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For those already familiar with Wilson's League of Nations tour, this approach provides new information, filling gaps left by previous research, and offers a new analysis that leads to further inquiry into this transitional moment in the rhetorical presidency. Paying particular attention to Wilson's goals and ideals for his Western tour, Hogan provides a new approach to this string of events that can be valuable to a broad audience, including historians, rhetoricians, and those who are interested in subjects such as the public sphere, the presidency, the League of Nations, and politics.
142 RHETORIC & PUBLIC AFFAIRS early 1890s. Also, joining Hull House in the fall of 1891, Julia Lathrop’s life- long work with private charitable organizations ultimately inﬂuenced Jane Addams’s understanding of the role Hull House could and should play in the neighborhood. As Knight suggests, initially Addams was “uninterested in issues of poverty” (227), but because she supported Lathrop’s efforts with the Charity Organization Society, Addams inevitably found herself drawn into poverty relief efforts. What may be of most interest to readers of Rhetoric & Public Affairs is Louise Knight’s recreation of Addams’s intellectual journey. Though the prag- matic matters that Addams faced in day-to-day life at Hull House profoundly shaped her philosophy, Knight showed how they were always framed in the concerns about citizenship and democracy. Citizen deftly weaves Addams’s early inspirations (particularly her father) with her expanding philosophical horizons. Knight carefully traces the inﬂuences of John Dewey, Leo Tolstoy, and others throughout the decade and shows the reader how Addams melds their ideas with her own. Ultimately, Knight makes a case for writing an extensive “half-life” (409) biography. She does, however, a nice job of laying the ground- work for understanding Addams’s signiﬁcant contributions in the early twen- tieth century and leaves the reader hoping that she continues with the task of chronicling the remainder of Addams’s life. Sherry R. Shepler Saint Anselm College Woodrow Wilson’s Western Tour: Rhetoric, Public Opinion, and the League of Nations. By J. Michael Hogan. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2006; pp xi + 212. $17.95 paper. Success can be judged by a number of standards. In Woodrow Wilson’s Western Tour, J. Michael Hogan presents a new standard with which to judge Wilson’s campaign for the League of Nations; he evaluates it in light of the ideal set forth by Wilson himself. As an academic, Wilson laid out the characteristics of an “orator-statesman,” and it is with this standard that Hogan measures the president’s success. Hogan’s approach brings to light new information on Wilson’s tour and encourages further academic inquiry into the role of
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