Mellen School Forest Education Plan

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					Mellen School Forest
   Education Plan




               2006-2011


              Prepared By
  The Mellen School Forest Committee
School Forest Education Plan Task Force

   Theresa Paulsen, Science Teacher
  Cheryl Larson, First Grade Teacher
   Lois Tanula, Fifth Grade Teacher
  Scott Maier, Alternative Education
     Seth Foreman, Science Teacher
           MELLEN SCHOOL FOREST EDUCATION PLAN
RATIONALE

   Value Statement
   The Mellen School Forest will serve students, teachers, and community members in becoming
   well-informed responsible decision makers with regard to the environment. Classroom lessons,
   based on state standards, will be reinforced and extended through hands-on experiences utilizing
   natural resources found at the site. Ultimately these experiences will enhance students’
   environmental knowledge, awareness, ethic, and citizen action skills.

   Target Messages
   1. Sustainable forestry balances the social, economic, and ecological demands on a forest for the
      long term.
   2. Environmental stewardship and conservation are essential for ensuring a high quality of life for
      future generations on a local, regional, national, and global scale.
   3. Spending time in the outdoors provides an opportunity for improved wellness of the mind and
      body.

   Needs Assessment Results
       Students need to understand the value of good forest management techniques in order to sustain
   the local forests and local economy. The timber industry provides the economic foundation for the
   community of Mellen. In a recent survey, 69% of students said they have a family member
   working in the forest industry. 40% of students are considering a career in the industry after high
   school. 62% of students said they harvest goods from the local forests. Only 57% of those
   students said they had been taught how to properly harvest these goods without damaging the
   resource. 77% of students could not define sustainable forestry.
       All of the teachers in the district were also surveyed. 81% of teachers are interested in visiting
   and using the school forest with their students. 75% of teachers felt inadequately prepared in
   content knowledge and 50% felt inadequately prepared with outdoor teaching strategies to facilitate
   field trips to the school forest. 93% of teachers also identified a lack of quality trails, picnic
   area/gathering location, and field equipment as obstacles preventing them from using the school
   forest.
       The school forest is within walking distance to the school. A shelter and restrooms are not
   available at the site; however the local Rod and Gun Club has offered use of their building,
   equipped with one bathroom, across the road.

SITE DESCRIPTION AND OPPORTUNITIES

Site Description and Location

Description
The school forest consists of 5 major management zones:

   1. Red Pine plantation planted approximately 40 years ago. Trees are approaching saw log size
      class with an average diameter of 14” DBH. The primary management objective in this area
      is the development and maintenance of large diameter trees for their recreational and aesthetic
      values.
                                              Page 1
   2. Mixed stand dominated by Aspen regeneration resulting from a harvest in 1999. A few
      scattered hardwood and conifer trees remain in the over story. Species include: aspen, black
      ash, red maple, yellow birch, white spruce, balsam fir and cedar. This stand is adjacent to the
      Bad River. Several springs are located within it. Management objective is to maintain current
      mixed cover type through regeneration harvests (next harvest: 2042) and to protect water
      quality.
   3. Swamp hardwood dominated by Black Ash in the small saw log size. Other species include red
      maple, yellow birch, balsam fir and cedar. Intermediate thinning recommended in 2015 to
      maintain current cover type. Water quality must be protected.
   4. Low, wetland area with cover tag alder and marsh grass. Parts of this stand are located
      adjacent to the Bad River. The management objective in this area is to protect the wetland. No
      equipment can be operated in this region.
   5. Utility right of way. Grasses and shrubs provide good wildlife habitat.

Location
The local Rod and Gun Club established an archery range on site. The range includes trails that can be
used for other purposes provided hours of range operation are posted and observed. An interpretive
trail is under construction with signs that will promote the goals of sustainable forestry. A picnic area
will also be established near the river by the end of 2007.

Legal description and size: Each of the following is part of T 44 N, R 2 W, Section 6:

    NE ¼ SW ¼ less V 285 P 526, V 288 P257 324 P431 & less HWY: 23.07 acres,
    S ¼ NE ¼ SW ¼ & part of N ¾ NE ¼ SW ¼ SESC V 451 P981: 0.000 acres,
    Part of S 19A E of CR. Less HWY. & E 393’ of N 253’ of SE ¼ NW ¼ V 324 P356: 27.280
     acres
    Part of south 19A of the SE 1.4 NW ¼ DESC in V 285 P526 Dam site: 4.64 acres
    Total 54.99 acres

Forest Maps (Appendix A)

Location: Directions to the site from school: Cross Hwy 13 to the west. Continue traveling west on
Hoinet (2 blocks). Turn left on Thomas. The school forest trail entrance is 2 blocks down on the right.

