FIREFIGHTER DEATH AND INJURY STATISTICS - PowerPoint by AmnaKhan

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									FIREFIGHTER DEATH AND
   INJURY STATISTICS

     US and NY STATE
The National Picture
          Reality Check
   Civilian fatalities in the US
7,395




        Source: National Fallen
        Firefighters Foundation    3,245
        “Firefighter Life Safety
        Initiatives”




1985                                2006
 According to an NFPA review of national
patterns, the average number of firefighter
 deaths to occur annually has dropped by
     one third over the past 30 years.

                 However
    FF deaths in structure fires have not
  decreased as much as civilian deaths or
 the number of total structure fires. This is
   due to a marked increase in FF deaths
   which occurred while operating inside
                structures.
                   US Firefighter Deaths
            source: NFPA Journal, July-August 2007
                                 (not including 9/11/01 WTC deaths)


                                 On-Duty U.S. Firefighter Deaths, 1996-2006




                                         112
                                               103     103           105   103
Number of Deaths




                    96     99                                 97
                                  91                                                      89
                                                                                   87




                   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006
2006 US Firefighter Deaths: Career & Volunteer
                             source: NFPA Journal, July-August 2007
                                   (not including 9/11/01 WTC deaths)



                       80                                                    CAREER
                       70                       70                           VOLUNTEER
                              65                            66               64
                       60            59               58                58
    Number of Deaths




                                                                                  54
                       50                 49                     50
                                                                                       46
                       40                       38
                                     31   33
                       30                             28         29          29
                              27                            25          25        25   23
                       20

                       10

                       0
                            1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
US Firefighter Deaths by Type of Duty, 2006
      source: NFPA Journal, July-August 2007



                                     Fireground
          Other on-duty                  43%
              21%
     Non-Fire
    Emergencies
        7%


          Training
            9%       Responding to
                      or Returning
                      from Alarms
                          20%
         US Firefighter Deaths by
          Cause of Injury, 2006
    source: NFPA Journal, July-August 2007

         U.S. Firefighter Deaths by Cause of Injury, 2006
                                              Other
                                               2%


Overexertion
 or Stress                                            Struck by or
    43%                                               Contact with
                                                         Object
                                                          31%



                   Falls                Caught or
                    1%                   Trapped
                                           22%
         US Firefighter Deaths by
          Nature of Injury, 2006
        source: NFPA Journal,July-August 2007

                           Other Crushing
                 Burns      6%     3%
                 10%
        Stroke                              Internal Trauma
         3%                                       29%

Asphyxiation
   10%




                         Sudden Cardiac
                             Death
                             39%
             US Firefighter Deaths by
            Age & Cause of Death, 2006
       source: NFPA Journal, July-August 2007



            14

            12
                                                    0         2         4
            10
                                                                                                               7
             8                                                                                        7
Number of                       0                                                           7
 Deaths      6                                  11
                                                          10
                                                                        9
             4                                                                    6                                Heart Attack
                                7         0
                      1                                                                                        5   Non-Heart Attack
             2                            3                                                 3         4
                      2
                                                                                  1
             0




                                                                                                          60
                          -25

                                    -30

                                              -35

                                                        -40

                                                                  -45

                                                                            -50

                                                                                      -55

                                                                                                -60
                 20
                 0-




                                                                                                        er
                      21

                                26

                                          31

                                                    36

                                                              41

                                                                        46

                                                                                  51

                                                                                            56

                                                                                                      Ov
                                                              Age
     US Firefighter Deaths in
Motor Vehicle Accidents, 1996-2006
  source: NFPA Journal, July-August 2007

     18
     16 4
                                           4
     14
     12                                               3
                     1      2   1                 5
     10                                                      1   Career
                 3
      8                                1
          14                               13
      6
                     10 10 10                       10 9
      4          7                     7          8              Volunteer
      2
      0
          1997


                     1999


                                2001


                                           2003


                                                      2005
                                 Year
Background Information on
  US Firefighter Deaths
                 Sources:
  National Fallen Firefighters Foundation
   National Fire Protection Association
          US Fire Administration
    2006 Firefighter Fatalities
                    Who is dying?

Career firefighters (defined as those who are employed full-time
as firefighters) suffered 23 deaths in 2006.

Volunteer firefighters accounted for 46 deaths.

Another 20 victims were civilian contractors or seasonal
employees of state or federal wildland agencies. There was
also 1 death in an industrial brigade and 1 prison inmate died.

The median age of firefighters who died in 2006 was 43 years -
the youngest was 17 and the oldest was 78.
    2006 Firefighter Fatalities
               Where are we dying?
 Nationally, response/return is the 2nd most
hazardous activity after fireground operations
       as the most hazardous activity
 Of the 10 deaths in road vehicles, six victims were not
 wearing seatbelts.

