Civil Works Future Direction

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					          Civil Works Future Direction
US Army Corps
of Engineers ®




                           Presentation to
            Federal Hydropower Strategic Planning Workshop




    Steven L. Stockton, P.E.
    Director of Civil Works
    HQ, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers




                              13 May 2008                    Slide 1
US Army Corps
of Engineers ®   The Situation
                  • More people, and more of them
                    choosing to live near water
                  • Increasing number of competitors
                    for Federal dollars
                  • Less support for water resources,
                    and Corps, in Congress
                  • Lack of public understanding of link
                    between infrastructure, quality of life
                  • Sympathy for anti-infrastructure
                    arguments
                  • Opponents employ more
                    sophisticated techniques to block
                    projects
                  • Unfriendly OMB
                                                              Slide 2
US Army Corps
of Engineers ®
                 Water World Has Changed
                      Population               Water Conflicts
                      Migration                Between States
           2001                       Global
            9/11                     Warming
                         Growing State             Aging
            2004        Water Resources        Infrastructure
       Our Last           Capabilities
      Civil Works
     Strategic Plan
                                                Sedimentation
                             Growing Backlog
                                                a Bigger Issue
                                CG, O&M
               Declining
             Discretionary                      Disappearing
                Funding            Droughts       Wetlands
                                                  & Coasts
                                                                Slide 3
US Army Corps
of Engineers ®     Challenge: Competing Uses
                 Navigation   Aquatic Ecosystem   Water Supply
                                 Restoration




    Fish & Wildlife                               Indian Treaty Rights




                 Hydropower                        Recreation
                               Flood & Coastal
                               Storm Damage
                                  Reduction



                                                                         Slide 4
US Army Corps
                    Challenge: Environmental
of Engineers ®

                          Sustainability
                                                  •Balance between economic
                                                  development, environmental
                                                  stewardship
                                                  •Water quality threatened on 8%
                                                  of nation’s rivers and streams
                                                  •Corps has authority and
                                                  programs for ecosystem
                                                  restoration.
                                                     •South Florida
                                                     •Louisiana Coastal Protection &
                                                     Restoration
              Riverlands Demonstration Area at
       Mel Price Lock & Dam (L&D 26), Alton, IL
                                                                                 Slide 5
US Army Corps
                 Challenge: Aging Water
of Engineers ®

                 Resources Infrastructure
   • Half of locks 50+ years old
   • Investments in water resources
     infrastructure declining in real
     terms
   • Result: more frequent closures for
     repairs, decreased performance &
     costly delays
                                            Leaking spare
                                            miter gates,
                                            Upper Miss
                                            Lock 19
                                   Crumbling
                                   lock wall,
                                   Lower Mon 3,
                                   opened in         Concrete
                                   1907        deterioration at
                                                 Chickamauga
                                                could result in
                                                   lock failure
                                                                  Slide 6
US Army Corps
of Engineers ®   USACE’s Actions for Change

   • Comprehensive
     systems approach
   • Risk-informed
     decision making
   • Communication of
     risk to the public
   • Professional and
     technical expertise



                                              Slide 7
US Army Corps
                                        CW Strategic Planning:
of Engineers ®

                                         Shaping the Future
                                                                            US Army Corps
                                                                            of Engineers



           Develop Scenarios
            Develop Scenarios                                                DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
                                                                                    Corps of Engineers


                                                                                            Civil Works
                                                                                       Strategic Plan
                                        Core Competencies
                                         Core Competencies                          FY 2010- FY 2014




                                                                                             Y
                                                     Strategic Segments                   INT
                       RE
                                                      Strategic Segments
                                                                                        TA
                      U                                                              ER
                   FUT                                                          UN
                                                                                   C
          US Army Corps
          of Engineers
                                                                 Develop Key Success
                                                                  Develop Key Success
                                                                        Factors
                                                                         Factors
           DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
                  Corps of Engineers


                          Civil Works
                     Strategic Plan
                                                                              Mission Area Strategic
                                                                              Mission Area Strategic
                   FY 2004- FY 2009                                                 Direction
                                                                                     Direction


                                                                                                          Slide 8
US Army Corps
of Engineers ®
                                                                          Civil Works Scenarios:
                                                      Some Possible Futures for Water Resources

                                                                         U4   Is water infrastructure adequate to satisfy multiple social demands in 2035?

