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What is Panchangam

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									What is Panchangam
Tamil panchangam, Telugu Panchangam, Kannada Panchangam, Gujarati Panchangam, Marathi
Panchangam, Hindi Panchangam, Bengali Panchangam or whatever panchangam you call it.
Panchangam means five attributes of Hindu calendar day that is Tithi, Vaar, Nakshatra, Yoga,
and Karana. It is the official astrological calendar of practicing Hindus. It forecasts celestial
phenomena such as solar eclipses as well as more mundane occurrences. The study of
Panchangam involves understanding Rasi phala, the impact of the signs of the zodiac on the
individual. Astrologers consult the Panchangam to set dates for weddings, corporate mergers,
and other worldly activities.

These panchangam elements are same across all panchangam -- Tamil panchangam, Telugu
panchangam, Malayalam panchangam, and Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi, Punjabi, and other
panchangam. What is different is how they threat their months/year. Solar months and their
starting rules and luni-solar moths. Tamil, Malayalam, Bengali uses solar months and the rules on
how month start is determined is different, but rest of information remains same. Panchangam is
important part of the Hindu Calendar.

The word panchang is derived from the Sanskrit panchangam (pancha, five; anga, limb), which
refers to the five limbs of the calendar: Vaara, Month and Tithi, Nakshatra, yoga, karana. The
panchangam may also includes details about Rahu kalam, Yamagandam, Gulika Kalam,
Durmuhurtham, Varjyam, Lagna Pravesh tables, daily planetory transists, and other information.
The panchangam presented on this website contains enough information for people following
different panchangam and they are available for diffferent places in the world. To learn how to
read panchangam and to get more information please click here. We offer panchangam from
1900AD onwards.


Hindu Calendar
People call panchang with different names like Panchang, Panchangam, Panchangamu,
Panjangam, Jantri, Panjika, etc..., and there are various calendars / panchang used through out
India, depending on region. Most people buy panchang every year for various reasons like
festival dates, yearly horoscope, muhurtham for house warming, upanayana, weddings, naming
ceremony, etc. Hindu Calendar is both Solar and Luni-Solar. Mainly Luni-Solar calendar is used.
Luni-Solar Calendar means it is designed to keep phase with the tropical year (Actually Solar
Sidereal year) using lunar months. In a Lunar year there are twelve months, However the whole
lunar month is added at every few years interval to help the calendar to keep up with the tropical
year. Lunar months may end on Amavasya (New Moon) or Purnima (Full Moon). This gives us
two types of Luni-Solar calendars -- Amavasyant (ending with amavasya) and Purnimant (ending
with Purnima). However certain regions in India do follow solar months in combination with lunar
months.

Names of lunar months are: Chaitra, Vaishakha, Jyestha, Ashadha, Shravana, Bhadrapada,
Ashwayuja (Ashwin), Kartik, Margashirsha, Pausha, Maha, Phalguna. The Tamil calendar is a
derivative of the old Hindu solar calendar and is based on the sidereal year. Tamil solar month
names are Chiththirai (Mesha), Vaikasi (Vrishabha), Aani (Mithuna), Aadi (Karka), Aavani
(Simha), Purattasi (Kanya), Aippasi (Tula), Karthikai (Vrishika), Markazhi (Dhanu), Thai (Makara),
Maasi (Kumbha), Panguni (Mina). Please click here Indian Panchangam and its usage
outside of India


How to interpret panchangam data?
Please use the following explanations to understand the panchangam presented on this site.
   Please clear your browser (Internet Explorer or whatever browser you are using) cache
    before viewing our panchangam(s) as we keep updating our panchangam with various
    information, additions etc....

   To select the appropriate month please click on the top bar on the month names, it will
    load appropriate month for you for the current year. The panchang presented here are in
    the calendar format.

   If your city is in USA or Canada then the times are adjusted for the Daylight Saving
    Summer Time. For other countries please add or subtract the DST time zone manually.

