Developing an Organic Management Plan by cus77764

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									       BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF

(In) Credibly
       AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
       DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
       STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY

OrganicAUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
       ORGANIC (ACO):
       ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
Andrew Monk CEO
Eco Labelling Conf.
Canberra 2003
                                   BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
Outline                            AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
                                   DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
                                   STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY
This presentation will cover:
                                   AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
                                   ORGANIC (ACO):
• Overview of organic industry     ORGANIC CERTIFICATION



• Outline of organic regulatory
  systems
• Key issues facing the industry
• Why the (in)credible organic
  success?
                                      BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
Who is BFA and ACO?                   AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
                                      DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
                                      STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY
• BFA is a not for profit member
  based co-operative.                 AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
                                      ORGANIC (ACO):
  Publishes the AOJ, tech             ORGANIC CERTIFICATION

  bulletins, etc and the Organic
  Standard (v6).

• BFA’s subsidiary ACO
  certifies ~ 50% of organic
  operations in Australia.


        POSTERS: ORGANIC IS KNOWING
                 WHERE IT CAME FROM
                                                                    BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
Certification                                                       AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
                                                                    DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
                                                                    STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY
• ACO is accredited by:
  – AQIS (via BFA name - transition)                                AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
                                                                    ORGANIC (ACO):
        • Thus also EU (EN45011); Japan MAFF…via
          equivalence                                               ORGANIC CERTIFICATION

  – USDA
  – IFOAM (non gov) (with NASAA accounts for majority of exports)
  – Maintains recognition with private groups (eg
    UK Soil) as well as other gov’s eg Quebec…


  – BFA collects over 50% of industry levies
               – Funded through producers and processors
               – Input Manufacturers (AI’s)
               – Membership charges




               POSTERS: ORGANIC IS KNOWING
                        WHAT YOU ARE EATING
                                                                                  BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
                     Australian Organic Operations, 2002                          AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
                                                                                  DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
                                               (by Certifier)                     STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


                                                                OFC , 34, 1.5%    AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
                              TOP , 42, 1.9%                                      ORGANIC (ACO):
                                                                                  ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
           BDRI , 164, 7.2%
                                                                  SFQ , 0, 0.0%

 OHGA , 260, 11.5%
                                                                                  BFA , 1214, 53.5%




NASAA , 554, 24.4%




                                                                                          Source: AQIS EU Reports 2002
                                                                                       BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
                                                                                       AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
                                                                                       DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
                                                                                       STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


                            No. of Operators - High Case                               AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
                  2,500                                                                ORGANIC (ACO):  $400
                                                                                       ORGANIC CERTIFICATION

                            GVP (Retail) - High Case                                                    $350




                                                                                                               Industry GVP $ Millions
                  2,000
No of Operators




                                                                                                        $300
                  1,500
                                                                                                        $250
                  1,000
                                                                                                        $200

                   500
                                                                                                        $150

                     0                                                                                  $100
                          1997       1998          1999    2000   2001   2002   2003   2004     2005
                                                         BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
                   Organic Beef Exports 2000-02 (kgs)    AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
                                by certifier             DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
                                                         STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


                                                         AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
                                                         ORGANIC (ACO):
700000                                                   ORGANIC CERTIFICATION

600000


500000
                                                           502136

400000
                                 195093
300000


200000
                                 137345
           26924                                           177882
100000
           60078                  63832
           15476                                             2232
     0
         2000                  2001                      2002

                       BDRI    Nasaa           ACO/BFA    Source: AQIS export certificates
BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
ORGANIC (ACO):
ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
                                          BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
                                          AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
Why UK consumers purchase                 DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
                                          STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY
organic foods
                                          AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
                                          ORGANIC (ACO):
                                          ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
Organic food is perceived as:
• Healthy                          53%
• Produced without artificial inputs50%
• Tastes better                    43%
• GM free                          35%
• Environment friendly             28%
• High animal welfare standards 24%
      (Source: Soil Association, 1999)
Figure 2: Why Australian consumers purchase organic foods   BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
                                                            AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
                                                            DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
                                                            STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


                                                            AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
                                                            ORGANIC (ACO):
                                                            ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
ORGANIC (ACO):
ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
                                       BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
                                       AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
Standards and Regulations              DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
                                       STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY



