The Second Battle of the Marne By the end of World War II it was clear by ProQuest


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									         By the end of World War II, it was clear that presidential war powers had
eclipsed those of the Congress. The nature of the Cold War meant the United States had
to find alternative means of achieving national interests, and often the option chosen
was limited warfare. While Congress did not sit idly by (the 1973 War Powers Resolu-
tion was an attempt to reassert congressional authority), presidential powers continued
to be solidified through the end of the Cold War, the 9/11 attacks, and the invasion of
Iraq. The reliance on limited war was a result of a number of diverse events. The total-
ity of war experienced during the two World Wars caused states to realize that perhaps
total war was not the preferred path and that there might be an alternative. Limited war
provided that alternative and permitted a President to influence world events in a man-
ner consistent with how the office’s responsibility was viewed.
         Moss asserts that the struggle between the branches of government over as-
sertion of war powers will continue in the future based on a variety of factors. Military
special operations forces, covert operations, private military companies, and the desire
to leverage information to reduce casualties all present challenges to congressional
accountability. Not satisfied to simply present these issues, the author outlines a series
of steps that may be implemented to reestablish the predominance of Congress in the
decisionmaking process. While he acknowledges the difficulty of this task—especially
faced with a guaranteed presidential veto of any legislation increasing congressional
powers—Moss argues strongly that if adhered to, his recommendations could improve
the current system and restore a sense of balance.
         There is no argument that this book is worthwhile and relevant to senior
members of our defense community. Our commitment to the Constitution requires all
Americans to understand the development of the relationship between the Congress
and the President. It also entails an understanding of the challenges Moss outlines for
the nation when considering the use of military force. Moss points out that the evolu-
tion of the relationship between the Congress and the President has made it easier to
employ military forces.
         UndeclaredWaris not to be devoured by the novice in the study of war pow-
ers and foreign policy. Moss’s writing is dense and packed with facts, quotes, and
references that require careful note-taking to fully appreciate and comprehend. Schol-
ars and others vested in the field will find the author’s work to be invaluable. Full of
historical references and supported by more than 40 pages of footnotes, this book is a
treasure trove of research material.

The Second Battle of the Marne. By Michael S. Neiberg. Bloom-
ington: India
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