The American Midwest: An Interpretive Encyclopedia by ProQuest


In The American Midwest, we are told that African Americans around the turn of the century "became increasingly urban, moving from farms and rural communities to seek work in industry and commerce" (181); we are not told that in many instances they were driven from their rural homes and forced to seek refuge in cities. [...] this encyclopedia tries to present race riots as a primarily urban phenomenon, covering such instances of racial violence as occurred in Chicago, Detroit, and Cleveland, when the historical facts suggest that race riots in smaller towns had to have been more numerous, precipitating the migration of African Americans into the cities.

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