• National Standard V3                 AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
                                       ORGANIC (ACO):
                                       ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
  – Being the base standard for:
• Organic Standard Version 6
  – Compliant to:
    •   National Standard
    •   IFOAM requirements
    •   USDA NOP referenced
    •   Leads with environment, food
        safety, social aspects…


          GATE SIGNS
BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
ORGANIC (ACO):
ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
ORGANIC (ACO):
ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
                                     BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
                                     AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
                                     DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
Certification possibility types      STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


                                     AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
• Parasitic                          ORGANIC (ACO):
                                     ORGANIC CERTIFICATION

  – Feeding off, self serving
• Symbiotic
  – Interdependence
• Epiphytic (commensalism)
  – Dead wood…irrelevance




        THE CERTIFICATION BULLETIN
                                                      BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
Why the (incredible)                                  AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
                                                      DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
                                                      STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY
“success”?
                                                      AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
1.   Organic is international in its nature – Codex   ORGANIC (ACO):
     Alimentarius; IFOAM (NGO) and government         ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
     bilateral agreements.
2.   Organic is black and white – there are clear
     specifications in Standard – eg NO use of
     synthetic agrichemicals (not just process
     management approach).
3.   Organic takes a broad view of what
     “environmental management” means. eg
     GMOs (contentious), social aspects.
4.   Organic driven by an eclectic grouping of
     interests with strong consumer base – which it
     reacts to (eg GMOs, food irradiation) –
     balancing government and “movement”.
5.   Regulated (third party independent) labelling
     and traceability system which maintains
     integrity of products marketed
BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
ORGANIC (ACO):
ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
                                     BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
                                     AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
                                     DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
The challenges                       STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


                                     AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
• Multitude of regulatory            ORGANIC (ACO):
                                     ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
  requirements (next slides)
• Competing government,
  industry and market interests
  (service vs markets)
• “Two cultures” within a licorice
  all-sorts industry
• Delivery of professional and
  commercial regulation
BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
ORGANIC (ACO):
ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
                         BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
                         AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
                         DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
US Import Requirements   STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


                         AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
                         ORGANIC (ACO):
                         ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
             BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
             AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
             DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.

    UK       STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


             AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
             ORGANIC (ACO):
             ORGANIC CERTIFICATION




   Germany


 Other
European
BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
ORGANIC (ACO):
ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
                                              BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
But, is this not the nature                   AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
                                              DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.

of the beast?                                 STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


• Regional variations…(biosuisse and wines)   AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
                                              ORGANIC (ACO):
                                              ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
• “Private”/NGO and most
  particularly not for profit entities
  (symbionts cf parasites) will
  have varying priorities
• Ideal aim for “equivalence”
  wherever feasible and
  government “sensitivity” to this
  but…

       ON-LINE TECHNICAL INFORMATION
                                                          BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
                                                          AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
                                                          DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
Key Messages re Government                                STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


                                                          AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
•   Essential for “ground base” for regulation wherever   ORGANIC (ACO):
    feasible                                              ORGANIC CERTIFICATION

•   Was a main force through the 1990s for the
    organic industry in Australia as a “binding agent”
•   00s have seen new complexities – market and
    government driven
•   Can’t “fix” all problems and shouldn’t be expected
    to
•   Where feasible bi and multi-lateral G2G
    arrangements ideal
•   Better still amphibious gov and private systems
    optimal – eg government recognising NGO and
    vice versa



        ON-LINE ACCESS TO FORMS
                                                               BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
                                                               AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
In Summary                                                     DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
                                                               STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY


                                                               AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
•   Organic industry successes have been based on
                                                               ORGANIC (ACO):
    balancing consumer/market place demands, industry          ORGANIC CERTIFICATION
    interests/needs and having effective and appropriate
    government involvement.
•   Organic has defied early critics due to sticking to real
    world differences in its production requirements and
    in turn gaining market support for real difference.
•   The black and white approach to certification comes
    at a cost – it will not be taken up by all – which
    means this “vehicle” is appropriate to having the
    market drive it through premiums and product
    differentiation.




              THE AUSTRALIAN ORGANIC JOURNAL
                                          BIOLOGICAL FARMERS OF
                                          AUSTRALIA CO-OP LTD (BFA):
                                          DEVELOPMENT. TRADE.
                                          STANDARDS – ORGANICALLY



                                      Thank you
                                          AUSTRALIAN CERTIFIED
                                          ORGANIC (ACO):
                                          ORGANIC CERTIFICATION




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