                                                                         Infrastructure fully satisfies social          Infrastructure is inadequate for
                                                                                      demands                                      demands

                                                                                                                             Cracking Up
                                                    Low frequency and




                                                                         Plenty
                                                         severity
        U10 What will be the frequency and effect
            of disasters on U.S. environment and




                                                                                                       of
            population by the year 2035?




                                                                                                     Plenty
                                                    High frequency and




                                                                                        New Order
                                                          severity




                                                                                                                        Hard Times and
                                                                                                                       Lost Opportunities

                                                                                                                                                             Slide 9
US Army Corps
                                        Scenario-Based Strategic
of Engineers ®
                                                Planning
                                                                                Plenty of Plenty
                                 Cone of Future
                                  Possibilities
                                                                                   New Order
     Possible Future Worlds




                                                                       Future          Archetypal
                                                                       Space            Futures




                                                                                   Cracking Up

                                          Decision Point                        Hard Times and
                                          Major Disturbing Events             Lost Opportunities
                                                                                         Time
                              Present                               Future
                                                                    Horizon

    Scenarios do not cover all eventualities, but discover the boundary zone of the future
    outcomes and expand management’s thinking horizon.


                                                                                                Slide 10
US Army Corps
of Engineers ®     Core Competencies                                                          EUROPE
                                                                                              ALBANIA           ASIA
                                                                                              ARMENIA           AFGHANISTAN
                                                                                              BELGIUM           AZERBAIJAN
                                                                                              BOSNIA            BAHRAIN
                                                                                              BULGARIA          CHINA
                              US Army Corps of Engineers                                      CROATIA
                                                                                              DENMARK
                                                                                                                EGYPT
                                                                                                                GEORGIA
                                                                                                                INDIA
                                 Global Engagement                                            ESTONIA
                                                                                              FINLAND
                                                                                              FRANCE
                                                                                                                INDONESIA
                                                                                                                IRAQ

                              Countries Supported: 100+                     ARCTIC            GERMANY           ISRAEL




    • Integrator
                                                                                              HUNGARY           JAPAN
                                                                                              ITALY             JORDAN
                                                                                              KOSOVO            KAZAKHSTAN
                                 NORTH                                                        LITHUANIA         KUWAIT
                                 AMERICA /                                                    MACEDONIA         KYRGYZSTAN
                                 CENTRAL                                                      MALTA             LEBANON
                                 AMERICA                                                      MOLDOVA           MONGOLIA
                                 BELIZE                                                       NETHERLANDS       OMAN
                                 CANADA                                                                         PAKISTAN



    • National/global
                                                                                              NORWAY
                                 COSTA RICA                                                   POLAND            PHILIPPINES
                                 EL SALVADOR                                                  PORTUGAL          QATAR
                                                           CARIBBEAN
                                 GREENLAND                                                    ROMANIA           SRI LANKA
                                                           BAHAMAS
                                 GUATEMALA                                                    RUSSIA            SAUDI ARABIA
                                                           CUBA
                                 HONDURAS                                                     SERBIA            SOUTH KOREA
                                                           DOMIN.                AFRICA
                                 MEXICO                                                       SWEDEN            THAILAND
                                                           REPUB.                BENIN



      perspective
                                 NICARAGUA                                                    SWITZERLAND       TAJIKISTAN
                                                           HAITI                 CAPE VERDE
                                 PANAMA                                                       UKRAINE           TURKEY
                                                           JAMAICA               CAMEROON
                                                           PUERTO                             UNITED            U.A.E.
                                                                                 CENT AFR
                                                           RICO                               KINGDOM           VIETNAM
                                                                                 REPUB
                                                           TRINIDAD &            CHAD
                                                             TOBAGO              DJIBOUTI
                                               SOUTH                             ERITREA
                                               AMERICA                           GABON



