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The Internet Educational Equal Access Foundation IEEAF Global

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					     The Internet Educational Equal Access Foundation
                    IEEAF Global Quilt

   High speed links to Western Africa's coastal
                    countries
International Workshop on African Research & Education Networking
                       Geneva, Switzerland
                      September 25-27, 2005
                               Dr. Donald R. Riley
                         Chair, IEEAF (www.ieeaf.org)
                                SURA IT Fellow
                  Professor, Decision Information Technologies
                       Robert H. Smith School of Business
                      University of Maryland, College Park
                      Tel 301-405-8855; Fax 301-405-8655
                      Home Office/Mobile: 240-683-4564
                                drriley@umd.edu
                Extending High Bandwidth Performance
                Internet Connectivity to the African
                Research and Education Community




25 Sept. 2005                                          2
                What‟s the real target? What are the
                important strategic issues?
                • Is it just about the Internet? Or Internet2? NGI?
                • Are universities just consumers/customers?
                • Or are universities the cornerstone of “knowledge
                  society” and “globalization”? Of both the human
                  infrastructure and economic development via new
                  technology development and transfer?
                • Are we aiming for the future?
                • Or just for today or yesterday? In other words, to
                  always be behind?



25 Sept. 2005                                                          3
                  Bandwidth Divide for Africa

                • International Connectivity is poor
                   • Internet cost is very high
                   • Satellite access limits what can be undertaken because
                     of latencies and asymmetrical characteristics (assumes
                     Africa is user of, not generator of, new information)
                   • Significant barriers to access to information and
                     resources, modern education, collaboration, research,
                     funding opportunities
                • Dedicated NRENs are few
                • Internet2 access is almost non-existent
                • Human infrastructure is not being developed at
                  rate needed
                • The gap is widening


25 Sept. 2005                                                                 4
                By all measures, Africa is behind




25 Sept. 2005                                       5
                Sample Bandwidth Costs for African
                Universities




25 Sept. 2005                                        6
          Trends in Internet Troughput
S.E. Europe, Russia: catching up
Latin Am., Mid East, China: keeping up
India, Africa: falling behind




 25 Sept. 2005                           7
                Loss to Africa (example of
                variability)




25 Sept. 2005                                8
         Africa Derived Throughput




25 Sept. 2005                        9
         Round Trip Transmission Times




25 Sept. 2005                            10
                Development and Spread of Internet2 (NGI)
           • U.S. Internet2 effort launched in 1996
           • Represents R&D for “Next Generation Internet”
           • Has become international development effort with
                 • International Partners in 43 Countries
                 • NRENs: National Research and Education Networks
                 • Plus development of Regional Backbones (Europe with
                   GEANT/DANTE, South America with CLARA, APAN in Asia Pacific)
           • Represents significant economic development
             resource
           • Not much happening in Africa


25 Sept. 2005                                                                     11
  Internet2: International Partners
Internet2 International Partner Organizations and Networks

Internet2 has formed peer-level relationships with organizations outside the U.S. who have projects
similar to Internet2 in scope and objectives. Internet2 currently partners with over 40 of these
international organizations and networks.




25 Sept. 2005                                                                                         12
                Map of International GLIF Initiative:
                Global Lambda Integrated Facility




                                              www.glif.is   Visualization courtesy of
                                                            Bob Patterson, NCSA.

25 Sept. 2005                                                                           13
                Public-Private Partnership: IEEAF
                 • The Internet Educational Equal Access
                   Foundation (IEEAF) is a partnership between the
                   Research and Education Community and the
                   Private Sector whose goal is to obtain donations of
                   international bandwidth to enable a global
                   collaboration in research and education.

                 • Current donations have already linked US and
                   Europe, and US and Asia-Pacific.

                 • This bandwidth helps enable global collaborations
                   in research and education, in the true spirit of the
                   Global Quilt Initiative.
25 Sept. 2005                                                             14
                IEEAF Vision: The Global Quilt

                A Network of Networks, “stitched together” to
                create a common single fabric, and shared
                equally by all. This will be achieved through
                collaboration and community effort, until it
                covers the globe.
                The IEEAF has no boundaries of “home”
                territory…..
                               "Non Nobis Solo"
                                (Not by ourselves alone)
25 Sept. 2005                                                   15
                IEEAF Global Quilt Initiative




                    9300 km                7600 km
                    10 Gbps l             10 Gbps l
                    + 622 Mbps            + 622 Mbps