   The first two lines are sunrise and sunset times. The sunrise time indicates rising of
    middle of solar disk which is used in most astrological and muhurtham calculation. Most
    newspapers give sunrise time which is rise of sun's upper limb which is not used in
    astrological purpose. (Sunrise:08:01 Sunset:16:23). Unlike other online panchangam, all
    times presented in our panchangam have been adjusted for daylight saving time for
    North American/Candaian Panchangam. Please manually adjust for other places in the
    world where daylight saving time applies.

   The next lines indicate month name and paksha -- krishna paksha (wanning moon,
    leading to new moon) or shukla paksha (waxing moon, leading to full moon) (Pausha
    Shukla Paksha). There are two paksha in indian month. Krishna paksha and Shukla
    Paksha. Certain parts of India uses poornimant months -- Month ending with purnima or
    full moon. Their month will start with krishna paksha and ends with shukla paksha.
    Gujarat, Maharastra, Karnataka, Andrapradesh and other states uses Amavasyant
    months -- Their months ends with amavasya or new moon. Their months will start from
    shukla paksha and ends with krishna paksha having poornima in middle. There are
    twelve lunar months in a year. Sometimes when within a given month sun's sign doesn't
    change it becomes adhika masa giving us 13 months in a year. The Hindu calendar is
    based on the cycles of the Moon and the months are based on lunar months which vary
    from 27 to 29 solar days. The lunar year of twelve months consists of 354 solar days.
    However a solar year consists of 365 days which is the basis of civil calendars. There is a
    difference of 11 days between the lunar year and the solar year. Due to this difference
    the two calendars move out of synchronization and we notice that Holi is celebrated
    earlier and earlier in Spring every year as well as Diwali in the Fall. However in about two
    and a half years a difference of 29 days accumulates between the two calendars. Hence
    every two and half years an additional month or adhika masa (thirteenth month) is
    added to the Hindu calendar to bring it back in synchronization with the solar calendar.
    Names of lunar months are: Chaitra, Vaishakha, Jyestha, Ashadha, Shravana,
    Bhadrapada, Ashwayuja (Ashwin), Kartik, Margashirsha, Pausha, Maha, Phalguna.

   The next line indicates tithi (Indian Day). The tithi name is right after T: The time next to
    the tithi is the time when it is going to end. If the tithi ends after midnight but before
    next sunrise the endtime will have a value greater than 24 hours. To get actual time
    please subtract 24 from the time. Please remember that Indian date does not change at
    midnight 0:00 hours. the day is from one sunrise to another sunrise. (T:Trayodashii
    08:18:20). So if thithi ending time says for October 23rd is T:Dwadashi 27:10:11. It
    means it ends after midnight of that day. So it means dwadashi will end at 3:10:11 AM of
    the next day (October 24th). Unlike other online panchangam, all times presented in our
    panchangam have been adjusted for daylight saving time for North American/Candaian
    Panchangam. Please manually adjust for other places in the world where daylight saving
    time applies. In vedic timekeeping, a tithi (also spelled thithi) is a lunar day, or the time
    it takes for the longitudinal angle between the moon and the sun to increase by 12°.
    Tithis begin at varying times of day and vary in duration from approximately 19 to
    approximate 26 hours. Unlike english dates the duration varies. The english date starts at
    midnight to another midnight. There are 30 days in one lunar months. Each day is tithi.
    Telugu Tithis and Sanskrit names: Padyami / Prathama, Vidiya / Dvitiya,
    Tadiya / Tritiya, Chavathi / Chaturthi. Rest of tithis maps exactly to
    samskritam names.
    General purpose good Day (Vaar): Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday.
    General purpose good Tithi: 2 (Dwitiya), 3 (Tritiya), 5 (Panchami), 7 (Saptami), 10
    (Dashami), 11 (Ekadashi), 13 (Trayodashi -- shukla paksha only). 1 (Prathama - Krishna
    Paksha Only). Please avoid Krishna Paksha 13 (Trayodashi), 14 (Chaturdashi), and
    Amavasya in all good work. Please also avoid Shukla paksha's 1 (Prathama) in all goog
    work. Please avoid rikta tithis 4-9-14 (From both paksha) in all good work.
    Good Tithi for Wedding: All days (Vaara) are good for wedding. Please avoid Rikta 4-
    9-14, Krishna Trayodashi, Amavasya, Shukla Paksha prathama 1 tithi. Rest of tithis are
    good for weddings. According to some Rikta tithi 4-9-14 can be taken, but avoid 14 in
    krishna paksha.
    Good Tithi for Grahapravesha: Avoid Sunday, and Tuesday. Avoid Shukla paksha's 1-
    4-9-14, and Krishna Paksha's 4-9-13-14-Amavasya. Rest tithis are good for
    Grahapravesha.
    Good Tithi for Buying a New Vehicle: 7-11-15. Avoid Amavasya.
    To learn more about tithis please follow link here.

