Understanding Pesticide Product Labels by odr17934


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									                                                                                                                                                                                New York State

Q. What else should you consider when                        Consumer Labeling Initiative
    using pesticides?
A. You should consider the following:
                                                                  The USEPA Consumer Labeling Initiative,
                                                             which is voluntary for pesticide manufacturers, is
                                                             designed to help make pesticide labels easier to
    • Wear proper clothing when mixing and
                                                             read, understand and follow. Starting in 1999, you
                                                                                                                                                                                PEST MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SERIES
      applying pesticides.
    • Never smoke or eat while you mix or apply
                                                             can anticipate seeing changes to some labels, such                                                                         #3 Pesticide Labels
                                                             as listing inert ingredients, simplifying first aid
                                                             directions, and placing descriptions of potential
    • Keep children and pets away from the area
                                                             health hazards more prominently on the label.
      where you mix or apply the pesticide.
    • Keep pesticides in their original containers.
      Never transfer pesticides to other containers
      such as those for milk or soft drinks.                          Before using any pesticide,
    • Mix only the amount of pesticide you need
      for one application to control a particular
    • When you measure pesticides with cups,
      teaspoons or tablespoons, use level
      measures. Never use the same cups,
      teaspoons or tablespoons to prepare or eat                 READ, AND FOLLOW THE LABEL!
    • Only mix pesticides together if the labels
      permit mixing and provide mixing

                                                                                                                   NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION
      instructions.                                             Brochures in this series are available from
                                                                   the NYSDEC, Bureau of Pesticides
                                                              Management, telephone 518-402-8781, Albany,
Q. Where can you get more information                                NY, or the DEC regional offices.
                                                                       Visit the NYSDEC website,
    about pesticide labels?                                            http://www.dec.state.ny.us/
A. Every pesticide product used or sold in New
                                                                                                                   DIVISION OF SOLID & HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
    York State must be registered with the USEPA
    and DEC. Pesticide product labels exist
    because of State and federal regulation of
                                                                              PREPARED BY:
    pesticides. The labels are reviewed for consis-
    tency with federal requirements and State-                            NYS DEPARTMENT OF
                                                                      ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION                   PESTICIDE COMPLIANCE SECTION                                Pesticide
                                                                                                                   ALBANY, NY 12233-7254
    specific environmental and health concerns.
    Products are reviewed in depth when they                   DIVISION OF SOLID & HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
    represent new potential for exposure to humans
    or other nontarget organisms. For more
                                                                   NYS WATER RESOURCES INSTITUTE                                                                               Product
                                                                                                                   625 Broadway