Site History

Natural History:
         The school forest is part of the Northern Highland Region in Northern Wisconsin. Six to seven
hundred million years ago this was a mountainous region. The Penokee Mountains, as they were
called were beaten down by glaciers, weathering and erosion until all that remained were the large
hills, plains, and swamps we see today. In this area, there is no residual soil. Instead, there is
transported, glacial soil supporting mixed hardwoods and conifer forests.

Cultural History:
        The Mellen School District acquired this property in the 1963. This site had been logged in the
early 1900s then farmed and grazed by pigs. Previous land ownership specifics have not been
established.


                                                 Page 2
Site Management

Key Goals:

   1. Maintain the quality of the 5 management zones as described in the overview.
   2. Make the site accessible to the students and community for educational and
      recreational purposes.
   3. Harvest timber according to the management plan in order to provide income for
      the District and/or wood products for the technology education program.

Objectives

   The district’s science teachers have taken students to the school forest to conduct
   forestry and animal population studies including squirrel banding and animal track
   surveys. These teachers and their students updated the forest management plan for
   the site. They surveyed the community, school staff, and student body to determine
   how to increase use of the site. They proposed a development plan approved by the
   school board and recruited volunteers to become involved. A school forest
   committee was established to implement the development plan. The 11 member
   committee includes 2 resource management professionals, a logger, educators from
   various discipline and age groups, and 2 administrators. The primary objective for
   site management in relation to the educational plan is to involve students and
   community in site management decisions that balance demands on the forest and
   promote sustainable forestry.




                                        Page 3
Educational Connections

                Key concepts                              Site Connections
1. Forestry is a major part of Wisconsin’s       Participate in management decisions
cultural and natural history and provides the    Conduct Timber Surveys/Inventories
economic foundation for the community of         Mapping
Mellen.                                          Prune and thin to maximum harvest
                                                 Land Use and Forest History
                                                 Monitor Exotics
                                                 Restore native plant communities
                                                 Forestry Careers
2. The forest and river are small parts of a     Evaluate wildlife habitat
global ecosystem that provides the earth and its Compare vegetation zones
inhabitants with clean air and water.            Conduct wildlife surveys
                                                 Monitor water, air, and soil quality
                                                 Identify and monitor indicator
                                                  species
3. Sustainable resource management requires  Discover human uses of plants for
balance and compromise in order to provide        art, medicine, food, shelter, etc.
people with essential resources, to enhance      Lead outdoor activities for the
local communities, and to protect the overall     students and community
health of the ecosystem.                         Create a wildlife viewing guides
4. Every citizen plays a role in resource        Eradicate invasive species
management.                                      Monitor water, air and soil quality
                                                 Provide habitat for native species
                                                 Train student naturalists/mentors
                                                 Create promotional/educational
                                                  materials for the community
5. Ecosystems are complex. They contain          Create phrenology charts (annual
living and non-living interacting components.     cycles of nature)
They change with time due to succession and      Identify plants, parts, edibles, etc.
disturbance.                                     Identify fungi, parts, edibles, etc.
                                                 Identify insects and their niches
                                                 Examine soil fertility
                                                 Examine aquatic ecosystems and
                                                  species
6. Spending time in the outdoors can improve  Recreation in the outdoors
emotional and physical health.                   Edible and medicinal plants
                                                 Physical Education
                                                 Nature walks
7. Natural Settings can inspire creativity and   Nature-inspired art
artistic expression                               Collages, mobiles, drawing, etc.
                                                 Nature as media
                                                  Dyes, leaf rubbing, etc.
                                                 Nature writing
                                                  Poetry, stories, descriptive writing,
                                                  Haiku, etc.
                                               Page 4
Classroom Curriculum Connections
                                                  Elementary School
                            Curriculum                                                                         State
Grade     Subject                                               Site Activity                Key Concepts
                             Objective                                                                       Standards
                                                                                                             Art: E.4.1,
                                                     Walk through forest and collect a
Pre_k        Art          Design a collage                                                      4, 5, 6     A 4.4, A 4.1,
                                                      bag of objects to use in project
                                                                                                               B 4.5
                            Understand the
                         difference between          Nature walk, discussing living vs.                      Science:
Pre_k     Science                                                                                 5
                        living and non-living                non-linving thigs                              F.4.2, F.4.4
                                things

                                                   Create a picture of their favorite part
                        Make observations,                                                                   Science:
                                                   about the forest after visiting. They
Pre_k   Science & Art   Create drawing from                                                      4, 7        C.4.2, Art
                                                   draw a picture and dictation will be
                              memory                                                                           C.4.5
                                                             added for them.