                          17 Time Zones


25 Sept. 2005                                          16
                       IEEAF Donation Summary
                • 10 Gbps l (OC-192 wavelength) plus separate 622 Mbps STM-1.
                    • New York - London - Groningen (Netherlands)
                    • Seattle - Tokyo
                • Fiber pair: from Tyco Cable Station Groningen to Amsterdam,
                  and to Hamburg co-location facility
                • Fiber pair: Hamburg facility to 379 Weinderstrasse carrier hotel,
                  where “German rings” meet
                • Fiber pair: UK
                • 8,000 miles of trans-USA fiber donated by AT&T to the
                  Southeastern Universities Research Association (SURA) as
                  SURA-IEEAF partnership
                • Submarine bandwidth under discussion:
                    • To Lisbon
                    • UK-Bilbao-Madrid-Valencia-Barcelona-Marseilles
                    • To Copenhagen and St. Petersburg
                   • To Singapore, Thailand, India
                • A new 10 gigabyte trans-Atlantic connectivity which GEO will use
                  specifically for telemedicine and HEP initiatives.
25 Sept. 2005                                                                         17
                          More Donations Pending
       • The IEEAF is currently in negotiations for multiple pending
         donations that if successfully concluded will double the size
         of the Global Quilt Initiative and span all time zones.
       • Negotiations for donations are being supported by a global
         community of Research and Education Visionaries:
                • to Southeast Asia
                • in Eastern Europe
                • to Scandinavian/Nordic countries
                • to Africa
                • to India and South Asia

25 Sept. 2005                                                         18
                Partnerships Create Donations
                • We’re here to help any community trying to
                  establish educational networks
                • We’re successful because of the partnerships
                  with leaders who share our vision

                • It’s the partnerships that make it happen.
                  Joining hands completes the ring…..
                   • A network of networks....
                   • Community to community and village to village...
                   • The Global Quilt

25 Sept. 2005                                                           19
                    IEEAF Partnership with WIDE
                •   Jun Murai, Keio University and WIDE Project:
                     •   Asset Steward of IEEAF Trans-Pacific Link from Seattle to Tokyo
                     •   Established open Tokyo Lambda Exchange (T-LEx)
                •   Extending beyond Tokyo

                                     Geographical Map of Dark
                                     Fiber for IEEAF in Japan
                                     (as of Oct. 2003)                               To IEEAF/US
                                            Connected site
                                            DF
                                            10Gbps over
                                            SONET/SDH
                                                                      To: JAIST

                                   To Korea                                                 Univ. of Tokyo
                                                             JAIST   To: Osaka                NTT/KDD
                                                                                            TITECH
                                              Osaka
                                Kyushu                                           KEIO SFC
                                                   NAIST



25 Sept. 2005                            To IEEAF/Asia (in plan)                                        20
                Thailand Regional Initiative: Next Generation Internet
                Announced by H.E.Dr. Surapong Suebwonglee,
                Minister of ICT, Thailand
                January 26, 2005




25 Sept. 2005                                                            21
SOI and WIDE
                   NSF Funding for International Research Network
                   Connections (IRNC)



                • NSF funding new links from U.S. to
                  International R&E Networks
                  (2.5 to 10 Gbps “lambdas”)
                  •   To Europe
                  •   To Asia-Pacific
                  •   To South America
                  •   To China and Russia
                  •   Nothing to Africa



25 Sept. 2005                                                       23
                International Connectivity,
                Open R&E Exchanges, and
                International Peerings
                               N.America      Europe

                Japan




                            S.America
25 Sept. 2005                                          24
                AtlanticWave:
                linking US East
                Coast International
                Exchanges
 • IEEAF partnering with SURA, FIU-
   AMPATH-WHREN, MAX, SoX/SLR,
   Internet2/MANLAN, and the Academic
   Network of Sao Paulo (ANSP) to establish
   AtlanticWave
 • AtlanticWave is an International Peering
   Fabric along the East Coast
         • US, Canada, Europe, South America
           Plus….
         • Distributed IP peering points:
            • NYC, WDC, ATL, MIA, SPB

25 Sept. 2005                                  25
                    IEEAF and Africa
                • May 2004: Asked by NSF if IEEAF techniques
                  could work in Africa
                • November 2005: In partnership with Internews,
                  received small grant from NSF to do feasibility
                  study and develop plan for “Extending High
                  Bandwidth Academic and Research Networking to
                  Africa” to support US-Africa research
                  collaborations
                   • John Mack, J.L. Mack and Associates
                       U.S. State Dept. (retired)
                   • George Sadowsky, Internews Network and Internet Society
                       New York University (retired)
                   • Don Riley, Univ. of Maryland, Chair, IEEAF
                   • Ed Fantegrossi, CEO, Geographic Network Affiliates (GEO) and
                     IEEAF board
                   • Don Benton, GEO
                   • Tom Durkin, GEO
25 Sept. 2005                                                                       26
                    IEEAF and Africa


