Business Process Modeling- A Comparative Analysis* by ProQuest

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									                                                                                                                                                                          Research Article
Journal of the Association for Information Systems

                                                           Business Process Modeling- A Comparative Analysis*

                                                               Jan Recker                                                  Marta Indulska
                                                               Faculty of Science and Technology                           UQ Business School
                                                               Queensland University of Technology                         The University of Queensland

                                                               Michael Rosemann                                            Peter Green
                                                               Faculty of Science and Technology                           UQ Business School
                                                               Queensland University of Technology                         The University of Queensland

                                                     Many business process modeling techniques have been proposed over the last decades, creating a demand for theory to assist in
                                                     the comparison and evaluation of these techniques. A widely established way of determining the effectiveness and efficiency of
                                                     modeling techniques is by way of representational analysis. This paper comparatively assesses representational analyses of 12
                                                     popular process modeling techniques in order to provide insights into the extent to which they differ from each other. We discuss
                                                     several implications of our findings. Our analysis uncovers and explores representational root causes for a number of
                                                     shortcomings that remain in process modeling practice, such as lack of process decomposition and integration of business rule
                                                     specification. Our findings also serve as motivation and input to future research in areas such as context-aware business process
                                                     design and conventions management.

                                                     Keywords: Business process management, Process modeling, Representation theory, BWW model

                                                     * Yair Wand was the accepting senior editor. Joerg Evermann, Andreas Opdahl, and Pnina Soffer were the reviewers. This article
                                                     was submitted on January 9, 2006 and went through two revisions.

                                                                                                                                   Volume 10, Issue 4, pp. 333-363, April 2009

                                                                                                   Volume 10      Issue4      Article 2
              Business Process Modeling- A Comparative Analysis

      1.      Introduction
      Business process management (BPM) continues to be a top business priority, and building business
      process capability is still a major challenge for senior executives(Gartner Group, 2009). The interest
      in BPM has, inter alia, triggered substantial academic and commercial work aiming toward advanced
      business process management solutions. One prominent example in this context is increasingly
      popular business process modeling (Davies et al., 2006). Due to a strengthened interest in a more
      disciplined approach to business process management, many organizations have made significant
      investments in process modeling initiatives, which in turn have triggered substantial related research.
      The recent introduction of legislation such as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (Nielsen and Main, 2004) for
      example, further contributed to the increasing interest in business process modeling as a way to
      document the processes of an organization.

      The ongoing and strengthened interest in modeling for business process management has given rise
      to a wide range of modeling techniques, from simple flowcharting techniques (American National
      Standards Institute, 1970), to tec
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