                         Draw the life stages                                                                  F 4.1
                                                    Draw the 5 stages of a tree’s life on
                        of a tree: germination,
 K        Science                                   site and identify trees that fit each         5
                           growth, maturity,                                                                   F 4.3
                                                                   stage
                             decline, death

                                                                                                               A 4.1
                                                      After a nature walk through the
                           List living and
                                                       forest, play an “I Spy” game,                           A 4.4
 K        Science        nonliving parts of a                                                     5
                                                     identifying living and non-living
                                forest
                                                            things in the forest                               C 4.1

                                                      After a walk through the forest,                         E 4.7
                           Make a list of 3
                                                    students can list ways that a forest
 K        Science          different forest                                                      6, 7
                                                     can be used: recreation/fun, jobs,                        H 4.3
                             uses/values
                                                                  beauty
                        Recognize that people                                                                  B 4.2
                                                      Invite a guest speaker (arborist,
                        get jobs from forests;
                                                     forester, ecologist, DNR) into the
 K        Science           humans are an                                                         1
                                                        forest to talk about how it’s                          E 4.8
                         important part of a
                                                               important to us
                                forest

                        Learn that trees have
                                                    Take a look at parts of a tree – draw                   A.4.4, D.4.7,
  1     Science/ Art    roots, leaves, a trunk,                                                   5
                                                    a picture and label the parts on site.                     D.4.8
                            and branches.

                        Learn to use their five     Go on a nature walk and record and                      C.4.1, D.4.8,
  1       Science                                                                                 6
                          senses in nature.         discuss their observations in nature.                      C.4.6
                         Learn to measure
                           using various
                            instruments.            Plant a tree and monitor its growth                     D.4.7, F.4.1,
  1     Science/ Math                                                                             3
                         Children will learn                throughout the year.                               A.4.3
                         what trees need to
                                grow.

                                                     Journaling throughout the seasons
                        Observe changes over
  1       Science                                     the changes that take place with            5         D.4.7, A4.3
                          the four seasons.
                                                          various trees and plants.


                                                       Page 5
                             Curriculum                                                                    State
Grade      Subject                                           Site Activity                Key Concepts
                              Objective                                                                  Standards

                                                    Read the Giving Tree on-site and
                          Identify 3 – 4 ways
  1        Science                                discuss how the tree in the story was        3         E.4.8, H.4.4
                          how trees are used.
                                                                 used.

                         Collect nature objects     Scavenger hunt (small branches,
  1      Science Art     and use them to make       pine cones, leaves, fossils, bark,         7            C.4.6
                               mobiles.           feathers, flower petals, stems, etc…)

                           Recognize basic
                          characteristics that    Collect leaves, seeds, rub bark, and
  2        Science                                                                            4, 6          D.4.2
                          can be used in tree       photograph/draw tree shapes.
                            classification
           Science                                                                                          C4.6
                         Go on a nature walk
        Language Arts    and write about what       Photograph, jot notes, write all                        B4.2
  2                                                                                            6
                          was observed and          about our trip and experiences.
        Social Studies       experienced.                                                                   E4.5
                          Sort rock collection
            Math           according to size,                                                               D4.1
                           texture, and color.       Collect rocks of various sizes,
  2                                                                                           4, 6
                          Students will order         shapes, colors, texture, etc.                         D4.2
           Science       rocks by weight, size,
                              and pattern.                                                                  E4.1

                                                   Collect seeds of various kinds by
  2        Science         Classify objects         properties and means of travel            4, 6          D4.2
                                                  (wind, people, water, and animals).

           Science       Appreciating nature       Collect items of nature and make
  2                                                                                            7            A4.3
                         as inspriation for art          leaf rubbing/collage.
             Art
                         Recognize that plants
                                                   Make chart illustrating how plants
  3        Science         require air, light,                                                 5            F4.2
                                                           use these items.
                           food, and water.
                         Identify 100 uses of
  3        Science                                         Make list/discuss                   3         E4.8 & H4.4
                                 trees
                                                     Classfiy trees observing bark,                      A4.4, D4.7
  3        Science           Identify trees                                                    5
                                                           leaves, shape, etc.                             D4.8
                         Will see the forest as
  3        Science                                 Search for creatures big and small         2,5           F4.4
                               a habitat
                         Learn about diameter          Measure the diameter and
  3         Math                                                                               3            A5.3
                          and circumference             circumference of trees

                         Make observations in        Create observation journal by
  4     Science/Env.Ed                                                                         2            A.4.1
                               nature.               observing plants and animals.