                • January 2005: co-chaired NSF workshop on “I.T.
                  for Enhancing US-Africa Collaboration on the
                  Environment”
                • February 2005: team visit to Senegal, Ghana
                • May 2005: Co-organized IEEAF-Internet2
                  Worshop on “Enhancing R&E Networking
                  Connectivity to and within Africa”




25 Sept. 2005                                                      27
                    January NSF Workshop

                “I.T. for Enhancing US-Africa Collaboration on the
                   Environment”

                • Attendees: US and African researchers, US
                  Internet2 community, some US agencies and
                  foundations

                • Major conclusion:
                   • Both the quantity and quality of research collaborations
                     are significantly limited by lack of adequate international
                     connectivity and related infrastructure within country and
                     on campus.
                   • Data generated in and about Africa typically put on
                     servers in US and Europe because of African bandwidth
                     issues. So African researchers have poor and
                     expensive access to data from and about Africa.
25 Sept. 2005                                                                      28
                     May IEEAF-Internet2 Workshop
                     Enhancing R&E Networking Connectivity to and
                     within Africa
                • Participating organizations: NSF, National Library of Medicine,
                  World Bank, Rockefeller Foundation, Carnegie Corporation,
                  IDRC, NSRC, E-Africa Commission, National Knowledge
                  Commission of India, TENET, Internet2, IEEAF and others.
                • Assessment of the situation
                   • Connectivity for universities and other R&E institutions is
                     sparse, unreliable, expensive, and low capacity; it needs to
                     be dense, reliable, cheap, and higher capacity. Due to the
                     current state of development of applications and usage, it
                     doesn't yet need to be at the same level as currently being
                     implemented in the US, Europe and the Asia-Pacific region.
                   • There are many African and international initiatives in this
                     area. There is a need to take stock of all these initiatives and
                     to develop better mechanisms to share information,
                     coordinate activities to create a more comprehensive and
                     inclusive plan, set priorities, and reduce duplication and
                     gaps.
                   • Its essential to ensure that Africans are included and active in
                     setting the agenda.
25 Sept. 2005                                                                           29
                     May IEEAF-Internet2 Workshop
                     Enhancing R&E Networking Connectivity to and
                     within Africa
                What the global R&E networking community can do:
                • Recognize that the situation is one of mutual need. Because
                  of African R&E's dire need for connectivity and Africa's
                  importance to global R&E, global R&E is an ideal constituency to
                  help push African R&E networking forward.
                • Bring people together. There was strong interest in regular
                  meetings and follow-up workshops, with a view toward
                  coordinating projects, building relationships with African R&E,
                  and better understanding African networking priorities.
                • Jump-start the private sector. The private sector must be
                  central to the development of African R&E networking, but can't
                  do it alone. Projects should aim to encourage the growth of, and
                  competition among, commercial Internet providers.




25 Sept. 2005                                                                        30
                     May IEEAF-Internet2 Workshop
                     Enhancing R&E Networking Connectivity
                     to and within Africa
                What the global R&E networking community can do (cont’d)
                • Help build NRENs and regional consortia in Africa. NRENs
                  play a unique role in development of R&E connectivity and
                  capabilities. They are a proven model on the international scene
                  in promoting and moving forward the needed infrastructure and
                  expertise in both developed and developing countries.
                • Focus on capacity-building on African campuses. African
                  universities should play a unique role in developing the human
                  infrastructure required for an “information society” – as they have
                  in other countries. Development of needed campus networks
                  and NRENs is a key component of providing actual experience in
                  designing, building, and operating modern communications
                  networks.
                • Keep the larger perspective. R&E is key to development of the
                  Internet more generally (the original NSFnet model, as well as
                  multiple examples in other countries), and the Internet is key to
                  African development more generally. Accordingly, we should
                  look for projects in areas related to R&E that have potential for
                  wider impact, above all in the health sector.
25 Sept. 2005                                                                           31
                AFRICAN GLOBAL QUILT INITIATIVE COLLABORATION
                      INTERNET EDUCATIONAL EQUAL ACCESS FOUNDATION (IEEAF)




