Modern hub-piloted wheel attachment systems have simplified fastener inventories and have extended the durability of wheels, lug studs, nuts and other attachment hardware. Because the majority of over-the-road wheel end systems are now hub-piloted systems the author will focus on them. The first step in avoiding loose wheels is to tighten them properly on initial installation. Emergency road service for tire replacements can also cause issues. Although not necessarily related to torque loss, another frequently ignored practice is hub indexing before placing the new tire/wheel assembly weight on the hub. Make certain that you have (and communicate) the correct information for the specific model and type of wheel system for your equipment.