Amending EO 462)


 “Enabling private sector participation in the
exploration, development, and commercialization of
ocean, solar, and wind energy resources for power
generation and other energy uses”
        Executive Order No. 462


       “Enabling private sector participation in the
exploration, development, and commercialization of
 ocean, solar, and wind energy resources for power
         generation and other energy uses”
Salient Features of EO 232/462
• Production sharing schemes
• Contract ranges from 81 hectares to 81,000
hectares
• Pre-commercial contract duration
  - solar/wind – 5 yrs
  - ocean – 7 yrs
• Commercial contract duration – 25 yrs
 22 applications with an aggregate capacity of 365
since 1998

3 applications processed in 2003
Philippine Wind Energy Mapping Project

- conducted by US NREL
- confirmed 76,600 MW of wind energy
      resource potential in the country
                  windmap.pdf
    Sectors maps prepared by US NREL
• Batanes and Babuyan Island
• Northern Luzon
• Southern Luzon
• Central Luzon
• South Luzon, Mindoro, Romblon, Marinduque
• Southeastern Luzon, Catanduanes and Masbate
• Samar and Leyte
• Panay, Negros, Cebu and Siquijor
• Northern Mindanao and Bohol
• Western Mindanao and Basilan
• Northern Palawan
• Southern Palawan
• Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi
Energy Power Industry Reform Act (EPIRA)

• Deregulation of the Power Industry
• Privatization of the Government Owned
      National Power Corporation
• Establishment of WESM
UNDP-GEF Capacity Building to Remove Barriers for RE
Development (CBRED) Project

   To implement innovative strategies to remove barriers
   on NRE development
   Based on approved activities of the Project Brief by
   GEF Council last October 2001
      Policy, Planning & Institutional Capacity Building
      Market Services Institutionalization
      Information and Promotion Program
      Delivery & Financing Mechanisms
      NRE Training Program
      NRE Technology Support Program
RE Bill
•   policy issues for on-grid and off-grid
    electrification;
•   policy on hybrid systems and applications;
•   green pricing mechanism for consumers;
•   financial and fiscal incentives for developers
    and implementers of RE projects; and
•   product standards and procedures for NRE
    equipment, among others
Renewable Energy Policy Framework
                RE Policies

• Diversify energy mix in favor of indigenous RE
  resources
• Promote wide-scale use of RE as alternative fuels
  and technologies
• Encourage greater private sector investments and
  participation in RE development through market-
  based incentives
• Establish responsive market mechanisms for RE-
  generated power
                      RE Goals

• Increase RE-based capacity by 100% by 2012
• Increase non-power contribution of RE to the energy mix
  by 10 MMBFOE in the next ten years

   – Be the number one geothermal energy producer in the
     world
   – Be the number one wind energy producer in
     Southeast Asia
   – Double hydro capacity by 2012
   – Expand contribution of biomass, solar, micro-hydro and
     ocean by 250 MW
      OVERALL STRATEGIES
• Promote wide-scale power and non-power use of RE as
  cleaner energy choice
• Introduce market-based incentives / financing schemes
• Pursue both National and International cooperative
  programs to promote technology transfer
 INSTALLED GENERATING
       CAPACITIES
                 2002     Add’l     2012
                         capacity

Geothermal       1,932    1,200     3,132
Hydro            2,518    2,950     5,468
Wind                 0      415       415
Solar, Biomass       0      250       250
   Ocean, etc.

   Total         4,450     4,815    9,265
Installed Generating Capacities
         (MW) by 2012

                  WIND

    Committed            237
     Indicative          178

         Total           415
Current Status of Wind Power
         Utilization
Small Scale Wind Energy Projects


368……the number of operational
windpumps installed

5…..small scale wind turbines
On-Going Large Scale Wind Power
Projects

 • Northern Luzon Wind Power Project in the
   Philippines
 • Northwind Bangui Bay Project
 • 30 MW Wind Project in San Carlos, Negros
   – SB RESCO
Northern Luzon Wind Power Project in the
              Philippines
 • 42 MW
 • 42 km of transmission line
 • estimated 120 million kWh generation
 • 1st in series of three projects that will add 120
          MW wind power to the grid
 • Implemented by PNOC-EDC
 • utilize 750 KW Danish wind turbine
 • the 1st commercial wind power development
          project in Southeast Asian Region
    Northwind Bangui Bay Project

•   25 MW windfarm
• estimated 56 million kWh generation
• implemented by Northwind Power Development
        Corporation
• similar turbine size arranged in single row
        stretching 9 km of shoreline
• electricity sales agreement (ESA) with
        Ilocos Norte Electric Cooperative
30 MW Wind Project in San Carlos, Negros
        – Smith Bell RESCO



   • Wind measurement is on-going
Wind Energy Resource for Power Generation
             Wind resources for power generation.doc
THE DEPARTMENT OF
      ENERGY

      Thank you!