Mohamed Elgadi, 56, a Sudanese activist now living in the United States, is critical of Khartoum, but he says the sanctions are working "against the oppressed not the oppressors." A member of the Western Massachusetts Darfur Coalition, Elgadi says he recalls the impact the U.S. sanctions had against Iraq, weakening opposition to the regime while "Saddam and his gang continued to enjoy the same luxurious life," he says."It did not protest any of the massacres committed by the regime in the south or the Nuba Mountains," says Elgadi, referring to the region in central Sudan where the government waged a genocidal campaign against its people in 1992. "Not to mention Darfur. The worst thing [is that] most of the oil revenue went back to [China through] weapons deals," he says.The prospects for peace in Darfur are "gloomy," according to [Ali Saeed]. "The difficulty of reaching an end to the conflict is made harder by the multiplicity of the rebel groups," he says, "which have turned down attempts [at unification] by regional leaders."