 Excessive speed was a factor in at least 5 of the
 crashes.

 Three firefighters were killed when they were struck by
 vehicles at the scene of an emergency.
   2006 Firefighter Fatalities
Why are we dying? Stress and overexertion
        are still the leading killers
The largest single cause of firefighter deaths in
2006 was sudden cardiac events. Heart attacks
caused the deaths of 37 on-duty firefighters.

More than half of the firefighters that died in
2006 died from traumatic injuries such as
asphyxiation, burns, drowning, vehicle crashes,
and other physical injuries.
   2006 Firefighter Fatalities
           Where are we dying?



Nationally the highest number of firefighter
deaths occurred in New York

Across the U.S., rural responses are
generally just as dangerous as urban /
suburban fire response.
  New York State Line of Duty
     Deaths and Injuries

Note: All figures are from NYS OFPC. Injury
 stats are from the NYS Fire Incident
 Reporting System (report IIC series).
 Since participation is voluntary, the
 numbers are incomplete and reflect only
 reported casualties.
New York State Line of Duty
    Deaths, 1996-2006
 (not including 343 FDNY deaths 9/11/01 at WTC)
                     20
                                 18
                     18
                                        16                                             16
                     16
  Number of Deaths




                     14
                     12                                      11                               11
                     10   9
                                                8
                     8                                              7      7
                                                                                 6
                     6                                 5
                     4
                     2
                     0
                          1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003 2004   2005   2006
                                                             Year
                   NYS Firefighter Deaths in 2006
      (includes some which are still pending official determination as a LODD)


 Date of Death Last Name First Name          Age Company/Dept                         Rank           Type of Incident         Cause of Death
      1/22/2006 Westervelt John Robert         57 Spring Valley VFD                   FF             Post-fire                Cardiac-related
       3/3/2006 Schnibbe     Robert, Jr.       57 Hastings-on--Hudson                 Batt.Chief     Fire Command             Undet.- Cardiac?
      3/12/2006 Lalosh       Donald            49 Roxbury VFD                         FF             Parade                   Cardiac-related
      3/15/2006 Reeve        Deborah           41 FDNY                                EMT            WTC-related              Cancer
       4/4/2006 Sullivan     Richard           57 Horseheads VFD                      Chief          Post-fire                Cardiac related
      4/11/2006 Smith        David             74 Howells VFD                         Capt           Funeral detail           Cardiac related
       5/8/2006 Beach        Michael           46 Saratoga Springs                    FF                                      Cancer
      5/21/2006 Machajewski Gerald             62 Cambria VFD                         FF             Resp. to MVA             Cardiac-related
      6/11/2006 Strickland Lee                  ? Manhasset-Lakeville VFD             Chief                                   Cancer
      6/15/2006 Getschel     Robert, Jr.       18 Floral Park VFD                     Probationary                            Cardiac related
      6/16/2006 Greene       Michael           43 W. Babylon VFD                      FF             Recov.equip after fire   Electrocution
      6/18/2006 Tritscher    Paul              54 Franklin Sq/Munson Pk VFD Ex-Chief                 Post-fire                Stroke
      7/30/2006 Brady        Paul              42 Malverne VFD                        FF             Station app. Accid       Trauma
      8/27/2006 Carpluk      Howard, Jr.       43 FDNY                                Lt             Suppression
      8/27/2006 Reilly       Michael           25 FDNY                                FF             Suppression
      8/28/2006 Ritter       Wilbur            78 Sayville VFD                        Fire Police    Resp.to alarm
       9/4/2006 Prior        David             50 Elbridge VFD                        Lt.            Parade
      9/22/2006 Beyer        John              38 Wilson VFD                          FF             Post-fire                Cardiac-related
     11/26/2006 McClune      Hector            76 Millerton VFD                       FF             Grass fire
      12/6/2006 McCrary      Frank             70 Moriah VFD                          Capt           Funeral detail           Cardiac-related
     12/29/2006 Herbert      Donald            34 Buffalo FD                          FF             *                        Pneumonia
* FF Herbert had been in a coma for almost 10 years after being injured in a roof collapse at a house fire.
2006 NYS Fire Service Injuries
     & Deaths by Activity

