The remaining chapters (15 through 21) examine the ways in which ethics, morality, and personal dispositions influence and affect debates in the areas of honor and fairness, affirmative action, victims' rights, the presidency, euthanasia, embryonic stem cell research, and abortion and homosexuality, respectively. [...] Sandel argues, the ethical and moral positions relegated to the private realm have a place in the political realm, especially when attempting to encourage civic responsibility and a sense of community.
134 RHETORIC & PUBLIC AFFAIRS the speech, Bush, like the Achaemenian kings, asserts his nation’s role in God’s plan. And his dramatic Top Gun landing, although completely unnecessary, served the purpose of representing Bush as a “warrior president and a trium- phant hero descended from the clouds, master of air, land, and sea” (99). Lincoln goes on to perform a short, but meaningful, analysis of the equally staged pull down of the Saddam Hussein statue in Firdos Square, before moving into an all-too-brief analysis and commentary of the infamous Abu Ghraib photographs. Considering that his book has been leading up to this case study, it is a woefully short section. Lincoln makes a provocative asser- tion by arguing that the events at Abu Ghraib “were not designed to degrade the Iraqi prisoners,” rather “[t]he point was to establish that such people got what they deserved and deserved what they got, being exactly what ‘we’ always knew them to be” (103). Because Lincoln cuts his analysis short, he does not explain why the motives behind the photographs cannot be both to degrade and to punish, or why, ultimately, the motives of the abusers are important. After spending so much time setting up Achaemenian rulership as a model for the abuses of empire, he leaves the reader wanting much more. This unsatisfactory conclusion does not take away from the exceptional scholarship and insightful criticism of the book as a whole. It is unnecessary for the reader to be a student of ancient history to ﬁnd Lincoln’s work acces- sible as he walks the reader through a world that is unfamiliar, yet exceedingly familiar. Rhetorical scholars will recognize a ﬁne piece of textual and visual rhetorical analysis, and political scholars will not fail to see the comparisons to twenty-ﬁrst-century imperial America that Lincoln highlights in his scrutiny of pre-Islamic Persia. Marita Gronnvoll Eastern Illinois University Public Philosophy: Essays on Morality in Politics. By Michael J. Sandel. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005; pp. 292. $25.95 cloth; $16.95 paper. In 1996, the Harvard University Press published Sandel’s Democracy’s Discontent: America in Search of a Public Philosophy, which explores the demise of America’s sense of community and morality in politics and examines the interplay of each within contemporary debates over issue
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