The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has proposed that all major sources of US greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions file annual reports on their emissions. About 13,000 facilities, which together account for 90% of US GHG emissions, would be covered. For most sources, reporting would begin in 2011, covering 2010 emissions. Vehicle and engine manufacturers would be required to report one year later.
481 Enviromation the quality of human life while supporting the transforma- The latest documents are available online at tion of business in Ontario to a green economy. The www.westernclimateinitiative.org, and are open for stake- strategy includes providing financial and technical support holder input. to industry, focusing on smaller businesses, and informing Ontarians about toxics. Legislating Greenhouse Gas Reductions The Bill sets out a framework for toxics reduction action by facilities, requiring them to track and quantify the The draft American Clean Energy and Security Act of toxics they use and create, to develop plans to reduce 2009 was introduced on March 31, 2009, requiring U.S. toxics, and to report back to the government. Facilities GHG emissions to be reduced by 20 per cent from 2005 would be required to undertake toxics reduction planning, levels by 2020, and by 80 per cent from 2005 levels by 2050. which could assist in the identification of cost savings and lead to improved competitiveness. The Bill would allow the The Bill, also known as the Waxman-Markey Bill, Government of Ontario to collect information on sub- addresses four principal heads including: stances of concern — that is, substances that are potentially harmful to human health and the environment and for 1. Clean energy: to promote renewable sources of which little data is currently available. Further, the Bill energy, carbon capture and sequestration technol- includes regulation-making authority to prohibit or regu- ogies, clean transportation, and the development late the manufacture, sale, or distribution of a toxic sub- of smart electricity grids; stance or consumer products containing the substance, 2. Energy efficiency: to provide funding for retrofitting and to require the manufacturer, seller, or distributor to existing residential and commercial buildings, provide notice to the public. transportation efficiency, and establishing stan- If the Bill is passed, the Government of Ontario plans dards for industrial energy efficiency; to invest $24 million to help support industries transform 3. Reducing global warming pollution: through a their processes, find green chemistry alternatives, and market-based Global Warming Pollution Reduction reduce the use of toxics in their operations. Program (to reduce GHG emissions from electric For further information, please see the Ontario Ministry utilities, the oil and gas sector, large industrial of the Environment Web site at www.ene.gov.on.ca. sources and other regulated entities) and by per- mitting regulated entities to increase emissions above their allowances if they obtain offsets from other sources; and Pesticide Ban Takes Effect 4. Transitioning to a clean energy economy: by pro- Ontario’s ban on cosmetic pesticides, which replaces tecting domestic competitiveness through rebates existing municipal pesticide by-laws, took effect on to eligible companies in certain industrial sectors April 22, 2009. Ontario’s pesticide rules are provided in the under the Global Warming Pollution Reduction Pesticides Act and in Ontario Regulation 63/09. Program, and through the
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