                          List components of       Identify and list components of an
  4     Science/Env.Ed                                                                         5            B.4.4
                            an ecosystem.                      ecosystem.
                         Identify the need for
  4     Science/Env.Ed                                        Plant trees.                     1            D.4.2
                         renewable resources.

                                                  Use nature to inspire them to write a
  4        English          Write a poem.                                                      7            B.4.1
                                                   poem about something in nature.


                                                     Page 6
                              Curriculum                                                                    State
Grade       Subject                                           Site Activity                Key Concepts
                               Objective                                                                  Standards

                                                    Visit with community members in
                           Learn about jobs in      the timber industry on site. Learn
  4      Social Studies                                                                          1           B4.11
                           the timber industry     about tools used to harvest trees and
                                                             produce lumber

                           Makes observations,
                          records and organizes     Observation of plant and wildlife,                    A.5.4, B5.2
  5      Language Arts                                                                       3, 1, 4, 5
                            notes using the six              identification                                  B5.3
                             traits of writing.
                          Test soil to determine
  5         Science                                    Soil sampling and planting              6, 1       A.5.4, A.5.5
                                 fertility

  5      Social Studies         Mapping                  Hike and develop a map                1, 7          A.5.3

                            Identify different
                                                   Hike: Search and record examples                       F.8.2, F.8.6,
  6         Science         habitats of forest                                                   5
                                                        of forest animal habitats                            F.8.7
                                animals
                            Observe sources of
                                                   Hike: Search and record sources for
  6         Science       food supplies for prey                                                 5        F.8.2, F.8.6
                                                                animals
                           and predator animals
                           Identify examples of
                                                   Hike: Search and record structural
                          structural adaptations
  6         Science                                  adaptations of both plants and              5           F.8.7
                            of both plants and
                                                                animals
                                  animals
                             Understand that
                                                    Observe the amount of sunlight at
                            plants and animals
  6         Science                                  different levels of the forest and          5        F.8.6, F.8.9
                              have biotic and
                                                   observe animals living in each level
                               abiotic needs
PreK -                      Tile impressions       Create a mural that captures textures
              Art                                                                                7        C.4.8, C.4.9
  6                       using forest materials             from the forest

                                                   Middle School
                             Curriculum                                                                     State
Grade       Subject                                           Site Activity                Key Concepts
                               Objective                                                                  Standards
                            Diversity of Soil
                              Organisms /
 7-8     Life Science                                       Soil Plot Analysis                  3,6           F8.8
                              Community
                              Interactions
 7-8     Life Science         Carbon Cycle                 Photosynthesis Lab                   3,6          A8.8

          Scientific      Problem Solving as a
 7-8                                                       Low Ropes Course                    4,6,7         H8.2
          Reasoning              Team
          Scientific         3-Dimensional
 7-8                                                      Snow Shelter Design                   6,7          G8.4
          Reasoning            Reasoning
          Scientific        Inventive Uses of
 7-8                                                    Wilderness Survival Skills             5,6,7         G8.5
          Reasoning         Forest Resources
                                                   Use topographic maps and gps units
 7-8     Earth Science    Identifying landforms                                                1, 6         E.8.1-4
                                                             in orienteering
                           Identifying changes
                                                      Map an area in the forest and
 7-8     Earth Science        over time and                                                    1,5,6        E.8.1-4
                                                       compare to previous years.
                              creating maps



                                                      Page 7
                              Curriculum                                                                   State
Grade      Subject                                            Site Activity               Key Concepts
                               Objective                                                                 Standards
                            Understanding the      Observe evidence of weathering and
                                                                                                         Sci: E.8.1-4
 7-8    Earth Science      causes of change in      erosion along stream. Map stream           5
                                                                                                         EE: B.8.17
                             the earth surface                  over time