                    “Significant Broadband Access”
                                      Enables
                “Significant International Collaboration in
                        Research and Education”
                                     Leads To
        “Empowerment and Economic Development”


25 Sept. 2005                                                                32
                 AFRICAN GLOBAL QUILT INITIATIVE COLLABORATION
                       INTERNET EDUCATIONAL EQUAL ACCESS FOUNDATION (IEEAF)




     ThaiREN

                                                         WHREN




                   IEEAF Donations – 10 Gig and STM-4 – 17 Time Zones
Tokyo                                                                         Hamburg


                            African Collaboration Initiative
 25 Sept. 2005                                                                     33
                AFRICAN GLOBAL QUILT INITIATIVE COLLABORATION
                     INTERNET EDUCATIONAL EQUAL ACCESS FOUNDATION (IEEAF)


                          “Significant Broadband Access”
                                      Enables
         “Significant International Collaboration in Research and Education”
                                      Leads To
                    “Empowerment and Economic Development”



The Issues:
                    • In-Country “PTT Protectionist” Issues
                    • Local Domestic Politics
                    • Consortium Submarine Cable Operators “Seasoned
                      Monopoly”
                    • Missing International Business Drivers
                    • Sustainability

25 Sept. 2005                                                                  34
                 AFRICAN GLOBAL QUILT INITIATIVE COLLABORATION
                       INTERNET EDUCATIONAL EQUAL ACCESS FOUNDATION (IEEAF)


                            “Significant Broadband Access”
                                        Enables
          “Significant International Collaboration in Research and Education”
                                        Leads To
                      “Empowerment and Economic Development”

The Plan: • Bring to bear our experience with public-private
                     partnership and “17 time zones of critical mass success
                     in bandwidth donations.”
                   • Add a team with “historical knowledge of projects,
                     participants and government relationships.”
                   • Team together “International Telecom Knowledge” and
                     their Relationships with “global multinational telecom
                     opportunities and barter.”
                   • “Establish the beach head – Set-up Hub and
                     Spoke Design” -- the first Quilt patch.
 25 Sept. 2005                                                                  35
                AFRICAN GLOBAL QUILT INITIATIVE COLLABORATION
                     INTERNET EDUCATIONAL EQUAL ACCESS FOUNDATION (IEEAF)




STEP ONE:


  Submarine Cable Landing Site
                            To
                           First University Asset Steward
                           Exchange Point



25 Sept. 2005                                                               36
                    AFRICAN GLOBAL QUILT
                    INITIATIVE COLLABORATION
STRATEGIC PLAN:              Leverage NSF funding for link to Africa

Step One         • Submarine Cable Plan from Amsterdam to Portugal to
                   Senegal and Ghana
                 • Terrestrial Fiber plan solution from CHE to University TEP
                 • WiMAX to extend access around University TEP
                 • Collaboration with defined African Research Initiatives

Step Two         • Asset Steward Hub and Spoke to neighboring country
                   design project




 25 Sept. 2005                                                                  37
                 AFRICAN GLOBAL QUILT INITIATIVE COLLABORATION
                       INTERNET EDUCATIONAL EQUAL ACCESS FOUNDATION (IEEAF)


                                                IEEAF Asset Steward
                                International
                                                Technology Exchange
                                and National
                                                Point (TEP)            H
                                   Neutral
                                  Exchange                                 Global Telemedicine
                                                                           Initiatives
                                                      TEP
                                   Facility
                                            U
                                                                                          Second Phase
                             Donated              R&E       Global                        of donator‟s
                             Backhaul           Community   Medical                       network to
                                                            Research                      neighboring
                             Dark Fiber
                                                            Exchange                      countries
                                                            (GMRE)
                                                Telecom Neutral
                     Submarine                              Exchange                  U
                     Cablehead
                     End Building
                                 Fiber
                                 Donators
                                 Facility
                                 Space
                               Carrier                                      Content Services
                               Neutral                                      Servicing African
                             Exchange                                       R&E Institutions
    Key                        Facility                                     and Government
U University                                                                Projects

H Hospital
 25 Sept. 2005                                                                                       38
                AFRICAN GLOBAL QUILT INITIATIVE COLLABORATION
                     INTERNET EDUCATIONAL EQUAL ACCESS FOUNDATION (IEEAF)




STEP TWO:


    HUB AND SPOKE EXPANSIONS:
    Border country telecom donations “linking”
    back to the newly established international
    exchange point with IEEAF „„University
    Asset Steward‟‟ at sub-cable landing