                            Other Activity,              Apparatus or
                            Undetermined
                                    Other Activity,      Driving/Riding
                                  Undetermined or No   Apparatus or Driving /
          Station                 or No
                                      Response                Vehicle
                Station Activity                          Riding Vehicle
                                Response                                        Extinguishing /
          Activity 4%                    13%                   9%
                                                                                 Neutralizing
            4%                     16%                                              28%
                                                                                       Extinguishing
                                                                                        /Neutralizing
   Incident Scene Activity
      Incident                                                                              25%
               8%
Scene Activity
      8%
              EMS / Rescue
                  13%
   EMS/Rescue                                          Suppression
                                                  Suppression Support
      12%                      Access / Egress           22%
                                                           Support
                             Access/Egress
                                     3%
                                     3%                      22%
2006 NYS Fire Service Deaths
 & Injuries by Type of Duty
                     Other Assignment,
                    Undetermined or No
    Training            Response
      2%                    22%




   Prevention,                           Suppression
Inspection, Fire   EMS                      66%
  Investigation    8%
       2%
2006 NYS Fire Service Injuries
     & Deaths by Cause

           Other, Un-              Fall, Jump,
          determined,               Slip/Trip
          No Response                  19%
              25%

                                                 Exposure to
                                                   Hazard
                                                    17%
  Overexertion/
     Strain                             Struck/
                        Contact with
      19%                              Assaulted
                          Object
                           14%            6%
2006 NYS Fire Service Casualties by Symptom

Notes:                                                                            Shortness of
                                                        Smoke/Hazard-
                                   Other,                                           Breath
                                                        ous Inhalation
                                Undetermined,                                         2%
                                                              5%
                                No Response
Burn includes                       30%
  scald,                                                                              Burn
  chemical                                                                             4%

  & electrical      Undisclosed                                                        Cut, Puncture
                  Sickness or Pain                                                     Wound, Bruise
                        3%                                                                  27%
Other includes
   various
   causes (each
                  Stroke/Heat
   less than         Stroke          Cardiac/Respira-
                                                                Dislocation,
  1%), undeter-        2%               tory Arrest
                                                              Fracture, Strain,
                                            2%
                                                              Sprain, Swelling,
  mined and no                                                   Crushing
   response                                                         25%
2006 NYS Firefighter Injuries &
     Deaths by Location
                                        Enroute to FD
                                       Location, call or
                   Other Locations,    medical facility
                  undetermined or no         3%
                      response
                         17%                                   At FD Location
                                                                     6%




 Returning from
    Incident
       1%



                                                    At Scene or Medical
                                                          Facility
                                                           73%
2006 NYS Fire Vehicle Accidents
                                (source: NYS DMV)

                                             There were a total of
                                               329 fire apparatus
                                               accidents in 2006.
                                               One person died,
                          186                  and 276 were
               142
      1                                        injured.
   Fatal Non-fatal Accidents
                                             64 of the occupants
 Accidents Personal Causing                    were unrestrained
             Injury    Property
           Accidents Damage over
                                               (no harness, belt or
                        $1000                  air bag) at time of
                                               accident.
NYS DMV Fire Vehicle Accident
Reports: Manner of Collision, 2006
    (accident not necessarily caused by FD driver)
                                  Top human factors cited:
                 160              (33) Failure to yield right of way
                                  (28) Driver inattention
                                  (7) Following too closely
                                  (7) Unsafe speed
       18                  21     (9) Passing or lane change
                                     improper

   Single     Two      Three      Top environmental factors cited:
   Vehicle Vehicle Vehicle              (7) Slippery pavement
  Accidents Accidents Accidents         (10) Obstructed, impaired or
                                           limited view
  2006 NYS Ambulance Accidents
                                     (source: NYS DMV)


                                                         There were a
                                                         total of 493 acci-
                                                         dents, killing 5
                                                         and injuring 731.
                    341
                                                         136 injured occu-
                                 164                     pants were
         1
                                                         unrestrained (no
Fatal Accidents Non-fatal Accidents                      harness, belt or
              Personal Injury Causing                    air bag) at time of
                Accidents      Property
                             Damage over                 accident.
                                $1000
NYS DMV Ambulance Accident
Reports: Manner of Collision, 2006
    (accident not necessarily caused by EMS driver)
                                            Top human factors cited:
                      395
                                            (68) Driver inattention
                                            (76) Failure to yield right of way
                                            (21) Following too closely
                                            (27) Traffic control disregarded
                                            (21) Unsafe speed
         43                          55
                                            Top environmental factors
                                              cited:
 Single Vehicle Two Vehicle Three Vehicle
                                            (17) Slippery pavement
   Accidents     Accidents    Accidents
                                            (10) Obstructed, impaired or
                                               limited view
                Based on:
 NFPA ’s “Firefighter Fatalities in the US, 2006” and
   “What’s Changed Over the Past 30 Years?”

      National Fallen Firefighters Foundation
        “Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives”

and statistical reports from NYS DMV & NYS OFPC.

                 Compiled by the
     Library, OFPC Academy of Fire Science

                    Thank you!

								
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