                                                        Find examples of forest
                                                                                                         Sci: E.8.1-4
                               Resource              management techniues past and
 7-8    Earth Science                                                                        1, 3, 4     EE: B.8.18-
                              Management              present. Discuss sustainable
                                                                                                              21
                                                              management
                                                    Identify types of soil and measure
 7-8    Earth Science          Soil studies                                                    2           E.8.1-4
                                                                its fertility
                                                    Research geologic history of the
 7-8    Earth Science      Historical Geology       area and look for evidence in the          5           E.8.1-4
                                                                 forest
                            Understanding the                                                            Sci: E.8.1-4
                                                     Examine water flow through the
 7-8    Earth Science        water cycle and                                                   2         EE: B.8.18-
                                                       forest and stream, sky, etc.
                          threats to clean water                                                              21
                          Simulate exploration       Create a wildlife viewing guide                       B 8.7, B
  8     Social Studies                                                                         1
                             of new land                 (Lewis and Clark unit)                             8.12
                               Describe how
                                                                                                          A 12.8. A
        Social Studies/        environment
 7-8                                                    (PLT) A Day in the Life                1         12.9 A 8.4,
        Global Studies    influences culture and
                                                                                                            A 8.8
                                 economy
                                                   Walk through forest, write an essay
                            Oral and written                                                             B.8.1, B.8.2,
  7     Language Arts                                 and share observations and               7
                            communication                                                                   B.8.3
                                                              reflections
                                Written             Create a trail guide for the school                  B.8.1, B.8.2,
  8     Language Arts                                                                          3
                             communication                         forest                                   B.8.3
                                                   Graph the growth of vegetation May
  7         Math                Graphing                                                       2             E.8
                                                                to October
                          2D representation of         Use topographic maps and
  8         Math                                                                               3             E.8
                                  3D                            compasses

         Reading and            Written
  7                                                         Create field guide                 1            A.8.4
           Writing           communication

                           Historical resource        Identify historical sites in and                   B.8.1, B.8.7,
  8     Mellen History                                                                         1
                                   use                   around the school forest                           B.8.11
                                                    Capture Natural Forms within the
  7          Art          Landscape Drawing          forest using landscape drawing            7            H.8.3
                                                                 methods

                                                    High School
                              Curriculum                                                                   State
Grade      Subject                                            Site Activity               Key Concepts
                               Objective                                                                 Standards
                                                                                                         A 12.5, A
9-12      Geometry         Length and height           Measurement of tree height              1
                                                                                                            12.1
          Geometry         Finding area in feet                                                           A 12.5, D
9-12                                               Measurement of school forest land          2,1
        Practical Math         and meters                                                                   12.2




                                                      Page 8
                            Curriculum                                                                    State
Grade     Subject                                           Site Activity                Key Concepts
                             Objective                                                                  Standards
                          PH, Oxygen, and           Graph the PH, Oxygen, and
          Algebra,      Nitrogen Level int the    Nitrogen Level of Bad River and                        A 12.1 C
9-12                                                                                          5
          Geometry      Bad River, and school    School Forest Stream in Spring and                        12.5
                            forest stream                       Fall

                                                  Measure water depth and water
                          Children will learn
          Algebra,                                 temperature of Bad River and                          A 12.5, A
9-12                     the seasonal change                                                 5,6
          Geometry                                School Forest stream in Fall and                         12.2
                           and depth water
                                                         Winter and graph

                                                  Measure a stump's circle and find
          Algebra,        Finding area of a                                                              B 12.2, B
9-12                                             the area and age the tree by rings on      1,2,5
          Geometry             circle                                                                      12.7
                                                              the stump

                        Evaluate information        Where Does Water Go After
                        with reason and logic.   School? Measure and calculate the                        A.12.1
9-10        Math                                                                              2
                            Take accurate        area of the school ground or of the                      D.12.3
                            measurments                     school forest.


                        Evaluate information
                                                  Measure the area of a watershed,
                        with reason and logic.
                                                   calculate the amount of water it
                            Take accurate                                                                 A.12.1
9-10        Math                                 receives each year, and discuss the          2
                        measurments. Pursue                                                               D.12.3
                                                 varied roles the watershed plays in
                          ideas that lead to
                                                     human and wildlife habitat.
                        deeper understanding

                           Take accurate
                                                 Calculate the area to determine the
                         measurements and
                                                  carrying capacity of a habitat for
                          use conversion
9-12        Math                                   deer. Students will be able to            2,4          D.12.3
                         factors. Evaluate
                                                  convert between metric and U.S.
                         information with
                                                                units.
                         reason and logic.

                           Environmental          Creat an onsite installation using
9-12         Art                                                                              7         C.4.5, C.8.7
                             Sculpture               materials from the forest

                             landscape           Document changes of a specific are                       C.12.5,
10-12        Art                                                                             5, 7
                            photography                    of the forest                                   H.8.6
                                                  Create aesthetically pleasing trail
10-12        Art            Sign Making                                                      4,7           K.4.4
                                                              markers
                                                                                                           A.4.4
                                                    Identify trees for lumber and
9-12     Wood Tech       Forestry Economics                                                   1            D.4.7
                                                         estimate board feet
                                                                                                           D.4.8
                             Choosing a           Simulate selection process in the
9-12     Wood Tech                                                                            1           B.12.12
                        harvesting technique                   forest
                          Read and discuss
                             literary and        Read exerpts from the Sand County
9-12    Language Arts    nonliterary texts in     Almanac. Create a phrenology               5, 7         A.12.3
                         order to understand         chart for the school forest.
                         human experience.