   The next line is nakshatra. The Nakshatra name is followed by N: The time next to the
    nakshtra indicates when it is going to end. The same rules for tithi timings applies to
    nakshatras as well. (Rohinii 09:02:42). Nakshatra is also known as star. so if you are
    looking for today's star use this one. Please avoid Aswini nakshatra on Tuesday, Rohini
    nakshatra on Saturday, and Pushyami nakshatra on Thrusday for all graha pravesha,
    marraige, and travel muhurthas. Although these combination causes Amrit Siddhi yoga
    but, the same combination is not good for above said purposes. Unlike other online
    panchangam, all times presented in our panchangam have been adjusted for daylight
    saving time for North American/Candaian Panchangam. Please manually adjust for other
    places in the world where daylight saving time applies. A nakshatra is one of the 27 or 28
    divisions of the sky, identified by the prominent star(s) in them, that the Moon passes
    through during its monthly cycle, as used in Hindu astronomy and astrology. Therefore,
    each represents a division of the ecliptic similar to the zodiac (13°20’ each instead of the
    30° for each zodiac sign). The orbit of the moon is 27.3 days, so the Moon takes
    approximately one day to pass through each nakshatra.
    General purpose good Nakshatras: Ashwini, Rohini, Mrigashirsha, Punarvasu,
    Pushya, U.Phalguni, Hasta, Chitra, Swati, Anuradha, U.Shadha, Shravan, Dhanishtha,
    Shatabhisha, U.Bhadrapada, Revati. Please avoid your janma-nakshatra for all good
    works.
    Good Nakshatras for Wedding: Rohini, Mrigashirsha, Magha (Avoid 1st quarter),
    U.Phalguni, Hasta, Swati, Anuradha, Mula, U.Shadha, U.Bhadrapada, Revati (Avoid last
    quarter).
    Good Nakshatras for Grahapravesha: Rohini, Mrigashirsha, Pushya, U.Phalguni,
    Hasta, Chitra, Swati, Anuradha, U.Shadha, Shravana, Dhanishta, Shatabhisha,
    U.Bhadrapada, Revati.
    Good Nakshatras for Buying a New Vehicle: Ashwini, Rohini, Punarvasu, Magha,
    U.Phalguni, Hasta, Chitra, Swati, Anuradha, U.Shadha, Shravana, U.Bhadra, Revati in the
    Shubha lagna (Ascendant) of Mithuna, Karka, Simha, Kanya, Vrischika, Dhanu, and Mina
    lagnam (Please refer to our lagna table to find these lagna, and panchanga to find
    nakshatra timings).
    Good Nakshatras for Starting a New Job: Vaar: Sunday, Wednesday, Thursday,
    and Friday. Nakshatra: Rohini, U.Phalguni, U.Shadha, Dhanistha, Shatabhisha,
    U.Bhadrapada, Revati. In the muhurtha chart in the 1st, 10th or 11th house Sun and
    Mars. (Please refer to our lagna table to find these lagna, and panchanga to find
    nakshatra timings).
    Tara bala: To find a day is suitable for your muhurtha tarabalam is required. Count
    from your birth nakshatra to nakshatra of the muhurtha day you are seeking. Please
    avoid 1-3-5-7-10-12-14-16-19-21-23-25 nakshatra counting from your birth nakshatra.
    For example: If your birth nakshatra is swati, and today's nakshatra is aswhini, now
    counting from swati to ashwini it gives us the count of 14th Which is not a good
    tarabalam. Hence till ashwini nakshatra prevails that time is bad.