    • Balancer
                                               ARGENTINA                         GHANA
                                               BOLIVIA                           KENYA
                                               BRAZIL                            LIBYA              AUSTRALIA/OCEANIA
                                               CHILE                             MADAGASCAR         AUSTRALIA
                                               COLOMBIA                          MALI               EAST TIMOR
                                               ECUADOR                           MALAWI             MICRONESIA
                                               PARAGUAY                          MOZAMBIQUE         MARSHALL ISLANDS
                                               PERU                              NIGER              NEW ZEALAND




    • Systems thinking
                                               SURINAM                           NIGERIA            PALAU
                                                               ANTARCTICA                           TUVALU
                                               URUGUAY                           RWANDA
                                               VENEZUELA                         SENEGAL            VANUATU
                                                                                 SOUTH
                                                                                 AFRICA
                                                                                 SAO TOME
                                                                                 TANZANIA




    • Diverse
      technical/scientific
      workforce
    • Marshall capabilities
    • Integrated delivery

                                                                                                                 Slide 11
US Army Corps
of Engineers ®
                  Emerging Strategic
                    Requirements
      • Broader systems approaches
      • Consideration of interacting
        technical, human,
        organizational & social factors
      • Risk-based decision support
        tools & skills
      • Much broader coalitions &
        collaboration
                                          DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
      • Increased public-private             Corps of Engineers



        partnerships                            Civil Works
                                               Strategic Plan
                                              FY 2010- FY 2015
      • Anticipatory engineering
                                                                   Slide 12
US Army Corps
of Engineers ®
                         Our New Thinking
                 Focus            From                     To
     • Success =          • Projects             • Comprehensive Plans
     • Criteria           • NED benefits 1st     • Balance NED, RED,
                                                   EQ, OSE benefits
     • Work               • Stay in functional   • Seek horizontal
                            lane                   integration
     • Knowledge          • Knowledge is power   • Share knowledge
     • Style              • Follow SOPs as       • Think creatively,
                            recipes                consider risks, think
                                                   systems
     • Money              • Save Federal $       • Leverage resources
     • Life cycle         • Plan and build       • Plan, fund & monitor
                                                   life cycle




                                                                           Slide 13
US Army Corps
of Engineers ®
                   The Next Civil Works
                      Strategic Plan
  •      Flows from USACE Campaign Plan
  •      Scenario-based planning effort
  •      Position CW for success in an
         uncertain future
  •      Forecast skills & capabilities needed
         out to 2035
  •      Align vertical teams’ standard
         performance goals
  •      Set strategies for developing needed
         capabilities

                                                 Slide 14
US Army Corps                 Vision: A GREAT                  Goal 1. Deliver USACE support to
of Engineers ®                                               combat, stability and disaster operations
                              engineering force of highly          through forward deployed
                              disciplined people working           and reachback capabilities
                                                                 Goal Champions: CERD-ZB &
                              with our partners through                   CECW-NWD
                              disciplined thought and
                              action to deliver innovative
   USACE                      and sustainable solutions           Obj. 1a. Revolutionize USACE
                                                                  capabilities, responsiveness,
                              to the Nation’s engineering       and readiness for all deployments

   Campaign                   challenges.
                                                                   Champions: CECW-NWD &
                                                                             CEMP-O



   Plan                       Mission: Provide vital                Obj. 1b. Prepare Theater
                                                                 Engineer Commands to support
                              public engineering                    Combatant Commanders
                              services in peace and                      throughout the
                                                                      spectrum of conflict
   Building Tomorrow, Today   war to strengthen our                    Champion: CEMP-O
                              Nation’s security,
                              energize the economy,                 Obj. 1c. Establish human
                              and reduce risks from                       resources and
                                                                  Family support programs that
                              disasters                              promote readiness and
                                                                           quality of life
                                                                      Champion: CEHR-ZA



                                                                  Obj. 1d. Institutionalize USACE
                                                                    capabilities in interagency
                                                                        policy and doctrine
                                                                        Champion: CERD-ZB

