Options for a White Certificate scheme in the Netherlands IEA DSM Trondheim 23 March 2006 Vlasis Oikonomou SOM Research Institute Department of

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Options for a White Certificate scheme in the Netherlands IEA DSM Trondheim 23 March 2006 Vlasis Oikonomou SOM Research Institute Department of Powered By Docstoc
					Options for a White Certificate
 scheme in the Netherlands

             IEA/DSM, Trondheim, 23 March
                        2006



   Vlasis Oikonomou, SOM Research Institute, Department of
              Economics, University of Groningen
    Policy background
    Energy efficiency rate is too low:

– Yearly energy efficiency improvement
  rate is 1%
  (0.7% autonomous, 0.3% due to policy)
– Should be 1.5% / year
– Political debate: towards 2% yearly or
  more…
– EE & ES directive: voluntary 1% yearly
  for 9 years
    Energy efficiency policies and
     measures in the Netherlands
• Energy taxes
• Energy Performance audits for existing buildings
• Voluntary energy saving schemes
• Environmental permits including energy
  management obligation
• Tax deduction
• Labelling
• Energy performance standards for new buildings
More information can be found in EU SAVE “White
     and Green” project and on ECOFYS studies
             General view...
... Large cost-effective energy saving potential
   remains still untapped

... Space for new instruments including White
   Certificates
                                                      A general design
                                     Government                                                                             Market Parties                                       Target groups
                                     Allocation                                                      Obligated party                                                             Building owners
                                Setting of energy saving                                             'make or buy'-option
                              targets to the market parties
                                      in the system


     Measures                                                 Existing Labels                       "Self realisation"                                                           Purchasers of
  Which measures are                                          a) Energy-Index buildings;        Selling (realisation) of energy                                                    efficiency
eligible for certification?                                   b) energylabels for                     saving measures                                                             measures
                                                              technologies.


  Target groups                   Counting rules                     Issuance*                  Market parties without                General marketparties
     Where can the               method to calculate the      issuance of EB-certificates           obligations                       searching, makelen, financing,
      measures be             saving effect of the measures   on the basis of proved and         installators, ESCO's, building               advising, etc…
     implemented?                                                 realized measures              companies, corporationss e.a.
                                                                                                that sell measures (realisation)

                                Control & audits**                   Transfers                             Trade
                                of registration methods;       overboeking of certificates       transactions between parties
                                in case of fraude, wrong        of/to the accountholder
                                     registration and
                                     doublecounting

                                                                       Settling
                                                              periodical intake certificates                                         *certification can eventually also be
                                                               of necessary certificates                                             acquired through the market or an
                                                                                                                                     intermediary organisation.
                                                                                               Legends:
                                                                                               Orange = Government role              ** In this simple model is assumed that
                                   Monitoring &                       Sactions                                                       verification of projects is not necessary
                                                               Setting and receiving the       Blue = Obligated Party
                                    evaluation                                                 Yellow= General market parties
                                                                                                                                     (anders dan steekproefsgewijze

                               Confirmation of realisation    penalty in case of shortage                                            controles)

                                  and market effects                 of certificates
              Some characteristics
• Period: 2008-2020
• 50-80 PJ primary energy as “additional” savings
• Target groups: households and tertiarry sector
• Obliged party: Energy suppliers
• Threshold: Proportional to energy delivered to target
  groups
• Banking and borrowing allowed
• Non-obliged parties can create certificates
            Eligible measures
• Building-linked: Strong links with the Energy
  Index and the EPBD Directive
• White and brown goods
• Small goods
• Innovative goods
• Behavioral measures
• Leasing goods
                   Certification
{   Deemed savings approach based on a
    realistic ‘energy saving value’
    {   E.g. corrections for rebound, effective life
        span of measures, misuse, etc.
{   Certification preferably based on
    {   “existing” EPBD energy-efficiency indexes
        (? EI-approach)
    {   existing energy-efficiency labels for
        appliances (labels better than the ones with
        high market share)
    Making things simpler...
• To minimize costs:
• Register & certificates electronic & web-based
• Use existing energy efficiency “proof” (EPBD-EI
  and efficiency labels)
• Using existing EPBD tools and software to provide
  EI and ДEI calculation
• Thresholds for certification
   – Either based on a minimum energy saving value or on a
     minimum number of measures (e.g. per 50 dwellings with
     improved EI; or per 1000 efficient dryers sold)
• Electronic proof of sales allowed
• No consumer involvement with ESC.
  ESC stays ‘behind the counter’.
               Opportunities
• Housing companies executing strategic stock
  management already did a lot of EPA’s; ready to
  take off…
• Local schemes to improve housing stock and reduce
  overall housing costs
• Dormant potentials form voluntary agreements and
  environmental permit assessments
• Insulators, installers, contractors, mortgage -resellers,
  etc. eager to hunt for ‘overdue maintenance’
• Green mortgage or green finance schemes available
  but scarcely used
• …… etcetera, etcetera
                Currently
• Design options for a White Certificate
  scheme discussed
• Alternative policy options also on the
  agenda (e.g. tenders for energy efficiency
  without obligations)
• Some more definitive results are expected
  in the coming months
      Thank you


  For more information you can
contact me: v.oikonomou@rug.nl