    Please visit Tarabalam Chakra ready reckoner table to calculate your daily
    tarabalam and muhurtha. Please visit nakshatra table to find list of nakshatra and their
    mappings in Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam.

   The next line is Yoga. The Yoga name is followed by Y: The time next to the Yoga
    indicates when it is going to end. The same rules for tithi timings applies to Yoga as well.
    (Ganda 08:31:32). Unlike other online panchangam, all times presented in our
    panchangam have been adjusted for daylight saving time for North American/Candaian
    Panchangam. Please manually adjust for other places in the world where daylight saving
    time applies.
    Good Yoga: Please avoid Vyatipata, Vaidriti, Parigha, Vishkumbha, Vajra, Shoola,
    Atiganda, Vyagata.

   The next two lines are Karana. Karana name is indicated by K: There are two karanas
    per thithi hence there are two lines for karana, where the time next to the karana
    indicates when it is going to end. The same rules for tithi timings applies to karana as
    well. (Balav 08:32:33). Please try to avoid vishti (Bhadra) karana in all auspicious
    ceremonies. Unlike other online panchangam, all times presented in our panchangam
    have been adjusted for daylight saving time for North American/Candaian Panchangam.
    Please manually adjust for other places in the world where daylight saving time applies.
    Good Karana: Please avoid Vishti (Bhadra) Karana.

   The next line if sun changes the sign or rasi that day it will have a line SN: which means
    sun and the rasi after that is the rasi sun is changing to the time is the time when sun
    will enter that rasi or sign on that day. (SN: Makara 4:36). This is also known as
    samkranti. For example: Makara samkaranti is when sun enters makara rashi (This also
    becomes Thai(Makara mase) month for tamil calendar). Likewise the same rule applies to
    the other samkrantis. Sun's rasi names can be also names for hindu solar month names.
    For example: Tamil calendar uses sun's rasi names as their solar months. The Tamil
    calendar is a derivative of the old Hindu solar calendar and is based on the sidereal year.
    Tamil solar month names are Chiththirai (Mesha), Vaikasi (Vrishabha), Aani (Mithuna),
    Aadi (Karka), Aavani (Simha), Purattasi (Kanya), Aippasi (Tula), Karthikai (Vrishika),
    Markazhi (Dhanu), Thai (Makara), Maasi (Kumbha), Panguni (Mina).
    Note for Muhurtha: Please avoid day of eclipse and the six hours before and after
    from the time of samkranti for any good work / muhurtha. However this samkranti time
    is good for donation, satyanaraya puja but not good for Weddings, Graha Pravesha etc.

   The next line is MN: which means moon sign changes, which means moon and the rasi
    after that is the rasi moon is changing to the time is the time when moon will enter that
    rasi or sign on that day. if moon occupies that rasi for whole day you'll observe (full)
    right after the rasi name. (MN: Mithuna 20:38)
    A Note on chandra bala in muhurtha: Chandra Balam is important in weddings, and
    other rituals. Tarabalam is more subtle. Counting from your moon rashi (Hindu rashi) to
    the day's chandra rashi if the count is 1,3,6,7,10,11 then that day will be good for you.

   The RK: means the Rahu kalam (Tamizh: Raghu kalam). The rising period of Rahu is
    considered inauspicious in the South as he is considered a malefic for auspicious
    functions. The time frame indicates rahu kalam duration. (RK:09:03-10:06). Please avoid
    this time for your muhurtha.

   The YM: means the Yamagandam kalam. Yamaganda is the son of Guru and he is also
    considered inauspicious. The time frame indicates yama kalam duration. (YM:11:09-
    12:12). Please avoid this time for your muhurtha.