                                                    Page 9
                            Curriculum                                                                     State
Grade     Subject                                           Site Activity                 Key Concepts
                              Objective                                                                  Standards
                         Create or produce
                              writing to
                         communicate with         Use an experience at the forest to
9-12    Language Arts                                                                          7           B.12.1
                         different audiences    stimulate creative written expression
                           for a variety of
                              purposes.
                           Understanding
          Physical                               Measure Stream Velocity. Discuss                        Sci: D.12.7-
  9                      motion, energy and                                                    6
          Science                                   and measure bank changes                                   8
                                forces
          Physical      Chemical properties                                                              Sci: D.12.4-
  9                                             Water Chemistry: pH and alkalinity           3,4,5,6
          Science           of water                                                                           6

                        Chemical properties      Water Chemistry: pH, alkalinity,                        Sci: D.12.4-
11-12    Chemistry                                                                           3,4,5,6
                            of water              PO43-, NO3-, turbidity, etc.                                 6
                           Soil Chemistry
                                                    Soil Sampling and Chemical                           Sci: D.12.4-
11-12    Chemistry          Wetlands as                                                      3,4,5,6
                                                             Analysis                                          6
                        Environmental Filters
                         Structural Design,
                                                                                                         Sci: D.12.7-
11-12      Physics        Compression and            Design and Build Bridges                  4
                                                                                                               8
                              Tension
                         Biomes/Ecosystem       Specimen Collection for Biosphere
 10       Biology                                                                            3,4,6          F12.8
                            Interactions                    Project

 10       Biology           Biodiversity              Frog Song Identification               3,4,6         F12.12

          Natural            Ecological
11-12                                                         Site Walk                      1,2,3          F12.8
         Resources           Succession
          Natural       Experimental Design
11-12                                                  Small Mammal Study                    3,4,5          C12.2
         Resources      and Implementation
                            Understand
          Natural
11-12                       Biological                   Tree Identification                   1           F.12.5
         Resources
                          Classification
          Natural       Energy Flow / Food
11-12                                                     Animal Sign Lab                      6            C12.4
         Resources            Webs
                                                                                                         A 12.12, B
 10      US History         Local history       Write a historical trail for the forest        1
                                                                                                            12.3
                        Societal changes in
                                                                                                          A 12.9, A
 10      US History       attitudes about        (PLT) Pioneers in the Wilderness              1
                                                                                                            12.12
                           resource use
                        Historical effects of
 10      US History      resource use and            (PLT) Letter from Archy                   1           B 12.3
                               misuse
                                                                                                          Business
                        Learn how economic       Walk through forest reflecting on             1
                                                                                                           D.12.5
         Business &        systems work to       management techniques and the
9-12                                                                                           2             EE
         Economics      allocated and manage      history of economic forestry
                              resources.             management in the US.                     4           B.12.10
                                                                                                           C.12.1




                                                   Page 10
                             Curriculum                                                                     State
Grade       Subject                                           Site Activity                Key Concepts
                              Objective                                                                   Standards
                                                                                                1          Business
                                                    Hike and determine uses/benefits            3            B.8.6
                         Identify and promote     from forest resources, end products,
          Business &
 9-12                    economic benefits of          recreation, etc. Create a                7         B.12.13 – 14
          Economics
                              WI forests.             commercial and/or brochure
                                                      promoting the Northwoods.                               EE
                                                                                                            B.8.10

                                                                                                              IT
                                                  Gather data related to environmental                      A.12.5
                          Apply and translate
                                                  impact of various sources including
 9-12     Info. Tech.    environmental impact                                                   2            EE
                                                   wood, then create tables and charts
                           using technology.
                                                      in MS Word and MS Excel.
                                                                                                            D.12.6


                                                                                                          Bus: B.8.12
                                                       Hike forest with resource
                         Learn about a variety                                                              B.12.1
         Info. Tech. &                             professionals. Research a forestry
 9-12                     of forestry-related                                                   1
            Careers                                 career option and create a multi-                     B.12.13-14
                                careers.
                                                          media presentation.
                                                                                                          EE: B.8.22
                                                                                                           B.12.21

