Global Warming Alaska on the Front Lines by tze65444


									    Global Warming:
Alaska on the Front Lines
   Surface Air Temperature Trends 1942-2003

                                     Chapman and Walsh, 2004

               Frances Raskin
             Trustees for Alaska
Human Rights Petition

• Time is running out for the Arctic. We
 need far-reaching, long-term global
 commitments to reduce emissions of
 greenhouse gases if the Arctic is to be
 protected and if our human rights,
 particularly our human rights to
 subsistence, are to be respected."
      — Sheila Watt-Cloutier, Chair - Inuit Circumpolar Conference
Massachusetts v. EPA
• EPA refuses to regulate greenhouse gas
  emissions from automobiles
• Federal Appeals Court fails to address whether
  CAA requires EPA to regulate
• 12 States, D.C., Baltimore, NYC, Samoa, and
  environmental groups ask Supreme Court to
  review decision of D.C Circuit
• Trustees for Alaska weighs in on behalf of
  Alaska Native organizations: AITC, CATG,
• Alaska Inter-Tribal Council: statewide, tribally
  governed, non-profit organization that advocates
  on behalf of about 200 Alaska tribal
• Council of Athabascan Tribal Governments:
  consortium of ten Tribes in Alaska’s northeastern
  Interior, including nine Gwich’in and one
  Koyukon Athabascan Tribes.
• Resisting Environmental Destruction on
  Indigenous Lands (REDOIL): a project of the
  Indigenous Environmental Network.
Four Other Global Warming Cases
in Federal Court
• D.C. Circuit: States, cities and environmental
  groups sue EPA for failing to regulate
  greenhouse gas emissions from stationary
  sources. Trustees for Alaska plans to file brief on
  behalf of Alaska Natives.

• Second Circuit (New York): Eight states, NYC,
  and environmental groups sue six major utilities
  for contributing to global warming. Trustees for
  Alaska files brief on behalf of Alaska Natives.
• Ninth Circuit (San Francisco): Two separate
  cases challenge corporate average fuel economy
  (CAFE) standards. Center for Biological
  Diversity, several states challenge process,
  failure to consider greenhouse gas emissions.
• Second Circuit (New York): Natural Resources
  Defense Council files similar case.
• All three cases likely to be consolidated in Ninth
• Trustees for Alaska plans to file brief on behalf
  of Alaska Natives.
Snow and Ice   Since 1979, Arctic sea ice has
               shrunk by an area twice the size of

               Permanent ice is thinning and the
               duration of ice-free conditions is

               The Arctic is predicted to be ice
               free in the summer by 2100.
  Changes Too Rapid for Wildlife To

MMS scientists witness
polar bear drownings
Walrus forced to abandon
Caribou forage decreasing
New pests and disease
Extinctions Imminent
Ancient People and Culture
       Threatened activities, such as
                   hunting, fishing and gathering of
                   plants, are crucial to Alaskan Native
                   peoples' way of life. Even subtle
                   changes in temperature over the
                   long term can affect our ability to
                   live . . . We need a healthy
                   environment to fully preserve our
                   traditional values, culture and
                   spirituality." - Art Ivanoff, Unalakleet
Native Knowledge Critical to Understanding of Historical Changes
―Global warming is a threat to the
 very existence of Alaska Native
 people’s livelihood, the effects are
 profound, and we see that in
 every aspect of our traditional
 way of life, culture, subsistence,
 health and spirituality.‖
               — Faith Gemmill, REDOIL
               Erosion and Flooding


 September 2005: Storm surges reach 9
feet, waves 15 feet. 34 communities
 GAO estimates that 20 villages must be
 It will cost between $100 – $400 million
to move Kivalina, a village of about 395     Nome
Villages Losing Ground
              Shishmaref lost as much as 50 feet
              of coastal land in a single storm. In
              the past 30 years, 100 to 300 feet of
              coast has washed away, half of it
              since 1997.
Sea Level Rise Will Inundate

                    South Fairbanks smoke, June 2004

                       June                   July
Areas Susceptible to Sea
Level Rise
Scientific Collaboration

• Document Native Knowledge
• Support Native Observations
• Valuable for Legal Argument
• May Produce Solutions

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