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a begginners guide to the NIH

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					 A Beginner's Guide to the
National Institutes of Health
                www.nih.gov

               Ronald P. Abeles
Office of Behavioral & Social Sciences Research
                abeles@nih.gov


                APA, New Orleans, 2006            1
          What is NIH?

 World‟s largest supporter of biomedical,
  behavioral, and social science research
  and training.
   FY 2006      $28.6 billion
                 18,636 employees
 28 Institutes and Centers (ICs).
   Categorical ICs: Organs and diseases
   Non-categorical ICs
 Extramural and Intramural Research.
                     APA, New Orleans, 2006   2
             How do I obtain funding?

 Office of Extramural Research
   http://grants.nih.gov/grants/oer.htm
   http://grants.nih.gov/grants/
 Investigator Initiated Applications
 Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOA)
   Program Announcements (PA)
   Requests for Applications (RFA)
   Requests for Proposals (RFP)
                       APA, New Orleans, 2006   3
              How do I find funding
              opportunities?
 NIH Guide to Grants and Contracts
   http://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/index.html

 Behavioral & Social Research Guide to
  Grants at the NIH: Electronic Mailing List
  http://obssr.od.nih.gov/Content/Publications/Research_Guide_to_NIH
  _Grants/

   Selected from NIH Guide to Grants and
    Contracts
   Every 6 weeks
                        APA, New Orleans, 2006                         4
             How is my application
             evaluated and funded?

 Center for Scientific Review (CSR)
  http://www.csr.nih.gov
  Assigns applications to
      Institute or Center for funding
      Study Section for peer review
 National Advisory Councils
 Institute/Center Directors and Staff
                      APA, New Orleans, 2006   5
         Additional
         Internet Resources
 Funded Projects (CRISP)
     http://crisp.cit.nih.gov/
 Tips on Preparing Applications
    http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/grant_tips.htm




                   APA, New Orleans, 2006          6
          How do I apply?

 Electronic submission of applications
 Grants.gov
   Single point of entry: http://www.grants.gov
   Standardized and common application forms
 NIH is participating
   http://era.nih.gov/ElectronicReceipt/index.htm
   All funding mechanisms by September 2007
   R01s in February 2007
                      APA, New Orleans, 2006         7
              What kinds of grants
              are available?
 Funding Mechanisms
  http://grants.nih.gov/grants/funding/funding_program.htm

   Small Grants (R03)
   Exploratory/Developmental Research Grant Award
    (R21)
   Regular Research Grants (R01)
   Fellowship & Career Awards (F‟s & K‟s)
   Diversity Supplement Program (S)
 Recommended Sequence of Awards?
                        APA, New Orleans, 2006               8
           The Ultimate Resource

 NIH Program Staff
  “We‟re from the government and
   we are here to help you.”
  On-line directory
  Prospectus
  Pre- and post-award communication


                 APA, New Orleans, 2006   9
     Minda R. Lynch, Ph.D.
                   Branch Chief
Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences Research Branch
 Division of Neuroscience and Behavioral Research
         National Institute on Drug Abuse
            National Institutes of Health


          E-mail: mlynch1@nida.nih.gov




                 APA, New Orleans, 2006             10
Start Writing your NIH
    application…




      APA, New Orleans, 2006   11
 What Type of Research Grant Is
        Right for Me?

What stage of research career ?
  Training, Research or Career Development?

- What are your research needs?
      - do you need a mentor or collaborators?
      - how big is the project?
      - do you have pilot data?
      - how supportive is your environment?

                      APA, New Orleans, 2006     12
Funding Mechanisms

Graduate Student
      NRSA F30, F31, T32
Post-doc
       NRSA F32, T32
Transition
       K01, K08, K23, K12, K22
Early Career
       R03, R01, R21, R15
Mid Career
      R01, K02, P01, K24

          APA, New Orleans, 2006   13
Career Development Grants at NIH
          K01   K02   K05    K07      K08       K12   K23   K24
   NCI                                                 
   NEI                                                    
   HLBI                                                  
   HGRI   
   NIA                                                
   AAA                                                
   IAID                                                  
   IAMS                                                
   ICHD                                                  
   NIDR                                                 
   DDK                                                   
   NIDA                                               
   IEHS                                                
   IGMS
   NIMH                                              
   INDS                                                  
   NINR                                                   
   NCRR                                                    
   DCD                                                   
                       APA, New Orleans, 2006                     14
APA, New Orleans, 2006   15
We have read your application and
are giving it serious consideration!
              APA, New Orleans, 2006   16
Where I do I look for information?




            APA, New Orleans, 2006   17
Who/What is a Program Officer?
           Is a Scientist
           Administers a thematic program of research
           Identifies gaps and stimulates new directions
           Communicates NIH mission, opportunities
            and funding priorities by:
           Coordinating meetings, conferences,
            workshops and fostering collaborations
           And writing funding announcements
           Tracks the latest science
           Advocates support of the best and funding
            priorities by:
           Recommending grant funding

             APA, New Orleans, 2006                     18
What can the Program Officer do for me?




              APA, New Orleans, 2006   19
APA, New Orleans, 2006   20
                  How?
   Advise on the “right” funding mechanism
    to match your needs

 Recommend “hot science” and IC
  program interests

   Suggest appropriate Institute and Study
    Section Assignments
   Discuss results of review and strategize
    for revision
                APA, New Orleans, 2006         21
APA, New Orleans, 2006   23
APA, New Orleans, 2006   24
Behavioral Science Track Award for
Rapid Transition at NIDA and NIMH
 Special type of Small
  Grant (R03)
                                       FEATURES
 Newly independent
                                Duration - 1 year
  behavioral scientists
                                Mentor -    No
                                Support - $50,000
                                Renew -     No
                                Pages -     10 pgs.


                   APA, New Orleans, 2006             25
Special Research Circumstances
 Smaller,
  undergraduate
                                         FEATURES
  institutions
 Academic Research          Duration - up to 3 years
  Enhancement Award          Mentor - No
  AREA (R15)                 Res. Costs - $100,000 total
                             Renew -       Yes
                             Pages -        25 pgs


                APA, New Orleans, 2006                     26
     Top Ten Tips for Grant Preparation

1.    Guide the reviewer – Trace the history, this
      point in time, and future directions
2.    Don‟t MISS citations from the literature;
      acknowledge divergent points of view or
      conflicting findings
3.    Acknowledge weaknesses; build in plans for
      alternate strategies
4.    Justify everything – Why, Why, Why? And back
      it up with arguments!
                      APA, New Orleans, 2006         28
      Top Ten Tips (continued)

5.   Avoid “fatal” flaws –A proposal that is over ambitious, a
     „fishing expedition‟ (parametric, not hypothesis-driven)
     or a “leaning tower” that will collapse if the foundation
     isn‟t supported!
6.   Demonstrate your expertise
7.  Make sure you have letters from collaborators
8. Watch typos and grammatical mistakes
9. Don‟t be “sloppy” – cutting and pasting from other
    applications
10. Be sure to use the most recent application form
                       APA, New Orleans, 2006               29
  Conclusion
(The final word)
Be current, be detailed,
  and be proactive…

Do your research and
 Talk to NIH staff!

       APA, New Orleans, 2006   30

				
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