                                                                                                          Bus: J.12.4
                                                  Collect data and organizie data from
             IT             Apply database                                                                IT: B.12.5
                                                  the forest using database technology
 9-12      Business      technology to forestry                                                 1           B.12.6
                                                  to sort and create special reports for
                              information.
           Education                                         further analysis.                              B.12.7
                                                                                                          EE: B.12.7


Staff Development
Teachers indicated a lack of content knowledge and teaching strategies to lead activities at the school
forest. To meet this need, the district plans offer the following assistance.
     Teachers will be provided with the Wisconsin Forestry Education Curriculum, LEAF, during a
        one day paid training in August of 2006.
     High School students will be trained as student naturalists and will prepare lessons and
        activities at the forest for elementary students and teachers throughout the year.
     A list of helpful resource professionals will be provided to the staff with contact information.




                                                     Page 11
Resources
                                             Available:


People:
School forest committee members                         John Spangberg, Water Management Specialist
Jeremy Solin, UW-Stevens Point                          Sterling Strathe, UW-Stevens Point
DNR resource specialist

Materials:
     Recording Equipment                                    Curriculum guides
Digital camera                                          WET (1)
Video camera                                            Aquatic Wild (1)
     Forestry Measurement                               Wild (1)
Biltmore sticks (6)                                     LEAF lesson guides (1 of each unit)
     Aquatic Studies                                    PLT activity guide (1)
Water quality test kits (2 each of O2, N)                   Multimedia Resources
Groundwater models (1)                                  Videos (Forest Story, Beavers, Fish, White-tail deer,
     Wildlife Management                                Weather)
Skulls                                                  CD-ROM programs (Wisconsin Forests Forever)
     Fire Management
(Kit available through CESA 12 IMC)

Facilities:
Parking lot
Restroom at Rod and Gun Club


                                              Needed:
People:
Parent volunteers as chaperones                         Community volunteers for exotics control
Community volunteers for trail work                     K-12 teacher involvement

Materials:

     General
                                                             Safety
Maps of school forest                                   First Aid Kits
School forest user’s guide/teacher’s guide              Disposable examining gloves
Clipboards or drawing boards (30)
                                                        Flashlights and extra batteries
Large roll paper (murals)
                                                        Cell phone
Paper bags
                                                        Walkie Talkies
Ziplock bags
Plastic containers                                          Recording equipment
Ice cube trays                                          Video camera
Yarn                                                    35mm camera
String                                                  Tape recorder
Scissors
Craft Wire
Art Supplies
Journals (purchased every year)
Plastic containers with handles
Giving Tree by Shel Silverstein
Labels/label maker




                                             Page 12
                                                                   Wildlife Management
     Basic Exploring
Magnifying lenses (30)                                        Binoculars (15)
100’ measuring tapes (5)                                      Spotting scope (1)
                                                              Echolocator (1)
Measuring wheel
                                                              Radio telemetry equipment (1 set)
Stopwatches (15)
                                                              Study skins
ID books and field guides (10 each of flowers, trees,
                                                              Mounted specimens
birds)
Bug boxes (15)                                                Animal tracks and molds
Insect nets (15)                                              Plaster of Paris
                                                              Nests and hives
Pails and other containers
                                                              Artificial nest boxes
Funnels (15)
                                                              Dissection kits (15)
Ice cube trays for sorting specimens (30)
                                                              Small mammal box traps (5)
Garden tools (10 each of trowels, forks)
Compass                                                            Geology/Soils
     Aquatic Studies                                          Soil samples
                                                              Soil test kits (5)
Pond nets (15)
                                                              Soil sieves (5 sets)
Minnow traps (5)
                                                              Soil thermometers (15)
Pails (15)
                                                              Soil color charts (15)
Dishpans (15)
Petri dishes (50)                                             Trowels (15)
Spoons (50)                                                   Safety goggles (30)
                                                              Reference specimens
Forceps (15)
Microscopes (15)                                                  Weather Studies
Biotic index charts (30)                                      Weather station (1)
Thermometers (15)                                             Thermometers (15)
pH paper/pH test kits (10)                                    Heat index charts (15)
Secchi disks (2)                                              Sling psychrometers (5)
Chest waders (12)                                             Rain gauge (1)
Rubber boots (30)                                             Cloud charts (15)
Watershed model (1)                                           Wind scale charts (15)
     Forestry Measurement                                     Wind chill charts (15)
Diameter tapes (5)                                            Barometers (1)
                                                              Anemometers (1)
Increment borer (1)
                                                              Light meters (5)
Ingle gauges (5)
                                                              Air quality kits (1 each of CO2, SO2, NOx, ozone,
Tree keys (30)
                                                              radon)
Rulers (30)
Tree cookies (30)                                                 Recreation
Wood samples (2 sets)                                         Archery equipment (set of 15)
Prisms (5)                                                    Fishing rods and reels (30)
Doyle Rule/scales                                             Raincoats/ponchos (15)
                                                              Snowshoes (20 sets)
    Timber Management
Tree marking paint                                            Compasses (30)
Flagging tape                                                 Topographic maps (5)
                                                              Ropes (100 ft.)
Pruners (5)
                                                              Old tires
Loppers (5)
                                                              Insulated steel cable
                                                              Treated lumber/lumber
    Plant Studies
Overhead transparencies                                       Hula loops
Plant presses (10)                                            Tents
                                                              Sleeping bags
Herbarium specimens
                                                              Cooking supplies
Flower keys (30)
Facilities:
Restrooms                                                     Trail signs
Education shelter                                             Trail kiosk
Trail benches
Storage shed
Education stations

