THE CULTURE OF VIOLENCE AND THE SCRAMBLE FOR POLITICAL POWER IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA (1999-2006) by ProQuest

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									     THE CULTURE OF VIOLENCE AND THE SCRAMBLE FOR
    POLITICAL POWER IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA (1999-2006).


                        Kehinde A Bolaji
   Governance and Democracy Unit, ECOWAS Commission, Abuja
                E-MAIL: ayodeji_bolaji@yahoo.com
                 Mobile Phone: +234 8036973407




Abstract
This paper examines the place of political culture in the entrenchment
of political stability, constitutionalism and democratic consolidation,
using the case study of Oyo state, Nigeria. It contends that the
militarization of politics, excessive politicisation state policies,
opportunities for rent-seeking, implosion of a culture of impunity and
selfishness of the elite have contributed to acrimonious politics in
Nigeria. The case study of Oyo state was used in this research work
because it is reflective of the role played by political violence, especially
with the use of primordial political culture as a tool in shaping political
contestations between 1999 and 2006. The aftermath of these
acrimonious contestations, it was revealed, was the neglect of the
basic business of government by the leadership and the criminalization
of politics.

Introduction

The struggle for political space has been an integral part of African
governance and politics. In Nigeria the largeness of the public space,
occasioned by the relative weakness of the private sector, the
availability of petrol-dollar and existence of opportunities for rent
seeking activities have been responsible for the country’s politics of
underdevelopment and violence. A large number of Nigerians either
aspires to become politicians or are covertly engaged in some political
activities for pecuniary gains. A corollary is that politics becomes a
struggle for selfish aggrandizement and enrichment rather than a
means of rendering service in order to improve the lives of the people.
The significance of these is that Nigeria’s democracy is entrapped in a
vicious circle of unending tension, political disorder and risk of
instability. Consequently, political struggle has become acrimonious




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Kehinde, A.B., The Culture of Violence and the Scramble for Political Power in………


due to the tilted playing field during political contestations. Political
offices are shared as a result of pacted agreements, election
malpractices or both, in a game charact
								
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