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Soybean oil-based metalworking fluids King, J., and Canter, N., United Soybean Board, 10/21/2008, US7439212B2 The inventive composition comprises compatible combinations of vegetable oils and polar nonchlorine phosphorus-based extreme pressure additives, the composition being either (i) a working-strength straight oil or (ii) a soluble oil concentrate dilutable to a working- strength soluble oil, the composition when at working strength effectively lubricating metal parts during high-performance metalworking, and providing environmental and safety advantages. Improved process for the production of derivatives of saturated carboxylic acids Bastioli, C, et al., Novamont S. p. A., 10/9/2008, US20080245995A1 A process for the production of saturated carboxylic acids and their derivatives comprising the steps of: (a) reacting a derivative of an unsaturated fatty acid with an oxidizing compound in the presence of a catalyst capable of catalyzing the reaction of oxidation of the double olefinic bond of the derivative of the unsaturated fatty acid so as to obtain as intermediate product of reaction a vicinal diol; and (b) reacting said intermediate compound with oxygen, or a compound containing oxygen, in the presence of a catalyst capable of catalyzing the reaction of oxidation of the hydroxyl groups of the vicinal diol to carboxylic groups, characterized in that both of the steps (a) and (b) are carried out in the absence of added organic solvent and in that the water/dio 1 ratio in the reaction of step (b) is less than 1:1.
170 inform March 2009, Vol. 20 (3) Patents Oil-in-water emulsions and a method of producing Published Patents Langer, D., et al., Lubrizol Corp., 10/14/2008, US7435707B2 The invention relates to a novel emulsified composition con- High unsaponifiables and methods taining (i) major amount of an aqueous phase, (ii) a minor amount of an organic phase, (iii) a thickener, and (iv) a minor but effec- of using the same tive amount of at least one emulsifier to emulsify the aqueous and Copeland, L., et al., International Flora Technologies Ltd., organic phase resulting in a water-in-oil emulsified composition, 10/14/2008, US7435424B1 in particular emulsified greases and emulsified coatings. Further, Materials with high levels of unsaponifiable matter, such as the present invention provides a process for making the emulsi- extracts from plants, result in hydrolysates with unique properties. fied composition. The very properties that are sought in the traditional saponification of natural oils are a result of low levels of unsaponifiables. These properties include high levels of aqueous surfactant activity, water High-oleic high-stearic plants, solubility or ready water dispersibility, activity as foaming agents, seeds and oils and the like. The very objective of traditional saponification pro- Martinez-Force, E., et al., Consejo Superior de Investigaciones cesses is to increase the water solubility and surfactant activity of Científicas, 10/14/2008, US7435839B2 naturally occurring materials. It has been found that the application The invention relates to plant seeds that contain an oil having of a hydrolysis process to materials, particularly materials with a an oleic acid content of more than 40 wt% and a stearic acid content high level of unsaponifiables (e.g., at least 6% by total weight of the of more than 12 wt% based on the total fatty acid content of said material), produces a product with properties significantly different oil, and wherein a maximum of 10 wt% of the fatty acid groups in from those products resulting from the conventional saponification the sn-2 position of the TAG molecules constituting the oil are satu- of materials with less than 6% by weight of unsaponifiables. The rated fatty acid groups. The invention also relates to plants that can resulting hydrolysates from the practice of the present invention be grown from the seeds, oil that can be extracted from the seeds, are substantive, resisting both physical and aqueous-based removal and to methods for obtaining the seeds, plants, and oil. from skin and hair; exhibit a very unique surfactant property; and are not foaming agents with water. Hydrolysates according to the present invention may thus be used to enhance the performance of Method for preparing alicyclic cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. These hydrolysates are bioactive agents and alternative natural carrying agents for topical applica- carboxylic acids and their esters tion of materials, particularly for application of materials to the Grass, M., et al., Oxeno Olefinchemie GmbH, 10/14/2008, skin or hair of subjects, and provide a substantive support for the US7435848B2 materials carried. A method for the continuous preparation of an alicyclic car- boxylic acid or an ester of the alicyclic carboxylic acid. A plastic Fat composition that incorporates the alicyclic carboxylic acid or an ester of the ali- cyclic carboxylic acid.
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