   The GK: means the Gulika kalam (Gulikai). Gulika is also called Mandi (i. e. the son of
    Manda alias Shani). His rising period is also not auspicious. The time frame indicates
    Gulika kalam duration. (GK:09:03-10:06). Please avoid this time for your muhurtha. Rahu
    kalam, Yama kalam, Gulika (Kulika) needs to be avoided as they are inauspicious times.

   The AJ: means Abhijit Muhurtha (AJ: 12:30- 13:18). It is Sri Hari Vishnu's time. When
    you don't have any muhurtham you can use this time if its not overlapped by rahu kalam
    or durmuhurtham, or varjyam. On Wednesday abhijit muhurtham is bad as its the same
    time as durmuhurtham, hence we gave only durmuhurtham time on wednesday not the
    abhijit muhurtha time. For other days please check rahu kalam as well.

   The DM: means Durmuhurtha (DM:: 10:34- 11:22, 15:22- 16:10) means first
    Durmuhurtham starts at 10:34 AM till 11:22 AM and the next one starts at 15:22 PM to
    16:10 PM. These times should be avoided for any good ceremonies.

   The V:: means Varjyam or Vishagatika (V:30:00-31:37) means varjyam starts at 6:00 AM
    of following day and lasts till 7:37 AM of following day. There could be more than one
    varjyam line. This time is not a good time. Please avoid in all muhurthams. Please donot
    perform annaprasana samskara in this time as this this visha-gatika time.

   The AK:: means Amritkala (AK: 15:13- 16:53) means Amrita kala starts at 3:13 PM till
    16:53 period. This is a good time. There could be more than one Amrit kala line. This
    time is good for annaprasanam samskara as well as other rituals.

   About Rahu Kalam, Yamagandam and Gulika Kalam: What most online
    panchangam, and other panchangam give rahukalam which is fixed for every day of the
    week, for example Sunday 4.30 - 6.00, Monday 7.30 - 9.00, Tuesday 15.00- 16.30, Wed.
    12.00 - 13.30, Thursday 13.30 - 15.00, Friday 10.30-12.00, Saturday 9.00-10.30. These
    times are given based on assumption that sun rises and set at 6:00 AM/PM. Which is
    completely wrong as the sun doesn't rise at 6:00AM and sets at 6:00PM for most part of
    the world every day. People who live in North America, Europe, Australia and other
    places where in summer sun rises at 4:00 AM (with the daylight time added 5:00 AM)
    and sets at 8:00 PM, and in winter sun rises at 8:00 PM and sets at 3:45 PM this rahu
    kalam time given above is off by hours then minutes (as one of my learned friend argued
    the world is not going to change if rahukalam is off by minutes, we are not talking about
    minutes but hours. For example in winter in certain places (America, Europe, Australia,
    etc..) if sun rises at 8:10AM and rahukalam duration is 7:30AM to 9:00 AM, sunrise
    doesn't happen till 8:10AM , so you are off by 40 minutes here (not some minutes, and it
    will not at at 9:00 could very well end just after 9:00AM).
    Now on Thursdays, Yamagadam is from 6:00AM to 7:30AM(According to the fix
    calculations assuming sun rises at 6:00 AM), and being winter sunrises at 8:10 AM, so
    your yamagandam has already passed before sunrise? aren't you off by one and half
    hour?. Rahukalam, Yamaganadam doesn't start till sunrise. Even in India if you live
    further north, the sun will rise earlier than 6 AM in summer and will set after 6 PM. Check
    the sunrise and sunset time of your local newspapers and if not look into our
    panchangam you'll notice that in 99% of the world sun will never rise at 6:00 AM and will
    set at 6:00 PM most of time (99% of time). You be the judge which rahukalam needs to
    be taken, precise or fix rahu kalam. Its your muhurtham, so you be the judge. Even if
    you took the fix one the world is not going to end but if you want to follow rahukalam
    why not the precise one?

    The fix rahu kalam is taken for ease of calculation, and simplicity. So it is important to
    calculate rahukalam and other information by subtracting the sunset from sunrise and
    divide by 8 and then use that as a kalam interval. The data provided here is based on
    actual precise method of arriving Rahu Kalam, Yama kalam (Yama Ganadam), and Gulika
    Kalam.

