Out of School Care - a brief history and the way forward

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					        Out of School
             Care
- a brief history and the way
            forward
  The Scottish Out of School Care
             Network
Robert Owen(1771-1858)

           • Utopian socialist –
             social reformer one of
             the founders of the co-
             operative movement
           • “People are the product
             of their environment…”
           • Educationalist and
             Labour reformist
Robert Owen
     •    Set up nursery, play,
         and education for
         working class children
         living in New Lanark
     •   Created a model
         community
     •   Believed in learning
         through physical
         activities, healthy food
     •   Healthy and educated
         workers at age 11-12
Mary Ward – Edward
Passmore settlements (1898)
                • First recreational school in
                   London
                • “Vacation Schools”
                • 1902 – 2,000 children
                • 250 centres by end of first
                   World War 1.7 million
                   children in 1917/18
                • 1918 Education Act
                • Local Education Boards
                   could provide after school
                   and holiday activities
Second World War
           • Millions of children
             evacuated
           • Rapid expansion of
             nurseries and
             mothers at home
             asked to also child
             mind
           • Play centres for
             older children
1950s – 60s – massive
  reduction in services
60s- 70s – growth of
  play groups, play
  schemes 4 o’ clock
  clubs
Volunteer run and based
  on expectations that
  mothers at home
Early 1980s – 1990
- first urban programme out
  of school care service –
  model copied throughout
  the country
- Parent committee model
- Compass homework clubs
- Large charities also
  starting up services/
  supporting their
  development
• 1980s –
• Scottish Out of School
  Alliance
• Strathclyde After School
  Association
• All Lothian, Fife,
  Dumfries and Galloway
• 1989 First ENSAC
  conference
• 1989 Children Act
1991 – the Scottish Out of
  School Care Network
1993 – First funded national
  post
1993 – The out of School
  childcare initiative
1993 – 167 services
1993 / 96 – local
  development officers
• Out of School Childcare
  Initiative
• One year funding
• Delivered through LECs
• Couple of million ££s
• Brought in the private
  sector
• Most successful in middle
  income areas
1998-
• Launch of Scottish
  Childcare Strategy
• New Opportunities Fund
  Out of School Childcare
• Tax Credits
• Childcare partnerships
• Care Commission and
  standards
1999 – The Scottish
  Parliament established
• health, education, law,
  local government,
  justice, rural affairs, and
  transport

• Reserved – taxation,
  benefits, foreign policy,
  defence equality
2003 – launch of School’ Out
- Audit of services
- Local plans
- Addressing needs of older
  children
- Aligned to SOSCN
  Funding Facilitators
  programme – to increase
  take up of lottery funding
  and to help services
  develop
        Quality and Qualifications

• The Care Commission:
registration and regulating
services
•SOSCN AIMING HIGH QA
scheme
•The Scottish Social Services
Council registering and
regulating staff
•Staff now have to have or work
towards recognised
qualifications
Scottish Out of School Care
    Network (SOSCN)
                              10 years OSC in Scotland




               2
 1995 - 2005




                                                                Series1

               1



                   0   200     400   600    800   1000   1200

                             number of services
Manifesto 2007
•   Where are we now?
•   A need to consolidate
•   A need to reassure
•   A continued need to campaign
•   A need for critical assessment
•   A need to also acknowledge the very real
    achievements of the past ten years
• A rights based
  perspective
• Not an economy based
  perspective
• Social justice
• Needs of children and
  young people first
• Children’s lives and
  spaces
• Health and well being
• “ Things to do”
• Valuing Childhood
• Valuing people who
  work with children
• Open to all – not just
  for working parents
• The UN Convention
  on the Rights of the
  Child
• Commissioners for
  children and young
  people
• Integrated holistic
  strategies
• SOSCN Manifesto and
  priorities
• Inclusion
• Health
• Partnership
• Supported workforce
• Children’s rights
• Families who need
  extra support