                                                                                                         Slide 15
                                            Goal 3. Deliver innovative,
US Army Corps                                 resilient, sustainable
of Engineers ®
                                                 solutions to the
                                           armed forces and the Nation
                                            Goal Champion: CEMP-ZB
                                                                                  Goal 4. Build and cultivate a
         Goal 2. Deliver enduring
                                                                                  competent, disciplined, and
              and essential
                                                                                    resilient team equipped
         water resource solutions
                                            Obj. 3a. Deliver sustainable        to deliver high quality solutions
        through collaboration with
                                          infrastructure via consistent &        Goal Champions: CEHR-ZA,
       partners and stakeholders
                                                      effective                            CECE-SAD
       Goal Champion: CECW-ZB
                                         military construction & real estate
                                                support to customers
       Obj. 2a. Deliver integrated,      Champions: CEMP-I, CECW-SAD, &           Obj. 4a. Identify, develop,
           sustainable, water                        CEMP-SPD                           maintain, and
          resources solutions                                                       strengthen technical
        Champion: CECW-MVD                                                              competencies
                                                                                   Champion: CECW-SAD
                                          Obj. 3b. Improve resilience and
     Obj. 2b. Implement collaborative                lifecycle
        approaches to effectively       investment in critical infrastructure
     solve water resource problems                                                 Obj. 4b. Communicate
                                         Champions: CECW-NWD, CESI-ZA
          Champion: CEMVD-PD                                                            strategically
                                                                                     and transparently
                                                                                 Champions: CEPA, CECI-ZA
      Obj. 2c. Implement streamlined
               and transparent
                                              Obj. 3c. Deliver reliable
          regulatory processes to
                                        infrastructure using a risk-informed    Obj. 4c. Standardize business
        sustain aquatic resources
                                            asset management strategy                     processes
           Champion: CECW-CO
                                        Champions: CECW-LRD, CEMP-SPD                Champion: CERM-ZA


           Obj. 2d. Enable Gulf
             Coast recovery                                                      Obj. 4d. Establish tools and
          Champion: CEMVD-TFH                                                              systems
                                                                                 that enable our leaders and
                                           Obj. 3d. Develop and apply
                                                                                       team members
                                            innovative approaches to
                                                                                to achieve their full potential
                                         delivering quality infrastructure
                                                                                     Champion: CEHR-ZA
                                        Champions: CERD-ZB, CECW-SAD

                                                                                                                    Slide 16
US Army Corps
of Engineers ®
                 Hydropower Workshop
                      Objectives
          • Continue to build a unified Hydropower
            Community
          • Revisit high priority strategic initiatives from
            the 2005 workshop.
          • Develop a Hydropower Infrastructure
            Modernization & Optimization Initiative
          • Review issues and policy relative to
            hydropower impacts from reallocation of
            storage
          • Develop a communications strategy to raise
            awareness and understanding
                                                           Slide 17
US Army Corps
of Engineers ®   How We Can All Contribute?
      •    USACE Leadership:
             – Develop vision, goals, objectives in an open, collaborative way
             – Be “Thought Leaders” Lead the discussion to create the solutions.
             – Implement the Strategic Plan
      •    Administration:
             – Listen
             – “Walk the performance-based budget talk.”
      •    Stakeholders:
            – Contribute to vision, Goals, Objectives, Metrics
            – Participate in Full Cost Pricing solutions
            – Communicate!
               • Adopt the Vision to be the desired future state of water
                 resources development
               • Create national desire for a water resources infrastructure
                 that will serve this Nation’s economic, quality of [all] life and
                 defense needs, today and into the future.
               • Support the budget/financing that enables the vision
                                                                                     Slide 18
US Army Corps
of Engineers ®



                   Deep Thoughts
          • There is no shortage of energy, only a
            shortage of cheap, renewable,
            environmentally sustainable energy.
          • Hydropower is one of those sources and
            needs to be a major component of a
            national energy policy.
          • Energy Security = National Security



                                                     Slide 19
US Army Corps
of Engineers ®
                 The Future of America’s
                               America’s
                      Infrastructure

    •Now is the time to act

    •National impact is significant

    •The great thing about the
    future is we can change it!


                                           Slide 20