   About Chogadia Table: Chogadia used for checking auspicious time to start new work.
    Traditionally chogadia is used only for travel muhurthas only but due to simplicity it is
    used widely for any muhurtha. There are four good chogadia to start auspicious work --
    Amrit, Shubh, Labh and Chal. Three bad chaugadia are Rog, kaal, Udyog. Mostly
    people calculate chogadia from 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM which is wrong as sun doesn't rise at
    6:00 AM and doesn't set at 6:00 PM. The actual way is to calculate dinamana and divide
    by 8 an each kala will be day chogadia's kala and likewise divide ratrimana by 8 and each
    kala will be night's chogadia kala. We have provided link with the chogadia table at the
    top of every panchangam presented here and they are calculated based on that places'
    sunrise, and sunset.


   Lagna Table. Lagna is the rising sign on the eastern horizon at a given time and a given
    place. This changes from place to place, Hence we need longitude and latitude of the
    place for correct lagna. That's the another reason why indian muhurtham calculated for
    india can't be used outside of india, even after subtracting the time difference. Lagna has
    very important role in muhurtham. Lagna shuddhi removes most evils and without lagna
    shuddhi it gives all bad yogas. At the time of muhurtha There shouldn't be any evil
    grahas / planets in kendra sthana of muhurtha kundli. That is Sun, Mars, Saturn, Rahu
    and Ketu. The good planets should be in kendra(1/4/7/10) and tikona sthana (5/9)
    Mercury, Jupiter, and Venus. This lagna can be obtained by using lagna table calculated
    in our panchangam for each place's panchang. This langna is the rasi in first house. For
    any place in the world, the Sun will be always in the first house during the sunrise,
    during the midday sun will be in the 10th house, during the evening sun will be in 7th
    house, and during the midnight sun will be in the 4th house. Some astrologers even
    knowing this fact makes the same mistake of subtracting appropriate time differences
    from indian muhurtha and give out wrong muhurtha (unknowingly).
    Good Lagna for Grahapravesha: Vrishabha (2), Mithuna, Simha, Kanya, Vrischika,
    Dhanu, Kumbha, and Mina.

   Panchaka Rahita Vidhi for Muhurtha - Important ceremonies such as marriage,
    nuptials, entry into new houses, etc., this should be carefully looked into. There are
    several methods by which panchaka is determined. The most common method is to add
    following and divide by the number 9:
         o The number of the lunar day (from the 1st of the month). For krishna paksha
        add 15 to the tithi. For example, Krishna paksha prathama to be 16, and
        amavaysa to be 30. You can find the tithi in our panchangam. It's marked with
        T:. The time after tithi is the time when the tithi ends.
    o   The number of the weekday, Sunday 1, Monday 2, Tuesday 3. etc.). You can
        find the day in our panchangam. It's the top most header of the column. For the
        night time muhurtha please don't change the day. Indian day is from one sunrise
        to another sunrise.
    o   The number of the constellation (from Aswini 1, Bharani 2, etc..). You can find
        the nakshatra in our panchangam. It's marked with N:. The time after the
        nakshatra is the time when the nakshatra ends.
    o   The number of the Lagna (from Aries/Mesha 1, Tauras/Vrishabha 2, etc...). You
        can find the lagna from our lagna table for your city.


Now add these together and divide the total by 9. If the remainder is 1,2,4,6, or 8 then it
indicate bad results as follows:

    o   1   (mrityu panchakam), it indicates danger.
    o   2   (agni panchakam), risk from fire.
    o   4   (raja panchakam), bad results.
    o   6   (chora panchakam), evil happenings.
    o   8   (roga panchakam), disease.


If the remainder is 3, 5, 7 or zero then it is good.
Example: Let's consider Tithi: Krishna Paksha Dwitiya(15+2=17), Saturday (7),
Moola/Mula nakshatra(19), and Kumbha(11) lagna. Let's add these together. This gives
us total of 54. Now divide this total of 54 by 9 giving us the reminder of zero hence it is
good.

								
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