                                                                         SEPTEMBER 1999
    information on pesticides registered in the
    State, visit this DEC website:
                                                                 Development of this brochure was funded by
                                                                    US Environmental Protection Agency
                                                                              and NYSDEC
    or telephone at 518-402-8768.
                                                                                                                                                                                              New York State
                                                                          Printed on Recycled Paper
                                                                          10 Percent Post-Consumer Content
                                                                                                                                                                                  Department of Environmental Conservation
                                                                                                                                                                             George E. Pataki, Governor   Erin M. Crotty, Commissioner
Q. What are examples of pesticides?
A. According to the State Environmental Conserva-
                                                                                        Pesticide Product Labels                                                                      Sample Back Label
tion Law, a pesticide is any substance or mixture of
substances intended for preventing, destroying,                                                                                                                                      PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS
repelling, or mitigating any pest, or intended for use
                                                                                                                                       Harm the product
as a plant regulator, defoliant or desiccant.                                               Sample Front Label                         can cause.
                                                                                                                                                              HAZARDS TO HUMANS AND DOMESTIC ANIMALS
                                                                     Product Name
     Examples of pesticides are: insecticides (to control
                                                                                                                                                              CAUTION: Harmful if swallowed. Do not inhale. Causes skin burns.
insects); herbicides (to control weeds); rodenticides (to
control mice and rats); repellents (to repel mosquitos);                                                                           Protective clothing
                                                                                        [Name of Pesticide Product]                                           This product should only be applied when wearing the following:
certain household cleansers (to control bacteria); pool                                                                            to wear during pesticide     • Long-sleeved shirt, long pants, shoes and socks
                                                                List of pests                                                      application, and             • Chemical-resistant gloves
products to control bacteria and algae; pet products (to
                                                                the product         Flower and vegetable insect killer.            laundering instructions      • Protective eyewear
control fleas and ticks); and certain paints and wood                               Kills: aphids, beetles, leafhoppers, stink     for that clothing.         Clothing worn during pesticide application should be laundered separately from the
preservatives (to control fungus).                              targets.
                                                                                    bugs, loopers, caterpillars, and whiteflies.                              family’s laundry.
                                                                                                                                           First aid
                                                                                    ACTIVE INGREDIENTS                                     information.       STATEMENT OF PRACTICAL TREATMENT:
Q. Why is it important to read and                               Ingredients          Pyrethrins          0.1%                                                If swallowed do not induce vomiting. Get medical attention immediately.
    follow pesticide labels?                                     toxic to            Piperonyl Butoxide   2.9%                            Information
                                                                                                                                                              NOTE TO PHYSICIANS: Emergency Information call 1-800-555-4321.
                                                                 pests listed.      INERT INGREDIENTS    97.0%                            for physicians.
A. Pesticide labels are designed to provide informa-                                Total               100.0 %
                                                                                                                                                              ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS: This product is extremely toxic to bees.
tion you need to use the product. This includes topics                                                                                    Hazards to the
                                                                                                                                                              Do not apply if bees are present.
such as mixing and handling the pesticide, protecting                               KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.                        environment.
yourself when using it, and hazards potentially result-                                                                                                                                     DIRECTIONS FOR USE
                                                                Signal word.        CAUTION:
ing from improper handling or use. The label is
                                                                                    See back panel for additional                                             It is a violation of federal law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its
required by law to be on or with the pesticide container;
                                                                                    precautionary statements.                                                 labeling.
it is a violation of federal law to use the pesticide in a
manner inconsistent with its label.                                                 Net contents 8 fl. oz.                             Where and when         FOR USE ON: Annual flowers or vegetables.
      A key piece of information included on every                                                                                     to use this product.   When to apply: Spray before pest infestation is heavy.
pesticide label is the signal word that tells how                                   Manufactured by or for XYZ Pest Co.
                                                              The                   Anywhere, NY 88888                                                        Application rate: Mix 2 tablespoons of product in 1 gallon of water. Spray until plant is
poisonous the product is to humans. Signal words are:                               999-111-2222                                                              slightly wet.
                                                             Label                                                                       Directions for
   • Danger-Poison – means highly poisonous                                                                                              mixing and
      (commercial applicator use only).                                             E.P.A. Reg. No. 9876-543                             applying the         HOW TO APPLY: Shake container before using. Hold container about 12 inches
   • Danger – means poisonous or corrosive.                                                                                                                   from plant being sprayed.
   • Warning – means moderately hazardous.                                                                                                                    NOTE: Spraying with the container too close to the plant may damage tender foliage.
   • Caution – means least hazardous.                                Where to
You must read and follow all label directions when:                  telephone for           Pesticides can be identified by                                                             STORAGE AND DISPOSAL
                                                                     more information        their EPA registration number
   • Buying the product;
                                                                     on the product.         on the label.                               How to store         STORAGE: Keep pesticide in original container out of the reach of children.
   • Mixing and using the pesticide;
                                                                                                                                         this product.        Do not contaminate food or foodstuffs.
   • Storing the pesticide; and
   • Disposing of the unused pesticide and container.                                                                                                         DISPOSAL: Wrap empty containers in several layers of newspaper and discard in
All pesticide labels contain the same categories of                                                                                 What to do with the       trash. Do not reuse or recycle containers. Partially filled containers should be
information, but may follow different formats or use                                                                                                          disposed of at an approved waste disposal facility.
                                                                                                                                    containers and
different terms. The sample label on this page was                                                                                  unneeded pesticides.
made up to show you the kinds of information you may
find on a pesticide label.

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