"Why Graduated Driver Licensing"
Why Graduated Driver Licensing? Reduce teenage crashes and fatalities Protect new drivers while they learn Increase teen driving experience Increase drivers skills Motivate novice drivers to drive safely Promote Parental/ Guardian Involvement Make better life-long drivers MV Crashes leading cause of death 15-20 year olds KY GRADUATED LICENSING PROGRAM 1994 Kentucky Leads the Nation Kentucky lead the nation in teenage driving fatalities Teens represent 7% of driving population Teens involved in 14% of fatal collisions Teens involved in 20% of all collisions Pre GDL Prior to 1996, Anyone could teach teens to drive Teens had limited driving experience before getting driver’s license – 30 days No restriction on new driver Teens could drive anytime No passenger limitation No strategy for underage Alcohol use 1996 GDL Effort Established by the Legislature during the 1996 Session – HB 400 KY was one of the leading states in GDL in 1996 Just a few years later NHTSA only recognized KY as having a “Partial” GDL Program 1996 GDL Effort Limits nighttime driving during the permit phase Must hold permit for 180 days Requires the driving instructor to be at least 21 years old Requires completion of a traffic safety course within 1 year of passing the driving skills test. 1996 GDL Effort Establishes “zero tolerance” for Alcohol use under 21 Lowered the “Points” threshold from 12 to 7 for new drivers until 18 Suspend to age 18 for Serious Traffic Violations Established Parental Manual to help teach teens “Generation to Generation” KIPRC evaluates GDL in Kentucky Study identified pre GDL crashes (1993- 95) and post GDL crashes (1997-99) Motor vehicle crashes drop by 31.4% for 16 year olds Motor vehicle crashes for entire group (16 - 19 year olds) saw no improvement KIPRC evaluates GDL in Kentucky Nighttime crashes drop by 36% for 16 year olds Overall nighttime crashes drop by 8.3% for 16-19 year olds Alcohol related crashes drop by 31.6% for 16 year olds Overall alcohol related crashes decrease by 0.4% of the age group 16 - 19 2005 KY Status 39 states and D.C. have full GDL KY does not have “Intermediate stage” KY does not have a passenger restriction KY does not have a Nighttime Driving restriction KY does not have Primary Seatbelt KY does not have a teen cell phone restriction New GDL Bill as enacted (HB 90) Will become effective Oct. 1, 2006 Establishes three distinct phases of licensure Provides needed enhancements to the existing GDL law New GDL Bill as enacted (HB 90) Permit Phase enhancements Parent/Guardian must certify 60 hours of practice driving (10 hours at night) Clean Driving Record - No moving traffic conviction of KRS 186, 189, 189A Passenger restriction – limit 1 unrelated person under 20 years of age Must wear Seat belt (HB 117) New GDL Bill as enacted (HB 90) Intermediate phase enhancements (after driving skills test) “Intermediate” sticker placed onto permit by KSP examiner 180 days if no traffic violations Nighttime driving restriction from midnight until 6 A.M. Passenger restriction – limit 1 unrelated passenger under age 20. New GDL Bill is enacted (HB 90) Intermediate phase enhancements Clean driving Record - No moving traffic convictions of KRS 186,189, 189A Must complete driver safety course before applying for full license Must wear a seat belt (HB 117) Note – Most drivers should complete this phase after their 17 birthday. New GDL Bill as enacted (HB90) Full License after successfully completing intermediate phase .02 BAC for those under age 21 Parent/Guardian financially responsible until age 18 Must wear seatbelt (HB 117) New GDL Law’s goal Lower risk taking of new drivers Control new drivers exposure to high-risk driving situations Motivate novice drivers to drive carefully Enhance parental/ guardian involvement Reduce injuries and fatalities of teens Make better long term drivers Strength of the new law Novice drivers must demonstrate “Conviction Free” driving before getting full license Intermediate sticker of permit will identify that driver is still learning Intermediate driver must complete 4- hour traffic safety program before “Full License” Passenger and Nighttime Restrictions Implications of a Full GDL Program Kentucky will once again be recognized as a GDL state Teens will now have much longer to gain the experience needed for safe driving Teens will be under more restrictions to promote safe driving Parents will become involved in teaching teens to drive Implications for a Full GDL Program Promote using “Generation to Generation” booklet as a parental guide and lesson plan for teaching Relieve much of the peer pressure exerted on novice drivers by limiting passengers Implications of a Full GDL Program Rewards teens for being crash and violation free during the intermediate phase Allows novice drivers to gain experience gradually while in the intermediate phase Must take an approved traffic safety course before moving to full licensure Graduated Licensing Traffic Safety Course Four-hour traffic safety program Delivered to students who don’t have an opportunity to take “Driver’s Education” in their High School Utilize qualified instructors Classes in every county Graduated Licensing Course Partner with most High Schools in Kentucky to provide instruction in the new driver’s home community Monitor the delivery of the curriculum by qualified evaluators Analyze effectiveness of the program Graduated Licensing Course Continually update the curriculum Report program results to the Transportation Cabinet’s Division of Driver Licensing Sets the curriculum standard for Cabinet approved private agencies Components of GLP Course Lecture Video presentations Discussion groups Classroom exercises Benefits of Taking GLP Course Helps teen retain driving privileges Examines teen driving habits Explains laws and policies that affect teen’s driver license Updates current laws and traffic safety issues Helps teen become a better driver GLP Curriculum Topics Dangers of alcohol and other drugs Defensive and perceptive driving Seatbelt usage Driver behavior Rules of the road Course Effectiveness Measured by Pre-Test Post-Test Personal Data Questionnaire Statistics are analyzed Results reported Statistical results 2005 1,195 Classes conducted At least two in each of Kentucky’s 120 Counties 25,273 Novice drivers completed Pre-Test, Post-Test comparison Pre-Test, mean score 8.43 Post-Test, mean score 10.10 96.5 percent felt the class beneficial Course Misconceptions Graduated Licensing Program course is a portion of the entire GDL Program It is not “Driver Education” Learning to drive takes hundreds of hours It discusses “choices” that teens make when driving without parental supervision Where do we go from here? Require parent or guardian to be present for 16 – 17 year old court appearances Ban cell phone use for teens learning to drive Stop purging .02 Zero Tolerance offenses Under age 18 traffic offenders would attend either GLP or STS