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									                                                                                                170          inform March 2009, Vol. 20 (3)

    Patents                                                                      Oil-in-water emulsions and a
                                                                                 method of producing
    Published Patents                                                            Langer, D., et al., Lubrizol Corp., 10/14/2008, US7435707B2
                                                                                      The invention relates to a novel emulsified composition con-
       High unsaponifiables and methods                                          taining (i) major amount of an aqueous phase, (ii) a minor amount
                                                                                 of an organic phase, (iii) a thickener, and (iv) a minor but effec-
       of using the same                                                         tive amount of at least one emulsifier to emulsify the aqueous and
       Copeland, L., et al., International Flora Technologies Ltd.,              organic phase resulting in a water-in-oil emulsified composition,
       10/14/2008, US7435424B1                                                   in particular emulsified greases and emulsified coatings. Further,
            Materials with high levels of unsaponifiable matter, such as         the present invention provides a process for making the emulsi-
       extracts from plants, result in hydrolysates with unique properties.      fied composition.
       The very properties that are sought in the traditional saponification
       of natural oils are a result of low levels of unsaponifiables. These
       properties include high levels of aqueous surfactant activity, water
                                                                                 High-oleic high-stearic plants,
       solubility or ready water dispersibility, activity as foaming agents,     seeds and oils
       and the like. The very objective of traditional saponification pro-
                                                                                 Martinez-Force, E., et al., Consejo Superior de Investigaciones
       cesses is to increase the water solubility and surfactant activity of
                                                                                 Científicas, 10/14/2008, US7435839B2
       naturally occurring materials. It has been found that the application
                                                                                       The invention relates to plant seeds that contain an oil having
       of a hydrolysis process to materials, particularly materials with a
                                                                                 an oleic acid content of more than 40 wt% and a stearic acid content
       high level of unsaponifiables (e.g., at least 6% by total weight of the
                                                                                 of more than 12 wt% based on the total fatty acid content of said
       material), produces a product with properties significantly different
                                                                                 oil, and wherein a maximum of 10 wt% of the fatty acid groups in
       from those products resulting from the conventional saponification
                                                                                 the sn-2 position of the TAG molecules constituting the oil are satu-
       of materials with less than 6% by weight of unsaponifiables. The
                                                                                 rated fatty acid groups. The invention also relates to plants that can
       resulting hydrolysates from the practice of the present invention
                                                                                 be grown from the seeds, oil that can be extracted from the seeds,
       are substantive, resisting both physical and aqueous-based removal
                                                                                 and to methods for obtaining the seeds, plants, and oil.
       from skin and hair; exhibit a very unique surfactant property; and
       are not foaming agents with water. Hydrolysates according to the
       present invention may thus be used to enhance the performance of          Method for preparing alicyclic
       cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. These hydrolysates are bioactive
       agents and alternative natural carrying agents for topical applica-       carboxylic acids and their esters
       tion of materials, particularly for application of materials to the       Grass, M., et al., Oxeno Olefinchemie GmbH, 10/14/2008,
       skin or hair of subjects, and provide a substantive support for the       US7435848B2
       materials carried.                                                              A method for the continuous preparation of an alicyclic car-
                                                                                 boxylic acid or an ester of the alicyclic carboxylic acid. A plastic
       Fat composition                                                           that incorporates the alicyclic carboxylic acid or an ester of the ali-
                                                                                 cyclic carboxylic acid. 
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