                                                        Page 13
Assessment
        The success of the school forest program will be indicated by more frequent use
of the forest by students, teachers and community members. The school forest committee
will measure this by counting the number of field trip forms teachers fill out when they
take their students to the school forest. On the forms teachers will describe the activity
and number of students involved.
        A successful program should also result in improvements in student performance
and content knowledge displayed in the classroom, on future surveys, and on
standardized tests. Teachers will use typical assessment techniques (essays, tests,
projects, etc) to measure student progress. School wide student and teacher surveys will
be conducted every three years. Standardized tests occur as scheduled by the state. A
data retreat is conducted every spring in which a team of teachers and administrators
check yearly progress.

SUSTAINING THE SCHOOL FOREST PROGRAM

School Forest Subcommittees
Education Team                                        Responsibilities
Theresa Paulsen, Science Teacher                             Obtain and maintain educational
Lois Tanula, Elementary Teacher                               materials for check-out
Cheryl Larson, Elementary Teacher                            Train student naturalists
Seth Foreman, Science Teacher                                Revise education plan on a 3 year cycle
Scott Maier, Alternative Education Instructor
Tom Kriesel, Principal
Jeremy Solin, School Forest Ed. Coordinator

Management Team                                       Responsibilities
Jeff Ehrhardt, District Administrator                        Financial Planning
Theresa Paulsen, Science Teacher                             Site development and maintenance of
Roger Peterson, Technology Education Teacher                  facilities and trails
Scott Maier, Alternative Education Teacher                   Forest management decisions
Mitch Mesko, Rod and Gun Club                                Establishing and assessing annual goals
Ron Schluenz, School Board
Lyle Thewis, School Board
Tom Piikila, WDNR Forester
John Spangberg, WDNR Water Specialist

Community Outreach Team                               Responsibilities
Theresa Paulsen, Science Teacher                             Plan and implement 1-2 programs per
Seth Foreman, Science Teacher                                 year for the community
Jeremy Ackerman, Art Teacher                                 Identify and address potential threats to
Mitch Mesko, Rod and Gun Club                                 the forest and/or safety of users
Jeff Ehrhardt, District Administrator




                                                Page 14
Communication
       The current education plan will be posted on the district’s website. Articles
highlighting events and concerns at the school forest will be written for the school’s
monthly newsletter and local newspaper.
       Community events will be held each year promoting various ways the forest is
used and enjoyed. Examples of possible workshop topics: Making Black Ash Baskets,
Snowshoeing, Bird Watching, Monitoring Water Quality, Eliminating Exotic Species,
Animal Tracking, Making Wreaths, Princess Pine Crafts, Making Birch Bark Baskets,
Recreation in the Outdoors, Hunter Safety Instruction, etc.
       The School Forest Committee will prepare a yearly progress report for the school
board.

Long Range and Implementation Plan

            Goal                        Objectives                    Timeline
                               Provide Forestry Education     August 2006
                               Training through LEAF for
Train teachers to use and      all teachers
enjoy the school forest with   Train high school              Throughout each school
their students                 naturalists to lead programs   year
                               for younger students
                               Construct boardwalk trail      2005-2007
Develop and maintain
                               Construct a vault toilet or    Fall 2007
facilities to meet users’
                               supply a “Porta-potty”
needs.
                               Maintain facilities            As needed
Manage and sustain the         Follow and update the          As specified in the
health of the forest           forest management plan         management plan
ecosystem.

Promote key concepts           Train high school              Spring of each year
throughout the school and      naturalists to lead programs
community.                     at community events


District Commitment
School Board Letter of Commitment (Appendix B)




                                         Page 15