25 Sept. 2005                                                               39
                AFRICAN GLOBAL QUILT INITIATIVE COLLABORATION
                               INTERNET EDUCATIONAL EQUAL ACCESS FOUNDATION (IEEAF)
                                                                        Step Two
                                            Country B                                Country D


                                                  U                 H
                                                                                   Step Two
                                    U



                                        H
                                                                            Country C




                                                                    U
                                    U          Country A

                                               Step Two

                    Key
                U University                            Country E

25 Sept. 2005   H Hospital                                                                       40
                AFRICAN GLOBAL QUILT INITIATIVE COLLABORATION
                         INTERNET EDUCATIONAL EQUAL ACCESS FOUNDATION (IEEAF)



                                               U
                                                                     U
                            H                                                       H
                   U


           Country B                                                  Country C
           Donated
           Backhaul

                                                                                U
       Country B                        Step Two
                                Telco Fiber Network




       Country A
       Second Phase of
          Donator‟s
                                              Country A
          Network to                        …Cable Head End
         neighboring
          countries

25 Sept. 2005                                                                           41
                AFRICAN GLOBAL QUILT INITIATIVE COLLABORATION
                              INTERNET EDUCATIONAL EQUAL ACCESS FOUNDATION (IEEAF)


            SAT 3                                                                                                               DANTE
                              MOROCCO                   TUNISIA                                                             EUMEDCONNECT
                                    EMC               EMC                    Mediterranean Sea
                                                                                                                                 EMC
                    WESTERN
                                              ALGERIA
                                                                  LIBYA
                                                                                EMC
                    SAHARA                    EMC                                 EGYPT
                                                                                                   SAUDI
                                                                                               Red ARABIA                  UAE
                                                                                               Sea
                          MAURITANIA
                                        MALI             NIGER
                 SENEGAL                                       CHAD
                       TEP                         * Niamey                                        Entrea
                   THE           Bamako                                   SUDAN                    A
                   GAMBIA              BURKINA
                                       FASO
                                                                                                       A        DJIBOUTI
                  GUINEA     GUINEA
                  BISSAU
                                                       NIGERIA                      A              B
                       SIERRA      IVORY           Lagos
                       LEONE      COAST TEP                      CENTRAL                               ETHIOPIA
                                              Ile-ifeU CAMEROON AFRICAN
                           LIBERIA
                                               University
                                                                 REPUBLIC                                         A
                                                              Yaounde                                                 SOMALIA
                                                                                 A A      UGANDA                                        World Bank
                                            EQUATORIAL
                                            GUINEA               CONGOB      A     KENYA                                                  Regional
                                                            GABON       RWANDA      Mombasa                        Indian
                                                                       BURUNDI
                                                                               A                                                     Communications
                                                    ANGOLA          DEMOCRATIC            TANZANIA
                                 South                                  REP. Of Congo                   Dares      Ocean               Infrastructure
                                                                                                   A    Salaam
                                 Atlantic                                               B
                                                                                   MALAWI                              EASSY         Program (“RCIP”)
                                                                 ANGOLA
                                 Ocean                                         B
                                                                               ZAMBIA
                                                                                                    Beira
                                                                                         MOZAMBIQUE
                                                                                                   A              A                    Countries A
                                                                 NAMIBIA
                                                                                    B
                                                                                   ZAMBABWE                             MADAGASCAR
                                                                              B                             TEP

                                                                           BOTSWANA                                                    Countries B
                                                                                          Capita
                                                                                          TEP

                                                                            LESOTHOBB        SWAZILAND
                                                                                                       Indian
                                                                           SOUTH
                                                                           AFRICA
                                                                                                       Ocean

                                                                                                          SAFE
25 Sept. 2005                                                                                                                                           42
                 AFRICAN GLOBAL QUILT INITIATIVE COLLABORATION
                      INTERNET EDUCATIONAL EQUAL ACCESS FOUNDATION (IEEAF)



                    “Significant Broadband Access”
                                    Leads To
        “Empowerment and Economic Development”
The Invitation:       • Invite the R&E community starting from today to
                        stand with us for a “FINAL PUSH”
                      • “Alignment”…
                       … Our combined weight, pushing in a single
                       direction, will burst open the “Access
                       Doorways” for our African Colleagues
The End Result……… Broadband for Research Project Collaborations
                  equals “Empowerment and Economic
                  Development”
 25 Sept. 2005                                                               43
  THE
GLOBAL
 QUILT

				
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